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PubMed Journals Articles About "Diesel Production From Lignocellulosic Feed BioCRACK Process" RSS

03:00 EST 12th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Diesel Production From Lignocellulosic Feed BioCRACK Process PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Diesel Production From Lignocellulosic Feed BioCRACK Process articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Diesel production from lignocellulosic feed bioCRACK process" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 18,000+

Effect of feed glucose and acetic acid on continuous biohydrogen production by Thermotoga neapolitana.

This study focused on the effect of feed glucose and acetic acid on biohydrogen production by Thermotoga neapolitana under continuous-flow conditions. Increasing the feed glucose concentration from 11.1 to 41.6 mM decreased the hydrogen yield from 3.6 (±0.1) to 1.4 (±0.1) mol H/mol glucose. The hydrogen production rate concomitantly increased until 27.8 mM of feed glucose but remained unaffected when feed glucose was further raised to 41.6 mM. Increasing the acetic acid concentration from 0 to 2...


Xylitol production from lignocellulosic whole slurry corn cob by engineered industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2.

In this work, the industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2 strain, presenting innate capacity for xylitol accumulation, was engineered for xylitol production by overexpression of the endogenous GRE3 gene and expression of different xylose reductases from Pichia stipitis. The best-performing GRE3-overexpressing strain was capable to produce 148.5 g/L of xylitol from high xylose-containing media, with a 0.95 g/g yield, and maintained close to maximum theoretical yields (0.89 g/g) when tested in non-deto...

Effective one-step saccharification of lignocellulosic biomass using magnetite-biocatalysts containing saccharifying enzymes.

Lignocellulosic biomass, packed with sugars, is one of the most available renewable resources for biofuels and bioproducts production. To release the sugars for the production, enzymatic hydrolysis (saccharification) of pretreated lignocellulosic biomass are required. However, the saccharification process is costly, inefficient, and requires multi-step operations. This is in part due to the high cost and the limited selection of commercial enzymes which commonly have different optimal pH and temperatures. H...


Energy balance for biodiesel production processes using microbial oil and scum.

Biodiesel production using microbial oil is a promising technology. The main aim of this study is to check practical feasibility (in terms of energy balance) of different biodiesel production processes. Mass and energy balance of biodiesel production have been performed for 3 separate processes: (1) microbial lipid production from T. oleaginosus using waste substrates followed by INRS downstream process (2) microbial lipid production from pure substrate using R. toruloides followed by traditional and INRS d...

Diesel engine emission analysis using fuel from diverse emulsification methods.

The focus of this work is to investigate the emission characteristics of a stationary diesel engine while utilizing an emulsion fuel from a novel preparation process. The emulsion preparation was performed in real time without using any surfactant. Instead of mechanically breaking the water down into droplets, the water is delivered thermally, by changing its phase from gas to liquid. Steam is used in this proposed process, where it will be converted into suspended water droplets once it meets colder diesel...

Characterization and comparison of oxidative potential of real-world biodiesel and petroleum diesel particulate matter emitted from a nonroad heavy duty diesel engine.

Little is known regarding the oxidative potential of biodiesel particulate matter (PM) relative to diesel PM emitted from heavy duty diesel (HDD) nonroad engines generated in real-world occupational settings. The composition of biodiesel and diesel PM can include transition metals, polar, and nonpolar organic species which can increase oxidative potential via production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Elevated ROS can lead to oxidative stress and induce antioxidant defense, inflammation, and toxicity. Thi...

Effect of thermal pretreatment on chemical composition, physical structure and biogas production kinetics of wheat straw.

Hard lignocellulosic structure of wheat straw is the main hindrance in its anaerobic digestion. Thus, a laboratory scale batch experiment was conducted to study the effect of thermal pretreatment on anaerobic digestion of wheat straw. For this purpose, different thermal pretreatment temperatures of 120, 140, 160 and 180 °C were studied and the results were compared with raw wheat straw. Significant differences in biogas production were observed at temperature higher than 160 °C. Highest biogas yield o...

Cashew apple bagasse as new feedstock for the hydrogen production using dark fermentation process.

Cashew apple bagasse (CAB) has been studied as feedstock for the biohydrogen production using Clostridium roseum and the dark fermentation process. Pretreatment with alkaline hydrogen peroxide (CAB-AHP) on raw material and the acid and enzymatic hydrolysis have been taken into account to evaluate the H yields. Results show that the acid hydrolysate obtained from CAB produced higher H molar yield (HMY) (15 mmol/L) than the acid hydrolysate from CAB-AHP (4.99 mmol/L), These HMY were noticeably higher than val...

