PubMed Journals Articles About "Crotaline Polyvalent Immune Ovine Active Initial Maintenance Therapy" RSS

21:19 EST 15th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Crotaline Polyvalent Immune ovine active initial maintenance therapy" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 27,000+

Thromboelastography in the management of snakebite-induced coagulopathy: a case series and literature review.

: North American crotaline envenomations are a significant source of morbidity annually. Envenomation is marked by a constellation of effects that can include severe tissue damage, systemic effects such as anaphylaxis, and coagulopathy with bleeding. Traditionally, static plasma-derived tests such as protime and PTT are used to assess coagulation status. However, other tests are available that provide a whole blood assessment of all portions of coagulation including initiation, propagation, and clot mainten...

Impact of post-transplantation maintenance therapy on health-related quality of life in patients with multiple myeloma: data from the Connect® MM Registry.

Maintenance therapy after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is recommended for use in multiple myeloma (MM); however, more data are needed on its impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Presented here is an analysis of HRQoL in a Connect MM registry cohort of patients who received ASCT ± maintenance therapy. The Connect MM Registry is one of the earliest and largest, active, observational, prospective US registry of patients with symptomatic newly diagnosed MM. Patients completed the Fu...

Maintenance treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer: Is it ready for prime time?

Approximately 1% of women in the United States will be diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) during their lifetime. It is most likely to present at a more advanced stage, requiring aggressive therapeutic measures, and most women will succumb to this illness. Due to advancements in therapy, the oncology community has begun to shift its focus to molecular targeted agents, alternative dosing schedules, and maintenance therapy. Women who achieve a response to initial adjuvant chemotherapy may be candid...

Maintenance and continuous therapy for multiple myeloma.

In multiple myeloma (MM), maintenance therapy is a longer and less intensive treatment course than initial therapy that is administered after induction to delay disease progression. Maintenance and continuous therapy have been shown to suppress minimal residual disease and deepen and prolong responses, with the goal of improving progression-free survival and overall survival. Areas covered: In this review, we have summarized current clinical trial data on maintenance and continuous therapy in newly-diagnose...

Thromboelastometry analysis of severe North American pit viper-induced coagulopathy: A case report.

A 51-year-old man presented with rapid onset encephalopathy and respiratory failure after a suspected intravascular envenomation from a North American pit viper. The patient received antivenom and was transferred to a tertiary care facility where he had cardiovascular collapse and persistent coagulopathy requiring 28 vials of Crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab antivenom for initial control and six vials for maintenance. The patient's coagulopathy was monitored using "traditional" measures (platelets, fibrinog...

Efficacy and safety of intermittent maintenance therapy after successful treatment of Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease.

The optimal duration of antimicrobial therapy for Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease (MAC-LD) is unknown, and recurrence rates are high after treatment discontinuation. Intermittent therapy is recommended for the initial treatment of non-cavitary nodular/bronchiectatic MAC-LD. We hypothesized that intermittent maintenance therapy (IMT) could effectively prevent recurrence after successful treatment of MAC-LD.

Peripheral Immunotype Correlates with Minimal Residual Disease Status and is Modulated by Immunomodulatory Drugs (IMiDs) in Multiple Myeloma.

There are data to indicate reversal of immune dysfunction with active treatment, however, the precise contribution of specific immune effector and immune suppressor components to achievement of minimal residual disease (MRD) state and IMiD-mediated immunomodulatory effects in multiple myeloma (MM) patients remains poorly understood. In this prospective proof-of-principle study we sought to determine the dynamic alterations in NK, NKT and T cell, including maturation and activating/inhibitory repertoire asso...

Should intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) treatment be administered to patients with T0 after repeat transurethral resection of bladder tumor in patients with high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer?

We evaluated the effect of intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) and BCG maintenance therapy on the prognosis of patients with T0 after repeat transurethral resection of bladder mass (TURBT). This retrospective analysis involved 427 patients who underwent repeat TURBT within 6 weeks after initial TURBT from 2007 to 2016. Repeat TURBT was performed in patients with high-risk criteria. Patients who achieved T0 after repeat TURBT did or did not receive intravesical BCG therapy. Patients were divided into...

Nab-paclitaxel maintenance therapy following carboplatin + nab-paclitaxel combination therapy in chemotherapy naïve patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer: multicenter, open-label, single-arm phase II trial.

Background A global multicenter study demonstrated superiority of carboplatin + nab-paclitaxel (PTX) therapy compared to carboplatin + PTX in terms of response rate (RR) and non-inferiority in terms of progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in untreated patients with stage IIIB/IV non-small cell lung cancer; no clinical findings have so far been reported on maintenance therapies with nab-PTX. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of maintenance therapy with nab-PT...

Golimumab effectiveness and safety in clinical practice for moderately active ulcerative colitis.

Golimumab (GLB) is an antitumour necrosis factor-α (anti-TNF) therapy that has shown efficacy as induction and maintenance therapy for ulcerative colitis (UC). We aimed to describe the outcome of GLB therapy for UC in a real-world clinical practice.

On-demand versus half-dose continuous therapy with esomeprazole for maintenance treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease: A randomized comparative study.

No consensus has been established regarding optimal long-term maintenance therapy in symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacies of on-demand and continuous therapy with esomeprazole as maintenance treatments for GERD.

Lenalidomide vs bortezomib maintenance choice post-autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation for multiple myeloma.

