PubMed Journals Articles About "Chiral Technologies" RSS

11:23 EDT 17th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Chiral Technologies PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Chiral Technologies articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Chiral Technologies" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,500+

The development of biphasic chiral recognition in chiral separation.

In chiral separation, enantioseparation factor is an important parameter which influences the resolution of enantiomers. In this current overview, a biphasic chiral recognition method is introduced to the readers. This method can significantly improve the enantioseparation factor in two-phase solvent through adding lipophilic and hydrophilic chiral selectors which have opposite chiral recognition ability to organic and aqueous phases, respectively. This overview presents the development and applications of ...

Liquid chromatographic enantiomer separations applying chiral ion-exchangers based on Cinchona alkaloids.

As the understanding of the various biological actions of compounds with different stereochemistry has grown, the necessity to develop methods for the analytical qualification and quantification of chiral products has become particularly important. The last quarter of the century has seen a vast growth of diverse chiral technologies, including stereocontrolled synthesis and enantioselective separation and analysis concepts. By the introduction of covalently bonded silica-based chiral stationary phases (CSPs...

Hierarchical Emergence and Dynamic Control of Chirality in a Photoresponsive Dinuclear Complex.

Chiroptical photoswitches are of interest from a viewpoint of applications in advanced information technologies. Herein, we report dynamic on-off photoswitching of circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) in a binuclear europium complex system. Two coordination units are arranged closely in a chiral fashion by a photoresponsive ligand with a one-handed helical structure. The chirality in the helical scaffold is hierarchically transferred to the chirality in nine-coordinate complex sites. The chiral close-arr...

Lateral sorting of chiral nanoparticles using Fano-enhanced chiral force in visible region.

Chiral gradient force allows a passive separation of an enantiomer since its direction is dependent on the handedness of its chiral entities. However, chiral polarisability is much weaker than electric polarisability. As a consequence, the non-chiral gradient force dominates over chiral force, which makes enantioselective sorting challenging. We present here, both numerically and analytically, that the chiral gradient force acting on chiral nanoparticles can overcome the non-chiral force when specimens are ...

Tailorable chiral optical response through coupling among plasmonic meta-atoms with distinct shapes.

Chiral plasmonic nanostructures with giant and tunable chiral optical responses hold great potential in chiral sensing applications for chemistry, biology, and pharmacy, etc. For the origin of the chiral optical response of artificial plasmonic chiral assemblies, resonant and off-resonant coupling mechanisms have been figured out. However, most existing chiral plasmonic assemblies are based on only one mechanism, where strong optical chirality always compromises with spectral tunability. To release the trad...

Diastereoselective synthesis of chiral 1,3-cyclohexadienals.

A novel approach to the production of chiral 1,3-cyclohexadienals has been developed. The organocatalysed asymmetric reaction of different β-disubstituted-α,β-unsaturated aldehydes with a chiral α,β-unsaturated aldehyde in the presence of a Jørgensen-Hayashi organocatalyst provides easy and stereocontrolled access to the cyclohexadienal backbone. This method allows for the synthesis of potential photoprotective chiral 1,3-cyclohexadienals and extra extended conjugation compounds in a simple manner.

Chiral Light Design and Detection Inspired by Optical Antenna Theory.

Chiral metallic nanostructures can generate evanescent fields which are more highly twisted than circularly polarized light. However, it remains unclear how best to exploit this phenomenon, hindering the optimal utilization of chiral electromagnetic fields. Here, inspired by optical antenna theory, we address this challenge by introducing chiral antenna parameters: the chirality flux efficiency and the chiral antenna aperture. These quantities, which are based on chirality conservation, quantify the generat...

Deep-Subwavelength Resolving and Manipulating of Hidden Chirality in Achiral Nanostructures.

Chiral state of light plays a vital role in light-matter interactions and the consequent revolution of nanophotonic devices and advanced modern chiroptics. As the light-matter interaction goes into the nano- and quantum world, numerous chiroptical technologies and quantum devices require precise knowledge of chiral electromagnetic modes and chiral radiative local density of states (LDOS) distributions in detail, which directly determine the chiral light-matter interaction for applications like chiral light ...

Novel chiral ionic liquids stationary phases for the enantiomer separation of chiral acid by high-performance liquid chromatography.

