PubMed Journals Articles About "CyberKnife Stereotactic Radiotherapy Surgery Small Cell Lung Cancer" RSS

21:33 EDT 2nd April 2020 | BioPortfolio

CyberKnife Stereotactic Radiotherapy Surgery Small Cell Lung Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest CyberKnife Stereotactic Radiotherapy Surgery Small Cell Lung Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "CyberKnife Stereotactic Radiotherapy Surgery small Cell Lung Cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 53,000+

Comparison of Long-term Survival of Patients With Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer After Surgery vs Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy.

Previous comparisons of surgery and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for early-stage (ES) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) did not account for the extent of regional lymph node examination (LNE) during surgery.

Mortality after radiotherapy or surgery in the treatment of early stage non-small-cell lung cancer: a population-based study on recent developments.

Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) can achieve high tumour control with limited toxicity for inoperable early stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.

Current landscape of palliative radiotherapy for non-small-cell lung cancer.

Radiotherapy (RT) is a cornerstone in the management of advanced stage III and stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Despite international guidelines, clinical practice remains heterogeneous. Additionally, the advent of stereotactic ablative RT (SABR) and new systemic treatments such as immunotherapy have shaken up dogmas in the approach of these patients. This review will focus on palliative thoracic RT for NSCLC but will also discuss the role of stereotactic radiotherapy, endobronchial bra...

Cyberknife stereotactic body radiotherapy for liver metastases from prostate cancer.

To investigate the effectiveness and adverse effects of Cyberknife stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) on liver metastases from PCa.

Biologically Effective Dose in Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy and Survival for Patients with Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) results in excellent local control of stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Radiobiology models predict greater tumor response when higher biologically effective doses (BED) are given. Prior studies support a BED ≥100 Gy with SBRT; however, data is limited comparing outcomes after various SBRT regimens. We therefore sought to evaluate national trends and the effect of using "low" versus "high" BED SBRT courses on overall survival (OS).

Surgical resection versus stereotactic body radiation therapy in early stage bronchopulmonary large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma.

Surgery is the standard of care for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is another definitive treatment option for those patients who have not been treated surgically. Comparison of approaches is being explored in NSCLC, but has yet to be compared exclusively in large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) of the lung. We used the National Cancer Database (NCDB) to conduct such a comparison.

Predicting 5-Year Progression and Survival Outcomes for Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated with Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy: Development and Validation of Robust Prognostic Nomograms.

To develop predictive nomograms for overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and time-to-progression (TTP) at 5-years in patients with early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (ES-NSCLC) treated with stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR).

Response evaluation after stereotactic ablative radiotherapy for localized non-small-cell lung cancer - an equipoise of available resource and accuracy.

There is growing evidence supporting the use of stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) on the treatment of localized stage non-small-cell Lung cancer (NSCLC). Distinctive imaging challenges are posed post-SABR treatment. Thus, it is imperative to provide guidance on assessing treatment response, especially for new adopters. This commentary is about filling a gap in response evaluation after SABR for localized NSCLC.

Cost-effectiveness of stereotactic body radiation therapy versus video assisted thoracic surgery in medically operable stage I non-small cell lung cancer: A modeling study.

Stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) can be treated with either Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) or Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) resection. To support decision making, not only the impact on survival needs to be taken into account, but also on quality of life, costs and cost-effectiveness. Therefore, we performed a cost-effectiveness analysis comparing SBRT to VATS resection with respect to quality adjusted life years (QALY) lived and costs in operable stage I NSCLC.

Stereotatic radiotherapy in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer: Combining immunotherapy and radiotherapy with a focus on liver metastases.

Presence of liver metastases correlates with worse survival and response to any treatments. This may be due to the microenvironment of liver which leads tumor to escape from Immune System. Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy may help to sensitize Immune System and to improve the immunotherapy effect. Interest is being directed toward combining Immune-Checkpoint Inhibitors with radiotherapy to improve response to immunotherapy. However, the mechanisms by which radiation induces anti-tumor T-cells remain uncl...

Radiosurgery and fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy in oligometastatic/oligoprogressive non-small cell lung cancer patients: Results of a multi-institutional series of 198 patients treated with "curative" intent.

stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) are a therapeutic option for Oligometastatic/Oligoprogressive (OM/OP) NSCLC. This retrospective multicentre analysis aims to analyse clinical outcomes and treatment related toxicity of patients treated to all sites of know disease with SRS and/or FSRT for OM/OP NSCLC in 8 Italian radiation oncology centres.

