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PubMed Journals Articles About "Characterisation Microbial Community Analysis Lipid Utilising Microorganisms Biogas" RSS

11:24 EST 6th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Characterisation microbial community analysis lipid utilising microorganisms biogas" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 36,000+

Characterisation and microbial community analysis of lipid utilising microorganisms for biogas formation.

In the anaerobic process, fat-oil-grease (FOG) is hydrolysed to long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) and glycerol (GLYC), which are then used as substrates to produce biogas. The increase in FOG and LCFAs inhibits methanogenesis, and so far, most work investigating this inhibition has been carried out when FOG or LCFAs were used as co-substrates. In the current work, the inhibition of methanogenesis by FOG, LCFAs and GLYC was investigated when used as sole substrates. To gain more insight on the dynamics of this ...


Acclimatised rumen culture for raw microalgae conversion into biogas: Linking microbial community structure and operational parameters in anaerobic membrane bioreactors (AnMBR).

Ruminal fluid was inoculated in an Anaerobic Membrane Reactor (AnMBR) to produce biogas from raw Scenedesmus. This work explores the microbial ecology of the system during stable operation at different solids retention times (SRT). The 16S rRNA amplicon analysis revealed that the acclimatised community was mainly composed of Anaerolineaceae, Spirochaetaceae, Lentimicrobiaceae and Cloacimonetes fermentative and hydrolytic members. During the highest biodegradability achieved in the AnMBR (62%) the dominant m...

Changes in the microbial community during the acclimation process of anaerobic digestion for treatment of synthetic lipid-rich wastewater.

Changes in the microbial community were investigated during the acclimation process of anaerobic digestion while treating synthetic lipid-rich wastewater, which comprised of glucose, acetic acid, lactic acid, and soybean oil. The oil content in the synthetic wastewater was increased successively from 0% to 25% and finally to 50% of the total carbon content, to clarify the effect of substrate type change from easily degradable organic materials to lipid. The oil decomposition-associated methane production ra...


Biogas upgrading and biochemical production from gas fermentation: Impact of microbial community and gas composition.

The present study proposes a novel alternative method of the current biogas upgrading techniques by converting CO (in the biogas) into valuable chemicals (e.g., volatile fatty acids) using H as energy source and acetogenic mixed culture as biocatalyst. The influence of thermal treatment (90 °C) on the inhibition of the methanogenic archaea and enriching the acetogenic bacteria in different inocula (mesophilic and thermophilic) was initially tested. The most efficient inoculum that achieved the highest pe...

Enhanced biogas production from municipal solid waste via co-digestion with sewage sludge and metabolic pathway analysis.

The present study intends to evaluate the potential of co-digestion for utilizing Organic fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW) and sewage sludge (SS) for enhanced biogas production. Metagenomic analysis was performed to identify the dominant bacteria, archaea and fungi, changes in their communities with time and their functional roles during the course of anaerobic digestion (AD). The cumulative biogas yield of 586.2 mL biogas/gVS with the highest methane concentration of 69.5% was observed under an ...

Characterizing the microbial community involved in anaerobic digestion of lipid-rich wastewater to produce methane gas.

This study attempted to characterize the microbial community and its role in anaerobic digestion of lipid. Reactors were fed semi-continuously with three related substrates, oil and its degradation intermediates (glycerol and long chain fatty acids (LCFAs)), with a stepwise increase in organic loading rate for 90 days. Microbial community analysis using next-generation sequencing (NGS) with the MiSeq Illumina platform revealed that Anaerolineaceae was the most dominant group of bacteria in all experiments, ...

Microbial invasions in terrestrial ecosystems.

Human travel and global trade have tremendously increased the spread of invasive microorganisms in new regions. Experimental and observational studies in terrestrial ecosystems are beginning to shed light on processes of microbial invasions, their ecological impacts and implications for ecosystem functioning. We provide examples of terrestrial invasive microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, oomycetes and other protists, and viruses, and discuss the impacts of pathogenic and non-pathogenic invasive micro...

Methanothrix enhances biogas upgrading in microbial electrolysis cell via direct electron transfer.

Bioelectrochemical conversion of CO to CH is a promising way to increase the calorific value of biogas produced during anaerobic digestion. There are two groups of methanogens enriched in these systems, hydrogenotrophs and acetoclastic methanogens that can also directly accept electrons from an electrode or another microorganism. In this study, a microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) poised at -500 mV (vs. SHE) was operated for biogas upgrading. Methane content in the biogas increased from 71% to >90%, and 8....

