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PubMed Journals Articles About "Capacity Building Implementation Policy Systems Environmental Change Results" RSS

10:44 EDT 19th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Capacity Building Implementation Policy Systems Environmental Change Results PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Capacity Building Implementation Policy Systems Environmental Change Results articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Capacity Building Implementation Policy Systems Environmental Change Results" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 58,000+

Capacity Building for and Implementation of Policy, Systems, and Environmental Change: Results from a Survey of the National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program.

Policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) approaches are commonly used to improve population health. Cancer-related examples include providing data and education to stakeholders about policies that support healthy living, or health systems changes such as universal reminders about recommended cancer screening. The National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program (NCCCP) funds health departments to form cancer coalitions that develop and implement cancer plans. NCCCP initiated a demonstration program in 13 of 65...


Adoption for adaptation: A theory-based approach for monitoring a complex policy initiative.

This paper explores some of the challenges involved in designing a monitoring framework for a complex policy initiative designed to support climate change adaptation in a highly varied and dynamic implementation environment. It looks specifically at the UK's Department for International Development (DFID) initiative called Action on Climate Today, a five-year programme that aims to support the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into policy systems in five countries and ten locations in South Asia. T...

Systems Addressing Frail Elders (SAFE) Care: Description of Successful Partnerships Across Hospitals.

Systems Addressing Frail Elders (SAFE) Care is an interprofessional team-based program, which was developed and evaluated in a cluster randomized controlled trial. Results of this trial included reduced length of stay and complications for patients. This article describes a successful partnership across 4 Magnet hospitals in the dissemination of the model. A 2-year sequential implementation process was completed, with an approach of adoption, adaptation, and abandonment. The model was successfully implement...


Using Strategic Adaptive Management to Facilitate Implementation of Environmental Flow Programs in Complex Social-Ecological Systems.

Freshwater resource management is becoming increasingly complex as human pressure increases on available water resources, and as more participatory transparent decision-making frameworks are being advocated within water management. Complexity is further increased when environmental flow programs are integrated into existing water management programs. Adaptive management frameworks present an obvious choice for integration and implementation of environmental flows, but have so far failed to become the domina...

The transforming capacity of collaborative institutions: Belief change and coalition reformation in conflicted wildlife management.

The aim of this study is to examine the transformative capacity of top-down imposed collaborative institutions on participants' beliefs and coordination patterns. First, do collaborative arenas enhance learning in terms of belief change and belief convergence among participating actors? Second, what types of beliefs are changed and, third, how are changes in beliefs reflected in the formation of coalitions? To answer these questions, a longitudinal study encompassing three collaborative decision-making aren...

Integration of groundwater into China's south-north water transfer strategy.

Groundwater supplies fresh water for drinking and irrigation and sustains the health of ecosystems. Although the serious consequences caused by unsustainable depletion of groundwater have been widely reported, restricting pumping in exhausted aquifers requires identifying alternative water sources, determining how much water can be made accessible to avert the groundwater crisis and formulating water allocation regulations to achieve regional water sustainability. It is perceived that groundwater management...

The role of institutional actors and their interactions in the land use policy making process in Ethiopia.

This study investigates the role of the different institutional actors involved in the development and implementation of land use policies in the Ethiopian Rift Valley. The work is based on interviews with key informants from different administrative levels and these results are compared to the relevant policy documents. While the constitution prescribes a participatory policy development process, our results show that in reality policies are made at the highest level and implemented in a top-down approach ...

Urban energy water food land climate change nexus in the flow and policy perspective: A review.

Intricate associations exist between the internal elements of urban ecosystems, with the adjustment in one element can exert impacts of varying degrees on others. The rapid urbanization has brought numerous challenges on the urban sustainable development. To basically solve these problems, the nexus approach needs to be adopted. We clarified three application scenarios of nexus and their corresponding definitions. Meanwhile, the development of urban nexus theory was also provided. The analysis between any t...

