PubMed Journals Articles About "Coping Facilitated Troponin Increases Hypo Responsivity Copeptin Axis" RSS

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Showing "Coping facilitated troponin increases hypo responsivity copeptin axis" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,100+

Coping facilitated troponin T increases and hypo-responsivity in the copeptin-HPA-axis during acute mental stress in a Black cohort: The SABPA study.

Defensive coping (DefS) was associated with a vulnerable cardiovascular profile in Blacks. The copeptin/vasopressin system is a manifestation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis activity and may act as an acute compensatory mechanism when there is a disruption in volume-loading homeostasis, i.e. when cardiac stress is evident. Whether DefS will influence associations between copeptin and cardiac stress markers, remains unclear. Here we aimed to determine associations between acute mental stress responses...

Copeptin and its role in the diagnosis of diabetes insipidus and the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (SIAD).

Copeptin is secreted in an equimolar amount to arginine vasopressin (AVP) but can easily be measured in plasma or serum with a sandwich immunoassay. The main stimuli for copeptin are similar to AVP, i.e. an increase in osmolality and a decrease in arterial blood volume and pressure. A high correlation between copeptin and AVP has been shown. Accordingly, copeptin mirrors the amount of AVP in the circulation. Copeptin has, therefore, been evaluated as diagnostic biomarker in vasopressin-dependent disorders o...

Water supplementation reduces copeptin and plasma glucose in adults with high copeptin: the H2O Metabolism pilot study.

As elevated copeptin, a marker of vasopressin, is linked to low water intake and high diabetes risk, we tested the effect of water supplementation on copeptin and fasting glucose.

Copeptin relates to a fatty liver and measures of obesity in a South African population with mixed ethnicities.

Elevated copeptin, a vasopressin marker, is linked to metabolic disease, and obese rats with low-vasopressin concentration had a decreased risk of liver steatosis. We here investigated the association between copeptin and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and possible differences in copeptin concentration between ethnicities.

The effect of acute hypohydration on glycemic regulation in healthy adults: a randomized crossover trial.

The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effect of hydration status on glycemic regulation in healthy adults and explore underlying mechanisms. In this randomized crossover trial, 16 healthy adults (8 male) underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) when hypohydrated and rehydrated, after four days of pre-trial standardization. One day pre-OGTT, participants were dehydrated for 1-h in a heat-tent with subsequent fluid restriction (HYPO) or replacement (RE). The following day, an OGTT was perf...

Prognostic value of copeptin in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Recently, copeptin has been identified as a plasma prognosis marker in acute ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). This study investigated the prognostic value of copeptin in the patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage(aSAH).

The efficacy of stress reappraisal interventions on stress responsivity: A meta-analysis and systematic review of existing evidence.

The beliefs we hold about stress play an important role in coping with stressors. Various theoretical frameworks of stress point to the efficacy of reframing stress-related information through brief reappraisal interventions in order to promote adaptive coping.

Evaluation of MR-proANP and copeptin for sepsis diagnosis after burn injury.

The significance of the validated biomarkers of sepsis Mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) and copeptin have not been tested in a burn injury setting.

Serotonergically dependent antidepressant-like activity on behavior and stress axis responsivity of acacetin.

Acacetin, a natural flavonoid, possesses broad spectrum of pharmacological and biochemical activities, such as neuroprotection, antinociception and inhibition of monoamine oxidase. The current work aimed to investigate the antidepressant-like activity of acacetin in mice and explore the underlying mechanism(s). Chronic, but not acute, acacetin treatment (5, 15 or 45 mg/kg, p.o., once per day for three weeks) exerted in mice dose-dependently antidepressant-like activity, assessed by forced swim test (FST) ...

Copeptin - a biomarker of short-term mortality risk (7 days) in patients with end-stage liver disease.

Background For many patients with end-stage liver disease, liver transplantation represents the only curative therapy. Transplant recipients are scored and ranked using the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD/MELD-Na). Circulatory impairment is known to deteriorate outcomes; however, it is not incorporated into the current allocation system's score. The aim of our study is to analyze the predictive value of copeptin as a biomarker of circulatory impairment and increased short-term mortality risk in pati...

Appropriateness of Cardiac Troponin Testing: Insights from the Use of TROPonin In Acute coronary syndromes (UTROPIA) study.

Our objective was to examine the appropriateness of cardiac troponin (cTn) testing among patients with cTn increases.

A Prospective Examination of Child Avoidance Coping and Parental Coping Assistance After Pediatric Injury: A Mixed-Methods Approach.

Millions of children experience injuries annually, and avoidance coping increases risk of negative emotional and physical outcomes after injury. Little is known about how children select avoidance coping strategies. Parents may help their children cope with an injury by encouraging or discouraging the use of specific strategies, such as avoidance coping. The present study examined parental influence of child use of avoidance coping post-injury.

Reappraisal and suppression emotion-regulation tendencies differentially predict reward-responsivity and psychological well-being.

Individuals who suppress their emotions experience less positive emotions, worse relationships, and a reduced quality of life whereas those who tend to reappraise show an opposite pattern. Despite this divergent pattern, few have asked how the use of these emotion-regulation strategies relates to reward responsivity. We predicted that elevated suppression would be associated with blunted reward responsivity, whereas reappraisal would be associated with elevated reward responsivity. To test this hypothesis, ...

Caring helps: Trait empathy is related to better coping strategies and differs in the poor versus the rich.