Enhancing methane production of anaerobic sludge digestion by microaeration: Enzyme activity stimulation, semi-continuous reactor validation and microbial community analysis.

Effects of microaeration pretreatment on sludge hydrolysis, biogas production and microbial community structure in anaerobic digestion (AD) were investigated by bench-scale tests and semi-continuous experiments. Bench tests showed that microaeration led to the release of dissolved organic matters, generation of volatile fatty acids and stimulation of enzyme activity. Correlation analysis showed that methane production was significantly correlated with the activity of α-glucosidase at 0.01 level, and with p...

Change to biogas production in solid-state anaerobic digestion using rice straw as substrates at different temperatures.

This work investigated the effects of different temperatures on methane production, kinetics, and microbial communities during solid-state anaerobic digestion (SS-AD) using rice straw. The results indicated that thermophilic anaerobic digestion led to the faster methane production (13.74 L/kg) and a shorter biogas production cycle (34 days) than mesophilic anaerobic digestion (5.48 L/kg, 58 days). SS-AD under thermophilic conditions resulted in more intense lignocellulose degradation and better fittin...

The role of bacterial lipid diversity and membrane properties in modulating antimicrobial peptide activity and drug resistance.

This review provides an analysis of the role that membrane composition and structure plays in the resistance of microorganisms to antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). We describe the current models of membrane disruption caused by AMPs and the changes in the structural properties that microbial membranes undergo in response to AMPs. This is followed by an outline of how the phospholipid composition of microbial membranes contributes to the changes in membrane bilayer structure and how the composition can be analy...

Microbial Lipid Alternatives to Plant Lipids.

Lipids are in high demand in food production, nutritional supplements, detergents, lubricants, and biofuels. Different oil seeds produced from plants are conventionally extracted to yield lipids. With increasing population and reduced availability of cultivable land, conventional methods of producing lipids alone will not satisfy increasing demand. Lipids produced using different microbial sources are considered as sustainable alternative to plant derived lipids. Various microorganisms belonging to the gene...

A metagenomic analysis of the relationship between microorganisms and flavor development in Shaoxing mechanized huangjiu fermentation mashes.

Complex microbial metabolism is responsible for the unique flavor of Shaoxing mechanized huangjiu. However, the relationship between the microorganisms present during fermentation and the formation of specific flavor components is difficult to understand. In this study, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography were used to identify flavor components, and a metagenomic sequencing approach was used to characterize the taxonomic and functional attributes of the Shaoxing m...

A Metagenomic Study of Intestinal Microbial Diversity in Relation to Feeding Habits of Surface and Cave-Dwelling Sinocyclocheilus Species.

Light is completely absent in cave habitats, causing a shortage or lack of autochthonous photosynthesis. Thus, understanding the mechanisms underlying the ability of organisms to adapt to the unique cave habitat is of great interest. We used high-throughput sequencing of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene of intestinal microorganisms from 11 Sinocyclocheilus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) species, to explore the characteristics of intestinal microorganisms and the adaptive mechanisms of Sinocyclocheilus cavefish and s...

Microbial lipid production from dilute acid and dilute alkali pretreated corn stover via Trichosporon dermatis.

Microbial lipid production from lignocellulosic biomass has attracted much attention recently. In this study, T. dermatis 32903 was selected from eleven promising oleaginous yeast strains. Carbon to nitrogen ratio (C/N) was investigated and optimized to maximize lipid production. Dilute acid (DA) pretreated corn stover (CS) and dilute alkali (AL) pretreated CS were then used for microbial lipid production, resulting in lipid concentrations of 7.46 g/L and 6.81 g/L, with sugar to lipid yields reached 0.1...

Biological insights into non-model microbial hosts through stable-isotope metabolic flux analysis.

Stable-isotope metabolic flux analysis is an important approach to unravel the metabolic network and its regulation in organisms. It has become a key analytical technology for biotechnological applications. During recent years non-model microorganisms have received increasing attention because they possess unique metabolic capabilities and can serve as a host for production of biofuels and biochemicals. Stable-isotope metabolic flux analysis has been widely used in these microorganisms for exploring novel p...

Anaerobic methane oxidation coupled to sulfate reduction in a biotrickling filter: Reactor performance and microbial community analysis.

