PubMed Journals Articles About "Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Attention Placebo Heart Failure" RSS

16:46 EST 21st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Attention Placebo Heart Failure" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 27,000+

Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Attention Bias Modification for Childhood Anxiety Disorders: A Factorial Randomized Trial of Efficacy.

The objective of this study is to assess group differences in symptom reduction between individuals receiving group cognitive behavioral therapy (G-CBT) and attention bias modification (ABM) compared to their respective control interventions, control therapy (CT), and attention control training (ACT), in a 2 × 2 factorial design.

Cognitive Deficits and Related Brain Lesions in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure.

This study sought to determine the spectrum of brain lesions seen in heart failure (HF) patients and the extent to which lesion type contributes to cognitive impairment.

Construct Validity of the Multi-Source Interference Task to Examine Attention in Heart Failure.

Patients with heart failure (HF) are at risk of cognitive dysfunction, including decreased directed attention. Directed attention is critical for performing daily activities including HF self-care by facilitating one to follow instructions or train-of-thought when there are interferences in which presented stimuli are in conflict with one another. The Multi-Source Interference Task (MSIT) is a computerized neuropsychological test which examines the function of the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, the neuro...

Heart Failure and Cognitive Impairment in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.

Previous studies suggest that heart failure (HF) is an independent risk factor for cognitive decline. A better understanding of the relationship between HF, cognitive status, and cognitive decline in a community-based sample may help clinicians understand disease risk.

Effects of caffeine ingestion on the diurnal variation of cognitive and repeated high-intensity performances.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of caffeine ingestion on the daily variation of cognitive (i.e., reaction time (RT), attention) and repeated high-intensity exercise performances. Fifteen active males (age: 20 ± 1 years, height: 174.3 ± 4.3 cm, body-mass: 70.8 ± 3.5 kg) performed cognitive and physical tasks under two different circumstances [after a placebo or caffeine ingestion (6 mg/kg of body-mass)] at six different time-of-day (07 h00, 09 h00, 11 h00, 1...

Treating a Child With Anxiety and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder? Don't Rule Out Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy.

Anxiety disorders (ADs) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are two of the most common psychiatric disorders in youth and approximately 25% of those with an AD have comorbid ADHD. Children with AD and ADHD evidence greater impairment than those with either disorder alone, making them a particularly vulnerable population in need of effective treatment. Although a strong evidence base supports the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for treating anxiety in children, there is little ...

Common Postoperative Heart Transplant Complications.

Heart failure or congestive heart failure remains a major public health concern on the global scale. End-stage heart failure is a severe disease where the heart is unable to pump enough oxygen and nutrients to other tissues and organs of the body. When the lines of treatment of heart failure such as lifestyle adjustments, medical management, and device therapy fail, a patient may be deemed a candidate for heart transplantation. This article reviews the history of heart transplantation, complications post-he...

Mesenchymal stem cell therapy for heart failure: a meta-analysis.

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) treatment has emerged as an important adjunct therapy for heart failure. However, the use of MSC to treat heart failure has not been well established. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of MSC treatment for heart failure.

The Role of Attention in Therapy for Children and Adolescents Who Stutter: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Interventions.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback for Adults with Persistent Noncombat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

To test the effectiveness of a mental health therapy designed to reduce noncombat-related persistent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in 30 adult outpatients with a diagnosis of PTSD. The individual treatment offered modules to address PTSD nightmare distress, dissociation, general core skills, alterations in arousal and reactivity, avoidance, intrusion, and negative alternations in cognitions and mood. The therapeutic approach centered on cognitive behavioral therapy and heart rate variability...

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Children With Anxiety and Comorbid Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

To determine whether comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis (including subtype) predicts response to cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for anxiety in children and to examine change in ADHD symptoms after treatment of primary anxiety.

Can Computerized Cognitive Training Improve Cognition in Patients With Heart Failure?: A Review.

Cognitive impairment is highly prevalent in patients with heart failure (HF), negatively impacting self-care and consequently increasing mortality. Although computerized cognitive training (CCT) has been found to be efficacious in improving cognition in older adults, little is known about the efficacy of CCT in patients with HF.

