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PubMed Journals Articles About "Choline Chloride Vitamin" RSS

17:37 EST 16th December 2017 | BioPortfolio

Choline Chloride Vitamin PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Choline Chloride Vitamin articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Choline Chloride Vitamin" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,900+

Choline and Choline alphoscerate Do Not Modulate Inflammatory Processes in the Rat Brain.

Choline is involved in relevant neurochemical processes. In particular, it is the precursor and metabolite of acetylcholine (ACh). Choline is an essential component of different membrane phospholipids that are involved in intraneuronal signal transduction. On the other hand, cholinergic precursors are involved in ACh release and carry out a neuroprotective effect based on an anti-inflammatory action. Based on these findings, the present study was designed to evaluate the effects of choline and choline precu...


Temperature-Dependent Empirical Parameters for Polarity in Choline Chloride Based Deep Eutectic Solvents.

Deep eutectic solvents have emerged as a promising and economically viable alternative to address our need for environmentally benign media. Efficient utilization of deep eutectic solvents in various fields will require adequate knowledge about their physicochemical properties. In this work, independent polarity scales pertaining to solvent polarizability, dipolarity, acidity and basicity have been determined for some commonly used deep eutectic solvents based on choline chloride. The three eutectic mixture...

Deep eutectic solvents' ability to solubilize lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose; thermal stability; and density.

An environmentally-friendly method to separate cellulose and hemicelluloses from lignin in recalcitrant biomass for subsequent conversion is desirable to reduce greenhouse gas generation. Easily-prepared, deep eutectic solvents (DESs) have low volatility, wide liquid range, non-flammability, nontoxicity, biocompatibility, and biodegradability. This study shows the DESs (formic acid:choline chloride, lactic acid:choline chloride, acetic acid:choline chloride, lactic acid:betaine, and lactic acid:proline) to ...


Green and efficient removal of cadmium from rice flour using natural deep eutectic solvents.

Natural deep eutectic solvents (NADESs) constitute a novel class of biodegradable and inexpensive solvents. In this study, twenty choline chloride- and glycerol-based NADESs were prepared and investigated as washing agents in the removal of cadmium (Cd) from rice flour for the first time. Choline chloride-based NADESs demonstrated good Cd removal (51%-96%). A natural, biodegradable surfactant, saponin, was mixed with the NADESs to enhance their efficiency. No increase in Cd removal was observed when glycero...

In-situ capture and conversion of atmospheric CO2 into nano-CaCO3 using a novel pathway based on deep eutectic choline chloride-calcium chloride.

This study presents a newfangled method and provides a new approach toward capturing-entrapping the toxic and harmful greenhouse gas CO2 and subsequently employing it as a useful precursor for the production of value-added calcite (CaCO3) nanoparticles. All the processes are done in a single system (one-pot and in-situ processing) based on deep eutectic choline chloride-calcium chloride (Calcoline) at mild temperature of 50 °C in direct contact with air. The Calcoline eutectic mixture shows the calcite pr...

PET/CT with (18)F-choline: Physiological whole bio-distribution in male and female subjects and diagnostic pitfalls on 1000 prostate cancer patients: (18)F-choline PET/CT bio-distribution and pitfalls. A southern Italian experience.

The (11)C/(18)F-choline is a PET/CT radiopharmaceutical useful in detecting tumors with high lipogenesis. (11)C/(18)F-choline uptake can occur in physiological conditions or tumors. The knowledge of its bio-distribution is essential to recognize physiologic variants or diagnostic pitfalls. Moreover, few information are available on the bio-distribution of this tracer in female patients. Our aim was to discuss some documented (18)F-choline PET/CT pitfalls in prostate cancer patients. Our secondary aim was to...

Choline prevents fetal overgrowth and normalizes placental fatty acid and glucose metabolism in a mouse model of maternal obesity.

Maternal obesity increases placental transport of macronutrients, resulting in fetal overgrowth and obesity later in life. Choline participates in fatty acid metabolism, serves as a methyl donor and influences growth signaling, which may modify placental macronutrient homeostasis and affect fetal growth. Using a mouse model of maternal obesity, we assessed the effect of maternal choline supplementation on preventing fetal overgrowth and restoring placental macronutrient homeostasis. C57BL/6J mice were fed e...

Efficacy of docosahexaenoic acid-choline-vitamin E (DHA-CHO-VE) in paediatric NASH: a randomized controlled clinical trial.

