PubMed Journals Articles About "Desmopressin Placebo Nocturnal Enuresis" RSS

20:08 EST 11th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Desmopressin Placebo Nocturnal Enuresis" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,000+

Desmopressin, alarm, desmopressin plus alarm, and desmopressin plus anticholinergic agent in the management of pediatrics monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis: a network meta-analysis.

To assess the efficacy of desmopressin (D), alarm (A), desmopressin plus alarm (DA), and desmopressin plus anticholinergic agent (DAA) in the management of pediatrics monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) by network meta-analysis.

Nocturnal enuresis in children is associated with differences in autonomic control.

To assess the relationship between urine osmolality, cardiovascular parameters, and nocturnal enuresis in a population of children undergoing polysomnographic assessment.

Primary nocturnal enuresis: a novel therapeutic strategy with higher efficacy.

To introduce a new protocol for patients with primary nocturnal enuresis to increase efficacy of treatment and decrease relapse rate.

A comprehensive review of adult enuresis.

Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is a combined symptom of nocturia and urinary incontinence. In this review, we aim to summarize the current literature on NE in terms of its definition, diagnosis, and management. Recommended diagnostic evaluation of NE includes a focused history and physical examination, urinalysis, and when indicated, ultrasound examination, flow rate, urine volume chart, urodynamics, and cystoscopy. Therapeutic options include lifestyle modification and medications (i.e., desmopressin and antichol...

Relationship between nocturnal enuresis and poor sleep quality.

Sleep disorders are strongly associated with childhood nocturnal enuresis (NE). In this study, we examined whether sleep disorders are present in children with NE, and whether NE is caused by sleeping disorders, or is simply comorbid.

Current perspectives on the correlation of nocturnal enuresis with obstructive sleep apnea in children.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and nocturnal enuresis (NE) are common clinical problems in children. OSA and NE are thought to be interrelated, but the exact pathophysiological mechanisms are not yet clear. This review aims to explain the possible pathogenesis of NE in children with OSA.

Risk Factors of Nocturnal Enuresis in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Presence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a negative effect on the resolution of incontinence; however, there are few studies which investigated the risk factors of nocturnal enuresis (NE) in patients with ADHD.

Allergic rhinitis and the associated risk of nocturnal enuresis in children: a nationwide population-based cohort study.

Despite controversy, an association between allergy and nocturnal enuresis (NE) has been reported for almost a century. Allergic rhinitis (AR)-associated sleep-disordered breathing frequently results in microarousals during sleep, decreased sleep efficiency, and change in sleep pattern and behavior. NE is a common sleep disorder in children. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the incidence and risk of NE in children with AR.

Comorbid cognitive impairments in children with nocturnal enuresis and their treatment.

To study comorbid cognitive impairments in children with enuresis and assess the efficacy and safety of cerebrolysin in treatment of comorbid pathology.

Enuresis in children and adolescents with sickle cell anaemia is more frequent and substantially different from the general population.

No large studies have examined the prevalence of enuresis, its various forms and risk factors in children with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) in Sub-Saharan Africa using standardised definitions. We determined age and gender-specific prevalence of enuresis and compared the nature of enuresis in children with and without SCA. We also identified predictors of enuresis in children with SCA.

Enuresis Management in the Primary Care Pediatrics Clinic.

Enuresis is a frequent complaint not always volunteered by parents or patients. The pediatric clinician has to inquire about enuresis to break the secrecy surrounding this symptom that could be related to a more serious underlying renal, endocrine, or psychosocial disease. Determining the type of enuresis is crucial to offer optimal treatment. We present a review for the pediatric clinician to optimize their care of the child with monosymptomatic enuresis. [Pediatr Ann. 2018;47(10):e390-e395.].

Nocturia in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Nocturia, defined as nocturnal micturition with a frequency of at least once per night, is one of the most frequent lower urinary tract symptoms in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and often causes them to consult a physician. Nocturia is often bothersome and responsible for increased morbidity and mortality. Nocturia can be caused by increased fluid intake, increased diuresis or decreased bladder capacity, either alone or in combination. The underlying pathophysiology of nocturia can only be det...

Sleep and Nocturnal Gastroesophageal Reflux: An Update.

Nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux has been associated with poor sleep quality. Normal physiologic adaptations of the aerodigestive system to sleep prolong and intensify nocturnal reflux events. This occurrence leads to sleep disruption, as well as esophageal, laryngeal, and laryngopharyngeal reflux. Controversy exists on whether obstructive sleep apnea and nocturnal reflux are causally linked or merely associated because of shared risk factors. Advances in diagnostic technology have provided new insights in...

Health-related quality of life compared between kidney transplantation and nocturnal hemodialysis.

Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important outcome measure in patients with end-stage renal disease. HRQOL is assumed to improve with kidney transplantation and also with nocturnal hemodialysis compared to conventional hemodialysis. However, there is no evidence regarding HRQOL to support the optimal treatment choice for patients on nocturnal hemodialysis who hesitate opting for transplantation. We therefore compared HRQOL between patients who were treated with kidney transplantation or nocturna...

Effects of physical exercise training on nocturnal symptoms in asthma: Systematic review.

Nocturnal worsening of asthma symptoms is a common feature of asthma. Physical exercise training improves general asthma control; however, there is no evidence showing the effects of physical exercise on nocturnal asthma symptoms. Indeed, asthma patients with daytime and nighttime symptoms are physiologically different, and thus the effects of physical exercise on asthma may also be different in these two groups. The objective of this systematic review is to explore the effects of physical exercise on noctu...

Chiral separation of diastereomers of the cyclic nonapeptides vasopressin and desmopressin by uniform field ion mobility mass spectrometry.

In this study ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) is used to distinguish chiral diastereomers of the nonapeptides desmopressin and vasopressin. The differences in gas phase cross sectional area (ca. 2%) were sufficient to directly resolve the enantiomers present in a binary mixture. Results from computational modeling indicate that chiral recognition by IM-MS for nonapeptides is possible due to their diastereomer-specific conformations adopted in the gas-phase, namely a compact ring-tail conformer specif...

Using Placebo Beverages in Group Alcohol Studies.

Placebo beverage conditions remain a key element in the methodological toolkit for alcohol researchers interested in evaluating pharmacological and nonpharmacological factors influencing the effects of alcohol consumption. While interest in experimentally examining alcohol in social context is on the rise, there has been little research examining the effectiveness of placebo manipulations in group settings, when just one suspicious participant could potentially jeopardize the effect of the placebo on group ...

Evolution: A Dark Past.

The cavefish Phreatichthys andruzzii has lost the capacity to perform light-mediated DNA repair. This finding provides further support for the 'nocturnal bottleneck' hypothesis which posits that many key mammalian traits originated from adaptations linked to the nocturnal lifestyle of our early evolutionary ancestors.

Distributions of GABAergic and glutamatergic neurons in the brains of a diurnal and nocturnal rodent.

Light influences the daily patterning of activity by both synchronizing internal clocks to environmental light-dark cycles and acutely modulating arousal states, a process known as masking. Masking responses are completely reversed in diurnal and nocturnal species. In nocturnal rodents, masking is mediated through a subset of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) whose projections are similar in diurnal and nocturnal rodents. This raises the possibility that differences in responsivit...

A Novel Strategy to Identify Placebo Responders: Prediction Index of Clinical and Biological Markers in the EMBARC Trial.

One in three clinical trial patients with major depressive disorder report symptomatic improvement with placebo. Strategies to mitigate the effect of placebo responses have focused on modifying study design with variable success. Identifying and excluding or controlling for individuals with a high likelihood of responding to placebo may improve clinical trial efficiency and avoid unnecessary medication trials.

Paradigm shifts in Nocturnal Glucose Control in Type 2 Diabetes.

A better understanding of nocturnal regulation of glucose homeostasis will provide the framework for designing rational therapeutic strategies for improvement in the management of overnight glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).

Placebo and nocebo responses in other movement disorders besides Parkinson's disease: How much do we know?

Among movement disorders and medicine in general, PD is one of the conditions for which there is a greater knowledge of the placebo and nocebo responses. In other movement disorders, the knowledge of placebo and nocebo responses is less. An advance in this field is expected to contribute to a better understanding of the nature of a therapeutic benefit in clinical research and clinical practice, and mechanisms of placebo and nocebo. We conducted a review on placebo and nocebo responses in other movement diso...

Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Nasal Obstruction, and Enuresis in Children With Nonsyndromic Cleft Lip and Palate: A Prevalence Study.

To estimate the prevalence of symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), nasal obstruction, and enuresis in children with nonsyndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate.

Circadian and photic modulation of daily rhythms in diurnal mammals.

The temporal niche that an animal occupies includes a coordinated suite of behavioral and physiological processes that set diurnal and nocturnal animals apart. The daily rhythms of the two chronotypes are regulated by both the circadian system and direct responses to light, a process called masking. Here we review the literature on circadian regulations and masking responses in diurnal mammals, focusing on our work using the diurnal Nile grass rat (Arvicanthis niloticus) and comparing our findings with thos...

Placebo acceptability in chronic pain patients: More dependent on application mode and resulting condition than on individual factors.

Placebo effects can be very effective in certain pain conditions, but their use is still highly controversial. Several studies show that patients would accept a placebo treatment under certain circumstances, particularly when they are informed prior to the treatment or when there are no effective treatment alternatives. This study examines the question, which factors influence the degree of acceptability of a hypothetical placebo application.

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