Development of co-immobilized tri-enzyme biocatalytic system for one-pot pretreatment of four different perennial lignocellulosic biomass and evaluation of their bioethanol production potential.

Today, many researchers are focusing on research for alternative promising energy sources and sustainable technology for bioethanol production to meet the increasing global energy demand. Here, we develop a novel one-pot pretreatment technology by co-immobilizing laccase, cellulase and β-glucosidase to act as a tri-enzyme biocatalyst for evaluating the bioethanol production potential of four sustainable lignocellulosic biomasses viz., Typha angustifolia, Arundo donax, Saccharum arundinaceum, and Ipomoea ca...

Intracellular Metabolic Changes of Rhodococcus sp. LH During the Biodegradation of Diesel Oil.

In recent years, some marine microbes have been used to degrade diesel oil. However, the exact mechanisms underlying the biodegradation are still poorly understood. In this study, a hypothermophilous marine strain, which can degrade diesel oil in cold seawater was isolated from Antarctic floe-ice and identified and named as Rhodococcus sp. LH. To clarify the biodegradation mechanisms, a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based metabolomics strategy was performed to determine the diesel biodegradat...

Current challenges facing one-step production of l-ascorbic acid.

l-ascorbic acid (L-AA, vitamin C) is an essential vitamin that is widely used as a nutrient or medicine in the pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food, beverage and feed additive industries, and accounts for the largest share of the global vitamins market. L-AA is mainly produced by a classic two-step fermentation process that suffers from the use of a multi-step mixed culture system and two rounds of sterilisation, which significantly increases the cost of the final product. One-step fermentation has been attempt...

Combined impact of EGR and injection pressure in performance improvement and NOx control of a DI diesel engine powered with tamarind seed biodiesel blend.

In the process of creating eco-friendly environment and conserving fossil fuels for the future generations, biodiesel has been chosen as a good substitute for diesel. It is a proven fact that biodiesel operated diesel engine can deliver comparable results with diesel. The present work focuses on TSME20 (tamarind seed methyl ester 20% + diesel 80%) as a renewable fuel, and its performance and emission results are analyzed at different exhaust gas recirculation rates and various injection pressures. The p...

Utilization of agroindustrial wastes for the production of laccase by Achromobacter xylosoxidans HWN16 and Bordetella bronchiseptica HSO16.

Agroindustrial residual lignocellulosic biomaterial provides an economical and renewable natural bioresource for the large-scale, gainful biofuel production, as well as the production of fine bulk chemicals, which may include industrial biocatalysts. To this end, the laccase-inducing aptitude of some agroindustrial, lignocellulosic residues were appraised in submerged fermentation batch culture of two woodland betaproteobacteria (Hb9c; Achromobacter xylosoxidans HWN16, Hb16c; Bordetella bronchiseptica HSO16...

Quantitative assessment of DNA damage in the industrial ethanol production strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2.

Lignocellulosic hydrolysates remain one of the most abundantly used substrates for the sustainable production of second generation fuels and chemicals with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nevertheless, fermentation inhibitors such as acetic acid, furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural are formed during the process and can lead to slow or stuck fermentations and/or act as genotoxic agents leading to production strain genetic instability. We have developed a novel dominant deletion (DEL) cassette assay for quantificati...

Process design and economic analysis of a biorefinery co-producing itaconic acid and electricity from sugarcane bagasse and trash lignocelluloses.

Itaconic acid has economic potential as a commodity biochemical for the sugar industry, but its production is limited due to high production costs. Using cheaper and alternative lignocellulosic feedstocks together with achieving higher product titres have been identified as potential strategies for viable IA production. Consequently the use of sugarcane bagasse and trash for the production of itaconic acid (IA) and electricity have been investigated for an integrated biorefinery, where the production facili...

Differential gene expression of a feed-spiked super-producing CHO cell line.

Feed supplements are concentrated cell culture media that contain a variety of nutrients, which can be added during a bioprocess. During fed-batch cultivation, feed media are typically added to a growing cell culture to maximize cell and product concentrations. In this study, only a single shot of feed medium was added on day 0 to a basal cell culture medium and compared to non-supplemented basal medium (feed-spiked at day 0 versus control experiments) by cultivation of a recombinant mAb expressing CHO cell...

Enhanced stability of bio-oil and diesel fuel emulsion using Span 80 and Tween 60 emulsifiers.