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a progressive form of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is one of the most common hepatic diseases in children. We conducted a randomized controlled clinical trial on children with biopsy-proven NASH based on a combinatorial nutritional approach compared to placebo. Participants were assigned to lifestyle modification plus placebo, or lifestyle modification plus a mix containing docosahexaenoic acid, choline and vitamin E (DHA-CHO-VE). Forty children and adoles...

Significantly enhanced enzymatic hydrolysis of rice straw via a high-performance two-stage deep eutectic solvents synergistic pretreatment.

A two-stage deep eutectic solvents (DESs) treatment was shown to be an effective method for improving the utilization of certain DESs, and the specific order of pretreatment, such as malic acid/proline (MP) or choline chloride/oxalic acid (CO) during the first stage and choline chloride/urea (CU) during the second stage, resulted in better performance for enhancing the sugar yield due to the synergistic effect of the two DESs on biomass fractionation. Moreover, the presence of water during these processes c...

Postnatal choline supplementation selectively attenuates hippocampal microRNA alterations associated with developmental alcohol exposure.

Prenatal alcohol exposure can result in a range of physical, neuropathological, and behavioral alterations, collectively termed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). We have shown that supplementation with the nutrient choline reduces the severity of developmental alcohol-associated deficits in hippocampal-dependent behaviors and normalizes some aspects of hippocampal cholinergic development and DNA methylation patterns. Alcohol's developmental effects may also be mediated, in part, by altering microRNAs...

Cholecalciferol supplementation of heifer diets increases beef vitamin D concentration and improves beef tenderness.

This study investigated the effects of cholecalciferol (vitamin D₃) supplementation on beef vitamin D activity, beef tenderness and sensory attributes. Thirty heifers were randomly allocated to one of three finishing dietary treatments [(T1) basal diet+0IU vitamin D₃; (T2) basal diet+2000IU vitamin D₃; and (T3) basal diet+4000IU vitamin D₃] for a 30day period pre-slaughter. Vitamin D₃ supplementation linearly increased serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D₃ (25-OH-D3) concentrations (R(2)=0.48), Longissimus...

Choline Theft-An Inside Job.

Choline is a crucial methyl donor necessary for epigenetic regulation. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Romano et al. (2017) demonstrate that choline-utilizing gut bacteria compete with their host for this essential resource, calling for a systematic consideration of gut microbial composition for personalized diet recommendations.

Synaptic Membrane Synthesis in Rats Depends on Dietary Sufficiency of Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and Selenium: Relevance for Alzheimer's Disease.

Chronic consumption of a diet enriched with nutritional precursors of phospholipids, including uridine and the polyunsaturated fatty acids, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), was shown previously to enhance levels of brain phospholipids and synaptic proteins in rodents. Vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium may directly affect the breakdown or synthesis of membrane phospholipids. The present study investigated the necessity of antioxidants for the effectiveness of supplementation with...

Hemicholinium-3 sensitive choline transport in human T lymphocytes: Evidence for use as a proxy for brain choline transporter (CHT) capacity.

The synaptic uptake of choline via the high-affinity, hemicholinium-3-dependent choline transporter (CHT) strongly influences the capacity of cholinergic neurons to sustain acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis and release. To advance research on the impact of CHT capacity in humans, we established the presence of the neuronal CHT protein in human T lymphocytes. Next, we demonstrated CHT-mediated choline transport in human T cells. To address the validity of T cell-based choline uptake as a proxy for brain CHT capa...

Vitamin D and Sjögren syndrome.

The immunomodulatory effects of vitamin D have been extensively studied in the context of autoimmunity. Multiple studies have demonstrated a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in autoimmune diseases. Recently, a possible protective role of vitamin D in autoimmunity has been described; however, this function remains controversial. Few studies have investigated the role of vitamin D in patients with Sjögren syndrome (SS). In this review, we compiled the main features of SS pathogenesis, the vitamin D im...

Time-course microarrays reveal early activation of the immune transcriptome in a choline-deficient mouse model of liver injury.

Choline-deficient diet is extensively used as a model of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In this study, we explored genes in the liver for which the expression changed in response to the choline-deficient (CD) diet.

From yeast to humans: Roles of the Kennedy pathway for phosphatidylcholine synthesis.

