PubMed Journals Articles About "Cardiopulmonary Arrest Outcome" RSS

23:04 EST 11th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Cardiopulmonary Arrest Outcome" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,200+

Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation for Cardiac Arrest: A Systematic Review.

To assess the use of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR), compared with manual or mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) in adults and children.

Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and long-term outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest according to location of arrest.

Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has increased in several countries following nationwide initiatives to facilitate bystander resuscitative efforts in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We examined the importance of public or residential location of arrest on temporal changes in bystander CPR and outcomes.

Clinical and Electroencephalographic Correlates in Pediatric Cardiac Arrest: Experience at a Tertiary Care Center.

Pediatric cardiac arrest is a significant cause of death and neurologic disability; however, there is a paucity of literature specifically evaluating the utility of prognostic factors in the pediatric population. This retrospective chart review examines clinical, laboratory, and electroencephalographic (EEG) data in children following cardiopulmonary arrest to better characterize findings that may inform prognosis. Pre-arrest clinical characteristics, resuscitation details, and post-arrest hospital course v...

Out-of-hospital arrests attending an Australian tertiary paediatric emergency department over 13 years: An observational study.

In paediatric cardiopulmonary arrest, International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) states, 'there are no simple guidelines to determine when resuscitative efforts become futile'. Considerations to assist this decision-making include cause of arrest, pre-existing medical conditions, age, site of arrest, duration of untreated cardiopulmonary arrest, witnessed arrest and presence of shockable rhythm. Outcomes are poor in out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA), particularly for infants. This single-...

Pushing Hard: The Mandate to Improve Care of Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Arrest.

Each year, an average of 16,000 children require cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for cardiopulmonary arrest in the United States, and their survival is largely dependent on the provision of optimal and timely resuscitation in concordance with current professional guidelines. As a profession, emergency department (ED) providers regularly perform inadequate resuscitation for children with cardiopulmonary arrest, and the quality of CPR provided for these patients is not in accordance with accepted standard...

Recognition of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest during Emergency Calls and Public Awareness of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Communities: A Multilevel Analysis.

For an effective dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) program, recognition of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) by a dispatcher is the first step in initiating bystander CPR. This study evaluated whether CPR awareness in the community is associated with recognition of arrest, dispatcher-provided CPR instructions, and bystander CPR.

Implementation of a Bundle of Utstein Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Programs to Improve Survival Outcomes after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in a Metropolis: A Before and After Study.

The study aimed to determine the effect of community implementation of a bundles of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) programs on outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).

Perception of inappropriate cardiopulmonary resuscitation by clinicians working in emergency departments and ambulance services: the REAPPROPRIATE international, multi-centre, cross sectional survey.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is often started irrespective of comorbidity or cause of arrest. We aimed to determine the prevalence of perception of inappropriate CPR of the last cardiac arrest encountered by clinicians working in emergency departments and out-of-hospital, factors associated with perception, and its relation to patient outcome.

A rapid response system reduces the incidence of in-hospital postoperative cardiopulmonary arrest: a retrospective study.

Rapid response systems (RRSs) have been introduced into hospitals to help reduce the incidence of sudden cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA). This study evaluated whether an RRS reduces the incidence of in-hospital postoperative CPA.

Hospitals with More-active Participation in Conducting Standardized In-situ Mock Codes have Improved Survival After In-hospital Cardiopulmonary Arrest.

The American Heart Association (AHA) and the Institute of Medicine have published a national "call-to-action" to improve survival from in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest (IHCA). Our aim was to determine if more-active hospital participation in standardized in-situ mock code (ISMC) training is associated with increased IHCA survival.

Effect of Detection Time Interval for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest on Outcomes in Dispatcher-Assisted Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Nationwide Observational Study.

The association between the detection time interval (DTI) from the call for ambulance to the detection of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) by the dispatcher and the neurological outcome in dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-CPR) is unclear.

Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: One-Year Survival and Neurobehavioral Outcome Among Infants and Children With In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

To describe neurobehavioral outcomes and investigate factors associated with survival and survival with good neurobehavioral outcome 1 year after in-hospital cardiac arrest for children who received extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Optimizing CPR Performance with CPR Coaching for Pediatric Cardiac Arrest: A Randomized Simulation-based Clinical Trial.

