PubMed Journals Articles About "Choline Chloride Vitamin" RSS

22:12 EDT 19th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Choline Chloride Vitamin" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,000+

Choline and Choline alphoscerate Do Not Modulate Inflammatory Processes in the Rat Brain.

Choline is involved in relevant neurochemical processes. In particular, it is the precursor and metabolite of acetylcholine (ACh). Choline is an essential component of different membrane phospholipids that are involved in intraneuronal signal transduction. On the other hand, cholinergic precursors are involved in ACh release and carry out a neuroprotective effect based on an anti-inflammatory action. Based on these findings, the present study was designed to evaluate the effects of choline and choline precu...

Temperature-Dependent Empirical Parameters for Polarity in Choline Chloride Based Deep Eutectic Solvents.

Deep eutectic solvents have emerged as a promising and economically viable alternative to address our need for environmentally benign media. Efficient utilization of deep eutectic solvents in various fields will require adequate knowledge about their physicochemical properties. In this work, independent polarity scales pertaining to solvent polarizability, dipolarity, acidity and basicity have been determined for some commonly used deep eutectic solvents based on choline chloride. The three eutectic mixture...

Ionoregulatory Disruption and Acetylcholinesterase Activity in Aluminium Toxicity: Effects of Vitamins C and E.

To investigate the effects of vitamin C and E on electrolyte profile and the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in Aluminium (Al) chloride exposed rats, thirty-six male rats were used for this study. The animals were randomly grouped into six (n=6); group I (Control) was given normal saline. Group II (Al only) was exposed to 20mg/kg body weight (BW) of Al. Groups III (Vitamin C only) and IV (Vitamin E only) were administered 200mg/kg BW of vitamin C and vitamin E respectively. Groups V (Al + Vit C) and...

Green and efficient removal of cadmium from rice flour using natural deep eutectic solvents.

Natural deep eutectic solvents (NADESs) constitute a novel class of biodegradable and inexpensive solvents. In this study, twenty choline chloride- and glycerol-based NADESs were prepared and investigated as washing agents in the removal of cadmium (Cd) from rice flour for the first time. Choline chloride-based NADESs demonstrated good Cd removal (51%-96%). A natural, biodegradable surfactant, saponin, was mixed with the NADESs to enhance their efficiency. No increase in Cd removal was observed when glycero...

In-situ capture and conversion of atmospheric CO2 into nano-CaCO3 using a novel pathway based on deep eutectic choline chloride-calcium chloride.

This study presents a newfangled method and provides a new approach toward capturing-entrapping the toxic and harmful greenhouse gas CO2 and subsequently employing it as a useful precursor for the production of value-added calcite (CaCO3) nanoparticles. All the processes are done in a single system (one-pot and in-situ processing) based on deep eutectic choline chloride-calcium chloride (Calcoline) at mild temperature of 50 °C in direct contact with air. The Calcoline eutectic mixture shows the calcite pr...

Oral vitamin Bversus intramuscular vitamin Bfor vitamin Bdeficiency.

Vitamin Bdeficiency is common, and the incidence increases with age. Most people with vitamin Bdeficiency are treated in primary care with intramuscular (IM) vitamin B. Doctors may not be prescribing oral vitamin Bformulations because they may be unaware of this option or have concerns regarding its effectiveness.

Choline prevents fetal overgrowth and normalizes placental fatty acid and glucose metabolism in a mouse model of maternal obesity.

Maternal obesity increases placental transport of macronutrients, resulting in fetal overgrowth and obesity later in life. Choline participates in fatty acid metabolism, serves as a methyl donor and influences growth signaling, which may modify placental macronutrient homeostasis and affect fetal growth. Using a mouse model of maternal obesity, we assessed the effect of maternal choline supplementation on preventing fetal overgrowth and restoring placental macronutrient homeostasis. C57BL/6J mice were fed e...

Comparison Of Different Formulations Of Vitamin D.