The major phospholipid present in most eukaryotic membranes is phosphatidylcholine (PC), comprising ~50% of phospholipid content. PC metabolic pathways are highly conserved from yeast to humans. The main pathway for the synthesis of PC is the Kennedy (CDP-choline) pathway. In this pathway, choline is converted to phosphocholine by choline kinase, phosphocholine is metabolized to CDP-choline by the rate-determining enzyme for this pathway CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase, and cholinephosphotransferase...

Vitamin D status and the effects of oral vitamin D treatment in children with vitiligo: A prospective study.

Vitiligo is a pigmentary disorder and autoimmune pathogenesis seems most likely. Decreased vitamin D levels have been related to several autoimmune diseases. Little is known about the association of vitiligo and vitamin D. We aimed to evaluate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels in children with vitiligo and to determine the efficacy of oral vitamin D therapy on the repigmentation of vitamin D deficient patients.

Vitamin D in Clinic and Practice.

Vitamin D is unique among the vitamins, since its major source is skin synthesis by solar UVB exposure, whereas dietary intake plays only a minor role. In the general population, cutaneous vitamin D synthesis is clearly below the recommended amount. Dietary vitamin D does not fill this gap. Severe vitamin D deficiency results in rickets in infants and osteomalacia in adults. In the absence of endogenous vitamin D synthesis (e. g. during winter), oral supplements should ensure adequate daily vitamin D inta...

Influence of bile salt on vitamin E derived vesicles involving a surface active ionic liquid and conventional cationic micelle.

This study has been actually performed with the aim to develop vitamin E derived vesicles individually from a surface active ionic liquid (1-Hexadecyl-3-Methylimidazolium chloride ([C16mim]Cl)) and a common cationic amphiphile (benzyldimethylhexadecylammonium chloride (BHDC)) and also to investigate their consequent breakdown in presence of bile salt molecule. From this study, it is revealed that the rotational motion of coumarin 153 (C153) molecule is hindered as the vitamin E content is increased in the i...

Internal Auditory Canal Tumor as an Incidental Finding on a Choline PET/CT Scan in a Prostate Cancer Patient.

An 84-year-old man with a history of prostate cancer, treated with radiotherapy, presented with an increase in PSA levels. F-choline PET/CT showed foci of increased choline uptake in L4 and L5 vertebrae, suggestive of bone metastases and another focus in the right cerebellopontine angle. A brain MRI revealed a focus of intense contrast enhancement in the same region, consistent with an acoustic neuroma.

Vitamin D and UV protection.

A high percentage of people present with reduced vitamin D3 levels. Reduced vitamin D3 levels have to be supplemented. Oral supplementation can be performed easily and without significant side effects. Because vitamin D3 can be produced in the skin via ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation, it is possible to elevate reduced vitamin D3 levels by UVB exposure. However, UVB, which is classified as a complete carcinogen, induces skin cancer. Therefore, UVB irradiation should not be utilized to stimulate vitamin D3...

Vitamin D and Immunomodulation: Is It Time to Change the Reference Values?

The term "vitamin D" refers to two chemical compounds - ergosterol, or vitamin D2, and cholecalciferol, or vitamin D3. Active vitamin D3 is correctly regarded as a neurohormone due to its pleiotropic biological activities. Although the relation between vitamin D and calcium-phosphorus metabolism has never been discussed, the knowledge on many other roles vitamin D plays is growing fast. Briefly, vitamin D immunomodulation includes attenuation and stimulation of Th1 and Th2 cell proliferation, respectively. ...

Vitamin D Deficiency, Its Role in Health and Disease, and Current Supplementation Recommendations.

Vitamin D deficiency has been identified as a common metabolic/endocrine abnormality. Despite known dietary sources of vitamin D and the role of sunlight in its production, much of the US population may have inadequate levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Deficiency of vitamin D can be caused by a variety of health conditions, but studies on the effects of vitamin D supplements have had mixed results. This evidence-based clinical review discusses what is currently known about vitamin D and what areas need f...

High-Dose Vitamin D3 During Tuberculosis Treatment in Mongolia: A Randomised Controlled Trial.

Existing trials of adjunctive vitamin D in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) are variously limited by small sample sizes, inadequate dosing regimens and high baseline vitamin D status among participants. Comprehensive analyses of the effects of genetic variation in the vitamin D pathway on response to vitamin D supplementation are lacking.


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