PubMed Journals Articles About "Cefepime Associated Myoclonic Seizures" RSS

16:07 EST 15th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Cefepime Associated Myoclonic Seizures" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 623

Cefepime-Associated Myoclonic Seizures.

Successful treatment of intractable life-threatening seizures with perampanel in the first case of early myoclonic encephalopathy with a novel de novo SCN1A mutation.

Early myoclonic encephalopathy (EME) is a form of developmental and epileptic encephalopathy with myoclonic seizures and a suppression burst on electroencephalogram, which occurs during the neonatal or early infantile period and is characterized by highly intractable seizures and severe development impairment. Although multiple genetic aetiologies of EME have been identified, no SCN1A mutation has been reported.

5-Fluorouracil exacerbates cefepime-induced convulsions in pentylenetetrazol-kindled mice.

The antibiotics cefepime and meropenem are recommended for the treatment of neutropenia. However, cefepime has been found to be associated with both peripheral and central adverse events such as renal impairment and seizures, respectively. Previous studies showed that cefepime exacerbated convulsions in corneal kindled mouse models of epilepsy. However, its involvement in chemotherapy-induced side effects is unknown.

Pharmacotherapeutic management of epilepsy in MERRF syndrome.

Epilepsy is a prominent feature of myoclonic epilepsy with ragged-red fibers (MERRF)-syndrome. The most frequent seizure type is myoclonic seizures, of which the treatment is challenging and empiric. Areas covered: Herein, the author summarises and discusses previous and recent findings of antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment in MERRF-syndrome. Expert opinion: MERRF-syndrome is a predominantly maternally inherited, multisystem mitochondrial disorder caused by pathogenic variants predominantly of the mitochond...

Treatment and challenges with antiepileptic drugs in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.

Patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) may have uncontrolled seizures. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use and challenges with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and the patients' view of these challenges.

A retrospective study to determine the cefepime-induced neurotoxicity threshold in hospitalized patients.

Cefepime-induced neurotoxicity (CIN) has been demonstrated to be associated with cefepime plasma concentrations; however, the toxicity threshold remains unclear. The primary objective of this study was to identify the cefepime plasma trough concentration at which neurotoxicity occurs. Secondary objectives were to determine the incidence of CIN at a large tertiary institution and to identify patient factors associated with the development of CIN.

Galangin prevents increased susceptibility to pentylenetetrazol-stimulated seizures by prostaglandin E2.

Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological diseases. It is characterized by recurrent epileptic seizures, where one-third of patients are refractory to existing treatments. Evidence revealed the association between neuroinflammation and increased susceptibility to seizures since there is a pronounced increase in the expression of key inflammatory mediators, such as prostaglandin E (PGE), during seizures. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether PGE increases susceptibility to pentyl...

Cefepime/sulbactam as an enhanced antimicrobial combination therapy for the treatment of MDR Gram-negative infections.

β-Lactam (BL)/β-lactamase inhibitor (BLI) combinations are widely used for the treatment of Gram-negative infections. Cefepime has not been widely studied in combination with BLIs. Sulbactam, with dual BL/BLI activity, has been partnered with very few BLs. We investigated the potential of cefepime/sulbactam as an unorthodox BL/BLI combination against MDR Gram-negative bacteria.

Clinical outcomes following treatment of Enterobacter species pneumonia with piperacillin/tazobactam compared to cefepime or ertapenem.

Enterobacter spp. are a common cause of nosocomial pneumonia and treatment can be complicated by AmpC resistance. Carbapenems are the treatment of choice; however, alternatives are desired. Cefepime has been shown to be non-inferior to carbapenems, but piperacillin/tazobactam has limited data to support its use. The objective of this study was to determine if piperacillin/tazobactam is non-inferior to cefepime or ertapenem for Enterobacter pneumonia treatment.

North Sea progressive myoclonus epilepsy is exacerbated by heat, a phenotype primarily associated with affected glia.

Progressive myoclonic epilepsies (PMEs) comprise a group of rare disorders of different genetic aetiologies, leading to childhood-onset myoclonus, myoclonic seizures and subsequent neurological decline. One of the genetic causes for PME, a mutation in the gene coding for Golgi SNAP receptor 2 (GOSR2), gives rise to a PME-subtype prevalent in Northern Europe and hence referred to as North Sea Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy (NS-PME). Treatment for NS-PME, as for all PME subtypes, is symptomatic; the pathophys...

The Evolution of Subclinical Seizures in Children With Tuberous Sclerosis Complex.

Subclinical seizures are electrographic seizures that present without subjective or objective clinical symptoms. In tuberous sclerosis complex, it is not known whether subclinical seizures occur alone, forewarn, or coexist with clinical seizures. To address this knowledge gap, we studied the prevalence and evolution of subclinical seizures in tuberous sclerosis complex.

