PubMed Journals Articles About "Desmopressin Placebo Nocturnal Enuresis" RSS

05:00 EDT 20th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Desmopressin Placebo Nocturnal Enuresis" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,000+

Desmopressin, alarm, desmopressin plus alarm, and desmopressin plus anticholinergic agent in the management of pediatrics monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis: a network meta-analysis.

To assess the efficacy of desmopressin (D), alarm (A), desmopressin plus alarm (DA), and desmopressin plus anticholinergic agent (DAA) in the management of pediatrics monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) by network meta-analysis.

Primary nocturnal enuresis: a novel therapeutic strategy with higher efficacy.

To introduce a new protocol for patients with primary nocturnal enuresis to increase efficacy of treatment and decrease relapse rate.

A comprehensive review of adult enuresis.

Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is a combined symptom of nocturia and urinary incontinence. In this review, we aim to summarize the current literature on NE in terms of its definition, diagnosis, and management. Recommended diagnostic evaluation of NE includes a focused history and physical examination, urinalysis, and when indicated, ultrasound examination, flow rate, urine volume chart, urodynamics, and cystoscopy. Therapeutic options include lifestyle modification and medications (i.e., desmopressin and antichol...

Relationship between nocturnal enuresis and poor sleep quality.

Sleep disorders are strongly associated with childhood nocturnal enuresis (NE). In this study, we examined whether sleep disorders are present in children with NE, and whether NE is caused by sleeping disorders, or is simply comorbid.

Risk Factors of Nocturnal Enuresis in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Presence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a negative effect on the resolution of incontinence; however, there are few studies which investigated the risk factors of nocturnal enuresis (NE) in patients with ADHD.

Allergic rhinitis and the associated risk of nocturnal enuresis in children: a nationwide population-based cohort study.

Despite controversy, an association between allergy and nocturnal enuresis (NE) has been reported for almost a century. Allergic rhinitis (AR)-associated sleep-disordered breathing frequently results in microarousals during sleep, decreased sleep efficiency, and change in sleep pattern and behavior. NE is a common sleep disorder in children. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the incidence and risk of NE in children with AR.

Comorbid cognitive impairments in children with nocturnal enuresis and their treatment.

To study comorbid cognitive impairments in children with enuresis and assess the efficacy and safety of cerebrolysin in treatment of comorbid pathology.

Enuresis in children and adolescents with sickle cell anaemia is more frequent and substantially different from the general population.

No large studies have examined the prevalence of enuresis, its various forms and risk factors in children with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) in Sub-Saharan Africa using standardised definitions. We determined age and gender-specific prevalence of enuresis and compared the nature of enuresis in children with and without SCA. We also identified predictors of enuresis in children with SCA.

Enuresis Management in the Primary Care Pediatrics Clinic.

Enuresis is a frequent complaint not always volunteered by parents or patients. The pediatric clinician has to inquire about enuresis to break the secrecy surrounding this symptom that could be related to a more serious underlying renal, endocrine, or psychosocial disease. Determining the type of enuresis is crucial to offer optimal treatment. We present a review for the pediatric clinician to optimize their care of the child with monosymptomatic enuresis. [Pediatr Ann. 2018;47(10):e390-e395.].

Nocturia in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Nocturia, defined as nocturnal micturition with a frequency of at least once per night, is one of the most frequent lower urinary tract symptoms in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and often causes them to consult a physician. Nocturia is often bothersome and responsible for increased morbidity and mortality. Nocturia can be caused by increased fluid intake, increased diuresis or decreased bladder capacity, either alone or in combination. The underlying pathophysiology of nocturia can only be det...

Placebo analgesia persists during sleep: An experimental study.

Although placebo analgesia is a well-recognized phenomenon with important clinical implications, the possibility that placebo effects occur during sleep has received little attention. This experimental study examined whether responsiveness to acute heat pain stimuli applied during sleep could be reduced following a placebo conditioning procedure administered before sleep. Healthy individuals (n = 9) underwent polysomnographic recordings for one habituation night followed by one placebo analgesia night a...

Sleep and Nocturnal Gastroesophageal Reflux: An Update.

Nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux has been associated with poor sleep quality. Normal physiologic adaptations of the aerodigestive system to sleep prolong and intensify nocturnal reflux events. This occurrence leads to sleep disruption, as well as esophageal, laryngeal, and laryngopharyngeal reflux. Controversy exists on whether obstructive sleep apnea and nocturnal reflux are causally linked or merely associated because of shared risk factors. Advances in diagnostic technology have provided new insights in...

Health-related quality of life compared between kidney transplantation and nocturnal hemodialysis.

Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important outcome measure in patients with end-stage renal disease. HRQOL is assumed to improve with kidney transplantation and also with nocturnal hemodialysis compared to conventional hemodialysis. However, there is no evidence regarding HRQOL to support the optimal treatment choice for patients on nocturnal hemodialysis who hesitate opting for transplantation. We therefore compared HRQOL between patients who were treated with kidney transplantation or nocturna...