Assessing Institutional Responses to Climate Change Impacts in the North-Eastern Floodplains of Bangladesh.

Bangladesh encounters diverse climate change impacts at different scales, which can severely affect rural communities and livelihoods. In response, the government of Bangladesh has initiated a number of institutional interventions through development plans to better support sustainable adaptation. There have, however, been relatively few assessments of how these interventions have impacted sustainable local adaptation. Focusing on the highly climate-affected north-eastern floodplain region of Bangladesh, th...

Mandatory Health Care Provider Counseling For Parents Led To A Decline In Vaccine Exemptions In California.

Receipt of childhood vaccinations in the US has been declining, and outbreaks of preventable infectious diseases have become more common. In response, in 2014 California implemented a policy change for exemptions from mandatory vaccines for school enrollment. Data on fifteen successive cohorts of kindergarteners enrolled in public and private schools between school years 2001-02 and 2015-16 were analyzed for changes in vaccination trends. The results show an increase in the prevalence and clustering of vacc...

Evaluation capacity building-Results and reflections across two years of a multisite empowerment evaluation in an HIV prevention context.

As the need for rigorous evidence of program efficacy increases, integrating evaluation activities into program implementation is becoming crucial. As a result, external evaluators are placing increased focus on evaluation capacity building as a practice. However, empirical evidence of how to foster evaluation capacity in different contexts remains limited. This study presents findings from an evaluation capacity survey conducted within a multisite Empowerment Evaluation initiative, in which an external eva...

Building university-based boundary organisations that facilitate impacts on environmental policy and practice.

Responding to modern day environmental challenges for societal well-being and prosperity necessitates the integration of science into policy and practice. This has spurred the development of novel institutional structures among research organisations aimed at enhancing the impact of environmental science on policy and practice. However, such initiatives are seldom evaluated and even in cases where evaluations are undertaken, the results are rarely made publicly available. As such there is very little empiri...

Stable and Efficient Policy Evaluation.

Policy evaluation algorithms are essential to reinforcement learning due to their ability to predict the performance of a policy. However, there are two long-standing issues lying in this prediction problem that need to be tackled: off-policy stability and on-policy efficiency. The conventional temporal difference (TD) algorithm is known to perform very well in the on-policy setting, yet is not off-policy stable. On the other hand, the gradient TD and emphatic TD algorithms are off-policy stable, but are no...

Latent heat storage biocomposites of phase change material-biochar as feasible eco-friendly building materials.

One approach to enhance the energy efficiency of buildings is the integration of construction materials of latent heat storage biocomposites, which are prepared by vacuum impregnating the phase change material into biochar. Biochar is used because it is highly utilized and environmentally-friendly, and the selected phase change materials are fatty acid type which are bio-based material and have a low risk of depletion. Experimental results showed that latent heat storage biocomposite possesses excellent exu...

Optimal investment in electric generating capacity under climate policy.

Mitigating climate change will require reduced use of fossil fuels to generate electricity. To do so while eschewing nuclear power, countries have turned to wind and solar energy. In this paper, load duration and screening curves are used to investigate the extent to which a jurisdiction should invest in intermittent (solar and wind) sources of energy, gas and nuclear power. The application is to the Alberta electricity grid because it is nearly 90 percent reliant on fossil fuels, particularly coal, and rec...

Air quality improvement and health benefit of PM reduction from the coal cap policy in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region, China.

Large amounts of air pollutants emitted from massive coal combustion result in the air quality deterioration and threaten public health in China. To improve air quality, the Chinese government released the coal cap policy to reduce coal consumption. So it is important and necessary to understand the possible environmental impact and relevant health benefits from the coal cap policy. The purpose of this paper is to quantify the air quality improvement and to evaluate the health benefits from the implementati...

Putting on a bow-tie to sort out who does what and why in the complex arena of marine policy and management.

