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PubMed Journals Articles About "Connor House" RSS

17:36 EST 15th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Connor House PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Connor House articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Connor House" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 382

Reconciling information and reliability in scaling local measurement precision: A comment on O'Connor (2017).

O'Connor (2017) illustrates the importance of accurately characterizing how measurement precision impacts effect size inference. As he demonstrates, attenuation of correlations can be much greater than traditional predictions based on classical test theory, due to fluctuating measurement error and other considerations. In his paper, however, O'Connor attempts to rescale information in terms of a local or conditional reliability. Although this is intuitively appealing and useful in certain respects, it can a...


Affordable house designs to improve health in rural Africa: a field study from northeastern Tanzania.

The population of sub-Saharan Africa is currently estimated to be 1245 million and is expected to quadruple by the end of the century, necessitating the building of millions of homes. Malaria remains a substantial problem in this region and efforts to minimise transmission should be considered in future house planning. We studied how building elements, which have been successfully employed in southeast Asia to prevent mosquitos from entering and cooling the house, could be integrated in a more sustainable h...

Case Study: Developing an In-House Magnetic Resonance Imaging Maintenance Program.

In 2015, the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) developed an in-house magnetic resonance imaging service team. Within two years, the team achieved substantial savings in operational costs, generated new revenue, improved uptime and response time, and improved customer satisfaction within the hospital. Through careful planning and collaboration, the Clinical Engineering Department at CHEO was able to bring imaging services in house successfully, demonstrating improvements over historical original ...


Host subspecific viral strains in European house mice: Murine cytomegalovirus in the Eastern (Mus musculus musculus) and Western house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus).

Murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) has been reported from house mice (Mus musculus) worldwide, but only recently from Eastern house mice (M. m. musculus), of particular interest because they form a semi-permeable species barrier in Europe with Western house mice, M. m. domesticus. Here we report genome sequences of EastMCMV (from Eastern mice), and set these in the context of MCMV genomes from genus Mus hosts. We show EastMCMV and WestMCMV are genetically distinct. Phylogeny splitting analyses show a genome wide...

The Insecticide Resistance Allele kdr-his has a Fitness Cost in the Absence of Insecticide Exposure.

House flies, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae), are major pests at animal production facilities. Insecticides, particularly pyrethroids, have been used for control of house fly populations for more than 30 yr, but the evolution of resistance will likely jeopardize fly control efforts. A major mechanism of pyrethroid resistance in the house fly is target site insensitivity (due to mutations in the Voltage-sensitive sodium channel [Vssc]). Based on a survey of house fly populations in 2007 and 2008, the ...

White House Report on Drug Prices Is a Detailed Road Map: Price-Lowering Ideas Generated, Some Already in Motion.

White House report on drug prices is a detailed road map.

Identifying and Treating Opioid Side Effects: The Development of Methylnaltrexone.

Methylnaltrexone Reverses Chronic Opioid-induced Constipation: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. By Yuan CS, Foss JF, O'Connor M, Osinski J, Karrison T, Moss J, Roizen MF. JAMA 2000; 283:367-72. Reprinted with permission.

Intradermal immunotherapy with low-dose house dust mite allergens in patients with allergic rhinitis: A proof-of-concept study.

High-dose aqueous subcutaneous immunotherapy is a validated and effective administration route for house dust mite and pollen allergens.

A Molecular Epidemiological Investigation of Carriage of the Adeno-Associated Virus in Murine Rodents and House Shrews in China.

To investigate the prevalence of the adeno-associated virus (AAV) in murine rodents and house shrews in 4 provinces of China.

Chemical mixtures isolated from house dust disrupt thyroid receptor β (TRβ) signaling.

House dust is a source of exposure to chemicals that can impact hormone regulation. This study was designed to evaluate the potential of house dust mixtures (n=137) to disrupt thyroid hormone nuclear receptor signaling in a cell-based reporter assay and examine associations with thyroid hormones (TH) measured in residents of the homes. Approximately 41% of the extracts (ranging from 10.5 -4.097 g of dust/mL) significantly antagonized TRβ signaling by 20-67% relative to the hormone control. The concentra...

Malaria vector abundance is associated with house structures in Baringo County, Kenya.

Malaria, a major cause of morbidity and mortality, is the most prevalent vector borne disease in Baringo County; a region which has varied house designs in arid and semi-arid areas. This study investigated the association between house structures and indoor-malaria vector abundance in Baringo County. The density of malaria vectors in houses with open eaves was higher than that for houses with closed eaves. Grass thatched roof houses had higher density of malaria vectors than corrugated iron sheet roofs. Sim...

Inhalation of House Dust and Ozone Alters Systemic Levels of Endothelial Progenitor Cells, Oxidative Stress, and Inflammation in Elderly Subjects.

Ambient air pollution including ozone and especially particulate matter represents important causes of cardiovascular disease. However, there is limited knowledge on indoor air dust with respect to this risk and the potential interactions between dust and ozone. Here, we exposed 23 healthy elderly subjects for 5.5 h, to either clean air, house dust at 275 µg/m3 (diameter < 2.5 µm), ozone at 100 ppb or combined house dust and ozone in a double-blinded randomized cross-over study. The combined house dust an...

