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Current Ideas Complex Relationship Between Atrial Fibrillation Ischemic PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Current Ideas Complex Relationship Between Atrial Fibrillation Ischemic articles that have been published worldwide.
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The review analyzed current ideas on prevalence and clinical significance of atrial fibrillation following acute coronary syndrome; described modern approaches to administration of antithrombotic therapy; and addressed available clinical studies on the treatment with warfarin and new oral anticoagulants as a part of combination antithrombotic therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation and acute coronary syndrome.
Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of stroke by a factor of 4- to 5-fold, and dementia is a common consequence of stroke. However, atrial fibrillation has been associated with cognitive impairment and dementia, even in patients without prior overt stroke. Non-ischemic mechanisms include cerebral hypoperfusion, vascular inflammation, brain atrophy, genetic factors, and shared risk factors such as age or hypertension. Critical appraisal of studies evaluating the association between atrial fibrillation and...
This expert opinion paper on atrial fibrillation detection after ischemic stroke includes a statement of the "Heart and Brain" consortium of the German Cardiac Society and the German Stroke Society. This paper was endorsed by the Stroke Unit-Commission of the German Stroke Society and the German Atrial Fibrillation NETwork. In patients with ischemic stroke, detection of atrial fibrillation should usually lead to a change in secondary stroke prevention, since oral anticoagulation is superior to antiplatelet ...
Several cardiovascular diseases exhibit seasonal variations, but data about cold temperature and risk of ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are limited.
The interruption of oral anticoagulation therapy (OAC) after CA of atrial fibrillation (AF) is controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between successful long-term outcomes of catheter resection and SR maintenance and ischemic stroke risk in Korea. We studied 1,548 consecutive patients who were followed up for more than 2 years after CA of AF. We investigated the incidence of ischemic stroke during long-term follow-up. Compared to the AF recurrence group (n = 619), the sinu...
Catheter ablation for rhythm control is recommended in specific patient populations with paroxysmal, persistent, or long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation. Pulmonary vein isolation is the cornerstone of the ablative therapy for atrial fibrillation. However, relapse is still common since the single procedure efficacy of atrial fibrillation ablation was estimated to be 60-80% in paroxysmal and 50-70% in persistent atrial fibrillation. It is important to identify predictors of successful atrial fibrillat...
The detection of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is crucial in the etiological study of an acute ischemic stroke (AIS), although this type of arrhythmia is often under-diagnosed. This prospective study aims to (1) evaluate the new-onset PAF detection rate among elderly patients with AIS in an acute setting, and (2) to assess the applicability of the STAF score (Score for the Targeting of Atrial Fibrillation) for such patients.
Currently, it is considered that atrial fibrillation (AF) is a risk factor for cognitive impairment and dementia, which is independent of stroke. However, the relationship between anticoagulant drugs and cognitive function in patients with atrial fibrillation is unknown.
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an identified risk factor for ischemic strokes (IS). AF causes a loss in atrial contractile function that favors the formation of thrombi, and thus increases the risk of stroke. Also, AF produces highly irregular and complex temporal dynamics in ventricular response RR intervals. Thus, it is hypothesized that the analysis of RR dynamics could provide predictors for IS. However, these complex and nonlinear dynamics call for the use of advanced multiscale nonlinear signal processin...
Stroke is the most feared complication of atrial fibrillation. To prevent stroke, left atrial appendage exclusion has been targeted, as it is the prevalent site for formation of heart thrombi during atrial fibrillation. We review the historic development of methods for exclusion of the left atrial appendage and the evidence to support its amputation during routine cardiac surgery.
We aimed to clarify associations between pre-admission risk scores (CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, and HAS-BLED) and 2-year clinical outcomes in ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) using a prospective, multicenter, observational registry.
Heart failure (HF) is associated with an incremental risk of ischemic stroke, but limited real-world data exist in Patients with HF without atrial fibrillation (AF).
To describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) previously treated with oral anticoagulants (OACs) according to the type of OAC prescribed. To analyze the outcomes of the patients and the therapeutic approach adopted by the neurologist in the acute phase and for secondary prevention.
An increasing number of detection tools are available and several detection strategies have been described to pursue the diagnosis of atrial fibrillation to prevent ischemic stroke. Monitoring tools include standard electrocardiography, snapshot single-lead recordings with professional or personal devices (e.g. smartphone-based), Holter monitor, external devices with long-term recording capabilities, and cardiac implantable electronic devices, including pacemakers, implantable cardioverter defibrillators an...
Deficiency of testosterone was associated with the susceptibility of atrial fibrillation. Angiotensin-II receptor antagonists were shown to reduce atrial fibrillation by improving atrial electrical remodeling. This study investigated the effects and mechanism of valsartan, an angiotensin-II receptor antagonist, on the susceptibility to atrial fibrillation with testosterone deficiency.
In the clinical practice a physician quite often is at a loss due to "freedom of choice" granted by availability of direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC). If a patient with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) has indications for therapy with anticoagulants which DOAC should be preferred? What are benefits for a patient with ischemic heart disease and AF when definite NOAC is chosen and what are risks inherent of this choice? Answers to such questions are given in this paper.
Adding left atrial appendage closure to open heart surgery provides protection from ischemic brain injury six years after surgery independently of atrial fibrillation history: the LAACS randomized study.
Open heart surgery is associated with high occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF), subsequently increasing the risk of post-operative ischemic stroke. Concomitant with open heart surgery, a cardiac ablation procedure is commonly performed in patients with known AF, often followed by left atrial appendage closure with surgery (LAACS). However, the protective effect of LAACS on the risk of cerebral ischemia following cardiac surgery remains controversial. We have studied whether LAACS in addition to open hear...
Early detection of atrial fibrillation after stroke is important for secondary prevention in stroke patients without known atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to compare the performance of CHADS, CHADS-VASc and HATCH scores in predicting AF detected after stroke (AFDAS) and to test whether adding stroke severity to the risk scores improves predictive performance.
Whether carotid atherosclerosis is associated with an increased risk for ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) on anticoagulant treatment is undefined. To explore this association, patients with AF on treatment with vitamin K antagonists were included in a multicenter, prospective study.
Emerging evidence indicates gut microbes and their products could activate the autonomic nervous system (ANS), which plays important roles in the initiation and maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF). Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a metabolite derived from gut microbes, is associated with cardiovascular diseases. The present study aimed to investigate the role of TMAO in the progression of AF.
Caffeine has been considered a trigger for atrial fibrillation (AF). We conducted a meta-analysis including a dose-response analysis to assess the relationship between caffeine consumed and incidence of AF.
The aim of this study was to evaluate a spatial correlation between active atrial fibrillation (AF) drivers measured by ECGI and complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs) in patients with persistent AF.
Long-term monitoring has been advocated to enhance the detection of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with stroke.