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Crotaline Polyvalent Immune Ovine Active Initial Maintenance Therapy PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Crotaline Polyvalent Immune Ovine Active Initial Maintenance Therapy articles that have been published worldwide.
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: North American crotaline envenomations are a significant source of morbidity annually. Envenomation is marked by a constellation of effects that can include severe tissue damage, systemic effects such as anaphylaxis, and coagulopathy with bleeding. Traditionally, static plasma-derived tests such as protime and PTT are used to assess coagulation status. However, other tests are available that provide a whole blood assessment of all portions of coagulation including initiation, propagation, and clot mainten...
Maintenance therapy after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is recommended for use in multiple myeloma (MM); however, more data are needed on its impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Presented here is an analysis of HRQoL in a Connect MM registry cohort of patients who received ASCT ± maintenance therapy. The Connect MM Registry is one of the earliest and largest, active, observational, prospective US registry of patients with symptomatic newly diagnosed MM. Patients completed the Fu...
Approximately 1% of women in the United States will be diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) during their lifetime. It is most likely to present at a more advanced stage, requiring aggressive therapeutic measures, and most women will succumb to this illness. Due to advancements in therapy, the oncology community has begun to shift its focus to molecular targeted agents, alternative dosing schedules, and maintenance therapy. Women who achieve a response to initial adjuvant chemotherapy may be candid...
In multiple myeloma (MM), maintenance therapy is a longer and less intensive treatment course than initial therapy that is administered after induction to delay disease progression. Maintenance and continuous therapy have been shown to suppress minimal residual disease and deepen and prolong responses, with the goal of improving progression-free survival and overall survival. Areas covered: In this review, we have summarized current clinical trial data on maintenance and continuous therapy in newly-diagnose...
A 51-year-old man presented with rapid onset encephalopathy and respiratory failure after a suspected intravascular envenomation from a North American pit viper. The patient received antivenom and was transferred to a tertiary care facility where he had cardiovascular collapse and persistent coagulopathy requiring 28 vials of Crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab antivenom for initial control and six vials for maintenance. The patient's coagulopathy was monitored using "traditional" measures (platelets, fibrinog...
The optimal duration of antimicrobial therapy for Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease (MAC-LD) is unknown, and recurrence rates are high after treatment discontinuation. Intermittent therapy is recommended for the initial treatment of non-cavitary nodular/bronchiectatic MAC-LD. We hypothesized that intermittent maintenance therapy (IMT) could effectively prevent recurrence after successful treatment of MAC-LD.
Nab-paclitaxel maintenance therapy following carboplatin + nab-paclitaxel combination therapy in chemotherapy naïve patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer: multicenter, open-label, single-arm phase II trial.
Background A global multicenter study demonstrated superiority of carboplatin + nab-paclitaxel (PTX) therapy compared to carboplatin + PTX in terms of response rate (RR) and non-inferiority in terms of progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in untreated patients with stage IIIB/IV non-small cell lung cancer; no clinical findings have so far been reported on maintenance therapies with nab-PTX. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of maintenance therapy with nab-PT...
Golimumab (GLB) is an antitumour necrosis factor-α (anti-TNF) therapy that has shown efficacy as induction and maintenance therapy for ulcerative colitis (UC). We aimed to describe the outcome of GLB therapy for UC in a real-world clinical practice.
Maintenance therapy post-autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) with either lenalidomide or bortezomib for multiple myeloma (MM) have separately been shown to improve progression-free survival (PFS), but have never been directly compared. We performed a retrospective study to investigate progression-free and overall survival outcomes and toxicities of lenalidomide maintenance therapy compared with bortezomib maintenance in MM patients post-AHCT. This study included 156 patients who received po...
Data about long-term clinical outcome after a course of maintenance fluconazole in those with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) is lacking. We aimed to determine the rate of recurrence at a minimum of 6 months after completion of maintenance therapy.