Nocturnal Swallowing and Arousal Threshold in Individuals with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury.

Respiratory complications are potential causes of death in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Nocturnal swallowing could be related to transient arousals, and lead to fragmented sleep in SCI patients. However, the impact of nocturnal swallowing on breathing and sleep physiology in SCI is unknown. The objectives of this study were (1) to determine whether nocturnal swallowing is more common in SCI than in able-bodied subjects, (2) to determine the role of nocturnal swallowing on arousal threshold in SCI...

Using Placebo Beverages in Group Alcohol Studies.

Placebo beverage conditions remain a key element in the methodological toolkit for alcohol researchers interested in evaluating pharmacological and nonpharmacological factors influencing the effects of alcohol consumption. While interest in experimentally examining alcohol in social context is on the rise, there has been little research examining the effectiveness of placebo manipulations in group settings, when just one suspicious participant could potentially jeopardize the effect of the placebo on group ...

Prescribing Placebos: An Experimental Examination of the Role of Dose, Expectancies, and Adherence in Open-Label Placebo Effects.

Recent evidence indicates that placebo effects can occur even when patients know that they are taking a placebo, termed the open-label placebo effect.

Chiral separation of diastereomers of the cyclic nonapeptides vasopressin and desmopressin by uniform field ion mobility mass spectrometry.

In this study ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) is used to distinguish chiral diastereomers of the nonapeptides desmopressin and vasopressin. The differences in gas phase cross sectional area (ca. 2%) were sufficient to directly resolve the enantiomers present in a binary mixture. Results from computational modeling indicate that chiral recognition by IM-MS for nonapeptides is possible due to their diastereomer-specific conformations adopted in the gas-phase, namely a compact ring-tail conformer specif...

Distributions of GABAergic and glutamatergic neurons in the brains of a diurnal and nocturnal rodent.

Light influences the daily patterning of activity by both synchronizing internal clocks to environmental light-dark cycles and acutely modulating arousal states, a process known as masking. Masking responses are completely reversed in diurnal and nocturnal species. In nocturnal rodents, masking is mediated through a subset of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) whose projections are similar in diurnal and nocturnal rodents. This raises the possibility that differences in responsivit...

Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Nasal Obstruction, and Enuresis in Children With Nonsyndromic Cleft Lip and Palate: A Prevalence Study.

To estimate the prevalence of symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), nasal obstruction, and enuresis in children with nonsyndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate.

Paradigm shifts in Nocturnal Glucose Control in Type 2 Diabetes.

A better understanding of nocturnal regulation of glucose homeostasis will provide the framework for designing rational therapeutic strategies for improvement in the management of overnight glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).

A Novel Strategy to Identify Placebo Responders: Prediction Index of Clinical and Biological Markers in the EMBARC Trial.

One in three clinical trial patients with major depressive disorder report symptomatic improvement with placebo. Strategies to mitigate the effect of placebo responses have focused on modifying study design with variable success. Identifying and excluding or controlling for individuals with a high likelihood of responding to placebo may improve clinical trial efficiency and avoid unnecessary medication trials.

Placebo and nocebo responses in other movement disorders besides Parkinson's disease: How much do we know?

Among movement disorders and medicine in general, PD is one of the conditions for which there is a greater knowledge of the placebo and nocebo responses. In other movement disorders, the knowledge of placebo and nocebo responses is less. An advance in this field is expected to contribute to a better understanding of the nature of a therapeutic benefit in clinical research and clinical practice, and mechanisms of placebo and nocebo. We conducted a review on placebo and nocebo responses in other movement diso...

Circadian and photic modulation of daily rhythms in diurnal mammals.

The temporal niche that an animal occupies includes a coordinated suite of behavioral and physiological processes that set diurnal and nocturnal animals apart. The daily rhythms of the two chronotypes are regulated by both the circadian system and direct responses to light, a process called masking. Here we review the literature on circadian regulations and masking responses in diurnal mammals, focusing on our work using the diurnal Nile grass rat (Arvicanthis niloticus) and comparing our findings with thos...

Enhancing placebo effects in somatic symptoms through oxytocin.

Placebo effects relieve various somatic symptoms but it is unclear how they can be enhanced in order to maximize positive treatment outcomes. Oxytocin administration may potentially enhance placebo effects but few studies have been performed with conflicting findings. The study aim was to investigate the influence of positive verbal suggestions and oxytocin on treatment expectations and placebo effects for pain and itch.

Placebo Responses in Chronic Pain: State of Research and Clinical Implications.

Placebo hypoalgesia has been found to play an important role in every health care by modulating patients' responses to pharmacologically active analgesic treatments. It may be seen as reflecting the capacity for endogenous pain modulation. Enhancing the efficacy of analgesic treatments by boosting endogenous pain modulation might be particularly relevant for chronic pain patients. Research into placebo hypoalgesic responses to chronic pain is sparse, however. In healthy subjects, placebo hypoalgesia is indu...

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