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Dexamethasone Does Prevent Hydrocephalus After Severe Intraventricular Hemorrhage PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Dexamethasone Does Prevent Hydrocephalus After Severe Intraventricular Hemorrhage articles that have been published worldwide.
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The aim of this study was done to determine whether dexamethasone treatment prevents posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) development and attenuates brain damage after severe IVH in newborn rats. Severe IVH was induced by injecting; 100 μL of blood into each lateral ventricle of postnatal day 4 (P4) Sprague-Dawley rats. Dexamethasone was injected intraperitoneally into rat pups at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg, 0.3 mg/kg, and 0.1 mg/kg on P5, P6, and P7, respectively. Serial brain magnetic resonance imaging and behav...
Introduction: Severe intraventricular hemorrhages (IVH) in preterm infants are one of the major public health problems, as they can cause neurological and cognitive impairment, as well as lethal outcomes. The aim: To prevent the development of IVH in preterm infants by developing an algorithm for identification of high risk infants and a bundle for the prediction and prevention of this pathology.
Among children with hydrocephalus, neonates with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PH) are considered a group with one of the highest complication rates of treatment. Despite continued progress in neonatal care, a standardized and reliable guideline for surgical management is missing for this challenging condition. Thus, further research is warranted to compare common methods of surgical treatment. The introduction of neuroendoscopic lavage has precipitated the establishme...
Intracranial hemorrhage, such as intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is an extremely rare complication after surgical revascularization for moyamoya disease (MMD). However, the incidence, timing, prognosis, possible mechanism, and prevention are not well known.
Primary intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH) is rare in the aging population and remains a challenge for cerebrovascular surgeons. In the present study, the authors reviewed the patient characteristics, angiographic results, as well as treatments, and determined clinical outcomes in 34 patients over 60 years of age who were treated at West China Hospital between 2010 and 2014.
To develop and validate a new risk score for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in preterm neonates based on continuous glucose monitoring (CGM).
Low-pressure hydrocephalus (LPH) and negative-pressure hydrocephalus (NegPH), secondary to traumatic brain injury, cerebral hemorrhage, tumor resection and central nervous system (CNS) infection in adults, are seldom reported and not enough recognized pathophysiologically in previous clinical practice, used to have poor prognosis. Routine shunt surgery had unsatisfactory outcomes. Current classifications of hydrocephalus cannot provide proper guidance to clinical practice, especially for LPH and NegPH.
We aimed to compare the level of significance of risk factors related Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) between preterm infants born after IVF and non-IVF conceptions.
Ruptured aneurysms causing intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) are associated with high morbidity. The presence of blood that completely fills the fourth ventricle (cast fourth ventricle, CFV) is thought to be particularly ominous, but studies documenting the outcome of such cases are lacking.
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (ATRT) are uncommon malignancies of the central nervous system and often difficult to distinguish radiographically and pathologically from other common tumors. In this report, we present the first case of sellar ATRT presenting with subarachnoid (SAH) and intraventricular (IVH) hemorrhage.
Primary intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH) is a rare condition in adult patients. PIVH occurs frequently in adult hemorrhagic MMD. Idiopathic PIVH is defined as PIVH without cerebrovascular abnormalities. This study is aimed to compare the baseline characteristics and outcomes of acute MMD-related and idiopathic PIVH.
Shunt-dependent hydrocephalus (SDH) is a common complication after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and affect its outcome significantly. Whether fenestration of the lamina terminalis (FLT) during anterior circulation aneurysm clipping for aSAH can decrease the occurrence of SDH is still controversial.
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is an important problem in neonatal units not only in terms of its consequences but also its follow-up and the prediction of its emergence in newborns. In this study, we have compared platelet parameters such as platelet count (PC), mean platelet volume (MPV), and platelet mass index (PMI) in terms of IHV in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) newborns. Thus, we have tried to determine platelet values to guide clinicians in both the prediction and follow-up of IVH.
Poor sanitation, hygiene and archaic cooking practises have lead to Neurocysticercosis being endemic in India. Apart from a cortical location that leads to seizures, intraventricular NCC's can present with hydrocephalus and sudden deterioration in sensorium. Consequently, endoscopic excision plays an important role in their treatment as a dialted ventricle offers a minimally invasive and less trauamatic route to the pathology.
We sought to identify potential risk factors for the development of shunt-dependent chronic hydrocephalus after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage(SAH) and external ventricular drain(EVD) insertion. In particular, the role of inflammatory markers within the cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) was assessed.
The efficacy and applied value of endoscopic hematoma evacuation vs. external ventricular drainage (EVD) in the treatment of severe ventricular hemorrhage (IVH) were explored and compared. From Jan. 2015 to Dec. 2016, the clinical data of 42 cases of IVH were retrospectively analyzed, including 18 patients undergoing endoscopic hematoma evacuation (group A), and 24 patients receiving EVD (group B). The hematoma clearance rate was calculated by 3D Slicer software, and complications and outcomes were compared...
The aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is a life threatening disorder associated with high morbidity and mortality. Identification and treatment of the bleeding source is mandatory within the first 24 hours to prevent rebleeding. Patients suffering from subarachnoid hemorrhage should be managed on an intensive care unit experienced in the treatment of this condition. Most frequent complications in the clinical course are hydrocephalus, requiring temporary or permanent shunting, and delayed cerebral ischemia...
Acinetobacter baumannii meningitis and ventriculitis are difficult issues, due to the low diffusion of antibiotics in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and bacterial multidrug resistance. The presence of an infected intraventricular hematoma, constituting an equivalent of undrained abscess, may promote biofilm formation and failure of medical treatment. In this case of ventriculostomy-related infection after ventricular hemorrhage, Acinetobacter baumannii was only sensitive to Colistin and Tigecycline. Despite ...
Hydrocephalus is a treatable but potentially fatal complication that has not been previously described in congenial Zika syndrome (CZS).
Spontaneous parenchymal hemorrhage of term neonates is usually asymptomatic and does not require surgical intervention. However, there is no consensus on the management of cases with severe life-threatening symptoms, including repeated apnea, respiratory failure with severe cyanosis, severe bradycardia, or uncontrolled seizures.
Intrathecal (IT), intraventricular (IVt), and intracisternal administration of nicardipine deliver treatment directly into the central nervous system (CNS). This route of drug delivery is being investigated as a potential treatment of vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH).
Hydrocephalus patients experience symptoms related to hydrocephalus in an age-dependent manner. However, prevalence estimates of hydrocephalus symptoms in young and middle-aged (YMA) adult patients are rare and variable. Highlighting the importance of hydrocephalus symptom management, the persistence and intensity of headache or gait disturbance have been associated with signs of brain white matter integrity loss, including in treated YMA adult patients. Thus, it is important to ascertain which symptoms adu...
Hemorrhagic stroke cause around 10-20% of all strokes. ICH (Intracerebral Hemorrhage) score is a grading scale used to determine survival outcome after nontraumatic ICH at 30 days. It is a 6-point scale based on 5 independent variables, which are graded based on the weight of their association. These 5 variables are the Glasgow coma scale (GCS), ICH Volume, Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), Infratentorial origin and age. The aim of our study is to validate the ICH score in our population.
/Objective: Hydrocephalus is a common neurosurgical disorder that can lead to significant disability or death if not promptly identified and treated. Data on the burden of hydrocephalus in low-income countries is limited given lack of radiological resources for the diagnosis of this condition. Here, we present an analysis of patterns of hydrocephalus from a large sample of head CTs performed at a public hospital in rural Haiti, a low-income country in the Caribbean.