PubMed Journals Articles About "Cross Sitting Position Traditional Sitting Position Adult Patients" RSS

20:01 EDT 4th April 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Cross sitting position Traditional sitting position Adult Patients" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 50,000+

Changes in the Global Spine Alignment in the Sitting Position in an Automobile.

Studies of the changes in spine alignment in the sitting position have been limited to specific spine segments. Because there have been few studies of global spinopelvic alignment in the sitting position, it is important to assess the changes associated with this position for such settings as developing future design of seats and achieving appropriate restoration of spine alignment.

Sagittal Spinal and Pelvic Alignment in Middle-Aged and Older Men and Women in the Natural and Erect Sitting Positions: A Prospective Study in a Chinese Population.

BACKGROUND This prospective study aimed to compare the sagittal spinopelvic parameters in the erect and natural sitting positions in healthy middle-aged and older men and women in a Chinese population. MATERIAL AND METHODS Ninety healthy middle-aged and older men and women underwent lateral whole spinal radiography in the natural and erect sitting positions. The  radiographic sagittal spinopelvic parameters were measured. They included the sagittal vertical axis (SVA), the T1 pelvic angle (TPA), the pelvic...

Is sitting invisible? Exploring how people mentally represent sitting.

Growing evidence suggests that prolonged uninterrupted sitting can be detrimental to health. Much sedentary behaviour research is reliant on self-reports of sitting time, and sitting-reduction interventions often focus on reducing motivation to sit. These approaches assume that people are consciously aware of their sitting time. Drawing on Action Identification Theory, this paper argues that people rarely identify the act of sitting as 'sitting' per se, and instead view it as an incidental component of more...

Preoperative and Postoperative Sitting Radiographs for Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: Upper Instrumented Vertebra Selection Using Sitting C2 Plumb Line Distance to Prevent Proximal Junctional Kyphosis.

Case-control study from a continuous series OBJECTIVES.: To study the impact of perioperative sitting radiographs in adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients and determine whether proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) can be prevented using preoperative sitting radiograph.

Intra- and intersession reliabilities of the flexor carpi radialis H-reflex while sitting with forearm pronation.

The flexor carpi radialis H-reflex recordings were more robust when the participants were in a sitting position with forearm pronation than with forearm supination. The reliability of flexor carpi radialis recordings obtained with the participant in sitting posture with forearm supination is well established. However, similar reliability utilizing a sitting posture with forearm pronation has not been established. The purpose of this study was to establish the intra and intersession reliabilities of flexor c...

Validity and variability of center of pressure measures to quantify trunk control in stroke patients during quiet sitting and reaching tasks.

In the immediate period following stroke, sitting balance is one of the most important predictors of functional recovery at discharge after rehabilitation. Thus, sitting balance determines the content of the early phase of stroke rehabilitation and an appropriate measurement tool is important.

Impact and process evaluation of a co-designed 'Move More, Sit Less' intervention in a public sector workplace.

High levels of sitting are associated with increased risk of adverse health outcomes, including chronic disease. Extensive sitting at work is common, hence organisations should provide options to employees to reduce prolonged sitting.

Mallampati test with phonation, tongue protrusion and supine position is most correlated with Cormack-Lehane test.

Many modified Mallampati tests have been developed to date. Samsoon's modified Mallampati test (standard Mallampati test) is currently widely used. We newly designed seven types of assessment protocol of Mallampati test, in addition to standard Mallampati test. In this study, we studied the correlation between eight types of protocol (standard and seven alternative protocols) of Mallampati test and Cormack-Lehane test. We newly designed assessment protocols as new Mallampati test. These are different protoc...

Effects of diagonally aligned sitting training with a tilted surface on sitting balance for low sitting performance in the early phase after stroke: a randomised controlled trial.

To clarify the effects of diagonally aligned sitting training using a tilted surface on sitting balance for patients with low sitting performance in the early phase after stroke. This was an assessor-blinded randomised controlled trial. The experimental group used a surface tilted 10° backward and down toward the most affected side; the control group trained on a horizontal surface. Both groups were asked to move their trunk diagonally forward toward the least affected side. Participants performed the acti...

Time trends between 2002 and 2017 in correlates of self-reported sitting time in European adults.

This study explores trends in the prevalence of high sitting time and its correlates among "high sitting" and "high sitting-least active" European adults from 2002 to 2017. Both groups have merit for future public health interventions to prevent development of a range of prevalent non-communicable diseases.

In Vivo Kinematics of Bicruciate-Retaining Total Knee Arthroplasty with Anatomical Articular Surface under High-Flexion Conditions.

Bicruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty (BCR-TKA) recreates normal knee movement by preserving the anterior cruciate and posterior cruciate ligaments. However, in vivo kinematics of BCR-TKA with the anatomical articular surface remains unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate in vivo kinematics of BCR-TKA with the anatomical articular surface during high-flexion activities. For this purpose, 17 knees after BCR-TKA with an anatomical articular surface were examined. Under fluoroscopy, each p...

Sedentary behaviour at work increases muscle stiffness of the back: Why roller massage has potential as an active break intervention.

There is increasing evidence that subjects who are exposed to long sitting periods suffer from musculoskeletal discomfort and back pain. The underlying mechanism and effective prevention strategies are still largely unknown. In this study, muscle stiffness of the back was measured in 59 office workers who followed their usual desk work regime for 4.5 h in a sitting posture. The sitting period was either followed by an 8-min roller massage intervention or a controlled standing task. Results showed that mus...