Vitamin D Deficiency (VDD) is responsible for a wide spectrum of clinical diseases and vitamin D deficiency prevalence is frightening in most parts of the world including Pakistan. Therefore, supplementations of vitamin D are used in the population at high risk for the prevention and the treatment of vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D supplementation comes in various formulations both oral and intramuscular. Cholecalciferol is the most commonly used preparation which is given through these routes of administra...

Choline Theft-An Inside Job.

Choline is a crucial methyl donor necessary for epigenetic regulation. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Romano et al. (2017) demonstrate that choline-utilizing gut bacteria compete with their host for this essential resource, calling for a systematic consideration of gut microbial composition for personalized diet recommendations.

Cholecalciferol supplementation of heifer diets increases beef vitamin D concentration and improves beef tenderness.

This study investigated the effects of cholecalciferol (vitamin D₃) supplementation on beef vitamin D activity, beef tenderness and sensory attributes. Thirty heifers were randomly allocated to one of three finishing dietary treatments [(T1) basal diet+0IU vitamin D₃; (T2) basal diet+2000IU vitamin D₃; and (T3) basal diet+4000IU vitamin D₃] for a 30day period pre-slaughter. Vitamin D₃ supplementation linearly increased serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D₃ (25-OH-D3) concentrations (R(2)=0.48), Longissimus...

Prophylactic vitamin K for the prevention of vitamin K deficiency bleeding in preterm neonates.

Vitamin K is necessary for the synthesis of coagulation factors. Term infants, especially those who are exclusively breast fed, are deficient in vitamin K and consequently may have vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB). Preterm infants are potentially at greater risk for VKDB because of delayed feeding and subsequent delay in the colonization of their gastrointestinal system with vitamin K producing microflora, as well as immature hepatic and hemostatic function.  OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of vi...

From yeast to humans: Roles of the Kennedy pathway for phosphatidylcholine synthesis.

The major phospholipid present in most eukaryotic membranes is phosphatidylcholine (PC), comprising ~50% of phospholipid content. PC metabolic pathways are highly conserved from yeast to humans. The main pathway for the synthesis of PC is the Kennedy (CDP-choline) pathway. In this pathway, choline is converted to phosphocholine by choline kinase, phosphocholine is metabolized to CDP-choline by the rate-determining enzyme for this pathway CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase, and cholinephosphotransferase...

Vitamin C and E chronic supplementation differentially affect hepatic insulin signaling in rats.

Aim Vitamin C and vitamin E supplementations and their beneficial effects on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been subjected to countless controversial data. Hence, our aim is to investigate the hepatic molecular mechanisms of any diabetic predisposing risk of the chronic administration of different doses of vitamin E or vitamin C in rats.

Choline Inhibits Ischemia-Reperfusion-Induced Cardiomyocyte Autophagy in Rat Myocardium by Activating Akt/mTOR Signaling.

Backgroud/Aims: Growing evidence suggests that both cardiomyocyte apoptosis and excessive autophagy exacerbates cardiac dysfunction during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR). As a precursor of acetylcholine, choline has been found to protect the heart by repressing ischemic cardiomyocyte apoptosis. However, the relationship between choline and cardiomyocyte autophagy is unclear. The present study aimed to investigate whether autophagy was involved in the cardioprotection of choline during IR.

Internal Auditory Canal Tumor as an Incidental Finding on a Choline PET/CT Scan in a Prostate Cancer Patient.

An 84-year-old man with a history of prostate cancer, treated with radiotherapy, presented with an increase in PSA levels. F-choline PET/CT showed foci of increased choline uptake in L4 and L5 vertebrae, suggestive of bone metastases and another focus in the right cerebellopontine angle. A brain MRI revealed a focus of intense contrast enhancement in the same region, consistent with an acoustic neuroma.

Higher serum choline and betaine levels are associated with better body composition in male but not female population.

Animal studies proved that choline and betaine have beneficial effect on reducing body fat. However, evidence in humans is scarce. We aim to investigate the association between serum choline and betaine levels with body composition in general population.

