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05:10 EST 19th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Concurrent Self System Therapy Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 43,000+

On the Concurrent Use of Self-System Therapy and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as Treatment for Depression.

Despite the growing use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as a treatment for unipolar depression, its typical effect sizes have been modest, and methodological and conceptual challenges remain regarding how to optimize its efficacy. Linking rTMS to a model of the neurocircuitry underlying depression and applying such a model to personalize the site of stimulation may improve the efficacy of rTMS. Recent developments in the psychology and neurobiology of self-regulation offer a conceptua...

Effects of carbamazepine and lamotrigine on functional magnetic resonance imaging cognitive networks.

To investigate the effects of sodium channel-blocking antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) language network activations in patients with focal epilepsy.

Screening breast magnetic resonance imaging in women with hormone replacement therapy.

The objective of this study was to compare the performance of screening mammography versus magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in hormone replacement therapy (HRT) users.

Current state of multiparameter magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate.

Magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate is an imaging method that has shown increasing relevance in urological practice. Due to technological evolution of scanners and the introduction of functional sequences, it has enabled greater accuracy in detection and characterization of prostate tumors.

Tomoelastography Paired With T2* Magnetic Resonance Imaging Detects Lupus Nephritis With Normal Renal Function.

The aim of this study was to test multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging including blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) imaging by T2* mapping, magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) by tomoelastography, and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for detecting nephropathy in patients with lupus nephritis (LN).

All-Night Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sleep Studies.

Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) sleep studies have been hampered by the difficulty of obtaining extended amounts of sleep in the sleep-adverse environment of the scanner and often have resorted to manipulations such as sleep depriving subjects before scanning. These manipulations limit the generalizability of the results.

Diffusion kurtosis imaging in sacroiliitis to evaluate the activity of ankylosing spondylitis.

Conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is limited in providing sufficient information on microstructure or in quantitatively evaluating certain inflammation processes. Functional MR sequences such as diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) might help to evaluate the sacroiliac joint in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients.

A Survey on applications and Analysis Methods of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Alzheimer's Disease.

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is an MRI-based neuroimaging technique that measures brain activity basis of blood oxygenation level. This study reviews the main fMRI methods reported in the literature and their related applications in clinical and preclinical studies, focusing on relating functional brain networks in the prodromal stages of AD, with a focus on mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to AD.

Altered hippocampal function with preserved cognitive performance in treatment-naive major depressive disorder.

The hippocampus is implicated in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD), with evidence that morphological changes occur with disease progression. It was hypothesized that treatment-naive patients with depression would show performance deficits in hippocampus-dependent memory trials, with concurrent hippocampal activation deficits on functional magnetic resonance imaging, compared with control participants. Thirteen treatment-naive patients with MDD and 13 control participants completed a hip...

Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI for advanced esophageal cancer response assessment after concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

We aimed to evaluate the treatment response of patients with esophageal cancer after concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CRT) using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI).

Image categorization from functional magnetic resonance imaging using functional connectivity.

Previous studies have attempted to infer the category of objects in a stimulus image from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data recoded during image-viewing. Most studies focus on extracting activity patterns within a given region or across multiple voxels, and utilize the relationships among voxels to decipher the category of a stimulus image. Yet, the functional connectivity (FC) patterns across regions of interest in response to image categories, and their potential contributions to category ...

Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging for the assessment of metastatic breast cancer.

Breast cancer is the most common type of tumor in women and an important cause of mortality in the female population. The early and precise diagnosis, staging, and treatment of this neoplasia are essential for public health purposes. Technological development, for example, of whole-body magnetic resonance imaging, made possible the adoption of new imaging modalities for a better approach for these patients. This imaging modality is helpful to staging, to therapy response assessment, and to the study of ther...

Fetal Cardiac Functional Assessment by Fetal Heart Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

We attempted to evaluate fetal cardiac activity of congenital heart disease (CHD) and normal heart fetuses by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Comprehensive evaluation of structural and functional myocardial impairments in Becker muscular dystrophy using quantitative cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.

Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is a genetic neuromuscular disease characterized by an alteration of the dystrophin protein. Myocardial involvement is frequent, eventually progressing to a dilated cardiomyopathy, and represents the most common cause of death for this pathology. We performed a comprehensive evaluation of myocardial functional and structural alterations encountered in a large cohort of BMD patients using quantitative cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging.

Clinical Implications of Basilar Artery Plaques in the Pontine Infarction with Normal Basilar Angiogram: A High-Resolution Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.

Using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI), we investigated the impact of basilar artery plaques that were not detected by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) on the functional outcomes of patients with acute pontine infarction.

Using functional magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate an acute allograft rejection model in rats.

To assess the longitudinal changes of allograft pathophysiology by intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) MRI in a rat model of acute renal allograft rejection.

Hybrid positron emission tomography-magnetic resonance of the heart: current state of the art and future applications.

Hybrid positron emission tomography-magnetic resonance (PET-MR) imaging is a novel imaging modality with emerging applications for cardiovascular disease. PET-MR aims to combine the high-spatial resolution morphological and functional assessment afforded by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the ability of positron emission tomography (PET) for quantification of metabolism, perfusion, and inflammation. The fusion of these two modalities into a single imaging platform not only represents an opportunity to...

Long-term outcome of low-energy extracorporeal shockwave therapy on gluteal tendinopathy documented by magnetic resonance imaging.

Previous outcome studies for extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) have included clinically diagnosed greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS). The purpose of this study is to investigate outcome of ESWT on GTPS with gluteal tendinopathy documented by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of synovitis in knees of patients with osteoarthritis without injected contrast agents using T quantification.

To measure the range of T values of synovitis using three Tesla (3 T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with osteoarthritis to assess the potential of T mapping for identifying synovitis from other features in the knee on unenhanced magnetic resonance scans.

Neuroimaging markers of global cognition in early Alzheimer's disease: A magnetic resonance imaging-electroencephalography study.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and electroencephalography (EEG) are a promising means to an objectified assessment of cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Individually, however, these modalities tend to lack precision in both AD diagnosis and AD staging. A joint MRI-EEG approach that combines structural with functional information has the potential to overcome these limitations.

Diagnostic Benefits of Axial-Loaded Magnetic Resonance Imaging Over Recumbent Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Obese Lower Back Pain Patients.

Single center before-after case series study.

A prospective accuracy study of Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging in detecting clinically significant prostate cancer with whole-mount pathology.

To assess the accuracy of Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADS v2) in detecting clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) using whole-mount sections after radical prostatectomy (RP) as reference standard.

Clinical Usefulness of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Four Children With Scleroderma.

Children with localized scleroderma may have more serious sequelae than adults with the disease. In this case report, we analyzed four girls with localized scleroderma (generalized morphea) to evaluate the clinical usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging in facilitating disease control and investigating patient responsiveness to various treatments. Two of the children had flexion contracture, and two displayed a clear high-intensity area in the bone marrow under the sclerotic skin on magnetic resonance ima...

Quantitative positron emission tomography-guided magnetic resonance imaging postprocessing in magnetic resonance imaging-negative epilepsies.

Detection of focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is of paramount importance in epilepsy presurgical evaluation. Our study aims at utilizing quantitative positron emission tomography (QPET) analysis to complement magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) postprocessing by a morphometric analysis program (MAP) to facilitate automated identification of subtle FCD.

Technical Note: U-net Generated Synthetic CT images for Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Only Prostate Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Treatment Planning.

Clinical implementation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-only radiotherapy requires a method to derive synthetic CT image (S-CT) for dose calculation. This study investigated the feasibility of building a deep convolutional neural network for MRI based S-CT generation and evaluate the dosimetric accuracy on prostate IMRT planning.

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