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Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Masquerading Cutaneous Indeterminate Dendritic Cell PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Masquerading Cutaneous Indeterminate Dendritic Cell articles that have been published worldwide.
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The present review focuses on the current management of patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) and the most recent developments in the field.
Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are at increased risk for poor outcomes as a result of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC).
Mixed lineage leukemia [MLL; now known as lysine methyltransferase 2A (KMT2A)] rearrangement-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) are distinct diseases, although age of susceptibility (infancy or early childhood) and abnormal monocytosis are common clinical features. Here, we report two cases of KMT2A-rearranged infantile AML masquerading as JMML at initial presentation. Both cases showed leukocytosis accompanied by atypical monocytosis. However, in both cases, l...
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) may initially present as cutaneous lesions corresponding to blasts involving the skin as the first clinical manifestation prior to blood and bone marrow (BM) infiltration. Such presentation is known as myeloid leukemia cutis (LC). Blastic plasmocytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is an aggressive tumour derived from the precursors of plasmocytoid dendritic cells with cutaneous and bone marrow (BM) involvement and leukemic dissemination. Myeloid LC and BPDCN may be difficult t...
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare myeloproliferative disorder of early childhood characterized by expansion of clonal myelomonocytic cells and hyperactive Ras/MAPK signaling. The disorder is caused by somatic and/or germline mutations in genes involved in the Ras/MAPK and JAK/STAT signaling pathways, including CBL. Here we describe the generation of an iPSC line with a homozygous CBL c.1111T->C (Y371H) mutation, designated CHOPJMML1854.
The division of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML)-1 into CMML-0 and CMML-1 according to 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification has no impact in outcome in a large series of patients from the Spanish group of MDS.
Chromosomal aberrations at the ETV6 gene locus on 12p13.2 are common in bone marrow samples involved by blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN). However, their pathogenic role, incidence in cutaneous BPDCN lesions, and clinical significance have not been assessed systematically.
The diagnosis of many hematologic malignancies has shifted from being based almost exclusively on morphology and clinical data to include ancillary studies such as flow cytometry. This trend has yet to affect the diagnosis of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) as flow cytometry, while being integral in the diagnosis of many hematologic malignancies, has no explicit role in the current WHO criteria for CMML. The absence of WHO-determined criteria for flow cytometry in the diagnosis of CMML is not due to ...
NK cells are innate lymphoid cells, which play a key role in the immune response to cancer and pathogens and participate in the shaping of adaptive immunity. NK cells engage in a complex bidirectional interaction with myelomonocytic cells. In particular, macrophages, dendritic cells and neutrophils promote differentiation and effector function of NK cells and, on the other hand, myelomonocytic cells express triggers of checkpoint blockade (e.g. PD-L1) and other immunosuppressive molecules, which negatively ...
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia often results in secondary tumors, the most common being large B cell lymphoma known as Richter syndrome, followed by extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (nasal type) is extremely rare.
Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm is an aggressive neoplasm with a median survival of only a few months despite treatment. An exhaustive immunohistochemical workup is required to differentiate it from myeloid sarcoma and extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma. Treatment is with induction using a regimen utilized for leukemia. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is recommended for those who achieve remission following induction.
Human T-cell leukemia virus type-1 (HTLV-1) propagates within and between individuals via cell-to-cell transmission, and primary infection typically occurs across juxtaposed mucosal surfaces during breastfeeding and sexual intercourse. It is therefore likely that dendritic cells (DCs) are among the first potential targets for HTLV-1. However, it remains unclear how DCs contribute to virus transmission and dissemination in the early stages of infection. We show that an HTLV-1-infected cell line (MT-2) and na...
The morphologic diagnosis of hairy cell leukemia coexisting with another lymphoproliferative disorder is hindered by the small size of hairy cell population. It can be simplified by presorting peripheral blood mononuclear cell using an anti-CD antibody microarray on transparent support (including anti-CD11c, CD25, CD103, and CD123) before their morphology analysis.
RUNX1 is a transcription factor belonging to the Core Binding Factor (CBF) family. It is considered to be a master regulator of hematopoiesis and has been regarded as a tumor suppressor because it is essential for definitive hematopoiesis in vertebrates. It is one of the most frequent target genes of chromosomal translocation in leukemia, and germ line mutation of RUNX1 causes familial platelet disorder with associated myeloid malignancies (FPDMM). Somatic cell mutations and chromosomal abnormalities, inclu...
Human γδ T lymphocytes play a role in the immune system defense against cancer. Their broad anti-cancer activity against different types of cancers makes them outstanding candidates for cancer immunotherapy. An issue of recent interest is whether their antigen presentation features are similar to mature dendritic cells. The antigen-presenting cell (APC)-like phenotype and function of γδ T lymphocytes have been confirmed in many clinical trials. In this study, to support the strong role played by Vγ9Vδ...
Histiocytic sarcoma is a rare neoplasm of mature histiocytes with an aggressive clinical course that can arise de novo or from a low-grade B-cell lymphoma. In particular, chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma is a very common malignancy in the Western hemisphere, and most cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma have an indolent course and behavior. However, 2% to 8% of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma cases transform. Histiocytic sarcomatous ...
Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) is an aggressive myeloid neoplasm in which treatment strategies with the capacity to improve survival are currently lacking. Clinical features are heterogeneous and although the overall prognosis is poor, survival can vary significantly between individuals. This reflects the need for an individualized treatment approach which incorporates accurate risk stratification. Though numerous prognostic scores exist, newer CMML-specific models incorporating molecular data shoul...
It is common practice to refer patients to transplantation centers for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) for blastic plasmacytoid dendritic-cell neoplasm (BPDCN) despite lack of randomized controlled trials. We performed a systematic review to assess the totality of evidence pertaining to the efficacy of allo-HCT in BPDCN.
Intracranial empyema is a rare but serious complication of sinusitis in children. Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative syndromes (MMS), including juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML), can lead to immunosuppression, thus favouring infections. We report the case of a sphenoid sinogenic retro-clival extradural empyema in a 14-year-old female patient associated with JMML. Treatment consisted in an endonasal transphenoidal drainage of the empyema associated with intravenous antibiotherapy. The patient was there...
Mastocytosis is a rare and multifaceted disease group characterized by mast cell accumulation in the skin and/or internal organs. In its most common form solitary or widespread, often itchy, red-brown skin lesions appear in childhood or during adulthood (cutaneous mastocytosis). The skin lesions are not always easy to recognize by medical professionals; hence, a correct diagnosis is often delayed. In children, the lesions tend to resolve before puberty, whereas most post-adolescent patients experience a chr...