N-methyl-D-aspartate Partial Agonist Enhanced Intensive Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy of Panic Disorder in Adolescents.

Panic disorder (PD) can result in significant functional impairment. Studies of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for PD have demonstrated response rates ranging between 38 and 65%. D-cycloserine (DCS), a partial NMDA agonist, may enhance the effects of exposure-based therapy for PD in adults; however, no studies have examined its effect in adolescents with PD. This study examined the feasibility and acceptability of the use of DCS to augment intensive CBT for PD in adolescents. Twenty-four adolescents (ag...

Chronic Heart Failure With Memory and Attention Dysfunction: Old Problem, Thinking Anew.

Empagliflozin directly improves diastolic function in human heart failure.

Empagliflozin, a clinically used oral antidiabetic drug that inhibits the sodium-dependent glucose co-transporter 2, has recently been evaluated for its cardiovascular safety. Surprisingly, empagliflozin reduced mortality and hospitalization for heart failure (HF) compared to placebo. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, our study aims to investigate whether empagliflozin may cause direct pleiotropic effects on the myocardium.

Machine learning-based phenogrouping in heart failure to identify responders to cardiac resynchronization therapy.

We tested the hypothesis that a machine learning (ML) algorithm utilizing both complex echocardiographic data and clinical parameters could be used to phenogroup a heart failure (HF) cohort and identify patients with beneficial response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).

Differential Peripheral Inflammatory Factors Associated with Cognitive Function in Patients with Heart Failure.

Cognitive deficits are common in patients with heart failure (HF), and can negatively affect self-care, predict rehospitalizations, and increase mortality rates 5-fold. Inflammation can produce vascular pathology, reducing cerebral blood flow to brain regions necessary for optimal cognitive function. The purpose of the investigation was to identify a pattern of peripheral blood inflammation-related biomarkers associated with cognitive impairment in patients with HF.

The Prevalence of Cognitive Impairment Among Adults with Incident Heart Failure: The REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study.

Cognitive impairment (CI) is estimated to be present in 25%-80% of heart failure (HF) patients, but its prevalence at diagnosis is unclear. To improve our understanding of cognition in HF, we determined the prevalence of CI among adults with incident HF in the REGARDS study.

Novel endotypes in heart failure: effects on guideline-directed medical therapy.

We sought to determine subtypes of patients with heart failure (HF) with a distinct clinical profile and treatment response, using a wide range of biomarkers from various pathophysiological domains.

Biochemical Determinants of Changes in Plasma Volume after Decongestion Therapy for Worsening Heart Failure.

Optimal vascular volume is required to avoid organ dysfunction during decongestive therapy for worsening heart failure (HF). The present study investigated the relation between changes in serum substance(s) and the vascular volume after diuresis in HF patients.

Can Blood Volume Analysis-Guided Acute Heart Failure Therapy Improve Clinical Outcomes?

Combination drug therapy in heart failure: greater than the sum of its parts.

The Heart-Brain Continuum: A New Way of Looking at Heart Failure Therapy.

Current perspectives on mechanical circulatory support.

Mechanical circulatory support gained a significant value in the armamentarium of heart failure therapy because of the increased awareness of the prevalence of heart failure and the tremendous advances in the field of mechanical circulatory support during the last decades. Current device technologies already complement a heart transplant as the gold standard of treatment for patients with end-stage heart failure refractory to conservative medical therapy. This article reviews important aspects of mechanical...

Acute molecular effects of pressure-controlled intermittent coronary sinus occlusion in patients with advanced heart failure.

Cardiac repair has steered clinical attention and remains an unmet need, because available regenerative therapies lack robust mechanistic evidence. Pressure-controlled intermittent coronary sinus occlusion (PICSO), known to induce angiogenetic and vasoactive molecules as well as to reduce regional ischemia, may activate endogenous regenerative processes in failing myocardium. We aimed to investigate the effects of PICSO in patients with advanced heart failure undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy.

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