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PubMed Journals Articles About "Crystalloid Structures Lung FNAC" RSS

20:25 EDT 4th April 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Crystalloid structures lung FNAC" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,400+

Crystalloid structures in a lung FNAC.

An elderly woman was admitted to hospital because of the presence of a necrotizing lung cavity on radiology imaging. A lung FNAC was performed, showing the presence of rare acid fast bacilli that looked like Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The necrotic material, stained by the Papanicolaou method, showed numerous crystalloid structures (figures 1A and B). They did not polarize and GMS & PAS stains were negative for fungi.


Surgeon-performed ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of thyroid nodules is cost effective and efficient: evaluation of thyroid nodule assessment in a provincial New Zealand hospital.

Surgeon-performed ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (US-FNAC) and radiologist-performed US-FNAC are both accepted forms of thyroid nodule assessment. To date there have been no studies comparing cost of evaluation between these two models. The aim of this study is to compare surgeon-performed thyroid US-FNAC to radiologist-performed US-FNAC. The primary outcome of interest was cost of surgeon-performed US-FNAC compared to cost of radiologist-performed US-FNAC. Secondary outcome of interest w...

Axillary Lymph Node Ultrasound Following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Biopsy-Proven Node-Positive Breast Cancer: Results from the SN FNAC Study.

The sentinel node biopsy following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (SN FNAC) study has shown that in node-positive (N+) breast cancer, sentinel node biopsy (SNB) can be performed following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), with a low false negative rate (FNR = 8.4%). A secondary endpoint of the SN FNAC study was to determine whether axillary ultrasound (AxUS) could predict axillary pathological complete response (ypN0) and increase the accuracy of SNB.


Subcutaneous Panniculitis-Like T Cell Lymphoma: Approach to Differential Diagnosis on Cytology.

Sighting a case of subcutaneous panniculitis-like T cell lymphoma (SPTCL) in cytology is very rare in a clinical scenario. Among the differential diagnoses (D/D) of a subcutaneous nodule undergoing fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), it is hardly considered in the list. The common D/D on cytology would be panniculitis or a non-SPTCL lymphoma. To make a correct cytological diagnosis, the pathologist has to meticulously observe the type of inflammatory infiltrate, their morphology, the intimate admixture ...

Combined sleeve lobectomy for centrally located primary lung cancer and lung cancer with hilar lymph node metastasis.

Centrally located lung cancer or metastatic hilar lymph nodes can invade the airway and other hilar structures, and they must be removed to achieve complete resection.

Anthropomorphic phantom for deformable lung and liver CT and MR imaging for radiotherapy.

In this study, a functioning and ventilated anthropomorphic phantom was further enhanced for the purpose of CT and MR imaging of the lung and liver. A deformable lung, including respiratory tract was 3D printed. Within the lung's inner structures is a solid region shaped from a patient's lung tumour and six nitro-glycerine capsules as reference landmarks. The full internal mesh was coated, and the tumour filled, with polyorganosiloxane based gel. A moulded liver was created with an external casing of silico...

The Accuracy of Histopathological and Cytopathological Techniques in the Identification of the Mycetoma Causative Agents.

Mycetoma is a devastating neglected tropical disease, caused by various fungal and bacterial pathogens. Correct diagnosis to the species level is mandatory for proper treatment. In endemic areas, various diagnostic tests and techniques are in use to achieve that, and that includes grain culture, surgical biopsy histopathological examination, fine needle aspiration cytological (FNAC) examination and in certain centres molecular diagnosis such as PCR. In this retrospective study, the sensitivity, specificity ...

Spline Curve Deformation Model with Prior Shapes for Identifying Adhesion Boundaries between Large Lung Tumors and Tissues around Lungs in CT Images.

Automated segmentation of lung tumors attached to anatomic structures such as the chest wall or mediastinum remains a technical challenge because of the similar Hounsfield units of these structures. To address this challenge, we propose herein a spline curve deformation model that combines prior shapes to correct large spatially contiguous errors (LSCEs) in input shapes derived from image-appearance cues.The model is then used to identify the adhesion boundaries between large lung tumors and tissue around t...

Glycoprotein biomarkers and analysis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer with special focus on serum immunoglobulin G.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer are two major diseases of the lung with high rate of mortality, mostly among tobacco smokers. The glycosylation patterns of various plasma proteins show significant changes in COPD and subsequent hypoxia, inflammation and lung cancer, providing promising opportunities for screening aberrant glycan structures contributing to early detection of both diseases. Glycoproteins associated with COPD and lung cancer consist of highly sialylated N-glycans, ...

High crystalloid volumes negate benefit of hemostatic resuscitation in pediatric wartime trauma casualties.

Recent data for adult trauma patients suggests improved survival when using hemostatic resuscitation, which includes limiting crystalloids and using closer to 1:1 ratios for both fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and platelets (PLT) relative to packed red blood cells (PRBC). Pediatric studies have shown similar, but mixed results, and often lack measuring crystalloids. We seek to evaluate in-hospital survival based on crystalloid administration and different blood product ratios in pediatric casualties during the r...

The prognostic significance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes assessment with hematoxylin and eosin sections in resected primary lung adenocarcinoma.

The prognostic significance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes has been determined in cancers of the lung, colon and breast, though there is no standardized method for using this prognostic indicator for lung cancer. We applied a modified version of the method proposed by the International Immuno-Oncology Biomarkers Working Group to primary lung adenocarcinoma, which uses histologic findings of hematoxylin and eosin sections. The study included a total cohort of 146 lung adenocarcinoma patients who underwent...