Marine policy and management has to cope with a plethora of human activities that cause pressures leading to changes to the natural and human systems. Accordingly, it requires many policy and management responses to address traditional, cultural, social, ecological, technical, and economic policy objectives. Because of this, we advocate that a fully-structured approach using the IEC/ISO 31010 Bow-tie analysis will allow all elements to be integrated for a cost-effective system. This industry-standard system...

National Policy for Comprehensive Health Care for Adolescents Deprived of Liberty: an analysis of its implementation.

The realization of the right to health of adolescents and young people deprived of their liberty in Brazil is a complex task that places us before health inequities and interventions on their social determinants of health. Therefore, this study sought to contribute to a discussion about the right to health of this population, based on the analysis of the implementation of the Comprehensive Healthcare Policy for Adolescent Offenders (PNAISARI). This is an analytical approach, using documentary analysis of le...

Western organizational change capacity theory and its application to public health organizations in China: A multiple case analysis.

As health reform becomes a crucial task for both Chinese and United States government, public health organizations are required to adopt changes based on reform policy. Organizational Change Capacity theory is a Western theory that indicates the capacities that organizations should possess when pursuing successful organizational change. This study seeks to understand the applicability of this theory to Chinese public health organizations by contrasting organizations that have achieved success or remained ch...

Immigrant Women and Mental Health Care: Findings from an Environmental Scan.

Immigrant women's mental health is a growing public health policy issue. New immigrant mothers may be particularly vulnerable to less than optimal mental health following childbirth given the cultural and geographic isolation, socioeconomic factors, gender roles, and language difficulties that influence their postpartum experiences. The purpose of this environmental scan was to increase understanding of immigrant women's perinatal mental health care services within the interior of a western Canadian provinc...

Building actor-centric transformative capacity through city-university partnerships.

Cities worldwide are rising to the challenge of sustainable development, calling for large-scale and fast-paced transformations towards sustainability. Urban sustainability challenges are now being reframed as a lack of capacity of individuals and organizations to carry out such socio-technical transformations. This article expands on transformative capacity literature by elucidating the concept of actor-centric transformative capacity. It focuses on the unique role city-university partnerships (CUPs) can p...

How smart is smart growth? Examining the environmental validation behind city compaction.

Smart growth (SG) is widely adopted by planners and policy makers as an environmentally friendly way of building cities. In this paper, we analyze the environmental validity of the SG-approach based on a review of the scientific literature. We found a lack of proof of environmental gains, in combination with a great inconsistency in the measurements of different SG attributes. We found that a surprisingly limited number of studies have actually examined the environmental rationales behind SG, with 34% of th...

Improving the use of evidence in public health policy development, enactment and implementation: a multiple-case study.

Many of the policies shown to benefit the public's health in research studies are never widely implemented. We conducted a qualitative and exploratory multiple-case study of three U.S. academic research-policy translation initiatives that resulted in the development, enactment and/or implementation of evidence-based policies to address public health issues: gun policy (Case 1); opioid policy (Case 2) and drug control policy (Case 3). We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with 25 key stakeholde...

Decentralization, national context and environmental policy performance: a fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis.

This study examines the complex relationship between decentralization, national context and environment policy performance with the cross-sectional data from 118 countries. Decentralization is decomposed into three dimensions: political, fiscal and administrative. Both multiple regression analysis and fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis are adopted. Results show that: (1) political, fiscal and administrative decentralization differ in their impacts on environmental policy performance. (2) There are m...

An analysis on rational use and affordability of medicine after the implementation of National Essential Medicines Policy and Zero Mark-up Policy in Hangzhou, China.

The National Essential Medicine Policy and the Zero Mark-up Policy was introduced to improve the rational use and affordability of medicine. This study analyzed the changes of medicine use at different Health Care Institutions in Hangzhou city after the implementation of National Essential Medicine Policy and the Zero Mark-up Policy.


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