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PubMed Journals Articles About "Clobetasol Propionate Spray Clobetasol Propionate Foam Psoriasis" RSS

15:25 EDT 21st August 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Clobetasol Propionate Spray Clobetasol Propionate Foam Psoriasis" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 845

Topical application of clobetasol propionate cream in the treatment of phimosis in prepubertal children: A report of 237cases.

To investigate the clinical effect of 0.02% clobetasol propionate cream (CPC) on phimosis in prepubertal children.


Pre-clinical evaluation of novel mucoadhesive bilayer patches for local delivery of clobetasol-17-propionate to the oral mucosa.

Oral lichen planus (OLP) and recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) are chronic inflammatory conditions often characterised by erosive and/or painful oral lesions that have a considerable impact on quality of life. Current treatment often necessitates the use of steroids in the form of mouthwashes, creams or ointments, but these are often ineffective due to inadequate drug contact times with the lesion. Here we evaluate the performance of novel mucoadhesive patches for targeted drug delivery. Electrospun polym...

Perspectives for the microbial production of methyl propionate integrated with product recovery.

A new approach was studied for bio-based production of methyl propionate, a precursor of methyl methacrylate. Recombinant E. coli cells were used to perform a cascade reaction in which 2-butanol is reduced to butanone using alcohol dehydrogenase, and butanone is oxidized to methyl propionate and ethyl acetate using a Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase (BVMO). Product was removed by in situ stripping. The conversion was in line with a model comprising product formation and stripping kinetics. The maximum conversi...


Novel energy conservation strategies and behavior of Pelotomaculum schinkii driving syntrophic propionate catabolism.

Under methanogenic conditions, short-chain fatty acids are common byproducts from degradation of organic compounds and conversion of these acids is an important component of the global carbon cycle. Due to the thermodynamic difficulty of propionate degradation, this process requires syntrophic interaction between a bacterium and partner methanogen; however, the metabolic strategies and behavior involved are not fully understood. In this study, the first genome analysis of obligately syntrophic propionate de...

The effects of dietary supplementation with inulin and inulin-propionate ester on hepatic steatosis in adults with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

The short chain fatty acid (SCFA) propionate, produced through fermentation of dietary fibre by the gut microbiota, has been shown to alter hepatic metabolic processes that reduce lipid storage. We aimed to investigate the impact of raising colonic propionate production on hepatic steatosis in adults with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Eighteen adults were randomised to receive 20g/day of an inulin-propionate ester (IPE), designed to deliver propionate to the colon, or an inulin-control for 42-d...

Propionate-induced changes in cardiac metabolism, notably CoA trapping, are not altered by L-carnitine.

High concentrations of propionate and its metabolites are found in several diseases that are often associated with the development of cardiac dysfunction, such as obesity, diabetes, propionic acidemia, and methylmalonic acidemia. In the present work, we employed a stable isotope-based metabolic flux approach to understand propionate-mediated perturbation of cardiac energy metabolism. Propionate led to accumulation of propionyl-CoA (increased by ~101-fold) and methylmalonyl-CoA (increased by 36-fold). This a...

Effects of fluticasone propionate and budesonide on the expression of immune defense genes in bronchial epithelial cells.

COPD patients have increased risk of pneumonia when treated with fluticasone propionate (FP), whereas this is generally not the case with budesonide (BUD) treatment. We hypothesized that BUD and FP differentially affect the expression of immune defense genes.

Onset of action of the fixed combination intranasal azelastine-fluticasone propionate in an allergen exposure chamber.

A fixed-dose combination of intranasal azelastine hydrochloride-fluticasone propionate (MP-AzeFlu) is the most effective treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR), but its onset of action requires further investigation.

Glucose and acetate metabolism in bovine intramuscular and subcutaneous adipose tissues from steers infused with glucose, propionate, or acetate.

We hypothesized that abomasal infusion of glucose would promote de novo fatty acid biosynthesis from glucose in vitro in bovine intramuscular (i.m.) and subcutaneous (s.c.) adipose tissues to a greater extent than ruminal infusion of acetate, propionate, or glucose. Angus crossbred steers (n = 24), 22 mo of age, were fitted with ruminal cannulas, and steers were adapted to another corn/sorghum finishing diet over a 2-wk period while recovering from the placement of the cannulas. After the adaptation period,...

