PubMed Journals Articles About "Development Predictor Year Mortality Older Patients With Cancer" RSS

15:37 EDT 30th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Development predictor year mortality older patients with cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 69,000+

Development of a predictor of one-year mortality in older patients with cancer by geriatric and oncologic parameters.

More than 60% of the new cancer diagnoses are currently made in older adults, a highly heterogeneous population. Reliable and time-saving tools to define older adults' prognosis are needed to inform the oncologist's decisions in routine clinical practice. We sought to define a multi-domain classification tool for the prediction of all-cause one-year mortality in a cohort of older adults with solid tumors.

Sarcopenia and Type 2 diabetes mellitus as predictors of 2-year mortality after hospital discharge in a cohort of hospitalized older adults.

Sarcopenia has been discussed as a possible predictor of mortality in the older people, but there are few studies evaluating the relationship between mortality and sarcopenia in the population of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), especially after hospital discharge.

The Frailty Index in older women with gynecological cancer.

Frailty is a key condition to be screened among elderly oncological patients. Aim of our work is to measure the functional and prognostic value for 1-year mortality of the Frailty Index (FI) in a cohort of older women with gynecological cancer.

Improvements in Sepsis-Associated Mortality in Hospitalized Cancer vs Non-Cancer Patients: A 12-Year Analysis Using Clinical Data.

There have been advances in both cancer and sepsis treatment over the past several decades, yet little is known about trends in sepsis-associated mortality in patients with versus without cancer.

Frailty as a predictor of short- and long-term mortality in critically ill older medical patients.

Frailty is a common condition among critically ill patients. Usually evaluated in a mixed population of medical, cardiac and surgical patients, we aimed to assess the impact of frailty on short- and long-term mortality exclusively in critically ill older medical patients.

Prognostic nutritional index predicts one-year outcome in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.

This study aimed to examine the value of prognostic nutritional index (PNI) as a predictor of outcomes in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We prospectively followed consecutive adult patients admitted to the cardiology outpatient units with HFPEF. Echocardiographic and laboratory data was recorded at enrolment. PNI was calculated from the following formula: 10 × serum albumin (g/dL)+0.005 × total lymphocyte count (per mm). The primary endpoint of the study was ...

A Prospective Study of Weight Gain in Women Diagnosed with Early-Stage Invasive Breast Cancer, Ductal Carcinoma , and Women Without Breast Cancer.

Weight gain after breast cancer has been associated with recurrence and mortality. We therefore examined factors associated with ≥5% weight gain over 2-year follow-up of a cohort of newly diagnosed early-stage invasive breast cancer (EIBC) and ductal carcinoma (DCIS) patients and age-matched controls without a breast cancer history. We interviewed participants 4-6 weeks after definitive surgical treatment (patients) or a negative/benign screening mammogram (controls). Multivariable logistic regression m...

In-hospital 30-day mortality for older patients with pancreatic cancer undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Surgical resection remains the only potentially curative therapy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). There is paucity of literature about morbidity and mortality in older patients with PDAC undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy. This retrospective analysis evaluates the in-hospital 30-day mortality of this population utilizing the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database.

Surveillance Colonoscopy in Older Stage I Colon Cancer Patients and the Association With Colon Cancer-Specific Mortality.

Guideline-issuing groups differ regarding the recommendation that patients with stage I colon cancer receive surveillance colonoscopy after cancer-directed surgery. This observational comparative effectiveness study was conducted to evaluate the association between surveillance colonoscopy and colon cancer-specific mortality in early stage patients.

A systematic scoping review of determinants of multidisciplinary cancer team access and decision-making in the management of older patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer.

Early diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) and access to optimal treatment achieves optimal cancer outcomes. However, CRC survival inequalities persist with a lower survival rate for older patients (≥65 years). Although the reasons for poorer cancer survival in older people are complex, evidence suggests that these patients are less likely to receive best practice care as indicated by access to multidisciplinary team (MDT) care. Three electronic databases were systematically searched to examine factors ...

Long-term survival and prognostic implications of patients with invasive breast cancer in southern Taiwan.

Our objective in this study was to determine the survival rate of patients with invasive breast cancer and identify the prognostic factors related to all-cause mortality during a 10-year follow-up.Analysis was performed on the medical records of 2002 patients newly diagnosed with breast cancer at a medical center in southern Taiwan between 2006 and 2017. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analysis were used to estimate survival and the independence of prognostic factors associated with all-cause mor...

Predicting long-term cardiovascular outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction using soluble ST2.

Background The increase in soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) both in the diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure is well established; however, existing data regarding sST2 values as the prognostic marker after myocardial infarction (MI) are limited and have been conflicting. This study aimed to assess the clinical significance of sST2 in predicting 1-year adverse cardiovascular (CV) events in MI patients. Materials and methods In this prospective study, 380 MI patients were included. Participa...

Age is a prognostic factor for the overall survival of multiple myeloma patients undergoing upfront autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

In this retrospective analysis, we evaluated the impact of age on the outcome of multiple myeloma (MM) patients who received an autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HCT) at our institution. A total of 1128 patients were divided into the older (> 70 years; 182/16%) and the younger (≤ 70 years; 946/84%) groups. Compared to the younger cohort, older patients had a higher ISS stage (ISS-II 57: 31% vs 215: 23%, ISS-III 52: 28% vs 211: 22%, P = 0.01), higher use of reduced-dose melphalan...

