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Current Opinions PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Current Opinions articles that have been published worldwide.
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Academic publications have so far hardly paid any attention to the topic of biased medical experts or expert opinions. This is the first attempt to systematically describe and analyze the issue, drawing on the author's many years of giving expert opinions as a neuropsychiatrist on matters relating to social legislation and civil law. In addition to dealing with questions of definition, this article outlines the features of biased expert opinions, particularly focusing on the role of insurance and private ex...
We investigated the impact of peers' opinions on the smoking initiation process among adolescents. We applied the Continuous Opinions and Discrete Actions (CODA) model to study how social interactions change adolescents' opinions and behaviors about smoking. Through agent-based modeling (ABM), we simulated a population of 2500 adolescents and compared smoking prevalence to data from 9 cohorts of adolescents in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) from year 2001 till 2014. Our model adjusts wel...
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) constitutes a troublesome symptom complex resulting from retrograde passage of gastric contents into the esophagus or extra-esophageal regions. Premature-born, high-risk infants and those with neuro-aero-digestive pathologies are at increased risk. Critical review over the last 3 years was conducted, and current opinions on pharmacological targets include agents aimed at prevention of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation, modification of the physico-chemical...
Research examining the role of second opinions in pathology for diagnosis of melanocytic lesions is limited.
This study was performed to investigate mothers' opinions and knowledge about the contraceptive feature of breastfeeding.
The care of rhinologic patients has undergone a remarkable transformation in recent years. With the advent of endoscopic sinus surgery and high-tech image-guided computer systems, the surgical care of patients with benign sinonasal disease has successfully transitioned from the main hospital operating room to the outpatient ambulatory surgical center. Currently, there is yet another movement underway, in an attempt to care for these patients in the office setting.
In the absence of other information, people put more weight on their own opinion than on the opinion of others: they are conservative. Several proximal mechanisms have been suggested to account for this finding. One of these mechanisms is that people cannot access reasons for other people's opinions, but they can access the reasons for their own opinions-whether they are the actual reasons that led them to hold the opinions (rational access to reasons), or post-hoc constructions (biased access to reasons). ...
Although the number of national measles cases has greatly decreased since 1980s, there has been resurgence in disease incidence in recent years. While parental knowledge and attitudes toward both disease and vaccinations are known to influence vaccine uptake, the contribution of these factors toward vaccination rates in NSW populations has not been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge and opinions on measles and MMR vaccine in NSW Central and North Coast regions.
In accordance with the changing demographics in the United States, orthodontists working on various ethnic populations should be more conscious when using the standardized profile analyses for the African American patient. The objective of this study was to examine whether the perception of lip protrusiveness in modern African American faces has changed. For this purpose, we investigated the most favorable African American lip profile using the opinions of 10 experienced and 10 newly trained younger orthodo...
This study evaluated knowledge, opinions and compliance related to Uganda's comprehensive smoke-free law among hospitality venues in Kampala Uganda.
Violent radicalization is increasingly conceptualized as a public health issue, associated with psychological distress, a sharp increase in discrimination and profiling, and an increase in hate crime and some types of terrorist acts.This brief paper addresses the limitations of the current conceptual models of violent radicalization. Beyond understanding the path leading from radicalization of opinion to violent radicalization, it proposes to consider the non-violent outcomes of radicalization of opinions i...
Controversy exists surrounding extraction of tissue in gynecologic surgery using morcellators following cases of disseminated uterine cancers discovered after the use of electromechanical morcellators. This chapter traces the history of tissue extraction in gynecology and reviews the evolving scientific data and opinions regarding the future of morcellation.
Rectal prolapse is a common condition, with conflicting opinions on optimal surgical management. Existing literature is predominantly composed of case series, with a dearth of evidence demonstrating current, real-world practice. This study investigated recent national trends in management of rectal prolapse in the Republic of Ireland (ROI).
The appropriate prescribing of paediatric dosage forms is paramount in providing the desired therapeutic effect alongside successful medication adherence with the paediatric population. Often it is the opinion of the healthcare practitioner that dictates which type of dosage form would be most appropriate for the paediatric patient, with liquids being both the most commonly available and most commonly used. Orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) are an emerging dosage form which provide many benefits over tra...
In Japan, the cervical cancer preventative HPV vaccination rate has dramatically declined, directly as a result of repeated broadcasts of so-called adverse events and the resulting suspension of the government's recommendation. Our previous survey of obstetricians and gynecologists in Japan regarding their opinions toward HPV vaccination revealed that these key specialists were as negatively influenced by the reports of purported negative events as were the general population. Here, we report a 3-year follo...
The current economic context calls for rationalizing health resources that can be pursued through disinvestment from low value health technologies to invest in the best performing ones, ensuring high healthcare quality. Oncology is a field where, because of high costs of health technologies and rapid innovation, disinvestment is crucial.
Ketamine and propofol are both commonly used emergency department (ED) procedural sedation agents. Their concurrent administration, often referred to as "ketofol", is widely used for procedural sedation. A simple google search can lead to a lot of opinions on why we should use propofol, ketamine, or ketofol in a given situation for moderate or deep procedural sedation in the ED, but finding evidence that supports differences these opinions assume is much harder to come by. This article is protected by copyr...
This cross-sectional study investigated California dentists’ knowledge and opinion of the interface between oral and overall health. A questionnaire and cover letter explaining the purpose of the study were mailed to 1,100 randomly selected California licensed general dentists. The survey measured dentists’ knowledge and opinions of the interface between oral and overall health as well as their recommendations for strengthening this interface. Dentists believed that there was minimal interface between o...
Patient-centered outcomes research is predicated on the idea that the opinions, attitudes, and preferences of patients should help inform study design and interpretation. To date, little is known about what defines patient-centered outcomes from cognitive evaluations. The current evaluation sought to explore this issue in persons with Parkinson's disease (PwPD) and their care partners (CP).
Through years, the use of vaccines has always been a controversial issue. People in a society may have different opinions about how beneficial the vaccines are and as a consequence some of those individuals decide to vaccinate or not themselves and their relatives. This attitude in face of vaccines has clear consequences in the spread of diseases and their transformation in epidemics. Motivated by this scenario, we study, in a simultaneous way, the changes of opinions about vaccination together with the evo...
Today, it is a priority to predict what consumers will choose at the point of sale where there are more and more competing brands. But what kind of consumers' information can be used for that purpose? This paper compares the power of physiological responses (unconscious responses) and self-report/verbal responses (conscious responses) towards product packages, as a means of predicting product choices. To this end, six different packaging designs were created by combining three different colors (blue, red an...
[Full article available at http://rimed.org/rimedicaljournal-2018-03.asp].