Vitamin D and Immunomodulation: Is It Time to Change the Reference Values?

The term "vitamin D" refers to two chemical compounds - ergosterol, or vitamin D2, and cholecalciferol, or vitamin D3. Active vitamin D3 is correctly regarded as a neurohormone due to its pleiotropic biological activities. Although the relation between vitamin D and calcium-phosphorus metabolism has never been discussed, the knowledge on many other roles vitamin D plays is growing fast. Briefly, vitamin D immunomodulation includes attenuation and stimulation of Th1 and Th2 cell proliferation, respectively. ...

Vitamin D supplementation for the prevention of vitamin D deficiency after bariatric surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

To evaluate the efficacy of vitamin D supplementation on the prevention of postoperative vitamin D deficiency.

Virchow Node From Prostate Carcinoma by 18F-Choline PET/CT.

F-choline PET/CT is increasingly being used during the follow-up of prostate cancer and is bringing us valuable information for the delineation of local and distant nodal recurrence in patients with hormone-resistant poorly differentiated cell types. Lymphatic spreading usually involves pelvic and retroperitoneal levels, being unusual at supraclavicular levels. We report a 75-year-old man with unsuspected involvement of Virchow node from prostate cancer observed using F-choline PET/CT.

Choline Intake and Its Food Sources in the Diet of Romanian Kindergarten Children.

The objective of this study is to assess the usual intake and food sources of choline in a group of Romanian kindergarten children. A cross-sectional study was performed among 71 children aged 4-6 years from four kindergartens from Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Dietary intake data were collected by means of three-day food records. The mean (SD) daily intake of choline was 215 (32) mg/day, 22.5% of the participants fulfilling the adequate intake (AI) for children 4-6 years of age of 250 mg of choline per day. The ma...

Usual Choline Intakes Are Associated with Egg and Protein Food Consumption in the United States.

Choline is an essential nutrient with critical roles in several biological processes including neuronal development, cell signaling, nerve impulse transmission, and lipid transport and metabolism. The National Cancer Institute method was used to assess usual intakes of choline from foods according to data for participants enrolled in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009-2014 datasets and pregnant women in the 2005-2014 datasets. Suboptimal intakes of choline are present across many gend...

Short-Term Vitamin D3 Supplementation in Children with Neurodisabilities: Comparison of Two Delivery Methods.

Vitamin D deficiency is common in children with neurodisabilities. Oral vitamin D3 may not be absorbed appropriately due to dysphagia and tube feeding. The aim of this study was to compare efficacy of vitamin D3 buccal spray with that of oral drops.

Metabolomic Analysis Reveals Vitamin D-induced Decrease in Polyol Pathway and Subtle Modulation of Glycolysis in HEK293T Cells.

We combined (1)H NMR metabolomics with functional and molecular biochemical assays to describe the metabolic changes elicited by vitamin D in HEK293T, an embryonic proliferative cell line adapted to high-glucose concentrations. Activation of the polyol pathway, was the most important consequence of cell exposure to high glucose concentration, resembling cells exposed to hyperglycemia. Vitamin D induced alterations in HEK293T cells metabolism, including a decrease in sorbitol, glycine, glutamate, guanine. Vi...

Vitamin D in obesity.

Vitamin D is essential for bone health, and may also have important functions in immunity and other systems. Vitamin D deficiency is common, and testing and supplementation is increasing. Serum vitamin D is lower in obese people; it is important to understand the mechanism of this effect and whether it indicates clinically significant deficiency.

Micronutrient Deficiencies among Breastfeeding Infants in Tanzania.

Infant mortality accounts for the majority of child deaths in Tanzania, and malnutrition is an important underlying cause. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to describe the micronutrient status of infants in Tanzania and assess predictors of infant micronutrient deficiency. We analyzed serum vitamin D, vitamin B12, folate, and ferritin levels from 446 infants at two weeks of age, 408 infants at three months of age, and 427 mothers three months post-partum. We used log-Poisson regression to e...

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