PubMed Journals Articles About "Colorectal Cancer Among Gout Patients Undergoing Colonoscopy" RSS

09:44 EDT 25th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Colorectal Cancer Among Gout Patients Undergoing Colonoscopy" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 45,000+

Colorectal Cancer Among Gout Patients Undergoing Colonoscopy.

The connection between gout and various cancers remains unclear. We assessed the relationship between gout and colorectal cancer in a population of veterans.

Patient-Initiated Colonoscopy Scheduling Effectively Increases Colorectal Cancer Screening Adherence.

We identified patients without medical record evidence of up-to-date colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and sent an invitation letter to self-schedule a colonoscopy without requiring prior primary care or gastroenterologist consultation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the response rate to the letter and factors associated with colonoscopy completion.

Yield of repeat colonoscopy in asymptomatic individuals with a positive fecal immunochemical test and recent colonoscopy.

A fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is often repeated annually, even after a recent colonoscopy. However, there are no published data on the proper approach to FIT-positive patients after a recent colonoscopy. We compared colorectal cancer (CRC) and advanced colorectal neoplasia (ACRN) prevalence based on the interval since the last colonoscopy.

Colonoscopy following acute diverticulitis mandatory.

According to international guidelines, patients presenting with acute diverticulitis are offered lower endoscopy to rule out colorectal cancer. This practice is based on weak evidence. Recent studies have established that the incidence of colorectal cancer after acute diverticulitis is low. In case of complicated diverticulitis, with abscess or perforation, the incidence of colorectal cancer is higher. There is, thus, a lack of evidence supporting colonoscopy by uncomplicated diverticulitis, but if a patien...

Preoperative colonoscopy in patients with a supposed primary ovarian cancer.

The final diagnosis of ovarian cancer is based on surgery and pathological verification. Therefore patients who are presented to surgery may be described only as supposed ovarian cancer. According to the literature the diagnosis of ovarian cancer is confirmed only in 2/3 of them. The rest are that which mimic ovarian cancer. One of them is colorectal cancer. Colonoscopy is a gold standard in its diagnostics. On the other hand, ovarian cancer may disturb the bowel patency and makes the bowel resection or sto...

Short-term outcome of emergency colorectal cancer surgery: results from Bi-National Colorectal Cancer Audit.

A significant number of patients with colorectal cancer will have an emergency presentation requiring surgery. This study aims to evaluate short-term outcomes for patients undergoing emergency colorectal cancer surgery in Australasia.

Telomere length in the colon is related to colorectal adenoma prevalence.

Telomere length has been associated with risk of several cancers. However, studies of the relationship between telomere length and colorectal cancer risk have been inconsistent. This study examined the relationship between telomere length in normal colon tissue and the prevalence of colorectal adenoma, a precursor to colorectal cancer. This nested case-control study consisted of 85 patients aged 40 to 65 undergoing a screening colonoscopy: 40 cases with adenoma(s) detected at colonoscopy and 45 controls wit...

Effectiveness of a short message service intervention to motivate people with positive results in preliminary colorectal cancer screening to undergo colonoscopy: A randomized controlled trial.

Colonoscopy adherence among populations at high risk for colorectal cancer (CRC) is crucial for the early diagnosis and treatment of CRC, but the adherence rate has been found to be poor. A short message service (SMS) is effective in promoting cancer screening, but its effectiveness in promoting colonoscopy among populations at high risk for CRC has not been well studied.

Adherence to postresection colorectal cancer surveillance at National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Centers.

Guidelines recommend surveillance after resection of colorectal cancer (CRC), but rates of adherence to surveillance are variable and have not been studied at National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated Comprehensive Cancer Centers. The aim of this study was to determine rates of adherence to standard postresection CRC surveillance recommendations including physician visits, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), computed tomography (CT), and colonoscopy after CRC resection at three NCI-designated centers. Data on ...

Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection Decreases Additional Colorectal Resection for T1 Colorectal Cancer.

BACKGROUND There are 3 methods of treating T1 colorectal cancer (T1 CRC), which include endoscopic resection, endoscopic resection followed by additional colorectal resection, and surgical resection. In this retrospective study, changes in the management of T1 CRC after introduction of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) were investigated by comparison with the 10-year period before introduction of ESD. MATERIAL AND METHODS During a 20-year period from 1996 to 2015, 835 patients with T1 CRC were treated,...

Detection Rate of Colorectal Cancer or Precancer Adenoma by Colonoscopy After 1, 2, or 3 Positive Results via Fecal Immunochemical Testing.

Single-vial fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) is an accepted method of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. The available 3-vial FIT data set allows for comparison of colonoscopy results using various screening methods.

Economic assessment of patient navigation to colonoscopy-based colorectal cancer screening in the real-world setting at the University of Chicago Medical Center.

This report details the cost effectiveness of a non-nurse patient navigation (PN) program that was implemented at the University of Chicago Medical Center to increase colonoscopy-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening.

Role of screening colonoscopy for colorectal tumors in Helicobacter pylori-related chronic gastritis with MDM2 SNP309 G/G homozygous: A prospective cross-sectional study in Thailand.

Helicobacter pylori infection is a risk factor for gastric cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC). MDM2 SNP309 G/G homozygosity is known to be the genetic background that influences the severity of inflammation in the gastric mucosa, and it corresponds to CRC development. We examined the role of screening colonoscopy in H. pylori-related chronic gastritis and the association of patients who have MDM2 SNP309 G/G homozygosity and advanced colorectal neoplasia (CRN) susceptibility.