Bio-oil (biomass pyrolysis oil) has some undesirable properties (e.g., low heating value, high corrosiveness, and high viscosity) that restrain its direct use as a transportation fuel. The emulsification of bio-oil and diesel is an effective and convenient method to use bio-oil in the present transportation fuel infrastructure. The addition of an emulsifying agent (emulsifier or surfactant) to two immiscible liquids of diesel and bio-oil is an important step in emulsification. The hydrophilic-lipophilic bal...

Bioaugmentation with Clostridium tyrobutyricum to improve butyric acid production through direct rice straw bioconversion.

One-pot bioconversion is an economically attractive biorefinery strategy to reduce enzyme consumption. Direct conversion of lignocellulosic biomass for butyric acid production is still challenging because of competition among microorganisms. In a consolidated hydrolysis/fermentation bioprocessing (CBP) the microbial structure may eventually prefer the production of caproic acid rather than butyric acid production. This paper presents a new bioaugmentation approach for high butyric acid production from rice ...

Landscape of multi-tissue global gene expression reveals the regulatory signatures of feed efficiency in beef cattle.

Feed efficiency is an important trait for sustainable beef production that is regulated by the complex biological process, but the mode of action behinds it has not been clearly defined. Here, we aimed to elucidate the regulatory mechanisms of this trait through studying the landscape of the genome-wide gene expression of rumen, liver, muscle, and backfat tissues, the key ones involved in the energy metabolism.

Comparative Effect of The Inclusion of Zootechnical Additives in the Feed of Japanese Quails in Two Productive Phases.

This study aimed to evaluate the intestinal morphology, performance and financial analysis of the inclusion of additives in the feed during the productive period of 360 Japanese quails distributed in a completely randomized design in a split plot scheme in time with five treatments and eight repetitions of nine birds each. The treatments were: control, antibiotic, prebiotic, probiotic and synbiotic. The variables were: height, width and width/height ratio of the villi, crypt depth and villus/crypt ratio, fe...

High-efficiency second generation ethanol from the hemicellulosic fraction of softwood chips mixed with construction and demolition residues.

Using lignocellulosic residues for bioethanol production could provide an alternative solution to current approaches at competitive costs once challenges related to substrate recalcitrance, process complexity and limited knowledge are overcome. Thus, the impact of different process variables on the ethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae using the hemicellulosic fraction extracted through the steam-treatment of softwood chips mixed with construction and demolition residues was assessed. A statistical...

Microbial bio-fuels: a solution to carbon emissions and energy crisis.

Increasing energy demand, limited fossil fuel resources and climate change have prompted development of alternative sustainable and economical fuel resources such as crop-based bio-ethanol and bio-diesel. However, there is concern over use of arable land that is used for food agriculture for creation of biofuel. Thus, there is a renewed interest in the use of microbes particularly microalgae for bio-fuel production. Microbes such as micro-algae and cyanobacteria that are used for biofuel production also pro...

Agave tequilana bagasse for methane production in batch and sequencing batch reactors: Acid catalyst effect, batch optimization and stability of the semi-continuous process.

Agave tequilana bagasse is the main solid waste of the tequila manufacturing and represents an environmental issue as well as a potential feedstock for biofuel production due to its lignocellulosic composition and abundance. In this contribution, this feedstock was subjected to pretreatments with HCl and HSO for sugar recovery and methane was produced from the hydrolysates in batch and sequencing batch reactors (AnSBR). Sugar recovery was optimized by using central composite designs at different levels of t...

Emission and combustion profile study of unmodified research engine propelled with neat biofuels.

The current work focuses on the experimental investigation to analyze the combustion and emission characteristics of a direct injection diesel engine fueled with neat biodiesel (BD100) and different proportions of cyclohexanol blends as a fuel additive in various volume fractions. Cyclohexanol is dispersed into a neat biodiesel in a volume fraction of 10, 20, and 30 vol%. The biodiesel is produced from neem oil by the conventional transesterification process. The experimental results revealed that with the...

Effect of pretreatments on corn stalk chemical properties for biogas production purposes.

Different pretreatments were evaluated on corn stalk (Zea mays) applied as a lignocellulosic source in anaerobic co-digestion with swine manure, using sulfuric acid (HSO) and hydrogen peroxide (HO) for biogas production purposes. Using HSO we achieved a 75.1% removal of the hemicellulose fraction, in low acid concentrations (0.75% v.v). However, this technique inhibited the co-digestion process. Pretreatment with 12% of HO (pH 11.5) increased the cellulose fraction by 73.4% and reduced the lignin content ...


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