PubMed Journals Articles About "Cross Sectional Longitudinal Analysis Trabecular Bone Score Adults" RSS

19:38 EDT 19th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Cross sectional Longitudinal Analysis Trabecular Bone Score Adults" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 44,000+

High prevalence of vertebral fractures and low trabecular bone score in patients with fragility fractures: A cross-sectional sub-study of NoFRACT.

Norway has among the highest incidence rates of fractures in the world. Vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) and trabecular bone score (TBS) provide information about fracture risk, but their importance have not been studied in Norwegian patients with fragility fractures. The objectives of this study were to examine the clinical characteristics of a cohort of women and men with fragility fractures, their prevalence of vertebral fractures using VFA and prevalence of low TBS, and explore the differences betwee...

Subregional areal bone mineral density (aBMD) is a better predictor of heterogeneity in trabecular microstructure of vertebrae in young and aged women than subregional trabecular bone score (TBS).

Currently, bone densitometry fails to identify nearly half of those elderly patients at immediate fracture risk. To improve clinical assessment of vertebral fracture risk, we aimed to determine how the DXA-based 2D parameter Trabecular Bone Score (TBS) relates to subregional variability in 3D trabecular microstructure in young and elderly women compared to aBMD.

Trabecular bone score in active or former smokers with and without COPD.

Smoking is a recognized risk factor for osteoporosis. Trabecular bone score (TBS) is a novel texture parameter to evaluate bone microarchitecture. TBS and their main determinants are unknown in active and former smokers.

Material anisotropy and elasticity of cortical and trabecular bone in the adult mouse femur via AFM indentation.

This paper investigates the elastic properties of bone tissue in the adult mouse femur through Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) indentation with the goal of understanding its microstructure and underlying mechanics at the nano length scale. Both trabecular and cortical bone types are studied. In particular, we examined the elasticity of cortical bone and individual trabeculae in the longitudinal and transverse directions of the samples. For cortical bone, the elastic modulus in the longitudinal direction was f...

The relationship between estimated bone strength by finite element analysis at the peripheral skeleton to areal BMD and trabecular bone score at lumbar spine.

Bone strength, estimated by finite element (FE) analysis based on high resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) images is an important contributor to understanding risk of fracture. However, it is a peripheral device and cannot be evaluated in vivo at lumbar spine L1-L4. The aim of this study was to investigate if the axial bone quality can be predicted by strength measurements of peripheral bone. Peripheral bone microarchitecture, areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and trabecular bon...

Physical activity as measured by accelerometer in NHANES 2005-2006 is associated with better bone density and trabecular bone score in older adults.

In an analysis of NHANES 2005-2006, older, but not younger, women and men with higher levels of physical activity had higher TBS, total hip T-score, and femoral neck T-score. Even modest levels of physical activity may be a crucial component of bone health maintenance.

Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between psychosocial well-being and sleep in European children and adolescents.

Research on associations of positive mental health, in contrast to mental ill-health, with sleep duration and sleep disturbances in young populations is scarce. In particular, longitudinal studies focussing on the influence of positive mental health on sleep characteristics are lacking. Therefore, we investigated cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of psychosocial well-being with sleep duration and sleep disturbances. For the cross-sectional analysis, we used data of 3-15-year-old children and ado...

The trabecular bone score: Relationships with trabecular and cortical microarchitecture measured by HR-pQCT and histomorphometry in patients with chronic kidney disease.

The trabecular bone score (TBS) is a novel tool using grayscale variograms of the lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) to assess trabecular bone microarchitecture. Studies in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) suggest it may be helpful in assessing fracture risk. However, TBS has not been validated as a measure of trabecular architecture against transiliac bone biopsy with histomorphometry in CKD patients. We hypothesized that TBS would reflect trabecular architecture at the iliac crest in CKD pa...

Assessing bone impairment in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) using the trabecular bone score (TBS) and high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT).

To compare bone quality using the trabecular bone score (TBS) and bone microarchitecture in the distal tibia using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients and healthy controls (HC).

Is trabecular bone score less affected by degenerative-changes at the spine than lumbar spine BMD?

It has been established that degenerative-changes at the spine elevate bone mineral density at the lumbar spine. This study in men reports that trabecular bone score may be less affected by spinal degenerative-changes.

Longitudinal analysis on determinants of vitamin B6 status in community-dwelling older adults over a period of 18 years.

Cross-sectional studies indicate an age-related decline in vitamin B6 status. Because longitudinal studies are lacking, the present study investigates the long-term association between age and vitamin B6 status in older adults by considering potential confounding factors.

Relationship between dietary quality, determined by DASH score, and cardiometabolic health biomarkers: A cross-sectional analysis in adults.

The relationship between dietary patterns and cardiometabolic disease is of increasing interest. However, limited data regarding the association between dietary quality and biomarkers of cardiometabolic health exist. Therefore the aim of this work was to examine potential associations between dietary quality, assessed using the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary quality score, adiposity and biomarkers of glucose homeostasis, lipoprotein metabolism and inflammation in a cross-sectional sa...

Ultraviolet functionalization improved bone integration on titanium surfaces by fluorescent analysis in rabbits calvarium.

This study evaluated the effect of ultraviolet functionalization (UV) on bone integration ability in rabbit model, using epifluorescence microscopy. Each of twelve rabbits (n=6) received randomly four titanium domes prepared with or without ultraviolet for 48 hours (UVC,λ= 250 ± 20 nm; Philips, Tokyo, Japan): (1) turned surface (T), (2) turned surface with UV(T-UV), (3) sandblasted (120 μm aluminum oxide) and etched by 18% hydrochloric acid and 49% sulphuric acid at 60°C for 30 min (SLA) and (4) SLA sur...