Novel chiral ionic liquid stationary phases based on chiral imidazolium were prepared. The ionic liquid chiral selector was synthesized by ring opening of cyclohexene oxide with imidazole or 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole, and then chemically modified by different substitute groups. Chiral stationary phases were prepared by bonding to the surface of silica sphere through thioene "click" reaction. Their enantioselective separations of chiral acids were evaluated by high-performance liquid chromatography. The rete...

Asymmetric Robinson Annulation of 3-Indolinone-2-carboxylates with Cyclohexenone: Access to Chiral Bridged Tricyclic Hydrocarbazoles.

A chiral bifuntional thiourea catalyzed diastereo- and enantioselective Michael addition followed by an intramolecular Aldol reaction of 3-indolinone-2-carboxylates with cyclohexenone has been accomplished using a chiral thiourea catalyst. It is a novel strategy for the construction of chiral bridged tricyclic hydrocarbazole derivatives bearing four contiguous stereocenters with excellent diastereo- and enantioselectivity.

Chiral bambusurils for enantioselective recognition of carboxylate anion guests.

Synthesis of the first enantiomerically pure chiral bambusurils is reported. The bambusurils were prepared on the gram scale without using any chromatography techniques. The bambusurils formed supramolecular complexes with all tested chiral carboxylates including amino acids and drug molecules with the enantioselectivity ranging from 1.1 to 3.2.

Chiral metamaterials via Moiré stacking.

Chiral metamaterials have attracted strong interest due to their versatile capabilities in spin-dependent light manipulation. Benefiting from advancements in nanofabrication and mechanistic understanding of chiroptical effects, chiral metamaterials have shown potential in a variety of applications including circular polarizers, chiral sensors, and chiroptical detectors. Recently, chiral metamaterials made by moiré stacking, superimposing two or more periodic patterns with different lattice constants or rel...

Photothermal Circular Dichroism Induced by Plasmon Resonances in Chiral Metamaterial Absorbers and Bolometers.

Chiral photochemistry remains a challenge because of the very small asymmetry in the chiro-optical absorption of molecular species. However, we think that the rapidly developing fields of plasmonic chirality and plasmon-induced circular dichroism demonstrate very strong chiro-optical effects and have the potential to facilitate the development of chiral photochemistry and other related applications such as chiral separation and sensing. In this study, we propose a new type of chiral spectroscopy - photother...

Chiral aldehyde catalysis for the catalytic asymmetric activation of glycine esters.

Chiral aldehyde catalysis is uniquely suitable for the direct asymmetric α-functionalization of N-unprotected amino acids, because aldehydes can reversibly form imines. However, there have been few successful reports of these transformations. In fact, only chiral aldehyde catalyzed aldol reactions of amino acids and alkylation of 2-amino malonates have been reported with good chiral induction. Here, we report a novel type of chiral aldehyde catalyst based on face control of the enolate intermediates. The r...

Chiral Coalition in Helical Sense Enhancement of Copolymers: the Role of the Absolute Configuration of Comonomers.

Both the role of the absolute configuration and the tendency of a chiral monomer to promote a certain helical scaffold in a polyphenylacetylene (PPA) have been evaluated to study the communication between two chiral monomers within a copolymer chain. 19 different PPA copolymer series -47 helical copolymers altogether- were prepared to explore the existence of a chiral to chiral communication mechanism. From the data obtained, we found that communication between two different chiral monomers emerge when both...

Direct Synthesis of Chiral Porphyrin Macrocyclic Receptors via Regioselective Nitration.

Nitration of tetraphenylporphyrin cage compound 1, at -40 °C, leads to the regioselective formation of the chiral mononitro compound 2 (75% isolated yield) and, at -30 °C, to the achiral syn-dinitro-derivative 3 and the chiral anti-dinitro derivative 4 in a diastereomeric ratio of 5:2, which were separated by chromatography (46 and 20% yields, respectively). The structures of the compounds were confirmed by X-ray crystallography.

Proposed Spontaneous Generation of Magnetic Fields by Curved Layers of a Chiral Superconductor.

We demonstrate that two-dimensional chiral superconductors on curved surfaces spontaneously develop magnetic flux. This geometric Meissner effect provides an unequivocal signature of chiral superconductivity, which could be observed in layered materials under stress. We also employ the effect to explain some puzzling questions related to the location of zero-energy Majorana modes.

Chiral Lithium Amido Zincates for Enantioselective 1,2-Additions: Auto-assembling Reagents Involving a Fully Recyclable Ligand.

