PubMed Journals Articles About "Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Children With Anxiety Comorbid Attention" RSS

22:02 EDT 25th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Children With Anxiety Comorbid Attention" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 27,000+

Cognitive-behavior therapy for children and adolescents with anxiety disorders: A meta-analysis of secondary outcomes.

Anxiety-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) effectively reduces anxiety in children and adolescents. An important remaining question is to what extent anxiety-focused CBT also affects broader outcome domains. Additionally, it remains unclear whether parental involvement in treatment may have impact on domains other than anxiety. A meta-analysis (n = 42, n = 3239) of the effects of CBT and the moderating role of parental involvement was conducted on the following major secondary outcomes: depr...

Fearless Me! : A feasibility case series of cognitive behavioral therapy for adolescents with intellectual disability.

This study evaluated the feasibility of the Fearless Me! program, an online cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program for children with intellectual disability (ID) and anxiety.

Consequences of Not Planning Ahead: Reduced Proactive Control Moderates Longitudinal Relations Between Behavioral Inhibition and Anxiety.

Children with the temperament of Behavioral Inhibition (BI) face increased risk for developing an anxiety disorder later in life. However, not all children with BI manifest anxiety symptoms, and cognitive-control-strategy use may moderate the pathway between BI and anxiety. Individuals vary widely in the strategy used to instantiate control; the present study examined whether a more planful style of cognitive control (i.e. proactive control) or a more impulsive strategy of control (i.e. reactive control) mo...

The Role of Attention in Therapy for Children and Adolescents Who Stutter: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Interventions.

Transgenerational improvements following child anxiety treatment: An exploratory examination.

The present study conducted secondary analyses of a randomized controlled trial to examine the transgenerational relationship between cognitive-behavioral therapy for child Separation Anxiety Disorder (SepAD) and the mental health of parents. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were compared before and after child treatment between parents of children treated for SepAD and parents of healthy children, who did not receive any treatment.

Cognitive behavior therapy for child and adolescent anxiety disorders: an update on recent evidence.

To present an updated review of recent studies into the effect of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents, ways to increase access to therapy, and predictors and moderators of therapy effect.

A neuromarker of clinical outcome in attention bias modification therapy for social anxiety disorder.

Attention bias modification (ABM) therapy aims to modify threat-related attention patterns via computerized tasks. Despite showing medium clinical effect sizes for anxiety disorders, underlying neural-cognitive mechanisms of change remain unclear. We used visual mismatch negativity (vMMN), an event-related potential sensitive to violations of learned statistical contingencies, to assess therapy-related contingency extraction processes in healthy participants and in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD...

Incentive-Based Game for Allaying Preoperative Anxiety in Children: A Prospective, Randomized Trial.

Induction of anesthesia can be distressing both for children and their parents. Nonpharmacological behavioral interventions can reduce the anxiety of children without significant adverse effects as seen with sedative medications. We hypothesized that the use of incentive-based game therapy in conjunction with parental involvement would be a simple and cost-effective intervention in reducing the preoperative anxiety in children.

Challenging anxious cognitions or accepting them? Exploring the efficacy of the cognitive elements of cognitive behaviour therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy in the reduction of children's fear of the dark.

Anxiety is highly prevalent in pre-adolescent children. Distorted cognitions are characteristic for dysfunctional levels of anxiety. However, applying cognitive elements in pre-adolescent children cannot be fully ascertained, as it is not until adolescence before children can apply logical and abstract reasoning in a sophisticated manner. Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) both target distorted cognitions. Whereas CBT encourages children to change the content of ne...

The effectiveness of art therapy for anxiety in adults: A systematic review of randomised and non-randomised controlled trials.

Anxiety disorders are one of the most diagnosed mental health disorders. Common treatment consists of cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy. In clinical practice, also art therapy is additionally provided to patients with anxiety (disorders), among others because treatment as usual is not sufficiently effective for a large group of patients. There is no clarity on the effectiveness of art therapy (AT) on the reduction of anxiety symptoms in adults and there is no overview of the intervention char...

Problematic attention processing and fear learning in adolescent anxiety: Testing a combined cognitive and learning processes model.

Anxiety in adolescence is characterised by disturbances in attentional processes and the overgeneralisation of fear, however, little is known about the combined and reciprocal effects of and between these factors on youth anxiety. The present study investigated whether attention (attention allocation and control) and fear generalisation processes together predict more variance on adolescent anxiety symptoms than each factor in isolation, and explored their interrelations.

Sudden gains in cognitive behavioral therapy among children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder.

This study examined the occurrence of sudden gains (or reversal of gains) among children with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) during the course of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), as well as the association of sudden gains with treatment response, treatment group, and pre-treatment clinical characteristics.

Impairment in planning tasks of children and adolescents with anxiety disorders.

Anxiety disorders are associated with poor neuropsychological performance in attention and memory. However, little is known about the impact of these difficulties on other cognitive functions, such as planning. The ability to plan, including attention, working memory and set-shifting components, can be assessed by the Tower of Hanoi task (ToH). This study evaluated seventy-one participants, aged from 7-17 years. Thirty-seven subjects met DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for at least one anxiety disorder and 34 in...