Fresh Frozen Plasma versus Crystalloid Priming of Cardiopulmonary Bypass Circuit in Pediatric Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Fresh frozen plasma is often used to prime the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit for pediatric cardiac surgical patients to help offset dilutional coagulopathy that might result in increased perioperative bleeding and allogeneic blood transfusionPrior randomized trials of crystalloid versus fresh frozen plasma prime have reported conflicting results, but the vast majority of these studies were not blinded WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: In this double-blind randomized controlled trial of patients under...

Massive mystery mass: Cytological diagnosis of a neck swelling.

40-year-old male presented with gradually progressive neck swelling in right cervical region for the last six years [Figure 1a]. On examination, the swelling was firm to hard, fixed and non-tender. There was no hoarseness of voice, difficulty in breathing, swallowing, history of fever, weight loss or any surgical intervention. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) was performed as a frontline investigation and the patient was advised radiological investigations [Figure 1b]. FNAC revealed scant, sticky mate...

The Great Fluid Debate: Normal Saline versus Balanced Crystalloid.

Fine needle aspiration cytology of an adult submandibular cystic choristoma.

Choristoma is an abnormal mass composed of histologically normal tissue found in an abnormal location. A choristoma in the submandibular region has been documented in the English literature by only five previous anecdotal case reports. All these cases presented during infancy. An adulthood presentation of a cystic choristoma is heretofore unheard of. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is often the first invasive investigation of such cystic masses in the head and neck region with wide variety of differe...

Tissue ACE phenotyping in lung cancer.

Pulmonary vascular endothelium is the main metabolic site for Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme (ACE)-mediated degradation of several biologically-active peptides (angiotensin I, bradykinin, hemo-regulatory peptide Ac-SDKP). Primary lung cancer growth and lung cancer metastases decrease lung vascularity reflected by dramatic decreases in both lung and serum ACE activity. We performed precise ACE phenotyping in tissues from subjects with lung cancer.

Supplemental peri-operative intravenous crystalloids for postoperative nausea and vomiting: an abridged Cochrane systematic review.

We conducted a Cochrane systematic review on the effectiveness of supplemental intravenous crystalloid administration in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting. We included randomised controlled trials of patients undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia and given supplemental peri-operative intravenous crystalloid. Our primary outcomes were the risk of postoperative nausea and the risk of postoperative vomiting. We assessed the risk of bias for each included study and applied the Grading of Recom...

Circular RNAs: pivotal molecular regulators and novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in non-small cell lung cancer.

Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a large class of non-coding RNAs with covalently closed-loop structures, are abundant, stable, conserved, and have tissue and developmental-stage specificities. The biological functions of circRNAs are varied. Moreover, circRNAs participate in various pathological processes, especially in multiple cancers. Lung cancer is the most frequent malignant tumor worldwide. Many studies have suggested that circRNAs are pivotal in non-small cell lung cancer. This article aims to provide a re...

Fresh Frozen Plasma versus Crystalloid Priming of Cardiopulmonary Bypass Circuit in Pediatric Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial: Erratum.

Increased risk of coronary heart disease and stroke in lung cancer survivors: A Korean nationwide study of 20,458 patients.

With advances in lung cancer treatments, the number of lung cancer survivors has increased. As cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are some of the major causes of non-cancer deaths, CVD management is an integral part of cancer survivorship care. However, there is sparsity of data on cardiovascular risk in lung cancer survivors who underwent lung cancer surgery. We aimed to compare the incidence of CVD between lung cancer survivors and the general non-cancer population.

Long-term Outcomes of Lung Transplant With Ex Vivo Lung Perfusion.

The mortality rate for individuals on the wait list for lung transplant is 15% to 25%, and still only 20% of lungs from multiorgan donors are used for lung transplant. The lung donor pool may be increased by assessing and reconditioning high-risk extended criteria donor lungs with ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP), with similar short-term outcomes.

Dysbiosis of the Gut Microbiome is associated with Tumor Biomarkers in Lung Cancer.

Lung cancer is a malignancy with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. More evidences indicated that gut microbiome plays an important role in the carcinogenesis and progression of cancers by metabolism, inflammation and immune response. However, the study about the characterizations of gut microbiome in lung cancer is limited. In this study, the fecal samples were collected from 16 healthy individuals and 30 lung cancer patients who were divided into 3 groups based on different tumor biomarkers (cytokera...

lapdMouse: associating lung anatomy with local particle deposition in mice.

To facilitate computational toxicology, we developed an approach for generating high-resolution lung anatomy and particle deposition mouse models. Major processing steps of our method include mouse preparation, serial block-face cryomicrotome imaging, and highly automated image analysis for generating 3D mesh- and volume-based models of lung anatomy (airways, lobes, sub-lobes, and near-acini structures) that are linked to local particle deposition measurements. Analysis resulted in 34 mouse models, covering...

Evidence That Established Lung Cancer Mortality Disparities in American Indians Are Not Due to Lung Cancer Genetic Testing and Targeted Therapy Disparities.

American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) continue to experience extreme lung cancer health disparities. The state of Minnesota is home to over 70,000 AI/AN, and this population has a 2-fold increase in lung cancer mortality compared to other races within Minnesota. Genetic mutation testing in lung cancer is now a standard of high-quality lung cancer care, and EGFR mutation testing has been recommended for all adenocarcinoma lung cases, regardless of smoking status. However, genetic testing is a controver...

Cytomorphology of glioblastoma metastic to a cervical lymph node diagnosed by fine needle aspiration (FNA): A case report and review of literature.

Glioblastoma is an aggressive primary central nervous system tumor with a dismal prognosis. However, extracranial metastases are extremely rare. Very few cases have been reported in the literature. We present a case of a 64-year-old male with glioblastoma metastatic to a cervical lymph node in which the diagnosis was made on fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). The cytomorphologic features of glioblastoma are distinct, with pleomorphic cells in loosely cohesive clusters with prominent nucleoli, coarsely ...


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