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PubMed Journals Articles About "Choline Chloride Vitamin" RSS

08:49 EDT 20th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Choline Chloride Vitamin PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Choline Chloride Vitamin articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Choline Chloride Vitamin" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,000+

Characterization of bio-based plastic made from a mixture of Momordica charantia bioactive polysaccharide and choline chloride/glycerol based deep eutectic solvent.

Momordica charantia bioactive polysaccharide was used as an alternative source for the production of bio-based plastics (BPs) and choline chloride/glycerol based deep eutectic solvent (DES) was added as a plasticizer. In this study, seven BPs were prepared: MCBP without plasticizer (as a control), with glycerol (as a reference), and with DES in different choline chloride/glycerol molar ratio (i.e. C-G 1.5:1; 1:1, 1:1.5, 1:2, 1:3). Characterization based on the physical properties and bioactivities was then ...


Ionoregulatory Disruption and Acetylcholinesterase Activity in Aluminium Toxicity: Effects of Vitamins C and E.

To investigate the effects of vitamin C and E on electrolyte profile and the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in Aluminium (Al) chloride exposed rats, thirty-six male rats were used for this study. The animals were randomly grouped into six (n=6); group I (Control) was given normal saline. Group II (Al only) was exposed to 20mg/kg body weight (BW) of Al. Groups III (Vitamin C only) and IV (Vitamin E only) were administered 200mg/kg BW of vitamin C and vitamin E respectively. Groups V (Al + Vit C) and...

Concentrations of Water-Soluble Forms of Choline in Human Milk from Lactating Women in Canada and Cambodia.

Choline has critical roles during periods of rapid growth and development, such as infancy. In human milk, choline is mostly present in water-soluble forms (free choline, phosphocholine, and glycerophosphocholine). It is thought that milk choline concentration is influenced by maternal choline intake, and the richest food sources for choline are of animal origin. Scarce information exists on milk choline from countries differing in animal-source food availability. In this secondary analysis of samples from ...


Oral vitamin Bversus intramuscular vitamin Bfor vitamin Bdeficiency.

Vitamin Bdeficiency is common, and the incidence increases with age. Most people with vitamin Bdeficiency are treated in primary care with intramuscular (IM) vitamin B. Doctors may not be prescribing oral vitamin Bformulations because they may be unaware of this option or have concerns regarding its effectiveness.

Label-free colorimetric sensor for sensitive detection of choline based on DNAzyme-choline oxidase coupling.

Changes in choline levels can be associated with diseases such as Alzheimer, Parkinson, Huntington, fatty liver, interstitial lung abnormalities, autism and so on. Therefore, quantitative determination of choline is important in biological and clinical analysis. So far, several methods have been investigated for measuring choline in the body fluids, each of which has disadvantages such as the need for specialist ability, complexity, and high cost. For this purpose, a facile and sensitive colorimetric biosen...

Plasma Betaine Is Positively Associated with Developmental Outcomes in Healthy Toddlers at Age 2 Years Who Are Not Meeting the Recommended Adequate Intake for Dietary Choline.

Choline is an important nutrient during development. However, there are limited data on dietary choline intake and status in toddlers and the relation to neurodevelopmental outcomes.

Comparison Of Different Formulations Of Vitamin D.

Vitamin D Deficiency (VDD) is responsible for a wide spectrum of clinical diseases and vitamin D deficiency prevalence is frightening in most parts of the world including Pakistan. Therefore, supplementations of vitamin D are used in the population at high risk for the prevention and the treatment of vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D supplementation comes in various formulations both oral and intramuscular. Cholecalciferol is the most commonly used preparation which is given through these routes of administra...

Prophylactic vitamin K for the prevention of vitamin K deficiency bleeding in preterm neonates.

