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05:33 EDT 21st March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "DOBUTAMINE" PubMed Articles, all 17

Diagnostic Performance of Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography in End-Stage Liver Disease.

This study determined the test performance of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in end-stage liver disease (ESLD).

Anatomical location, sex, and age influence murine arterial circumferential cyclic strain before and during dobutamine infusion.

One of the primary biomechanical factors influencing arterial health is their deformation across the cardiac cycle, or cyclic strain, which is often associated with arterial stiffness. Deleterious changes in the cardiovascular system, e.g., increased arterial stiffness, can remain undetected until the system is challenged, such as under a cardiac stressor like dobutamine.

Diagnostic accuracy of dobutamine stress echocardiography in the detection of cardiac allograft vasculopathy in heart transplant recipients: A systematic review and meta-analysis study.

Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is a well-established imaging modality used to screen patients with mild-to-moderate risk for coronary artery disease. In heart transplantation recipients, cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a common and lethal complication. The use of DSE to detect CAV showed promising results initially, but later studies showed limitation in its use to detect CAV. It is unclear if this cohort of patients derives benefit from DSE.

Left ventricular blood flow patterns at rest and under dobutamine stress in healthy pigs.

Intracardiac blood flow patterns are affected by the morphology of cardiac structures and are set up to support the heart's pump function. Exercise affects contractility and chamber size as well as pre- and afterload. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of four-dimensional phase contrast cardiovascular MRI under pharmacological stress and to study left ventricular blood flow under stress. 4D flow data were successfully acquired and analysed in 12 animals. During dobutamine infusion, heart rate...

Effects of hypoxia-ischemia and inotropes on expression of cardiac adrenoceptors in the preterm fetal sheep.

Preterm infants frequently suffer cardiovascular compromise, with hypotension and/or low systemic blood flow, leading to tissue hypoxia-ischemia (HI). Many preterm infants respond inadequately to inotropic treatments using adrenergic agonists such as dobutamine or dopamine. This may be due to altered cardiac adrenoceptor expression due to tissue HI, or prolonged exposure to adrenergic agonists. We assessed the effects of severe HI with and without dobutamine/dopamine treatment on cardiac adrenoceptor expres...

Ventricular Response to Dobutamine Stress CMR Is a Predictor for Outcome in Fontan Patients.

Dobutamine stress echocardiogram-related in-stent thrombosis with acute myocardial infarction.

Dobutamine stress echocardiogram (DSE) is considered a safe and reliable method for screening for underlying myocardial ischaemia. We report a case of a 60-year-old man who developed inferior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction within 30 minutes of a normal DSE. The patient was found to have a 99% in-stent restenosis in the mid-right coronary artery with significant thrombosis for which successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was performed. Acute coronary syndrome after a normal DSE has...

Clinical usefulness of dobutamine stress echocardiography for the assessment of double-chambered right ventricle.

Estimating the Accuracy of Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography and Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography among Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery.

When cardiac stress testing is ordered prior to noncardiac surgery, the optimal test modality is unknown. Therefore, we conducted this study to compare the diagnostic accuracy of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in a representative sample of patients undergoing noncardiac surgery without an existing diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). The predicted accuracy of DSE was greater than that of SPECT in around 60.5% of cases above the current ...

Safety of Single-Line Infusion of Dobutamine and Ultrasound-Enhancing Agents during Stress Echocardiography.

Evaluation of an active decision support system for hemodynamic optimization during elective major vascular surgery.

Active decision support systems implementing goal directed therapy may be an approach to reduce disparities in outcome between different health care providers. We assessed feasibility of and adherence to an active decision support system (ADSS) comprising fluids, vasopressors, and dobutamine to optimize hemodynamics during high-risk vascular surgery.

Patient-specific modeling of right coronary circulation vulnerability post-liver transplant in Alagille's syndrome.

Cardiac output (CO) response to dobutamine can identify Alagille's syndrome (ALGS) patients at higher risk of cardiovascular complications during liver transplantation. We propose a novel patient-specific computational methodology to estimate the coronary autoregulatory responses during different hemodynamic conditions, including those experienced in a post-reperfusion syndrome (PRS), to aid cardiac risk-assessment.

rAAVrh74.MCK.GALGT2 Protects against Loss of Hemodynamic Function in the Aging mdx Mouse Heart.

Dilated cardiomyopathy is a common cause of death in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Gene therapies for DMD must, therefore, have a therapeutic impact in cardiac as well as skeletal muscles. Our previous studies have shown that GALGT2 overexpression in mdx skeletal muscles can prevent muscle damage. Here we have tested whether rAAVrh74.MCK.GALGT2 gene therapy in mdx cardiac muscle can prevent the loss of heart function. Treatment of mdx hearts with rAAVrh74.MCK.GALGT2 1 day after birth di...

Supporting Preterm Cardiovascular Function.

Preterm infants are at higher risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Inadequate cerebral oxygen delivery resulting from poor cardiovascular function is likely to be a significant contributor to preterm brain injury. In this context, improved support of cardiovascular function is integral to improving preterm outcomes. Many of the treatments used to support preterm cardiovascular function are based on adult physiology and may not be appropriate for the unique physiology of the preterm infant. The prete...

Reliability of effective arterial elastance using peripheral arterial pressure as surrogate for left ventricular end-systolic pressure.

To compare the effective arterial elastance (Ea) obtained from the arterial pressure with Ea calculated from left-ventricular (LV) pressure-volume analysis. Experimental study. LV pressure-volume data was obtained with a conductance catheter and arterial pressures were measured via a fluid-filled catheter placed in the proximal aorta, femoral and radial arteries. Ea was calculated as LV end-systolic pressure (ESP)/stroke volume (SV). Experimental protocol consisted sequentially changing afterload (phenyleph...

Comparison of invasive and non-invasive aortic wave intensity and wave power analyses in sheep.

Wave intensity (WI) and wave power (WP) analyses are powerful approaches for assessing ventricular-vascular interactions and arterial dynamics using invasive and non-invasive methods. However, in vivo comparison of these methods for large arteries is lacking. This study assessed agreement, correlation and relative changes in wave size in invasive and non-invasive aortic WI/WP analyses, and associated sources of error. Methods: The proximal descending thoracic aorta (DTA) of nine wethers was instrument...

Adipose-derived cells improve left ventricular diastolic function and increase microvascular perfusion in advanced age.

An early manifestation of coronary artery disease in advanced age is the development of microvascular dysfunction leading to deficits in diastolic function. Our lab has previously shown that epicardial treatment with adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) preserves microvascular function following coronary ischemia in a young rodent model. Follow-up studies showed intravenous (i.v.) delivery of SVF allows the cells to migrate to the walls of small vessels and reset vasomotor tone. Therefore we test...

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