Levetiracetam in genetic generalized epilepsy: A prospective unblinded active-controlled trial.

To compare the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV) versus valproate (VPA) monotherapy in adults with genetic generalized tonic-clonic seizures alone (GTCS) and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME).

Are Patients With Alcohol-Related Seizures a Specific Subgroup?

Alcohol-related seizures are acute symptomatic seizures most frequently associated with alcohol withdrawal. However, little is known about the phenotypic characteristics of patients with alcohol-related seizures. This study evaluated the clinical features and personality traits of alcohol use disorder patients with alcohol-related seizures.

Genetically determined epileptic encephalopathies.

Epileptic encephalopathies is a group of epileptic syndromes characterized by progressive cognitive impairment beyond the expected for the epilepsy activity. They are characterized by severe pharmaco-resistant epilepsy, severely abnormal electroencephalograms, early-age onset, neurocognitve impairment, variable phenotype and usually normal brain MRI. These syndromes are usually genetically determined. A correct and timely diagnosis could help and guide the medical counselling and the correct therapeutic app...

Development and validation of a volumetric absorptive microsampling- liquid chromatography mass spectrometry method for the analysis of cefepime in human whole blood: Application to pediatric pharmacokinetic study.

Cefepime is a fourth-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with an extended spectrum of activity against many Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. There is a growing need to develop sensitive, small volume assays, along with less invasive sample collection to facilitate pediatric pharmacokinetic clinical trials and therapeutic drug monitoring. The volumetric absorptive microsampling (VAMS™) approach provides an accurate and precise collection of a fixed volume of blood (10 μL), reducing or eliminati...

A missense mutation in SLC6A1 associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome impairs GABA transporter 1 protein trafficking and function.

Mutations in SLC6A1 have been associated mainly with myoclonic atonic epilepsy (MAE) and intellectual disability. We identified a novel missense mutation in a patient with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) characterized by severe seizures and developmental delay.

Cefepime vs. meropenem for moderate-to-severe pneumonia in patients at risk for aspiration: An open-label, randomized study.

Treatment of aspiration pneumonia is an important problem due to aging of populations worldwide. However, the effectiveness of cefepime in aspiration pneumonia has not yet been evaluated.

Evaluation of Long-term Risk of Epilepsy, Psychiatric Disorders, and Mortality Among Children With Recurrent Febrile Seizures: A National Cohort Study in Denmark.

Febrile seizures occur in 2% to 5% of children between the ages of 3 months and 5 years. Many affected children experience recurrent febrile seizures. However, little is known about the association between recurrent febrile seizures and subsequent prognosis.

Emergency presentation of new onset versus recurrent undiagnosed seizures: A retrospective review.

To identify clinical factors that may assist emergency physicians to delineate between patients with new onset seizures (NOS) versus patients with recurrent undiagnosed seizures (RUS) among those presenting with apparent 'first seizures' to EDs. In addition, to provide a summary of current evidence-based guidelines regarding the workup of seizure presentations to ED.

Intronic (TTTGA) insertion in SAMD12 also causes familial cortical myoclonic tremor with epilepsy.

Intronic (TTTCA) insertions in the SAMD12, TNRC6A, and RAPGEF2 genes have been identified as causes of familial cortical myoclonic tremor with epilepsy.

Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures in pediatric population: A review.

Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are observable abrupt paroxysmal changes in behavior or consciousness that resemble epileptic seizures, but without concurrent electroencephalographic abnormalities.

Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Extended-Infusion Cefepime in Critically Ill Patients Receiving Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: A Prospective, Open-Label Study.

To evaluate extended-infusion cefepime pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) target attainment in critically ill patients receiving continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) or continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD).

Praxis induction and its relationship with cognition in genetic generalized epilepsy.

Praxis induction (PI) is a reflex trait defined as the precipitation of epileptic discharges (ED) or seizures by cognition-guided tasks that often involve visuomotor coordination and decision-making. This is a characteristic of genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE), and especially of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). Additionally, several studies have described dysexecutive traits in these patients. Our objective was to analyze PI in the different syndromes of GGE and explore the relationship between PI and c...

Relevance of cerebrospinal fluid findings in patients with multiple sclerosis and seizures.

Seizures occur 2-3 times more frequently in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients compared to the general population. The prevalence of seizures is reported to be 1.5-7.8% in MS population. However, it is unclear if seizure is an indirect symptom of neuroinflammation in MS. In our study, we explored the relevance of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings in this unique patient cohort with MS and seizures. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 32 MS patients with subsequent seizures (MSSS) and 12 patients with se...

Epileptic Seizures: Glia-Neuron Interactions For Better or For Worse.

Investigations of the mechanisms generating epileptic seizures have primarily focused on neurons. However, more systemic research of brain circuits has highlighted an important role of non-neuronal cells such as glia in the genesis and spreading of generalized seizures in the brain.

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