Vitamin K is necessary for the synthesis of coagulation factors. Term infants, especially those who are exclusively breast fed, are deficient in vitamin K and consequently may have vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB). Preterm infants are potentially at greater risk for VKDB because of delayed feeding and subsequent delay in the colonization of their gastrointestinal system with vitamin K producing microflora, as well as immature hepatic and hemostatic function.  OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of vi...

Vitamin C and E chronic supplementation differentially affect hepatic insulin signaling in rats.

Aim Vitamin C and vitamin E supplementations and their beneficial effects on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been subjected to countless controversial data. Hence, our aim is to investigate the hepatic molecular mechanisms of any diabetic predisposing risk of the chronic administration of different doses of vitamin E or vitamin C in rats.

Choline Inhibits Ischemia-Reperfusion-Induced Cardiomyocyte Autophagy in Rat Myocardium by Activating Akt/mTOR Signaling.

Backgroud/Aims: Growing evidence suggests that both cardiomyocyte apoptosis and excessive autophagy exacerbates cardiac dysfunction during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR). As a precursor of acetylcholine, choline has been found to protect the heart by repressing ischemic cardiomyocyte apoptosis. However, the relationship between choline and cardiomyocyte autophagy is unclear. The present study aimed to investigate whether autophagy was involved in the cardioprotection of choline during IR.

Higher serum choline and betaine levels are associated with better body composition in male but not female population.

Animal studies proved that choline and betaine have beneficial effect on reducing body fat. However, evidence in humans is scarce. We aim to investigate the association between serum choline and betaine levels with body composition in general population.

Feasibility and acceptability of maternal choline supplementation in heavy drinking pregnant women: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Choline, an essential nutrient, serves as a methyl-group donor for DNA methylation and is a constituent of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and a precursor to major components of cell membranes. Findings from animal studies suggest that choline supplementation during pregnancy may mitigate adverse effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on growth and neurocognitive function. We conducted a randomized, double-blind exploratory trial to examine feasibility and acceptability of a choline supplementation interve...

Virchow Node From Prostate Carcinoma by 18F-Choline PET/CT.

F-choline PET/CT is increasingly being used during the follow-up of prostate cancer and is bringing us valuable information for the delineation of local and distant nodal recurrence in patients with hormone-resistant poorly differentiated cell types. Lymphatic spreading usually involves pelvic and retroperitoneal levels, being unusual at supraclavicular levels. We report a 75-year-old man with unsuspected involvement of Virchow node from prostate cancer observed using F-choline PET/CT.

Vitamin D supplementation for the prevention of vitamin D deficiency after bariatric surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

To evaluate the efficacy of vitamin D supplementation on the prevention of postoperative vitamin D deficiency.

Implications of vitamin D toxicity & deficiency.

Vitamin D deficiency is an increasing problem affecting all ages. Patients should be assessed for risk factors as part of preventive health maintenance. Vitamin D toxicity is a rare occurrence caused by oversupplementation and errors in food fortification. The connection between vitamin D deficiency and osteoporosis, is well established. However, a cause and effect relationship has yet to be established between vitamin D deficiency and many chronic illnesses. An evidence-based approach is treating patients ...

C. elegans MRP-5 Exports Vitamin B12 from Mother to Offspring to Support Embryonic Development.

Vitamin B12 functions as a cofactor for methionine synthase to produce the anabolic methyl donor S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) and for methylmalonyl-CoA mutase to catabolize the short-chain fatty acid propionate. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, maternally supplied vitamin B12 is required for the development of offspring. However, the mechanism for exporting vitamin B12 from the mother to the offspring is not yet known. Here, we use RNAi of more than 200 transporters with a vitamin B12-sensor transgene ...

The use of synthetic and natural vitamin D sources in pig diets to improve meat quality and vitamin D content.