Coping has been extensively studied in health psychology; however, factors influencing the usage of different coping strategies have received limited attention. In five studies (N = 3702), we explored the relationship between trait empathy and coping strategies, and how subjective socioeconomic status (SES) moderates this relationship. In Studies 1-4, we found that people with higher level of empathic concern use more adaptive coping strategies, seek more social support, and use fewer maladaptive coping str...

Coping strategies and their relationship with emotional intelligence in patients with epilepsy referred to Isfahan Epilepsy Society in 2017.

Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, and the patients with epilepsy are heavily influenced by the psychological and social aspects of the illness. Therefore, patients try to use coping strategies to control their stress and tension in this situation. Given the importance of the issue of adaptation and coping with stress in patients with epilepsy, as well as the different factors affecting coping strategies in these patients, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between coping strat...

Diagnostic Value of Parameters Related to White Blood Cell Counts for Troponin I Elevation in CO Poisoning.

To assess myocardial injury related to acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning, serial troponin I is measured in patients not presenting with troponin I elevation. This retrospective study investigated whether parameters related to white blood cell (WBC) counts (total and differential WBC counts, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio) improved predictive accuracy for troponin I elevation (> 0.04 ng/ml) in patients not presenting with evidence of myocardial injury. Serial paramet...

Use of coping strategies in multiple sclerosis: Association with demographic and disease-related characteristics.

Coping positively and negatively influences psychosocial and other outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS), but there is conflicting evidence about the use of different coping strategies and their associations with demographic and disease characteristics. Our aims were to examine which coping strategies are used by a large sample of people with MS, then to identify any associations between demographic and disease related factors with use of individual coping strategies.

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke and Elevated Troponin: A TRoponin ELevation in Acute Ischemic Stroke (TRELAS) Sub-Study.

Elevated high-sensitive cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) can be found in more than 50% of the patients with acute ischemic stroke. The observational TRoponin ELevation in Acute ischemic Stroke (TRELAS) study revealed that about 25% of all stroke patients with elevated troponin had a coronary angiography-detected culprit lesion affording immediate intervention, and about 50% of all patients did not have any obstructive coronary artery disease. Given the risk of procedure-related complications, the identification of...

A brief measure for the assessment of competence in coping with death: The Coping with Death Scale short version.

The coping with death competence is of great importance for palliative care professionals, who face daily exposure to death. It can keep them from suffering compassion fatigue and burnout, thus enhancing the quality of the care provided. Despite its relevance, there are only two measures of professionals' ability to cope with death. Specifically, the Coping with Death Scale (CDS) has repeatedly shown psychometric problems with some of its items.

Development and Preliminary Validation of a Self-Report Coping Response Measure in a Community Sample of Children in Middle Childhood.

Coping plays a key role in psychological adjustment. However, whereas coping in adulthood has been extensively studied, coping in childhood remains relatively sparsely researched. This might be in part due to the fact that measures of coping have yet to be developed that are suitable for use with young children. This article describes the development and preliminary validation of the Profile of Coping Dimensions in Children (PCDC), a new, theory-driven measure of coping suitable for use in middle childhood,...

EJE Prize 2019 - New diagnostic approaches for patients with polyuria-polydipsia syndrome.

Diabetes insipidus (DI), be it from central or nephrogenic origin, must be differentiated from secondary forms of hypotonic polyuria such as primary polydipsia. Differentiation is crucial since wrong treatment can have deleterious consequences. Since decades, the gold standard for differentiation has been the water deprivation test, which has limitations leading to an overall unsatisfying diagnostic accuracy. Furthermore, it is cumbersome for patients with a long test duration. Clinical signs and symptoms a...

Relationships between alcohol intake and cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged men with hypo-HDL cholesterolemia.

Light-to-moderate alcohol drinking reduces the risk of ischemic heart disease, and this effect of alcohol is mainly explained by alcohol-induced elevation of HDL cholesterol. Hypo-HDL cholesterolemia is a potent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to clarify how alcohol relates to cardiovascular risk factors in men with hypo-HDL-cholesterolemia.

Point-of-care troponin use in New Zealand rural hospitals: a national survey.

Accelerated diagnostic chest pain pathways (ADP) have become standard of care in urban emergency departments. It is, however, unknown how widely they are used in New Zealand's rural hospitals because ADP require immediate access to contemporary or high-sensitivity troponin (hs-Tn). We aimed to determine for rural hospitals the troponin assay being used, if they were using an ADP and if they had access to on-site exercise tolerance testing (ETT).

The Extremely Enhanced Photocurrent Response in Topological Insulator Nanosheets with High Conductance.

The photocurrent was performed in topological insulator nanosheets with different conductances. The higher photocurrent is observed in the nanosheet with higher conductance. The responsivity is proportional to the nanosheet conductance over two orders. The responsivity is independent of the light power intensity in vacuum, but responsivity drastically decreases at low power intensity in air. The ratio of the responsivity in air to that in vacuum is negatively proportional to the the inverse of the light pow...

Diagnostic accuracy of the T-MACS decision aid with a contemporary point-of-care troponin assay.

The rapid turnaround time of point-of-care (POC) cardiac troponin (cTn) assays is highly attractive for crowded emergency departments (EDs). We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of the Troponin-only Manchester Acute Coronary Syndromes (T-MACS) decision aid with a POC cTn assay.

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