Switch maintenance therapy, using alternative agents that were not administered during induction chemotherapy, is a treatment option for advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Bevacizumab is known to increase the efficacy of other chemotherapeutic agents; however, switch maintenance therapy with docetaxel and bevacizumab has not been adequately studied. The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of switch maintenance therapy with docetaxel and bevacizumab following ind...
Thiopurine analogues discontinuation is common prior to live vaccines, during infection or when de-escalating therapy. Data regarding clearance of active metabolites and immune re-constitution is scant.
No controlled comparisons between dolutegravir/lamivudine or dolutegravir maintenance therapy have been done. We hypothesized that these options would have similar efficacy to triple ART.
Oral corticosteroid treatment is the standard therapy for autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and is highly effective. However, relapse may occur during maintenance therapy (MT). We aimed to clarify the predictive factors for relapse after 3 years of MT for use in deciding on the continuation of long-term MT.
Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy more than 2 decades ago, HIV-related deaths have dramatically decreased and HIV infection has become a chronic disease. Due to the inability of antiretroviral drugs to eradicate the virus, treatment of HIV infection requires a systemic lifelong therapy. However, even when successfully treated, HIV patients still show increased incidence of age-associated co-morbidities compared with uninfected individuals. Virus- induced immunosenescence, a proc...
Maintenance therapy has evolved as a strategy to prolong remissions in patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) or mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), typically following a more intensive therapy, such as induction therapy or stem cell transplantation. In randomized, controlled clinical trials, this approach has successfully prolonged overall survival in some MCL clinical settings, including after autologous stem cell transplantation and after R-CHOP induction, but has generally been unsuccessful in DLBC...
Recurrence of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) after high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) usually has a poor overall prognosis with limited treatment options. Data on repeated ASCT are sparse. Checkpoint inhibitor maintenance therapy has also not been reported in PCNSL. Here, we report the first documented case of a successful third ASCT in second relapse of PCNSL. Whole-exome sequencing identified a hypermutated tumor genotype. Additionally, immunohistochem...
HIV interaction with the immune response is modeled mathematically. Initially, a detailed model is proposed that consists of a system of differential equations including immune cells (antigen presenting cells, T latent infected cells, T actively infected cells, resting T cells, helper T cells, inactive cytotoxic cells and active cytotoxic cells) and viral particles. Then, stability conditions are given from the basic reproduction number and numerical simulations are performed. From this it is possible to co...
Regulatory T cells(Tregs) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells(MDSCs) represent two immunosuppressive cell populations that are important in the establishment and maintenance of cancer immune tolerance. MDSCs can express IDO and promote immune tolerance via expansion of Treg cell.
Castration has been the hallmark of the treatment of advanced prostate cancer for nearly a century. Conventional surgical or medical castration for the management of metastatic prostate cancer has been associated with an initial response rate greater than 60% to 70%, depending on the criteria employed. The median duration of the initial response is usually less than 3 to 5 years, however, depending on the extent of disease. The failure of disease to respond to castration has been associated with an increase...
Although swallowed topical corticosteroids (STCs) are effective in inducing remission of active eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), there are few data on maintenance of long-term remission. We evaluated the long-term effectiveness of STC therapy for adults with EoE.
Esophageal microbiota and regulation of adaptive immunity are increasingly being investigated in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a central role in the initiation and maintenance of innate immune activity. Our objective was to characterize the esophageal and duodenal innate immune response in EoE and its modulation by dietary therapy.
In HIV-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART), latent HIV is enriched in CD4 T-cells expressing immune checkpoint molecules (ICs), in particular programmed cell death-1 (PD-1). We therefore assessed the effect of blocking PD-1 on latency, both in vitro and in vivo.
Although T lymphocytes have long been appreciated for their role in the immunosurveillance of cancer, it has been the realization that cancer cells may ultimately escape a response from tumor-reactive T cells that has ignited efforts to enhance the efficacy of anti-tumor immune responses. Recent advances in our understanding of T cell immunobiology have been particularly instrumental in informing therapeutic strategies to overcome mechanisms of tumor immune escape, and immune checkpoint blockade has emerged...