Topics

PubMed Journals Articles About "Dietary Energy Sources During Late Gestation Lactation Sows" RSS

19:27 EDT 23rd October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Dietary Energy Sources During Late Gestation Lactation Sows PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Dietary Energy Sources During Late Gestation Lactation Sows articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Dietary Energy Sources During Late Gestation Lactation Sows" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Dietary Energy Sources During Late Gestation Lactation Sows news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Dietary Energy Sources During Late Gestation Lactation Sows Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Dietary Energy Sources During Late Gestation Lactation Sows for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Dietary Energy Sources During Late Gestation Lactation Sows Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Dietary Energy Sources During Late Gestation Lactation Sows Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Dietary energy sources during late gestation lactation sows" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 13,000+

Dietary energy sources during late gestation and lactation of sows: effects on performance, glucolipid metabolism, oxidative status of sows and their offspring.

In this study, the effects of maternal energy sources during late gestation and lactation on the performance, glucolipid metabolism, and oxidative status of sows and their offspring were investigated using a total of 75 (2-6 of parity) Landrace × Large White sows at day 85 of gestation under three different dietary treatments: SO diet (basal diet plus 3.0% and 5.0% soybean oil during late gestation and lactation, respectively), FO diet (basal diet plus 3.0% / 5.0% fish oil during late gestation and lactati...


Effects of dietary grape seed polyphenols supplementation during late gestation and lactation on antioxidant status in serum and immunoglobulin content in colostrum of multiparous sows.

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of dietary grape seed polyphenols (GSP) supplementation during the late gestation and lactation period on reproductive performance, antioxidative status in serum, nutrient composition and immunoglobulin content in colostrum of multiparous sows. On day 80 of gestation, a total of 64 sows with similar body condition were allocated to a completely randomized block design with 4 dietary treatments (n=16 sows per treatment): 1) basal diet (CON, control gro...

Effects of dietary Clostridium butyricum addition to sows in late gestation and lactation on reproductive performance and intestinal microbiota1.

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Clostridium butyricum addition to diets in late gestation and lactation on the reproductive performance and gut microbiota for sows. A total of 180 healthy Landrace × Yorkshire sows at 90 d of gestation were randomly assigned to one of four groups, with 45 replicates per group, receiving a basal commercial diet (Control, 0% C. butyricum) or diet added with 0.1% C. butyricum (1 × 108 CFU/kg of feed), 0.2% C. butyricum (2 × 108 CFU/kg of feed), 0.4% C....


Effects of supplementing processed straw during late gestation on sow physiology, lactation feed intake, and offspring body weight and carcass quality.

This study investigated the effects of supplementing late gestation sow diets with processed or unprocessed oat or wheat straw on physiology, early lactation feed intake, and offspring performance. One hundred and fifty gestating sows were randomly assigned to one of 5 dietary treatments (30 sows per diet) from d 86 of gestation until farrowing. Treatments, arranged as a 2 × 2 factorial plus a control, were a standard gestation diet (control) or control supplemented with 10% wheat or oat straw, processed o...

The impact of dietary supplementation of arginine during gestation in a commercial swine herd: II. Offspring performance.

Arginine (Arg) is an important amino acid of pig fetal development; however, whether Arg improves postnatal performance is ill-defined. Therefore, the influence of Arg supplementation at different gestational stages on offspring performance was evaluated in a commercial swine herd. Sows (n = 548) were allocated into 4, diet by stage of gestation treatments: Control (n = 143; 0% suppl. Arg), or dietary treatments supplemented with 1% L-Arg (free-base; Ajinomoto Animal Nutrition North America, Inc., Chicago, ...

Effects of maternal alpha-ketoglutarate supplementation during lactation on the performance of lactating sows and suckling piglets.

The aim of the study was to investigate if dietary alpha-ketoglutarate (AKG) supplementation may improve the performance of lactating sows and their suckling piglets. After farrowing, 24 lactating sows (Large White × Landrace) with similar body weight (BW) were assigned to the control and AKG groups based on parity, and their lactation diets were supplemented with 0.00 or 0.25% AKG, respectively. It was found that supplementing the diet of lactating sows with 0.25% AKG enhanced growth performance of the su...

Effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) supplementation to lactating sows on growth and indicators of stress in the post-weaned pig.

Dietary n-3 PUFA are precursors for lipid metabolites that reduce inflammation. Two experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that enriching the sow diet in n-3 PUFA during late gestation and throughout lactation reduces stress and inflammation and promotes growth in weaned pigs. A protected fish oil product (PFO; GromegaTM) was used to enrich the diet in n-3 PUFA. In the initial experiment, time-bred gilts were fed a gestation and lactation diet supplemented with 0 (control; n = 5), 0.25 (n = 4), 0...

Microalgae supplementation to late gestation sows and its effects on the health status of weaned piglets fed diets containing high- or low-quality protein sources.