Early experience with CyberKnife treatment in case of intra-, suprasellar hypernephroma metastasis.

Among tumours found in the suprasellar region metastases are very rare and the most frequent primary tumours are lung and breast cancer. Data of a patient with clear cell renal carcinoma with intra-suprasellar metastasis will be discussed. As in most of the tumours in the sellar region, the first symptom was visual deterioration with visual field defect. A transsphenoidal debulking of the tumour was performed and the residual tumor was treated by CyberKnife hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. Both o...

Pathologic response after modern radiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer.

In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), pathologic complete response (pCR) following radiotherapy treatment has been shown to be an independent prognostic factor for long-term survival, progression-free survival and locoregional control. PCR is considered a surrogate to therapeutic efficacy, years before survival data are available, and therefore can be used to guide treatment plans and additional therapeutic interventions post-surgical resection. Given the extensive fibrotic changes induced by radiotherapy ...

Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy for operable stage I non-small cell lung cancer: not ready for prime time.

Predictors of Distant Recurrence Following Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

The objective of this study was to characterize patients at an increased risk of distant metastasis (DM) following stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Prior or concurrent radiotherapy and nivolumab immunotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer.

Studies suggest that combining radiotherapy (RT) with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) blockade may elicit a synergistic antitumor response. We aimed to assess whether prior or concurrent RT was associated with improved disease control in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with nivolumab.

The role of postoperative thoracic radiotherapy and prophylactic cranial irradiation in early stage small cell lung cancer: Patient selection among ESTRO experts.

The role of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) and thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) is unclear in resected small cell lung cancer (SCLC).

Timing of thoracic radiotherapy is more important than dose intensification in patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer: a parallel comparison of two prospective studies.

The optimal radiotherapy dose/fraction for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is undefined. Our objectives were to compare efficacy between hyperfractionated thoracic radiotherapy (TRT; 1.5 Gy 2 times per day [bid] in 30 fractions) and hypofractionated TRT (2.5 Gy once per day [qd] in 22 fractions), and to explore prognostic factors influencing the prognosis, such as the timing of TRT.

Radiotherapy for local recurrence of non-small-cell lung cancer after lobectomy and lymph node dissection-can local recurrence be radically cured by radiation?

There is no standard therapeutic approach for local recurrence of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after complete resection. We investigated the outcomes of radiotherapy (RT) for patients with local recurrence.

Metabolic Responses to Metformin in Inoperable Early-stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated With Stereotactic Radiotherapy: Results of a Randomized Phase II Clinical Trial.

Metformin reduces glucose uptake in physiologic tissues and has been shown to affect non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) metabolism. We hypothesized that positron emission tomography (PET) scans could detect the impact of metformin on glucose uptake in NSCLC and we sought to redundant test this hypothesis in a prospective clinical trial.

Phase II study of vinorelbine plus carboplatin with concurrent radiotherapy in elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the standard treatment for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer. In the current aging society, the establishment of an ideal treatment strategy for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer in the elderly is warranted. To assess the efficacy of concurrent chemoradiotherapy with carboplatin and vinorelbine in elderly patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

Outcomes for Surgery in Large Cell Lung Neuroendocrine Cancer.

There are limited small, single-institution observational studies examining the role of surgery in large cell lung neuroendocrine cancer (LNEC). We investigated the outcomes of surgery for stage I-IIIA LCNEC using the National Cancer Database (NCDB).

Stereotactic body radiotherapy: Passing fad or revolution?

Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is a young technology that can deliver a high dose of radiation to the target, utilizing either a single dose or a small number of fractions with a high degree of precision within the body. Various technical solutions co-exist nowadays, with particular features, possibilities and limitations. Health care authorities have currently validated SBRT in a very limited number of locations, but many indications are still under investigation. It is therefore challenging to accu...

To biopsy or not to biopsy: A matched cohort analysis of early stage lung cancer treated with stereotactic radiation with or without histologic confirmation.

For non-operable stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has emerged as a standard treatment option. We aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of lung SBRT between patients with versus without pathological cancer diagnosis.

Management of local recurrences and regional failure in early stage non-small cell lung cancer after stereotactic body radiation therapy.

Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a very effective way to treat early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small oligometastatic lung lesions with consistently high rates of local control, but both local and regional/distant recurrences still occur. The management of recurrences remains unsettled and may entail repeat SBRT, conventionally fractionated external beam RT (EF-EBRT), chemotherapy or surgery. Most patients with local recurrences [within the initial planning target volume (PTV)...

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