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PubMed Journals Articles About "Diesel Production From Lignocellulosic Feed BioCRACK Process" RSS

07:02 EDT 15th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Diesel Production From Lignocellulosic Feed BioCRACK Process PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Diesel Production From Lignocellulosic Feed BioCRACK Process articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Diesel production from lignocellulosic feed bioCRACK process" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 18,000+

Process for calcium xylonate production as a concrete admixture derived from in-situ fermentation of wheat straw pre-hydrolysate.

One of the major obstacles in process of lignocellulosic biorefinery is the utilization of pre-hydrolysate from pre-treatment. Although lignocellulosic pre-hydrolysate can serve as an economic starting material for xylonic acid production, the advancement of xylonic acid or xylonate is still limited by further commercial value or applications. In the present study, xylose in the high concentration wheat straw pre-hydrolysate was first in-situ biooxidized to xylonate by Gluconobacter oxydans. To meet the nee...


Xylitol production from lignocellulosic whole slurry corn cob by engineered industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2.

In this work, the industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2 strain, presenting innate capacity for xylitol accumulation, was engineered for xylitol production by overexpression of the endogenous GRE3 gene and expression of different xylose reductases from Pichia stipitis. The best-performing GRE3-overexpressing strain was capable to produce 148.5 g/L of xylitol from high xylose-containing media, with a 0.95 g/g yield, and maintained close to maximum theoretical yields (0.89 g/g) when tested in non-deto...

Improved production of isobutanol in pervaporation-coupled bioreactor using sugarcane bagasse hydrolysate in engineered Enterobacter aerogenes.

A process of isobutanol production from sugarcane bagasse hydrolysates in Enterobacter aerogenes was developed here with a pervaporation-integrated procedure. Isobutanol pathway was overexpressed in a mutant strain with eliminated byproduct-forming enzymes (LdhA, BudA, and PflB). A glucose-and-xylose-coconsuming ptsG mutant was constructed for effective utilization of lignocellulosic biomass. Toxic effects of isobutanol were alleviated by in situ recovery via a pervaporation procedure. Compared to single-ba...


Metabolic engineering of for efficient production of succinate from lignocellulosic hydrolysate.

Succinate has been recognized as one of the most important bio-based building block chemicals due to its numerous potential applications. However, efficient methods for the production of succinate from lignocellulosic feedstock were rarely reported. Nevertheless, was engineered to efficiently produce succinate from glucose in our previous study.

Effective one-step saccharification of lignocellulosic biomass using magnetite-biocatalysts containing saccharifying enzymes.

Lignocellulosic biomass, packed with sugars, is one of the most available renewable resources for biofuels and bioproducts production. To release the sugars for the production, enzymatic hydrolysis (saccharification) of pretreated lignocellulosic biomass are required. However, the saccharification process is costly, inefficient, and requires multi-step operations. This is in part due to the high cost and the limited selection of commercial enzymes which commonly have different optimal pH and temperatures. H...

Diesel engine emission analysis using fuel from diverse emulsification methods.

The focus of this work is to investigate the emission characteristics of a stationary diesel engine while utilizing an emulsion fuel from a novel preparation process. The emulsion preparation was performed in real time without using any surfactant. Instead of mechanically breaking the water down into droplets, the water is delivered thermally, by changing its phase from gas to liquid. Steam is used in this proposed process, where it will be converted into suspended water droplets once it meets colder diesel...

Synthetic gene network with positive feedback loop amplifies cellulase gene expression in Neurospora crassa.

Second-generation or lignocellulosic biofuels are a tangible source of renewable energy, which is critical to combat climate change by reducing the carbon footprint. Filamentous fungi secrete cellulose-degrading enzymes called cellulases, which are used for production of lignocellulosic biofuels. However, inefficient production of cellulases is a major obstacle for industrial-scale production of second-generation biofuels. We used computational simulations to design and implement synthetic positive feedback...

Effect of thermal pretreatment on chemical composition, physical structure and biogas production kinetics of wheat straw.

Hard lignocellulosic structure of wheat straw is the main hindrance in its anaerobic digestion. Thus, a laboratory scale batch experiment was conducted to study the effect of thermal pretreatment on anaerobic digestion of wheat straw. For this purpose, different thermal pretreatment temperatures of 120, 140, 160 and 180 °C were studied and the results were compared with raw wheat straw. Significant differences in biogas production were observed at temperature higher than 160 °C. Highest biogas yield o...

