PubMed Journals Articles About "Corticosteroids Treating Pneumonia" RSS

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Showing "Corticosteroids Treating Pneumonia" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,800+

Corticosteroids for Treating Pneumonia.

Pneumonia remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. There is both theoretical and laboratory evidence that corticosteroids may have beneficial effects in pneumonia through local pulmonary and systemic effects. The data for this evidence-based summary is derived from a Cochrane meta-analysis by Stern et al, which included 17 trials with 2264 adult and children admitted to the hospital with community-acquired pneumonia. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

The Cost-effectiveness of Corticosteroids for the treatment of Community-Acquired Pneumonia.

The use of corticosteroids as adjunct treatment for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is associated with potential clinical benefits and the aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of this approach.

Inhaled antibiotics for the treatment of pneumonia.

To describe recent developments in trials exploring inhaled antibiotics for treating severe pneumonia.

Adjunct corticosteroid treatment in patients with pneumonia: A precision medicine approach.

Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of death worldwide. While inflammation is critically important in host response to microbial invasion, exaggerated inflammation can damage the lungs, contributing to respiratory failure and mortality. Corticosteroids are effective in reducing inflammation and can also cause immune suppression. Presently, clinicians are unable to reliably distinguish between exaggerated and appropriate immune response and thus cannot rapidly identify patients most likely to benefit f...

Intrapulmonary pharmacokinetics of antibiotics used to treat nosocomial pneumonia caused by gram-negative bacilli: a systematic review.

. Knowledge of antibiotic concentrations achievable in the epithelial lining fluid (ELF) will help guide antibiotic dosing for treating patients with gram-negative bacillary ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP).

Pneumonia-Associated Hospitalizations, New York City, 2001-2014.

Death certificate data indicate that the age-adjusted death rate for pneumonia and influenza is higher in New York City than in the United States. Most pneumonia and influenza deaths are attributed to pneumonia rather than influenza. Because most pneumonia deaths occur in hospitals, we analyzed hospital discharge data to provide insight into the burden of pneumonia in New York City.

Exogenous lipid pneumonia with hyperpyrexia: a case report.

Lipoid pneumonia (LP) is an uncommon form of pneumonia that is characterized by the presence of intra-alveolar lipid and lipid-laden macrophages on microscopy. It categorized as exogenous lipoid pneumonia (ExLP) and endogenous lipoid pneumonia (EnLP). Exogenous lipoid pneumonia caused by inhalation of liposuction substances (animal fat, vegetable oil, or mineral oil), mostly, in adult cases, they were medicines for constipation or rhinopharyngitis. Most of these patients showed mild clinical manifestations,...

A Comparison of the Mortality Risk Associated With Ventilator-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia and Nonventilator ICU-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia.

To investigate the respective impact of ventilator-associated pneumonia and ICU-hospital-acquired pneumonia on the 30-day mortality of ICU patients.

Sustaining Quality Improvement: Long-Term Reduction of Nonventilator Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia.

Hospital-acquired pneumonia is now the number one hospital-acquired infection. Hospitals have addressed ventilator-associated pneumonia; however, patients not on a ventilator acquire more pneumonia with significant associated mortality rates.

Bacterial regulation of macrophage bacterial recognition receptors in COPD are differentially modified by budesonide and fluticasone propionate.

Patients with COPD have an increased risk for community-acquired pneumonia, which is further increased by inhaled corticosteroids.

Favorable response to asthma-dosed subcutaneous mepolizumab in eosinophilic pneumonia.

Mepolizumab targets eosinophils in the treatment of asthma. The dose used for asthma is considerably lower than that used for treating eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, a recently approved indication. While intravenous mepolizumab use has reported utility in non-asthma eosinophilic disorders, the efficacy of the subcutaneous asthma dosing of the drug for eosinophilic pneumonia is not known.

World Pneumonia Day 2011-2016: Twitter contents and retweets.

Twitter is used for World Pneumonia Day (WPD; November 12) communication. We evaluate if themes of #pneumonia tweets were associated with retweet frequency.

Risk factors and prophylaxis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in HIV-negative patients.