Results from a multidisciplinary clinic guided by geriatric assessment before stem cell transplantation in older adults.

Limitations found on geriatric assessment (GA) track with worse outcomes after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We report on a multidisciplinary team clinic (MDC), consisting of a cancer-specific GA and a multidisciplinary team of providers, to assess candidacy and create an individualized optimization plan for allogeneic HCT candidates aged ≥60 years and autologous HCT and adoptive T-cell therapy candidates aged ≥70 years. Among the 247 patients evaluated in the MDC, allogeneic HCT candidates ...

Comparing the symptoms experience of cancer and non-cancer older adult patients in Turkish cancer patients: A cross-sectional study.

This cross-sectional study was conducted with 160 older people to compare the symptoms experience of cancer and with non-cancer older adult patients. A patient information form and The Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (RSCL) were used to gain information on the experience of their symptoms. The most prevelant symptoms of older cancer patients were tiredness (53.8%), decreased sexual interest (51.2%) and lack of energy (41.2%), for non-cancer older adult patients was a decreased sexual interest (75.0%). Cancer pa...

Metabolic Syndrome and Mortality in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Patients: A 5-Year Prospective Cohort Study.

Metabolic syndrome (MS) has been widely proved as a predictor of cardiovascular disease, all-cause, and cardiovascular mortality in general population. But its effects on mortality and technique failure have not been well illustrated in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We aimed to investigate the association of MS and clinical outcomes in Chinese continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) patients.

Heart Rate After Resuscitation From Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest due to Acute Coronary Syndrome Is an Independent Predictor of Clinical Outcome.

Heart rate (HR) is a useful predictor of cardiovascular disease, especially in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, it is unclear whether there is an association between HR and clinical outcomes after resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to ACS. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of HR on clinical outcome in individuals resuscitated from OHCA due to ACS.Methods and Results:Data from 3,687 OHCA patients between October 2002 and October 2014 were retrospectively...

Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Nationwide Study of Hip Fracture and Mortality Risk after Hip Fracture.

With rising rates of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) in older adults, management of co-morbidities such as osteoporosis is becoming increasingly important. Hip fracture (HF) is the most serious consequence of low bone mineral quality and is associated with excess risk of mortality. For older IBD patients, there are only limited data available. Therefore, we aimed to assess the association of IBD with HF and all-cause mortality risk after HF among IBD patients older than 50 years.

Long-term results of reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for older patients with acute myeloid leukemia: a retrospective analysis of 10-year follow-up data.

The long-term outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) remain inconclusive. To address this issue, we conducted a nationwide registry-based study of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) age 50 years or older who underwent allogeneic HCT in complete remission using RIC (n = 284) or myeloablative conditioning (MAC, n = 190) between 2002 and 2007. The median follow-up period for surviving patients was 10.1 years for RIC recipients a...

Associations Between Handgrip Strength and Disease-Specific Mortality Including Cancer, Cardiovascular, and Respiratory Diseases in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis.

Several controversial studies linking handgrip strength and health have suggested that low handgrip strength in older adults may be related to health problems and have investigated whether there is a minimum handgrip strength level associated with reduced mortality. Thus, by meta-analysis, the authors identified an association between handgrip strength in older adults and disease-specific mortality and all-cause mortality. Thirty studies with a total of 194,767 older adult participants were included in this...

Sarcopenia as a mortality predictor in community-dwelling older adults: a comparison of the diagnostic criteria of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People.

The definition of sarcopenia remains a matter of discussion and there is no globally accepted consensus for its diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of sarcopenia diagnostic components on mortality, as well as to compare the associations between sarcopenia diagnosed via the 2010 and 2018 Consensuses of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) and mortality.

Routine postoperative ICU admission after colorectal cancer surgery for the elderly patient reduces postoperative morbidity and mortality.

Older colorectal cancer (CRC) patients are at increased risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Routine postoperative overnight ICU admission might reduce this risk. This study aimed to examine the effect of routine overnight ICU admission after CRC surgery on postoperative adverse outcomes and costs in patients aged 80 years or older.

Potential drug-drug interactions and risk of unplanned hospitalization in older patients with cancer: A survey of the prospective ELCAPA (ELderly CAncer PAtients) cohort.

Because of comorbidities and polypharmacy, older patients with cancer have a greater risk of iatrogenic events. We aimed to characterize potential drug-drug interactions (PDIs) and the risk of unplanned hospitalization in older patients with cancer treated with antineoplastic agents (ANAs).

Relationship between polypharmacy and inpatient hospitalization among older adults with cancer treated with intravenous chemotherapy.

Polypharmacy (≥5 concurrent medications) is common among older patients with cancer (48%-80%) and associated with increased frailty, morbidity, and mortality. This study examined the relationship between polypharmacy and inpatient hospitalization among older adults with cancer treated with intravenous (IV) chemotherapy.

Patient non-attendance at urgent referral appointments for suspected cancer and its links to cancer diagnosis and one year mortality: A cohort study of patients referred on the Two Week Wait pathway.

The 'Two Week Wait' policy aims to ensure patients with suspected cancer are seen within two weeks of referral. However, patient non-attendance can result in this target being missed. This study aimed to identify predictors of non-attendance; and analyse the relationship between attendance and outcomes including cancer diagnosis and early mortality.

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