The aim of this work was to evaluate the performance of a biotrickling filter (BTF) packed with polyurethane foam and pall rings for the enrichment of microorganisms mediating anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) coupled to sulfate reduction (SR) by activity tests and microbial community analysis. A BTF was inoculated with microorganisms from a known AOM active deep sea sediment collected at a depth of 528 m below the sea level (Alpha Mound, Gulf of Cadiz). The microbial community analysis was performed b...

Yeast prion-based metabolic reprogramming induced by bacteria in fermented foods.

Microbial communities of yeast and bacterial cells are often observed in the manufacturing processes of fermented foods and drinks, such as sourdough bread, cheese, kefir, wine, and sake. Community interactions and dynamics among microorganisms, as well as their significance during the manufacturing processes, are central issues in modern food microbiology. Recent studies demonstrated that emergence of a yeast prion termed [GAR+] in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is induced by coculturing with bacterial cells, re...

A state-of-the-art review on the application of nanomaterials for enhancing biogas production.

Anaerobic digestion (AD) of organic wastes is among the most promising approaches used for the simultaneous treatment of various waste streams, environment conservation, and renewable bioenergy generation (biomethane). Among the latest innovations investigated to enhance the overall performance of this process both qualitatively and quantitatively, the application of some nanoparticles (NPs) has attracted a great deal of attention. Typically, the NPs of potential benefit to the AD process could be divided i...

Pseudomonas spp. are key players in agricultural biogas substrate degradation.

Anaerobic degradation (AD) of heterogeneous agricultural substrates is a complex process involving a diverse microbial community. While microbial community composition of a variety of biogas plants (BPs) is well described, little is known about metabolic processes and microbial interaction patterns. Here, we analyzed 16 large-scale BPs using metaproteomics. All metabolic steps of AD were observed in the metaproteome, and multivariate analyses indicated that they were shaped by temperature, pH, volatile fatt...

Co-pelletization of microalgae and fungi for efficient nutrient purification and biogas upgrading.

The fungi-assisted microalgae pellets were cultivated to simultaneously purify biogas slurry and biogas. Results demonstrated that the optimized culture conditions for the pellets were at the shaking speed of 160 rpm, initial inoculum concentration of 1.0 × 10 spores L for microalgal cells, fungi/algae ratio of 1:10, mixed medium/simulated biogas slurry ratio of 3:7 incubated at a light intensity of 200 μmol m s. Moreover, biogas slurry purification and biogas upgrading were successfully a...

New insights into the responses of soil microorganisms to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon stress by combining enzyme activity and sequencing analysis with metabolomics.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), some of the most widespread organic contaminants, are highly toxic to soil microorganisms. Whether long-term polluted soils can still respond to the fresh input of pollutants is unknown. In this study, the soil enzyme activity, soil microbial community structure and function and microbial metabolism pathways were examined to systematically investigate the responses of soil microorganisms to fresh PAH stress. Microbial activity as determined by soil dehydrogenase and ...

Fungi (Mold)-Based Lipid Production.

There is an increasing need for the development of alternative energy sources with a focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and striving toward a sustainable economy. Bioethanol and biodiesel are currently the primary choices of alternative transportation fuels. At present, biodiesel is not competitive with conventional fuel due to its high price, and the only way to compete with conventional fuel is to improve the quality, reduce the costs, and coproduce value-added products. With the high demand for l...

Strategies for improving the electroactivity and specific metabolic functionality of microorganisms for various microbial electrochemical technologies.

Electroactive microorganisms, which possess extracellular electron transfer (EET) capabilities, are the basis of microbial electrochemical technologies (METs) such as microbial fuel and electrolysis cells. These are considered for several applications ranging from the energy-efficient treatment of waste streams to the production of value-added chemicals and fuels, bioremediation, and biosensing. Various aspects related to the microorganisms, electrodes, separators, reactor design, and operational or process...

Improved biogas production of dry anaerobic digestion of swine manure.

In this work, wrapped granular activated carbon (GAC) and acclimated sludge were employed to enhance the efficiency of the dry anaerobic digestion of swine manure in semi-continuous tests. The addition of wrapped GAC increased the volumetric biogas production rate by 10.6%, and the removal efficiencies of TS and VS were enhanced by 5.3% and 6.6%, respectively. The concentration of total volatile fatty acids (TVFA) was 30.3% lower in the GAC reactor, but the total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) content was 15.3% hig...


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