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Children Hospital Philadelphia PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Children Hospital Philadelphia articles that have been published worldwide.
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To determine the prevalence and severity of uncorrected refractive errors in school-age children attending Philadelphia public schools.
Itraconazole is a broad-spectrum antifungal agent used for prophylaxis and treatment of fungal infections in immunocompromised children. Achieving the recommended target serum itraconazole trough concentration of ≥0.5 mg/L is challenging in children due to variation in itraconazole pharmacokinetics with age. We studied itraconazole use and treatment outcomes in a tertiary children's hospital.
Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest rates of child mortality worldwide. Little is known about post-hospital outcomes after an index hospitalization for older children. We determined 12-month post-hospital mortality rate and identified factors associated with higher mortality.
Poor oral health in children with cardiac conditions can have negative effects on quality of life and increased risk of infective endocarditis. The aim of this study was to investigate the caries experience in children with cardiac conditions attending the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne.
Beta-lactam allergy is overdiagnosed. Diagnosis of penicillin allergy has been associated with a greater use of hospital resources and an increased risk of antibiotic-resistant infections, although this issue remains poorly studied in children. We aimed to compare patient characteristics and use of hospital resources in hospitalized children with and without a record of penicillin allergy.
Hospitalization of the children with preseptal cellulitis creates a burden on healthcare costs. This study aimed to analyze the hospital costs for preseptal cellulitis and determine the factors contributing.
Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and vitamin D insufficiency (VDI) are highly prevalent in the world, but the vitamin D status of children in northeast China is seldom investigated. The aim of this study was to clarify the prevalence of VDD and VDI among children in the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University in Heilongjiang province in China.
We investigated the presentations of children with unspecified fever to an Australian emergency department (ED): (i) to determine the proportion of these presentations that could be classified as potentially avoidable and (ii) to identify factors associated with an increased risk of hospital admission.
Hospital acquired infections account for high mortality rates and hospital costs. We analyzed pediatric data from a tertiary teaching hospital and found that most of cases occurred in the intensive care unit and had significant association with invasive devices. Bloodstream infections were the main site of infection and Gram-negative bacteria were the predominant etiology.
Preterm children have an increased risk of impaired vision from retinopathy, strabismus, and high refractive error. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between foveal parameters generated by optical coherence tomography angiography and visual function in preterm children.
BACKGROUND In many countries, the number of children hospitalized for alcohol intoxication is increasing. This study analyzed changes in the number of hospitalizations for alcohol intoxication in children aged 0-18 years at the Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Split, from 2008 to 2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data were collected retrospectively from hospital medical records. Risk groups were classified according to sex, age, drinking habits, and possible benefits of early psychological or psych...
The NATO KAIA Hospital (Kabul International Airport), under French command, provided medical support for NATO forces in the Kabul region from 2009 to 2014. Medical assistance to civilians was an additional mission which included support for children who were war injured. The objective of this study was to analyze characteristics of cephalic injuries in children victims of war trauma.
To demonstrate that unrecognised situation awareness failures events (UNSAFE) transfers are associated with poorer outcomes in the intensive care unit (ICU) at a Japanese children's hospital lacking a rapid response system.
We developed an electronic health record tool to improve pediatric hospital discharge. This tool flags children with three components that might complicate discharge: home health, polypharmacy (greater than or equal to 6 medications), or nonEnglish speaking caregiver. The tool tallies components and displays them as a composite score of 0-3 points. We describe the tool's development, implementation, and an evaluation of its predictive utility for 30-day unplanned readmissions in 29,542 discharged children. ...
To develop and test the feasibility of a novel parent-inspired training intervention for hospital ward staff to improve communication with disabled children when inpatients.
Early mortality and morbidity remain high in children initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART), especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Many children still present with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease. Tuberculosis, pneumonia, and severe bacterial infections are the main causes of hospital admission in HIV-infected children. In contrast to adults with advanced HIV disease, cryptococcal disease is not common in childhood, although there is a peak in infancy and adolescence. Interventions such as...
Hospital-based surveillance of influenza and acute respiratory infections relies on ICD-codes and hospital laboratory reports (Standard-of-Care). It is unclear how many cases are missed with either method, i.e. remain undiagnosed/coded as influenza and other respiratory virus infections. Various influenza-like illness (ILI) definitions co-exist with little guidance on how to use them. We are comparing the diagnostic accuracy of standard surveillance methods with a prospective quality management (QM-Program)...
Mortality is higher for adults admitted to hospital and for babies born on weekends compared to weekdays. This study compares in-hospital mortality and in children admitted to hospital on weekends and weekdays. Details for all acute medical admissions to hospitals in Scotland for children aged ≤16 years between 1st January 2000 and 31st December 2013 were obtained. Death was linked to day of admission. There were 570,403 acute medical admissions and 334 children died, including 83 who died after an admiss...
This study tested the hypothesis that participation in a rehabilitation exercise program after hospital discharge would increase the level of physical activity in burned children to that seen in free-living non-burned children. Thirty-one severely burned children (12±3 y, 144±18 cm, 42±17 kg, 48 ±12% total body surface area burns) were matched to 31 non-burned children (12±3 y, 147±17 cm, 45±15 kg) based on age and sex. Pedometers were used to track minutes and steps in burned children during their e...
We have previously demonstrated successful laparoscopic management after failed enema reduction of children with intussusception. The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of our mature experience with laparoscopic reduction by evaluating operative success, duration of hospital stay, postoperative complications, and hospital readmission rates.
Children hospitalized for concussion may be at a higher risk for persistent symptoms, but little is known about this subset of children.
The aim of this study was to evaluate complications after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy among children who underwent percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in Nemazee hospital.
ACS (ACS) is a serious complication of sickle cell anaemia (SCA). We set out to describe the burden, presentation and organisms associated with ACS amongst children with SCA attending Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda. In a cross-sectional study, 256 children with SCA and fever attending Mulago Hospital were recruited. Chest X-rays, blood cultures, complete blood count and sputum induction were performed. Sputum samples were investigated by Ziehl-Nielsen staining, culture and DNA polymerase chain reaction (P...
Children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) experience numerous vulnerabilities during transitions from hospital to home during their first year of life. This paper examines the parents' responses to the situations they experience during the initial interstage transition as described through illness blogs.
The aim of this study was to investigate the safety of the management of non-fatal heroin overdose in the out-of-hospital environment; irrespective of whether or not naloxone had been administered. Heroin toxicity-related deaths as well as heroin intoxication-related traumatic deaths following patient-initiated refusal of transport were investigated.