In vitro penetration through the skin layers of topically applied glucocorticoids.

Corticoids are actives widely used in the treatment of skin diseases. This work aims to study the penetration of three corticoids (betamethasone, clobetasol and flurandrenolide), their relationship with their Log D values and the effects of the vehicles. The three compounds were applied on a Franz-type diffusion cell in propylene glycol solution and their respective commercial creams and ointments. The active amounts found in the stratum corneum, epidermal and dermal layers of the skin were investigated. Th...

Prospective, Observational, Non-Interventional, Multicentre Study on the Efficacy and Tolerability of a New Calcipotriol/Betamethasone Aerosol Foam (Enstilar®) in Patients with Plaque Psoriasis under Daily Practice Conditions.

To assess the efficacy and tolerability of the new aerosol foam of calcipotriol 50 µg/g plus betamethasone dipropionate 0.5 mg/g (Cal/BD foam, Enstilar®) in psoriasis vulgaris under daily practice conditions.

Valerate production by Megasphaera elsdenii isolated from pig feces.

Megasphaera elsdenii is able to produce several short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), such as acetate, propionate, butyrate, and valerate. These SCFAs serve as an energy source for host animals and play an important role in gut health. In this study, M. elsdenii was isolated from pig feces that had been collected from two farms located in distinct areas of Japan. These M. elsdenii isolates were genotyped, and 7 representative strains were selected. When these 7 strains and M. elsdenii JCM 1772T were cultured ...

The Evolution of Topical Formulations in Psoriasis.

Most people with mild-to-moderate psoriasis manage their disease with topical therapies. However, adherence to topical treatment remains a challenge, as the daily application creates a significant treatment burden. New topical therapeutic options need to offer higher efficacy and better patient acceptability, including easier application, to reduce treatment burden and enhance patient adherence. Topical foam vehicles are innovative alternatives to creams and ointments, addressing many patient challenges wit...

Interaction of Environmental Steroids with Organic Anion Transporting Polypeptide (Oatp1d1) in Zebrafish (Danio Rerio).

Steroid hormones in the aquatic environment may pose a risk to fish health due to their ubiquitous presence and high biological activity. At present, the uptake process and toxicokinetics of steroids in fish are poorly known, particularly the role of cell membrane transporters. Here we investigated the interaction of 17 endogenous and environmental steroids with zebrafish organic anion uptake transporter Oatp1d1 that is prominently expressed liver and kidneys. We selected steroids of different classes inclu...

Decarboxylation involving a ferryl, propionate, and a tyrosyl group in a radical relay yields heme b.

The H2O2-dependent oxidative decarboxylation of coproheme III is the final step in the biosynthesis of heme b in many microbes. However, the coproheme decarboxylase reaction mechanism is unclear. The structure of the decarboxylase in complex with coproheme III suggested that the substrate iron, reactive propionates, and an active-site tyrosine convey a net 2e-/2H+ from each propionate to an activated form of H2O2 Time-resolved EPR spectroscopy revealed that Tyr-145 forms a radical species within 30 sec of t...

Microbial anodic consortia fed with fermentable substrates in microbial electrolysis cells: Significance of microbial structures.

Microbial community structure of anodic biofilms plays a key role in bioelectrochemical systems (BESs). When ecosystems are used as inocula, many bacterial species having interconnected ecological interactions are present. The aim of the present study was to identify these interactions for the conversion of single substrates into electrical current. Dual-chamber reactors were inoculated with activated sludge and fed in batch mode with acetate, lactate, butyrate and propionate at 80 mMe equivalents in quad...

Effect of Carbon Source on Lab-scale SAD Process in a Wastewater Treatment Plant.

Lab-scale anaerobic ammonia oxidation and denitrification (SAD) processes were operated simultaneously in a municipal waste water treatment plant (WWTP). Sewage treated by the A/O and nitrification process was used as the substance to start up an anaerobic ammonia oxidation filter reactor. Adding glucose and sodium propionate to influent was used as the substance to start up the SAD filter reactor after the successful start-up of the ANAMMOX reactor. The SAD process performed well with an average total nitr...

Rapamycin modulates glucocorticoid receptor function, blocks atrophogene REDD1, and protects skin from steroid atrophy.