Cashew apple bagasse as new feedstock for the hydrogen production using dark fermentation process.

Cashew apple bagasse (CAB) has been studied as feedstock for the biohydrogen production using Clostridium roseum and the dark fermentation process. Pretreatment with alkaline hydrogen peroxide (CAB-AHP) on raw material and the acid and enzymatic hydrolysis have been taken into account to evaluate the H yields. Results show that the acid hydrolysate obtained from CAB produced higher H molar yield (HMY) (15 mmol/L) than the acid hydrolysate from CAB-AHP (4.99 mmol/L), These HMY were noticeably higher than val...

Development of co-immobilized tri-enzyme biocatalytic system for one-pot pretreatment of four different perennial lignocellulosic biomass and evaluation of their bioethanol production potential.

Today, many researchers are focusing on research for alternative promising energy sources and sustainable technology for bioethanol production to meet the increasing global energy demand. Here, we develop a novel one-pot pretreatment technology by co-immobilizing laccase, cellulase and β-glucosidase to act as a tri-enzyme biocatalyst for evaluating the bioethanol production potential of four sustainable lignocellulosic biomasses viz., Typha angustifolia, Arundo donax, Saccharum arundinaceum, and Ipomoea ca...

Intracellular Metabolic Changes of Rhodococcus sp. LH During the Biodegradation of Diesel Oil.

In recent years, some marine microbes have been used to degrade diesel oil. However, the exact mechanisms underlying the biodegradation are still poorly understood. In this study, a hypothermophilous marine strain, which can degrade diesel oil in cold seawater was isolated from Antarctic floe-ice and identified and named as Rhodococcus sp. LH. To clarify the biodegradation mechanisms, a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based metabolomics strategy was performed to determine the diesel biodegradat...

Current challenges facing one-step production of l-ascorbic acid.

l-ascorbic acid (L-AA, vitamin C) is an essential vitamin that is widely used as a nutrient or medicine in the pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food, beverage and feed additive industries, and accounts for the largest share of the global vitamins market. L-AA is mainly produced by a classic two-step fermentation process that suffers from the use of a multi-step mixed culture system and two rounds of sterilisation, which significantly increases the cost of the final product. One-step fermentation has been attempt...

Environmental impact assessment of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) hay production.

On-farm production of hay and high-protein-content feed has several advantages such as diversification of on-farm cultivated crops, reduction of off-farm feed concentrates transported over long distances and a reduction in runoff during the winter season if grown crops are perennial. Among those crops cultivated for high-protein-content feed, alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is one of the most important in the Italian context. Nevertheless, up to now, only a few studies have assessed the environmental performan...

Quantitative assessment of DNA damage in the industrial ethanol production strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2.

Lignocellulosic hydrolysates remain one of the most abundantly used substrates for the sustainable production of second generation fuels and chemicals with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nevertheless, fermentation inhibitors such as acetic acid, furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural are formed during the process and can lead to slow or stuck fermentations and/or act as genotoxic agents leading to production strain genetic instability. We have developed a novel dominant deletion (DEL) cassette assay for quantificati...

Exploring the potential of lactic acid production from lignocellulosic hydrolysates with various ratios of hexose versus pentose by Bacillus coagulans IPE22.

The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of utilizing different lignocellulosic hydrolysates with various hexose versus pentose (H:P) ratios to produce lactic acid (LA) from Bacillus coagulans IPE22 by fermentations with single and mixed sugar. In single sugar utilization, glucose tended to promote LA production, and xylose preferred to enhance cell growth. In mixed sugar utilization, glucose and pentose were consumed simultaneously when glucose concentration was lower than 20 g/L, and alm...

Process design and economic analysis of a biorefinery co-producing itaconic acid and electricity from sugarcane bagasse and trash lignocelluloses.

Itaconic acid has economic potential as a commodity biochemical for the sugar industry, but its production is limited due to high production costs. Using cheaper and alternative lignocellulosic feedstocks together with achieving higher product titres have been identified as potential strategies for viable IA production. Consequently the use of sugarcane bagasse and trash for the production of itaconic acid (IA) and electricity have been investigated for an integrated biorefinery, where the production facili...

Differential gene expression of a feed-spiked super-producing CHO cell line.