To determine if integrating a trained CPR Coach into resuscitation teams can improve CPR quality during simulated pediatric cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA).

Impact of prehospital physician-led cardiopulmonary resuscitation on neurologically intact survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a nationwide population-based observational study.

The impact of prehospital physician care for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) on long-term neurological outcome is unclear. We aimed to determine the association between emergency medical services (EMS) physician-led cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) versus paramedic-led CPR and neurologically intact survival after OHCA.

An integrated program of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation and uncontrolled donation after circulatory determination of death in refractory cardiac arrest.

To assess the feasibility of an integrated program of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) and uncontrolled donation after circulatory determination of death (uDCDD) in refractory cardiac arrest (rCA).

Extracorporeal life support for refractory cardiac arrest: A 10-year comparative analysis.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation of cardiac arrest displays poor outcomes. Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) could represent a salvage option. We aimed to analyze the outcomes of ECLS used for refractory cardiac arrest.

Comparison of manual pulse palpation, cardiac ultrasonography and Doppler ultrasonography to check the pulse in cardiopulmonary arrest patients.

For health professionals, the absence of a pulse checked by manual palpation is a primary indicator for initiating chest compressions in patients considered to have cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA). However, using a pulse check to evaluate perfusion during CPA may be associated with some risks of its own. Our objective was to compare the efficiency of cardiac ultrasonography (CUSG), Doppler ultrasonography (DUSG), and manual pulse palpation methods to check the pulse in CPA patients.

Associations between Body Size and Outcomes of Adult In-hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Animal studies have demonstrated that hemodynamic-directed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves outcomes following cardiac arrest compared with the "one-size-fits-all" algorithm. We investigated whether body size of patients is correlated with outcomes of in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA).

Capnography during cardiac arrest.

Successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest depends on provision of adequate blood flow to vital organs generated by cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Measurement of end-tidal expiratory pressure of carbon dioxide (ETCO) using capnography provides a noninvasive estimate of cardiac output and organ perfusion during cardiac arrest and can therefore be used to monitor the quality of CPR and predict return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). In clinical observational studies, mean ETCO levels in patients wit...

Effect of Automated Simultaneous Sternothoracic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Device on Hemodynamics in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients.

An automatic simultaneous sternothoracic cardiopulmonary resuscitation (SST-CPR) device is an apparatus that performs CPR by providing simultaneous cyclic compressions of the thorax with a thoracic strap and compression of the sternum with a piston.

Low-flow time is associated with a favorable neurological outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients resuscitated with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the prognostic factors in extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) patients and to assess their accuracy as predictors of a favorable neurological outcome.

Association between the Centralization of Dispatch Centers and Dispatcher-assisted Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Programs: A Natural Experimental Study.

We aimed to evaluate the associations between the centralization of dispatch centers and dispatcher-assisted bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-BCPR) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients.

Effects of dispatcher-assisted bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation on neurological recovery in paediatric patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest based on the pre-hospital emergency medical service response time interval.

We investigated the effect of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) with dispatcher assistance (DA) on neurological outcomes based on the response time interval (RTI) of the pre-hospital emergency medical service (EMS) among paediatric patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).

Relationship between the legal nurse staffing standard and patient survival after perioperative cardiac arrest: A cross-sectional analysis of Korean administrative data.

Nurses play crucial roles in cardiopulmonary resuscitation after perioperative cardiac arrest (PCA), and the level of nurse staffing is thought to influence the survival rate for cardiac arrest. However, no previous study has investigated the survival rate after PCA in Korea. In addition, nurse staffing levels in Korea are relatively low and their legal standard is not widely followed.

Identifying barriers to the provision of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in high-risk regions: a qualitative review of emergency calls.

Understanding regional variation in bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is important to improving out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survival. In this study we aimed to identify barriers to providing bystander CPR in regions with low rates of bystander CPR and where OHCA was recognised in the emergency call.

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