Circulating miR-103a-3p and miR-660-5p are associated with bone parameters in patients with controlled acromegaly.

Background Biochemical control of GH/IGF-I excess in acromegaly (ACRO) is associated with persistent impairment of trabecular microstructure leading to increased risk of vertebral fractures. Circulating miRNAs modulate the activity of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and may be potential biomarkers of osteoporosis. Aims Identify differentially expressed miRNAs in the serum of patients with controlled ACRO vs controls and correlate miRNA levels with both biochemical and structural bone parameters. Patients and m...

Trabecular Bone Score, Bone Mineral Density and Bone Markers in Patients with Primary Hyperparathyroidism 2 Years After Parathyroidectomy.

Following a parathyroidectomy there is a bone mineral density (BMD) improvement in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. However, data of bone microarchitecture are scarce. Trabecular bone score (TBS) estimates bone microarchitecture and could provide valuable information in those patients. The aim of this study is to assess TBS changes 2 years after successful surgery in a group of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and correlate these results with changes in BMD and bone turnover markers. This...

Dickkopf-1 (Dkk-1) serum levels in systemic sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis patients: correlation with the Trabecular Bone Score (TBS).

The aim of this research was to determine any correlations between Dickkopf-1 serum levels (Dkk-1, a natural inhibitor of the Wnt signaling pathway promoting osteoclastogenesis) and the Trabecular Bone Score (TBS), in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. It also aimed at determining any difference in Dkk-1 serum levels between SSc and RA patients and a control group (CNT) of healthy subjects. A prospective study was carried out in 60 SSc and 60 RA patients and 60 CNT. Dkk-1 serum...

Trabecular bone functional adaptation and sexual dimorphism in the human foot.

Trabecular bone adapts to the strains placed upon the skeleton during life. Anthropological research has largely focused on linking variation in primate trabecular bone to locomotor mode, to provide a context for interpreting fossil morphology. However, intraspecific variation and its underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. Trabecular bone is influenced by a variety of factors including body mass, age, diet, temperature, genetics, sex, and behavior. Before trabecular structure can be used to infe...

A novel method for analyzing long bone diaphyseal cross-sectional geometry. A GNU Octave CSG Toolkit.

The diaphyseal cross-sectional geometric properties of the humerus, femur and tibia have been extensively used for studying their adaptation to mechanical loading. To date common practices for such studies involve either computed tomography or the latex cast method in conjunction with image analysis for calculating such properties. With the advent of modern laser scanning and photogrammetry technologies in biological anthropology, the computation of the cross-sectional geometric properties directly from 3D ...

Electronic cigarette use is associated with depressive symptoms among smokers and former smokers: Cross-sectional and longitudinal findings from the Constances cohort.

To examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms and electronic cigarette (e-cig) use in a large population-based sample while taking into account smoking status and sociodemographic confounders.

QCT of the femur: Comparison between QCTPro CTXA and MIAF Femur.

QCT is commonly employed in research studies and clinical trials to measure BMD at the proximal femur. In this study we compared two analysis software options, QCTPro CTXA and MIAF-Femur, using CT scans of the semi-anthropometric European Proximal Femur Phantom (EPFP) and in vivo data from 130 Chinese elderly men and women aged 60-80 years. Integral (Int), cortical (Cort) and trabecular (Trab) vBMD, volume, and BMC of the femur neck (FN), trochanter (TR), inter-trochanter (IT), and total hip (TH) VOIs wer...

Age-related Changes in Training Stimuli and Performance in Masters Swimmers.

Age-related decreases in performance are thought to be driven by decreases in exercise training stimuli. We determined the influence of changes in training stimuli with advancing age on swimming performance using cross-sectional and longitudinal data analyses. Totals of 692 and 98 competitive swimmers belonging to the US Masters Swimming Association were analyzed in cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Swimming times increased with advancing age, and age was the strongest predictor of swimming perform...

The prehospital quick SOFA score is associated with in-hospital mortality in noninfected patients: A retrospective, cross-sectional study.

This study aimed to determine the accuracy of the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score in predicting mortality among prehospital patients with and without infection. This single-center, retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted among patients who arrived via the emergency medical services (EMS). We calculated the qSOFA score and Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS) from prehospital records. We identified patients as infected if they received intravenous antibiotics at the emergenc...

Determinants of bone damage: An ex-vivo study on porcine vertebrae.

Bone's resistance to fracture depends on several factors, such as bone mass, microarchitecture, and tissue material properties. The clinical assessment of bone strength is generally performed by Dual-X Ray Photon Absorptiometry (DXA), measuring bone mineral density (BMD) and trabecular bone score (TBS). Although it is considered the major predictor of bone strength, BMD only accounts for about 70% of fragility fractures, while the remaining 30% could be described by bone "quality" impairment parameters, mai...

Characterising variability and regional correlations of microstructure and mechanical competence of human tibial trabecular bone: An in-vivo HR-pQCT study.

Quantifying spatial distribution of trabecular bone mechanical competence and microstructure is important for early diagnosis of skeletal disorders and potential risk of fracture. The objective of this study was to determine a spatial distribution of trabecular mechanical and morphological properties in human distal tibia and examine the contribution of regional variability of trabecular microarchitecture to mechanical competence.

Assessing bone quality through mechanical properties in postmenopausal trabecular bone.

The inner structure of trabecular bone is a result of structural optimization provided by remodeling processes. Changes in hormonal status related to menopause cause bone tissue loss and micro-architectural deterioration with a consequent susceptibility to fracture. Accumulation of micro-damage in bone, as a function of the rate of production and rate of repair, underlies the development of stress fractures, increasing fragility associated to age and osteoporosis, especially in transmenopausal women.

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