A methodology consisting in carrying out enantioselective nucleophilic 1,2-additions (ees up to 97%) from cheap, easily accessible, and never described before, chiral lithium amido zincates is presented. These multicomponent reactants auto-assemble when mixing, in a 1 : 1 ratio, a homoleptic diorganozinc (R2Zn) with a chiral lithium amide (CLA). The latter, obtained after a single reductive amination, plays the role of the chiral inductor and is fully recoverable thanks to a simple acid-base wash, allowing ...

Asymmetric Synthesis of Chiral Acyclic Purine Nucleosides Containing a Hemiaminal Ester Moiety via Three-Component Dynamic Kinetic Resolution.

An efficient route to construct chiral acyclic purine nucleosides containing a hemiaminal ester moiety is reported via three-component dynamic kinetic resolution of purines, aldehydes, and acid anhydrides. The procedure provides diverse chiral acyclic purine nucleoside analogues in a regioselective manner with good yields (up to 93% yield) and excellent enantioselectivities (up to 95% ee). Furthermore, the chiral (acyloxyalkyl)-5-fluorouracil could also be generated as a potential prodrug of 5-fluorouracil.

Iron-Catalyzed Highly Enantioselective Hydrosilylation of Unactivated Terminal Alkenes.

The iron-catalyzed highly Markovnikov-type selective and enantioselective hydrosilylation of terminal aliphatic alkenes with good functional group tolerance is developed. This operationally simple protocol uses earth-abundant transition metal catalyst, readily available aliphatic alkenes and hydrosilanes to construct valuable chiral organosilanes with better than 99% ee in most cases. The chiral aliphatic alkan-2-ol and chiral dihydroxysilane as an analogue of ketone could be efficiently synthesized via fur...

Chirality-Amplifying, Dynamic Induction of Single-Handed Helix by Chiral Guests to Macromolecular Chiral Catalysts Bearing Boronyl Pendants as Receptor Sites.

Helical chirality of poly(quinoxaline-2,3-diyl)s bearing a boronyl pendant at the 5-position of the quinoxaline ring was induced by condensation with chiral guests such as a diol, diamine, and amino alcohol. Reversible induction of a single-handed helical structure was achieved by using less than an equimolar amount of chiral amino alcohols to the boronyl pendants. Majority-rule-effect-based chiral amplification on the polyquinoxaline main chain was demon-strated with chiral amino alcohols with low enantiom...

Preparation of a chiral Pt tetrahedral cage and its use in catalytic Michael addition reaction.

The reaction of chiral cis-[(1S,2S)-dch]Pt(NO3)2 (M) [where (1S,2S)-dch = (1S,2S)-1,2-diaminocyclohexane] with a hexadentate ligand (L) in 3 : 1 stoichiometric ratio yielded a [12+4] self-assembled chiral M12L4 molecular tetrahedron (T). The cage T features an internal 3D nanocavity with large open 'windows', enabling it to catalyze Michael addition reactions of a series of nitrostyrene derivatives with indole in a 9 : 1 water : methanol mixture.

Chiral metamaterials of plasmonic slanted nanoapertures with symmetry breaking.

We propose a universal design scheme for a new type of chiral metamaterials based on plasmonic slanted nanoapertures simply milled in a single metal layer. Strong optical chirality is introduced by tilting nanoapertures with almost arbitrary shape along a certain direction to break all the mirror symmetries. As a typical example, chiral metamaterial based on slanted split-ring apertures is demonstrated with giant circular dichroism in transmission (CDT) over 78% at 760 nm. We reveal that the high CDT origin...

Colorimetric chiral recognition of D/L-phenylalanine based on triangular silver nanoplates.

A new colorimetric analysis approach for chiral recognition of D- and L-forms of phenylalanine (phe) was developed based on triangular silver nanoplates (TAg-NPs). The TAg-NPs could be used as chiral colorimetric probes for D- and L-forms of phe. Upon addition of D-phe to TAg-NPs solution, a color change from blue to purple to pink could be observed, while no obvious color change was found on addition of L-phe. L-phe could prevent the TAg-NPs from being etched to small size particles while the protective ef...

Chiral metal-organic framework hollow nanospheres for high efficiency enantiomer separation.

Chiral ZIF-8 hollow nanospheres with D-histidine as part of chiral ligands (denoted as H-D-his-ZIF-8) were prepared for separation of (±)-amine acids. Compared to bulk D-his-ZIF-8 without hollow cavity, the prepared H-D-his-ZIF-8 showed 15 times higher separation capacity and higher ee values of 90.5% for alanine, 95.2% for glutamic acid and 92.6% for lysine, respectively.

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