Glucocorticoids have excellent therapeutic properties; however, they cause significant adverse atrophogenic effects. mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) inhibitor, REDD1 (regulated in development and DNA damage 1), has been recently identified as a key mediator of glucocorticoid-induced atrophy. We performed computational screening of connectivity map database (CMAP) to identify putative REDD1 inhibitors. The top selected candidates included Rapamycin, which was unexpected because it inhibits pro-proliferative mTOR sig...

Breathomics for Assessing the Effects of Treatment and Withdrawal With Inhaled Beclomethasone/Formoterol in Patients With COPD.

Prospective pharmacological studies on breathomics profiles in COPD patients have not been previously reported. We assessed the effects of treatment and withdrawal of an extrafine inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)-long-acting β-agonist (LABA) fixed dose combination (FDC) using a multidimensional classification model including breathomics. A pilot, proof-of-concept, pharmacological study was undertaken in 14 COPD patients on maintenance treatment with inhaled fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (500/50 μg b.i.d....

Comparative proteome analysis of propionate degradation by Syntrophobacter fumaroxidans in pure culture and in coculture with methanogens.

Syntrophobacter fumaroxidans is a sulfate-reducing bacterium able to grow on propionate axenically or in syntrophic interaction with methanogens or other sulfate-reducing bacteria. We performed a proteome analysis of S. fumaroxidans growing with propionate axenically with sulfate or fumarate, and in syntrophy with Methanospirillum hungatei, Methanobacterium formicicum or Desulfovibrio desulfuricans. Special attention was put on the role of hydrogen and formate in interspecies electron transfer (IET) and ene...

Effectiveness of fluticasone furoate/vilanterol versus fluticasone propionate/salmeterol on asthma control in the Salford Lung Study.

The Asthma Salford Lung Study demonstrated the effectiveness of initiating once-daily fluticasone furoate/vilanterol (FF/VI) versus continuing usual care in asthma patients in UK primary care [1]. Here, we report a secondary analysis in a subset of patients with fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (FP/Salm) as their baseline intended maintenance therapy, to evaluate the relative effectiveness of initiating FF/VI versus continuing FP/Salm.

The short chain fatty acids and lipopolysaccharides status in Sprague-Dawley rats fed with high-fat and high-cholesterol diet.

Short chain fatty acids (SCFA) are produced by the gut microbiota during the fermentation of non-digestible polysaccharides. Diet is a major factor driving the composition and metabolism of the colonic microbiota. The aim of our study was to examine how a fat-rich and cholesterol-rich diet that, which leads to many metabolic disorders, affects the SCFA profile and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) concentration. The experiment was carried out on 72 male, 8-weeks-old Sprague-Dawley rats. The study group (n = 30 rats)...

Exposure to organophosphate flame retardants in spray polyurethane foam applicators: Role of dermal exposure.

Spray polyurethane foam (SPF) is a highly effective thermal insulation material that has seen considerable market growth in the past decade. Organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) are added to SPF formulations to meet fire code requirements. A common flame retardant used in SPF formulations is tris 1-chloro 2-propyl phosphate (TCIPP), a suspected endocrine disruptor. Exposure monitoring efforts during SPF applications have focused primarily on the isocyanate component, a potent respiratory and dermal sensi...

Ruminal methane emissions, metabolic, and microbial profile of Holstein steers fed forage and concentrate, separately or as a total mixed ration.

Few studies have examined the effects of feeding total mixed ration (TMR) versus roughage and concentrate separately (SF) on ruminant methane production. Therefore, this study compared differences in methane production, ruminal characteristics, total tract digestibility of nutrients, and rumen microbiome between the two feeding methods in Holstein steers. A total six Holstein steers of initial bodyweights 540 ± 34 kg were divided into two groups and assigned to a same experimental diet with two different f...

Exogenous Cushing syndrome due to misuse of potent topical steroid.

We report an infant with exogenous Cushing syndrome after being treated for 2 months with a potent topical corticosteroid via the mother's application of topical clobetasol for diaper rash without a prescription. We emphasize that potent topical steroids should be used with great caution, especially when used under occlusion (e.g., diaper area) and that parents should be warned about potential side effects of these medications, particularly when used in infants.


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