Mixed bacterial responses to dust exposure in an A549 eukaryotic co-culture.

Recent studies evaluated the impact of dust exposure on pure and mixed cultures of Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, revealing increased biofilm formation and altered sensitivities to HO. In this study, we examined the impact of lead (Pb), house, road, and combined dust on K. pneumoniae and P. aeruginosa in pure, mixed, or eukaryotic co-culture with human alveolar basal epithelial (A549) cells. Although no impact on pure or mixed culture growth was o...

Exploratory behavior is linked to stress physiology and social network centrality in free-living house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus).

Animal personality has been linked to individual variation in both stress physiology and social behaviors, but few studies have simultaneously examined covariation between personality traits, stress hormone levels, and behaviors in free-living animals. We investigated relationships between exploratory behavior (one aspect of animal personality), stress physiology, and social and foraging behaviors in wild house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus). We conducted novel environment assays after collecting samples of...

Exposures Related to House Dust Microbiota in a U.S. Farming Population.

Environmental factors can influence the house dust microbiota, which may impact health outcomes. Little is known about how farming exposures impact the indoor microbiota.

Underestimation of house dust mite-specific IgE with extract-based ImmunoCAPs compared to molecular ImmunoCAPs.

We identified 6 house dust mite (HDM) allergen molecules to comprising the majority of HDM IgE-binding components and show that molecular ImmunoCAPs based on these six allergens are superior to allergen extract-based ImmunoCAPs for quantifying HDM-specific IgE.

Rhinonyssidae (Acari) in the house sparrows, Passer domesticus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Passeriformes: Passeridae), from southern Brazil.

We report the occurrence and infection parameters of two species of nasal mites in Passer domesticus (Linnaeus, 1758) (house sparrow). Nasal passages, trachea, lungs, and air sacs of 100 house sparrows captured in an urban area at the city of Pelotas, State of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil, were examined with a stereomicroscope. The mite, Sternostoma tracheacolum Lawrence, 1948 was present in the trachea and/or lungs (or both) of 13 birds (13%) at a mean intensity of 6.7 mites/infected host. Ptilonyssu...

Efficacy of house dust mite sublingual tablet in the treatment of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis: A randomized trial in a pediatric population.

The efficacy and safety of 300 index of reactivity (IR) tablets of house dust mite (HDM) allergen extracts in Japanese pediatric (5-16 years old) patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) were assessed in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study (JAPIC CTI-152981).

How clean is your house? A study of house dust mites, allergens and other contents of dust samples collected from households.

Household dust contains an array of constituents, including house dust mites (HDM) and the HDM allergen, Der p 1, which can cause sensitivities such as asthma and eczema. Vacuuming can help alleviate symptoms, yet little is understood about cleaning behaviour in different households. This pilot study investigated the contents of dust from four household types (students; over 65 s; and families with and without pets). This was then related to cleaning behaviours and perceptions of cleanliness. Our investiga...

Cerium dioxide nanoparticles exacerbate house dust mite induced type II airway inflammation.

Nanomaterial inhalation represents a potential hazard for respiratory conditions such as asthma. Cerium dioxide nanoparticles (CeONPs) have the ability to modify disease outcome but have not been investigated for their effect on models of asthma and inflammatory lung disease. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of CeONPs in a house dust mite (HDM) induced murine model of asthma.

Preliminary comparison of an in-house real-time PCR with the automated BD Max Enteric Parasite Panel for the detection of Giardia intestinalis.

Giardia intestinalis is a parasite that commonly causes diarrheal disease throughout the world. An accurate and rapid diagnosis is essential to reduce the infection. Classically, diagnosis of giardiasis is performed by microscopic examination of stool samples, but in the recent years many DNA-based methods have been developed. In this preliminary observational study we compared the results of the commercial BD Max Enteric Parasite Panel (EPP) with an in-house real-time PCR for Giardia intestinalis. The stud...

Role of House Dust Mite-Derived Extracellular Vesicles in a Murine Model of Airway Inflammation.

House dust mite (HDM) is the major source of indoor allergens that cause airway disease. Recent evidence suggests that Gram-negative/positive bacteria produce nano-sized extracellular vesicles (EVs) containing diverse components, including various immunostimulatory molecules. However, the association between bacteria-derived EVs and development of airway disease is unclear.

Modelling and simulation of photosystem II chlorophyll fluorescence transition from dark-adapted state to light-adapted state.

Green houses play a vital role in modern agriculture. Artificial light illumination is very important in a green house. While light is necessary for plant growth, excessive light in a green house may not bring more profit and even damages plants. Developing a plant-physiology-based light control strategy in a green house is important, which implies that a state-space model on photosynthetic activities is very useful because modern control theories and techniques are usually developed according to model stru...

Detection of Tropheryma whipplei in stool samples by one commercial and two in-house real-time PCR assays.

Tropheryma whipplei, the causative agent of Whipple's disease, can also be identified in stool samples of humans without systemic disease. It is much more frequently detected in human stool samples in tropical environments than in industrialized countries. PCR-screening has been applied for point prevalence studies and environmental assessments in tropical settings, but results depend on the applied assay. We compared one commercial qPCR kit with two well-described in-house assays for detection of T. whippl...

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