Feed supplements are concentrated cell culture media that contain a variety of nutrients, which can be added during a bioprocess. During fed-batch cultivation, feed media are typically added to a growing cell culture to maximize cell and product concentrations. In this study, only a single shot of feed medium was added on day 0 to a basal cell culture medium and compared to non-supplemented basal medium (feed-spiked at day 0 versus control experiments) by cultivation of a recombinant mAb expressing CHO cell...

Determination of size-segregated elements in diesel-biodiesel blend exhaust emissions.

This study was based on the determination of metals in particulate matter emitted by a typical diesel engine used by busses and trucks in Brazil. Emissions were sampled using a cascade impactor, and the engine was operated using diesel with 5% (B5), 10% (B10), 15% (B15), and 20% (B20) of biodiesel. The particulate matter was stratified in different sizes, i.e., 18, 5.6, 3.2, 1.8, 1.0, 0.560, 0.320, 0.180, 0.100, and 0.056 μm. Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, V, and Zn with concentrations within 10 to 1000...

Methods and consequences of including feed intake and efficiency in genetic selection for multiple-trait merit.

Methods are presented for including feed intake and efficiency in genetic selection for multiple-trait merit when commercial production is from any combination of pasture or concentrates. Consequences for the production system and for individual animals are illustrated with a beef cattle example. Residual feed intake at pasture (RFI-p), residual feed intake in the feedlot (RFI-f), and cow condition score are additional traits of the breeding objective. Feed requirement change is costed in the economic value...

Bioaugmentation with Clostridium tyrobutyricum to improve butyric acid production through direct rice straw bioconversion.

One-pot bioconversion is an economically attractive biorefinery strategy to reduce enzyme consumption. Direct conversion of lignocellulosic biomass for butyric acid production is still challenging because of competition among microorganisms. In a consolidated hydrolysis/fermentation bioprocessing (CBP) the microbial structure may eventually prefer the production of caproic acid rather than butyric acid production. This paper presents a new bioaugmentation approach for high butyric acid production from rice ...

High-efficiency second generation ethanol from the hemicellulosic fraction of softwood chips mixed with construction and demolition residues.

Using lignocellulosic residues for bioethanol production could provide an alternative solution to current approaches at competitive costs once challenges related to substrate recalcitrance, process complexity and limited knowledge are overcome. Thus, the impact of different process variables on the ethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae using the hemicellulosic fraction extracted through the steam-treatment of softwood chips mixed with construction and demolition residues was assessed. A statistical...

Microbial bio-fuels: a solution to carbon emissions and energy crisis.

Increasing energy demand, limited fossil fuel resources and climate change have prompted development of alternative sustainable and economical fuel resources such as crop-based bio-ethanol and bio-diesel. However, there is concern over use of arable land that is used for food agriculture for creation of biofuel. Thus, there is a renewed interest in the use of microbes particularly microalgae for bio-fuel production. Microbes such as micro-algae and cyanobacteria that are used for biofuel production also pro...

Agave tequilana bagasse for methane production in batch and sequencing batch reactors: Acid catalyst effect, batch optimization and stability of the semi-continuous process.

Agave tequilana bagasse is the main solid waste of the tequila manufacturing and represents an environmental issue as well as a potential feedstock for biofuel production due to its lignocellulosic composition and abundance. In this contribution, this feedstock was subjected to pretreatments with HCl and HSO for sugar recovery and methane was produced from the hydrolysates in batch and sequencing batch reactors (AnSBR). Sugar recovery was optimized by using central composite designs at different levels of t...

Emission and combustion profile study of unmodified research engine propelled with neat biofuels.

The current work focuses on the experimental investigation to analyze the combustion and emission characteristics of a direct injection diesel engine fueled with neat biodiesel (BD100) and different proportions of cyclohexanol blends as a fuel additive in various volume fractions. Cyclohexanol is dispersed into a neat biodiesel in a volume fraction of 10, 20, and 30 vol%. The biodiesel is produced from neem oil by the conventional transesterification process. The experimental results revealed that with the...

Progress towards pig nutrition in the last 27 years.

Over the last 27 years (1990-2017), based on the revolutionary progresses of basic nutrition research, novel methods and techniques have been developed which bring a profound technological revolution to pig production from free-range system to intensive farming all over the world. Basic theoretical innovations and feed production studies have provided vital advancements in pig nutrition by developing formula feed, utilizing balanced diets, determining feed energy value, dividing pig physiological stages, en...


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