Pneumocystis jirovecii (formely carinii) pneumonia (PcP) affects immunosuppressed patients. Cotrimoxazole prophylaxis has proven to be effective and its indications in HIV patients are well established. In non-HIV patients, the prognosis is poorer and diagnostic tests are of lower sensitivity. Recommendations for prophylaxis in hematology, oncology and solid organ transplantation are based on expert consensus. In rheumatology, the incidence of PcP is mainly related to the administration of corticosteroids. ...

Evidence-Based Study Design for Hospital-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia and Ventilator-Associated Bacterial Pneumonia.

The US Food and Drug Administration solicited evidence-based recommendations to improve guidance for studies of hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia (HABP) and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (VABP).

Dexamethasone versus prednisone for children receiving asthma treatment in the paediatric inpatient population: protocol for a feasibility randomised controlled trial.

Asthma exacerbations are a leading cause of paediatric hospitalisations. Corticosteroids are key in the treatment of asthma exacerbations. Most current corticosteroids treatment regimens for children admitted with asthma exacerbation consist of a 5-day course of prednisone or prednisolone. However, these medications are associated with poor taste and significant vomiting, resulting in poor compliance with the treatment course. While some centres already use a short course of dexamethasone for treating child...

Disparities by sex in care-seeking behaviors and treatment outcomes for pneumonia among children admitted to hospitals in Bangladesh.

Incidence of community acquired pneumonia is high globally. In Bangladesh, more male children than female children are brought to hospitals for pneumonia. We examined if there was disparities in the severity of illness and outcome by sex among children who were admitted with pneumonia to hospitals in Bangladesh.

Proposed method of histological separation between connective tissue disease-associated interstitial pneumonia and idiopathic interstitial pneumonias.

Idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) and connective tissue disease -associated interstitial pneumonia (CTD-IP) are the two most common types of interstitial pneumonia. IIP and CTD-IP share common histological features, yet their clinical management is different. Separation of the two conditions based solely on histology can be challenging, and there are no established criteria.

Corticosteroids in the management of severe coccidioidomycosis.

There is limited data suggesting that recovery from severe pulmonary infection with Coccidioides may be hastened by the addition of systemic corticosteroids.

Pneumonia-associated death in patients with dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Pneumonia is a serious disease associated with mortality among patients with dementia. However, the reported frequency of pneumonia as a cause of death in patients with dementia varies, the reason for which has not been fully elucidated.

The association between Cytomegalovirus co-infection with Pneumocystis pneumonia and mortality in immunocompromised non-HIV patients.

Impact of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) co-infection pneumonia in non-HIV patients with Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is unclear.

Organizing Pneumonia in a Patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis with Progression to Usual Interstitial Pneumonia.

Systemic corticosteroid use in psoriasis: a national survey of board-certified dermatologists.

Treatment of psoriasis with systemic corticosteroids is controversial. Concerns arise from cases of generalized pustular psoriasis flares, erythroderma or worsening psoriasis upon tapering or discontinuing systemic corticosteroids. Despite the lack of relevant treatment guidelines, recent studies report that systemic corticosteroids are prescribed commonly for psoriasis. Estimates from the U.S. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia and Events in Pediatric Intensive Care: A Single Center Study.

Ventilator-associated pneumonia is the second most common nosocomial infection in pediatric intensive care. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently issued diagnosis criteria for pediatric ventilator-associated pneumonia and for ventilator-associated events in adults. The objectives of this pediatric study were to determine the prevalence of ventilator-associated pneumonia using these new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria, to describe the risk factors and management of venti...

Adult onset still disease associated with Endogenous lipoid pneumonia, A case report.

Cholesterol pneumonia or endogenous lipid pneumonia is a rare disease that can occur in the context of a systemic disease or following a bronchial obstruction. It is characterized with a wide range of diverse symptoms and disease course. The present report introduces a young woman diagnosed with adult onset still disease since three years ago, who has referred with macrophage activation syndrome (MAS). She underwent biopsy due to the dyspnea and a crazy paving pattern in HRCT of the lungs, leading to the di...

Necrotizing pneumonia (aetiology, clinical features and management).

Necrotizing pneumonia is a severe form of community-acquired pneumonia characterized by rapid progression of consolidation to necrosis and cavitation which may lead to pulmonary gangrene. Morbidity and mortality are high and chronic sequelae are frequent. The lack of guidance supports the review of the latest recommendations in the management of these pneumonias.

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