Effects of Interrupting Sitting with Use of a Treadmill Desk Versus Prolonged Sitting on Postural Stability.

High amounts of sitting increase the risk of non-communicable disease and mortality. Treadmill desks make it possible to reduce sitting during the desk-based worker's day. This study investigated the acute effect on postural stability of interrupting prolonged sitting with an accumulated 2-h of light-intensity treadmill desk walking. Twenty-one sedentary adults participated in this randomized acute crossover trial, with two 6.5 h conditions: 1) uninterrupted sitting and 2) interrupted sitting with accumulat...

Occupational sitting time and subsequent risk of cancer: the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective (JPHC) Study.

Although occupational sitting time has been associated with adverse health outcomes and mortality, the association with cancer incidence remains unknown. This study investigated the association between occupational sitting time and risk of total and site-specific cancer in a Japanese population. We evaluated 33,307 participants aged 50-79 years who responded to a questionnaire in 2000-2003 in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study and were followed until 2013. Participants were grouped by si...

Detecting Prolonged Sitting Bouts with the ActiGraph GT3X.

The ActiGraph has a high ability to measure physical activity, however, it lacks an accurate posture classification to measure sedentary behaviour. The aim of the present study was to develop an ActiGraph (waist-worn, 30Hz) posture classification to detect prolonged sitting bouts, and to compare the classification to proprietary ActiGraph data. The activPAL, a highly valid posture classification device, served as reference criterion. Both sensors were worn by 38 office workers over a median duration of 9 da...

Exploring the Views of Desk-Based Office Workers and Their Employers' Beliefs Regarding Strategies to Reduce Occupational Sitting Time, with an Emphasis on Technology-Supported Approaches.

Employee and employer views regarding how technology-supported strategies can best meet their needs to reduce occupational sitting are not well known. This study explored target user and key stakeholder beliefs regarding strategies to reduce occupational sitting focusing on technology-supported approaches.

Associations of Local Social Engagement and Environmental Attributes With Walking and Sitting Among Japanese Older Adults.

This cross-sectional study examined associations of local social engagement with walking and sitting, and whether these associations were modified by local environmental attributes. Older residents (aged 65-84 years, n = 849), recruited from a regional city in Japan, reported walking frequency, sitting time, local social engagement, and local environmental attributes. Walk Score® was also used as an environmental measure. Analysis of data from 705 participants found that engaging in community activities wa...

Associations of sitting time with leisure-time physical inactivity, education and BMI change.

We aimed to investigate the associations of long-term leisure-time physical inactivity, body mass index (BMI) change, and education with sitting time in a 35-year follow-up based on self-reports in surveys. Influences of working status in 2011 and familial confounding on the associations were tested. Data were based on the population-based Finnish Twin Cohort of 5232 twins (53-67-year-old, 41% men) with four surveys in 1975-2011. Statistical analyses were performed using linear regression with several covar...

Association between physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and body composition with menopausal symptoms in early postmenopausal women.

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between daily physical activity (daily activities, exercise, and sitting time), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and body composition (body mass index [BMI], waist to hip ratio [WHR)] with menopausal symptoms and to determine the strongest predictor(s) of menopausal symptoms.

Predictors of the Acute Postprandial Response to Breaking Up Prolonged Sitting.

To identify predictors of favourable changes to postprandial insulin and glucose levels in response to interrupting prolonged sitting time with standing or light intensity physical activity.

The influence of electrical impedance tomography belt on lung function determined by spirometry in sitting position.

The aim of the study was to examine whether electrode belt of electrical impedance tomography (EIT) changed lung function in healthy volunteers, patients with respiratory muscle weakness (RMW) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Prolonged standing reduces fasting plasma triglyceride but does not influence postprandial metabolism compared to prolonged sitting.

Prolonged periods of sedentary behavior are linked to cardiometabolic disease independent of exercise and physical activity. This study examined the effects of posture by comparing one day of sitting (14.4 ± 0.3 h) to one day of standing (12.2 ± 0.1 h) on postprandial metabolism the following day. Eighteen subjects (9 men, 9 women; 24 ± 1 y) completed two trials (sit or stand) in a crossover design. The day after prolonged sitting or standing the subjects completed a postprandial high fat/glucose toleran...

Urinary lead concentration and composition of the adult gut microbiota in a cross-sectional population-based sample.

Lead (Pb) is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant with an array of detrimental health effects in children and adults, including neurological and immune dysfunction. Emerging evidence suggests that Pb exposure may alter the composition of the gut microbiota, however few studies have examined this association in human populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between urinary Pb concentration and the composition of the adult gut microbiota in a population-based sample of adults.

Associations Between Television Time and activPAL-Measured Duration and Pattern of Sedentary Time Among Pregnant Women at Risk of Gestational Diabetes in the UK.

Television (TV) time is associated with poor cardiometabolic health outcomes. This finding is commonly attributed to duration of sitting or patterns of sitting associated with high TV time, but there is very little evidence on this link.

Feasibility of measuring sedentary time with thigh worn accelerometry, and sociodemographic correlates: the 1970 British Cohort Study.

In large scale cohort studies sedentary behaviour has been routinely measured using self-report or devices that apply count-based threshold. We employed a gold standard postural allocation technique using thigh inclination and acceleration to capture free-living sedentary behaviour . Participants (n=5,346, aged 46.8 ± 0.7 yrs) from the 1970 British Cohort study (U.K.) were fitted with a water-proofed thigh mounted accelerometer device (activPAL3 micro) worn continuously over 7 days, collected 2016 - 2018. ...

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