This study investigated the effects of synthetic and natural sources of vitamin D biofortification in pig diets on pork vitamin D activity and pork quality. One hundred and twenty pigs (60 male, 60 female) were assigned to one of four dietary treatments for a 55 d feeding period. The dietary treatments were (1)50 μg vitamin D₃/kg of feed; (2)50 μg of 25-hydroxvitamin D₃/kg of feed (25-OH-D₃); (3)50 μg vitamin D₂/kg of feed; (4)50 μg vitamin D₂-enriched mushrooms/kg of feed (Mushroom ...

No improvement in vitamin D status in German infants and adolescents between 2009 and 2014 despite public recommendations to increase vitamin D intake in 2012.

Vitamin D is a key component for the growth and development of children and adolescents, influencing a multitude of functions. Worldwide epidemiological studies have shown that minimum vitamin D blood levels of ≥ 20.0 ng/ml, often defined as vitamin D sufficiency by international and national nutrition and pediatric organizations, are often not met in practice. In 2012 the D-A-CH (Germany, Austria, Switzerland) nutrition societies increased their vitamin D intake recommendations fourfold from 200 IU (...

Dose responses of vitamin D3 supplementation on arterial stiffness in overweight African Americans with vitamin D deficiency: A placebo controlled randomized trial.

Clinical trials are scant and equivocal on whether vitamin D can ameliorate arterial stiffness, particularly in populations at high risk for vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study determined the dose-response effects of vitamin D3 supplementation on arterial stiffness in overweight African Americans with vitamin D deficiency.

Postpartum depression and vitamin D: A systematic review.

Postpartum depression (PPD) is a prevalent mood disorder estimated to affect 20%-40% of women worldwide after childbirth. In recent studies, the effect of vitamin D on prevention of mood disorders and depression has been investigated, but it is still unclear how vitamin D may affect PPD. The evidence on the relevance between vitamin D deficiency and PPD is inconsistent, and assessment of the recent literature has not previously been carried out. Moreover, there are few clinical studies on PPD and vitamin D ...

First two-reagent vitamin d assay for general clinical chemistry.

Vitamin D is a lipid-soluble molecule that plays key physiological roles in the metabolism of calcium, phosphate and magnesium. Recent studies show that deficiency in vitamin D is linked to cardiovascular diseases, autoimmune diseases and cancer. As a result, regular monitoring of 25-OH vitamin D (the main circulating form of vitamin D) is becoming essential. Current 25-OH vitamin D testing methodologies are cumbersome (too many reagents, long incubation times, phase separation) and are not compatible with ...

Association Between Vitamin D Status and Sepsis.

It is well-established that vitamin D status is closely associated with the susceptibility to infections. We aimed to study the association between vitamin D status and sepsis risk and death, and also analyzed the correlation between vitamin D level and sepsis-related factors.

A review of the growing risk of vitamin D toxicity from inappropriate practice.

Vitamin D is a particularly important sterol hormone with evidence emerging of its beneficial effects well beyond bone. In consequence of this and increased global recognition of vitamin D deficiency in the general population, there has been a resurgence in treatment with vitamin D preparations. However, the increasing use of vitamin D treatments has also seen a substantial increase in the numbers of reports of vitamin D intoxication with the majority (75%) of reports published since 2010. Many of these cas...

Vitamin D: Current Guidelines and Future Outlook.

Vitamin D is of public health interest because its deficiency is common and is associated with musculoskeletal diseases, as well as extraskeletal diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and infections. Several health authorities have reviewed the existing literature and published nutritional vitamin D guidelines for the general population. There was a wide consensus that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration should be used to assess vitamin D status and intake, and that musculoskeleta...

Analytical Methods for Quantification of Vitamin D and Implications for Research and Clinical Practice.

A plethora of contradictory research surrounds vitamin D and its influence on health and disease. This may, in part, result from analytical difficulties with regard to measuring vitamin D metabolites in serum. Indeed, variation exists between analytical techniques and assays used for the determination of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Research studies into the effects of vitamin D on clinical endpoints rely heavily on the accurate assessment of vitamin D status. This has important implications, as findings from...


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