Maintenance therapy post-autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) with either lenalidomide or bortezomib for multiple myeloma (MM) have separately been shown to improve progression-free survival (PFS), but have never been directly compared. We performed a retrospective study to investigate progression-free and overall survival outcomes and toxicities of lenalidomide maintenance therapy compared with bortezomib maintenance in MM patients post-AHCT. This study included 156 patients who received po...

Long-Term Outcomes of Women With Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis After a Course of Maintenance Antifungal Therapy.

Data about long-term clinical outcome after a course of maintenance fluconazole in those with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) is lacking. We aimed to determine the rate of recurrence at a minimum of 6 months after completion of maintenance therapy.

Switch maintenance therapy with docetaxel and bevacizumab after induction therapy with cisplatin, pemetrexed, and bevacizumab in advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer: a phase II study.

Switch maintenance therapy, using alternative agents that were not administered during induction chemotherapy, is a treatment option for advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Bevacizumab is known to increase the efficacy of other chemotherapeutic agents; however, switch maintenance therapy with docetaxel and bevacizumab has not been adequately studied. The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of switch maintenance therapy with docetaxel and bevacizumab following ind...

Pharmacokinetics and immune reconstitution following discontinuation of thiopurine analogues: Implications for drug withdrawal strategies.

Thiopurine analogues discontinuation is common prior to live vaccines, during infection or when de-escalating therapy. Data regarding clearance of active metabolites and immune re-constitution is scant.

Impact of maintenance, resuscitation and unintended fluid therapy on global fluid load after elective coronary artery bypass surgery.

Standardized protocols are provided for maintenance and replacement fluid therapy in critically ill patients. However, unintended fluid sources (analgesics, antibiotics and other drugs) are not always taken into account when prescribing intravenous fluid therapy. We evaluated the extent to which maintenance, resuscitation and unintended fluids contributed to total fluid load in elective coronary artery bypass graft patients during their ICU stay.

Predictive Factors for Autoimmune Pancreatitis Relapse After 3 Years of Maintenance Therapy.

Oral corticosteroid treatment is the standard therapy for autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and is highly effective. However, relapse may occur during maintenance therapy (MT). We aimed to clarify the predictive factors for relapse after 3 years of MT for use in deciding on the continuation of long-term MT.

Biochar combined with polyvalent phage therapy to mitigate antibiotic resistance pathogenic bacteria vertical transfer risk in an undisturbed soil column system.

The vertical migration of antibiotic resistance pathogenic bacteria (ARPB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the surface soil-vadose soil system has become a new threat to ecological safety and public health; there is an imperative need to develop an efficient technique for targeted control and inactivation of ARPB in these systems. In this work, undisturbed soil columns (0 ∼ -5 m) were constructed to investigate the impact of biochar amendment or/and polyvalent bacteriophage (ΦYSZ-KK) therapy ...

Maintenance Therapy in Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma and Mantle Cell Lymphoma.

Maintenance therapy has evolved as a strategy to prolong remissions in patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) or mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), typically following a more intensive therapy, such as induction therapy or stem cell transplantation. In randomized, controlled clinical trials, this approach has successfully prolonged overall survival in some MCL clinical settings, including after autologous stem cell transplantation and after R-CHOP induction, but has generally been unsuccessful in DLBC...

Theoretical evaluation of optimal and suboptimal antiretroviral therapy strategies for HIV infection.

HIV interaction with the immune response is modeled mathematically. Initially, a detailed model is proposed that consists of a system of differential equations including immune cells (antigen presenting cells, T latent infected cells, T actively infected cells, resting T cells, helper T cells, inactive cytotoxic cells and active cytotoxic cells) and viral particles. Then, stability conditions are given from the basic reproduction number and numerical simulations are performed. From this it is possible to co...

First-line use of novel hormonal agents in prostate cancer: a critical appraisal.

Castration has been the hallmark of the treatment of advanced prostate cancer for nearly a century. Conventional surgical or medical castration for the management of metastatic prostate cancer has been associated with an initial response rate greater than 60% to 70%, depending on the criteria employed. The median duration of the initial response is usually less than 3 to 5 years, however, depending on the extent of disease. The failure of disease to respond to castration has been associated with an increase...

Maintenance Treatment of Eosinophilic Esophagitis With Swallowed Topical Steroids Alters Disease Course Over A 5-Year Follow-Up Period in Adult Patients.

Although swallowed topical corticosteroids (STCs) are effective in inducing remission of active eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), there are few data on maintenance of long-term remission. We evaluated the long-term effectiveness of STC therapy for adults with EoE.

Conditioned medium of ovine Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells improves growth and reduces ROS generation of isolated secondary follicles after short-term in vitro culture.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the conditioned medium of ovine Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells (oWJ-MSCs) on the morphology, growth, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione (GSH) intracellular levels, active mitochondria, and meiotic resumption of isolated ovine secondary follicles in vitro. The oWJ-MSCs were isolated and the medium where they were cultured was recovered (conditioned medium). Isolated ovine secondary follicles were cultured for 6 days in 1) supplem...

PD-1 contributes to the establishment and maintenance of HIV-1 latency.

In HIV-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART), latent HIV is enriched in CD4 T-cells expressing immune checkpoint molecules (ICs), in particular programmed cell death-1 (PD-1). We therefore assessed the effect of blocking PD-1 on latency, both in vitro and in vivo.

HIV-Related Stigma, Motivation to Adhere to Antiretroviral Therapy, and Medication Adherence among HIV-Positive Methadone-Maintained Patients.

Opioid agonist therapies with methadone are associated with higher levels of adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART), yet no studies have explored factors associated with optimal ART levels in HIV-positive patients on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), including explanatory pathways using mediation analysis.

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