Revised Australian national guidelines for colorectal cancer screening: family history.

Screening is an effective means for colorectal cancer prevention and early detection. Family history is strongly associated with colorectal cancer risk. We describe the rationale, evidence and recommendations for colorectal cancer screening by family history for people without a genetic syndrome, as reported in the 2017 revised Australian guidelines. Main recommendations: Based on 10-year risks of colorectal cancer, people at near average risk due to no or weak family history (category 1) are recommended sc...

Effect and Tolerability of Same-Day Repeat Colonoscopy.

Purpose/Aim of the study: The main purpose of the colonoscopy is screening for colorectal cancers and diagnosis of colorectal disease The cost-effectiveness of colonoscopy directly depend on the adequate bowel preparation. Inadequate colonoscopy is recommended to be re-scheduled within 1 year. Re-scheduling is an economic and patient burden. Thus instead of re-scheduling, another strategy may be attempted. The purpose of this study was to examine the usefulness and effect of the same day repeat colonoscopy ...

Index colonoscopy-related risk factors for postcolonoscopy colorectal cancers.

Postcolonoscopy colorectal cancers (PCCRCs) are those detected ≤10 years after an index colonoscopy negative for cancer, but modifiable risk factors are not well established in large, community-based populations.

Prediction of findings at screening colonoscopy using a machine learning algorithm based on complete blood counts (ColonFlag).

Adenomatous polyps are a common precursor lesion for colorectal cancer. ColonFlag is a machine- learning-based algorithm that uses basic patient information and complete blood cell counts (CBC) to identify individuals at elevated risk of colorectal cancer for intensified screening. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ColonFlag is also able to predict the presence of high risk adenomatous polyps at colonoscopy. This study was conducted at a large colon cancer screening center in Calgary, Alber...

Quality assurance of colonoscopy within the Dutch national colorectal cancer screening program.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is capable of reducing CRC-related morbidity and mortality. Colonoscopy is the reference standard to detect CRC, also providing the opportunity to detect and resect its precursor lesions; colorectal polyps. Therefore, colonoscopy is either used as a primary screening tool or as a subsequent procedure after a positive triage test in screening programs based on non-invasive stool testing or sigmoidoscopy. However, in both settings, colonoscopy is not fully protective for the ...

Antiangiogenic Therapy in Colorectal Cancer.

Colorectal carcinoma is the third most common cancer worldwide. Approximately 20% of patients with colorectal cancer will have metastatic disease at the time of initial diagnosis, and approximately 30% to 50% of patients with primary colon cancer will relapse and die of metastatic cancer. The 5-year survival rate of metastatic colorectal cancer remains disappointing at approximately 10%.Angiogenesis plays a significant role in tumor growth and metastasis in colorectal carcinoma. There are currently 4 US Foo...

Targeting cancer stem cells as therapeutic approach in the treatment of colorectal cancer.

Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers globally. A large portion of colorectal cancer patients who are treated with conventional chemotherapy eventually develop local recurrence or metastases. The failure of a complete cure in colorectal cancer patients may be related to the lack of complete eradication of cancer stem cells when using conventional therapy. Colorectal cancer stem cells comprise a small population of tumor cells that possess the properties of rapid proliferation and differentiati...

Colorectal Cancer Screening: Role of Family Physicians.

The purpose of this study was to look at the differences in colorectal cancer screening awareness between two rural communities in Texas. In Clifton, patients have access to colonoscopies in their local hospital, while in Haskell, patients have to travel to a tertiary center. A 24-question survey pertaining to colon cancer from the Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) was given to patients at primary care clinics in Clifton and Haskell. To take the survey, participants had to have been patients ...

Rates and characteristics of postcolonoscopy colorectal cancer in the Swedish IBD population: what are the differences from a non-IBD population?

The rate of postcolonoscopy colorectal cancer (PCCRC) is considered a key quality indicator of colonoscopy; little is known about PCCRC in IBD.

Streamlining Detection of Fusion Genes in Colorectal Cancer: Having "Faith" in Precision Oncology in the (Tissue) "Agnostic" Era.

The FDA recently granted tissue-agnostic approval for the first-in-class TRK inhibitor larotrectinib for patients whose tumors harbor fusions in neurotrophic receptor tyrosine kinases. These fusion genes have a frequency of less than 1% in unselected patients with colorectal cancer. Using a multiomics approach and a clinically annotated cohort of patients with colorectal cancer, Cocco and colleagues showed that patients with sporadic, / wild-type, mismatch repair-deficient colorectal cancer tumors with MLH1...

Randomized Clinical Trial: A Normocaloric Low-Fiber Diet the Day Before Colonoscopy Is the Most Effective Approach to Bowel Preparation in Colorectal Cancer Screening Colonoscopy.

Clinical guidelines recommend either a clear-liquid diet or a low-fiber diet for colonoscopy preparation. Participants in a screening program are usually motivated healthy individuals in which a good tolerability is important to improve adherence to potential surveillance colonoscopies.

Progress of colorectal cancer screening in United States: Past achievements and future challenges.

The United States has seen progress with colorectal cancer with both falling incidence and mortality rates. Factoring into this decline, the significance of early detection and removal of precancerous lesions through screening must be underscored. With the advancement of screening modalities, attention has been directed towards optimizing the quality of screening and detecting adenomas. Colorectal cancer screening has been a major agenda item for national gastroenterology societies, culminating in a major v...

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