Moderating effect of comorbid anxiety disorders on treatment outcome in a randomized controlled psychotherapy trial in early-onset persistently depressed outpatients.

Persistent depressive disorder (PDD) is associated with high rates of comorbid psychiatric disorders, mostly anxiety disorders (ADs). Comorbid AD was found to be associated with poorer treatment outcome in PDD patients. The effect of comorbid AD on disorder-specific treatment for PDD (Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy [CBASP]) has not been studied yet.

The effect of a pet therapy and comparison intervention on anxiety in hospitalized children.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a brief pet therapy visit and a comparison intervention on anxiety in hospitalized children. This quasi-experimental study compared state anxiety before and after structured research interventions in a convenience sample of children between the ages six and 17 (N = 93) in two groups. Participants were assigned to the pet therapy group or control group, based upon timing of data collection. Participants in each group received either a visit from the...

A randomized controlled trial of 'MUMentum Pregnancy': Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy program for antenatal anxiety and depression.

Anxiety and depression are common during pregnancy and associated with adverse outcomes for the mother and infant if left untreated. Despite the need to improve treatment accessibility and uptake in this population, no studies have investigated internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) for antenatal anxiety and depression. In a randomised controlled trial, we examined the efficacy and acceptability of a brief, unguided iCBT intervention - the MUMentum Pregnancy program - in pregnant women with...

Parent-Based Treatment as Efficacious as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Childhood Anxiety: A Randomized Noninferiority Study of Supportive Parenting for Anxious Childhood Emotions.

Treatment for childhood anxiety disorders is insufficient in many cases. Parent involvement has been examined as an augment to child-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), but no studies have compared the efficaciousness of stand-alone parent-based treatment to CBT. Research implicates family accommodation in the maintenance and course of childhood anxiety. Supportive Parenting for Anxious Childhood Emotions (SPACE) is a parent-based treatment that reduces accommodation of childhood anxiety. This study c...

Fear extinction learning as a predictor of response to cognitive behavioral therapy for pediatric obsessive compulsive disorder.

While cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for many children and adolescents with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), therapeutic response is variable. Fear conditioning and extinction are central constructs underlying exposure-based CBT. Fear extinction learning assessed prior to CBT may be a useful predictor of CBT response for guiding treatment decisions.

Predictors of treatment attendance and adherence to treatment recommendations among individuals receiving Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia.

Insomnia disorders affect up to 10% of adults and are associated with other health problems and poor quality of life. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) is an effective treatment; however, its effectiveness is hindered by poor attendance and adherence to treatment recommendations. The present study sought to identify predictors of attendance and adherence in CBT-I. Participants were 108 adults with insomnia disorder. Participants were primarily female (71.3%), middle aged (mean age = 50.5),...

Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Neural Processing of Agoraphobia-Specific Stimuli in Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia.

Patients suffering from panic disorder and agoraphobia are significantly impaired in daily life due to anxiety about getting into a situation due to apprehension about experiencing a panic attack, especially if escape may be difficult. Dysfunctional beliefs and behavior can be changed with cognitive behavioral therapy; however, the neurobiological effects of such an intervention on the anticipation and observation of agoraphobia-specific stimuli are unknown.

Domain-specific anxiety relates to children's math and spatial performance.

Mathematical and spatial reasoning abilities during childhood predict later success in male-dominated science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) disciplines, yet relatively little is known about the affective correlates of children's math and spatial performance or gender differences therein. In the present research, we assessed math and spatial anxiety in 394 elementary schoolchildren (ages 6 to 12 years) and investigated their relations to math achievement and spatial reasoning performance, respect...

Fluoxetine reverses brain radiation and temozolomide-induced anxiety and spatial learning and memory defect in mice.

Radiation therapy and concomitant temozolomide chemotherapy are commonly used in treatment of brain tumors, but they may also result in behavioral impairments such as anxiety and cognitive deficit. The present study sought to investigate the effect of fluoxetine on the behavioral impairments caused by radiation and temozolomide treatment. C57BL/6J mice were subjected to a single cranial radiation followed by 6-week cyclic temozolomide administration, and then treated with chronic administration of fluoxetin...

Social anxiety and self-compassion in adolescents.

Social anxiety disorder is a prevalent mental illness with a young onset age. Preliminary evidence suggested that low self-compassion may contribute to adult social anxiety, but research with youth has lagged far behind. This study investigated the relationship between selfcompassion and social anxiety in adolescents. It also examined the mediating role of three cognitive mechanisms: fear of negative evaluation, self-focused attention, and cognitive avoidance.

Comorbid cognitive impairments in children with nocturnal enuresis and their treatment.

To study comorbid cognitive impairments in children with enuresis and assess the efficacy and safety of cerebrolysin in treatment of comorbid pathology.

A Longitudinal Follow-Up Study Examining Adolescent Depressive Symptoms as a Function of Prior Anxiety Treatment.

Children who are fearful and anxious are at heightened risk for developing depression in adolescence. Treating anxiety disorders in pre/early adolescence may be one mechanism through which depressive symptoms later in adolescence can be prevented. We hypothesized that anxious youth who responded positively to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety would show reduced onset of depressive symptoms 2 years later compared to treatment non-responders, and that this effect would be specific to youth treate...

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