Maternal stress, such as a bacterial infection occurring in late gestation, may predispose offspring to a variety of diseases later in life. It may also alter programming of developing systems within the fetus, such as the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and immune system. Dietary supplementation during the last trimester of pregnancy with immune-modulating compounds may be a means of reducing potential adverse effects of maternal stress on the developing fetus. Essential omega-3 polyunsaturated f...

Effect of lipopolysaccharide-induced immune stimulation and maternal fish oil and microalgae supplementation during late pregnancy on nursery pig hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function.

The current study used Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to investigate whether maternal immune challenge during late gestation altered programming of the offspring hypothalamus and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA). Additionally, interactions of maternal diet, supplementation with fish oil (FO) or microalgae (AL), and complex vs. simple weaning diets were investigated. Briefly, Landrace x Yorkshire sows (N=48) were randomly assigned to diets supplemented with FO, AL or a standard gestation...

Effect of live yeast supplementation to gestating sows and nursery piglets on postweaning growth performance and nutrient digestibility.

The objectives of the current study were to determine the effects of live yeast (LY) supplementation of sows during gestation and lactation and to determine the effects of supplementation of their offspring after weaning on growth performance and nutrient digestibility. A total of 40 sows were assigned to two dietary treatments (control vs. LY) based on parity and expected farrowing date. Birth weight, weaning weight, litter size and mortality were measured. After weaning, 128 mixed-sex piglets (64 from eac...

Feeding a reduced protein diet with a near ideal amino acid profile improves amino acid efficiency and nitrogen utilization for milk production in sows1,2.

Fifty-four lactating multiparous Yorkshire sows were used to test the hypothesis that feeding a reduced protein diet with a near ideal AA (NIAA) profile increases the biological utilization efficiency of N and essential AA (EAA) for milk production in part as a result of reduced dietary Leu concentration. Sows were fed 1 of 3 isocaloric diets containing the following concentration of CP (% as-fed, analyzed): 18.74 (Control: CON), 13.78 (Optimal: OPT), and 14.25 (Optimal + Leu: OPTLEU). The OPT and OPTLEU di...

Circulating adiponectin concentrations during the transition from pregnancy to lactation in high-yielding dairy cows: testing the effects of farm, parity, and dietary energy level in large animal numbers.

Dairy cows experience a negative energy balance due to increasing energy demands and insufficient voluntary feed intake in the transition from late pregnancy to early lactation. For supplying sufficient energy toward the conceptus and the mammary gland, insulin sensitivity in peripheral tissues is reduced leading to adipose tissue mobilization. Adiponectin, an insulin-sensitizing adipokine, is presumably related to energy metabolism and could play an important role in these metabolic adaptations. We hypothe...

Identification of potential pheromone source in sows.

Pheromones play a pivotal role in intra-species communication for reproduction and social behavior in a variety of mammals, such as boars. For boars, saliva is a rich source of pheromones, however, the identification of additional sources and relative abundance of pheromones in various body fluids of sows is also essential to understand the reproductive behaviors of pigs. The present study was designed to identify the source(s) of pheromones in sows. We collected urine, feces, saliva and vaginal mucus/vagin...

Efficiency of utilizing standardized ileal digestible lysine and threonine for whole body protein retention in pregnant gilts during early, mid and late gestation.

Two experiments were conducted to determine the efficiency of utilizing SID Lys and Thr for whole body protein retention (kSIDLys and kSIDThr) in pregnant gilts. In Exp. 1, 45 gilts (158.0 ± 8.0 kg at d 39.4 ± 1 of gestation) in two groups were used in a 3-period nitrogen (N)-balance study. Gilts were assigned to one of 4 diets set to provide 60, 70, 80 and 90% of predicted daily SID Lys requirement for protein retention (NRC, 2012) in each of early (d 41-52, 10.44 g/d), mid (d 68-79, 9.60 g/d) and late g...

The influence of protein restriction during mid- to late gestation on beef offspring growth, carcass characteristic and meat quality.

The objective of this study was to determine whether crude protein intake during the last three months of gestation affects growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of steer progeny. At 134 ± 14 d of gestation, 68 multiparous Angus cows were blocked by BW and expected calving date and randomly assigned to diets that contained either low or high dietary crude protein concentrations and were allotted in 12 pens per treatment. After calving, cows were managed together on improved pastu...

Safety of a novel feed ingredient, Algal Oil containing EPA and DHA, in a gestation-lactation-growth feeding study in Beagle dogs.

An Algal Oil Containing EPA and DHA (AOCED) at ~50% was developed as a sustainable source of omega-3 fatty acids. AOCED was incorporated into extruded dry foods for dogs at 0, 0.75%, 1.5% and 3.0% levels (equivalent to 0, 7.5, 15 and 30 g/kg diet) on dry matter basis at the expense of chicken fat and fed to healthy female Beagle dogs starting at mating and throughout gestation and lactation. The offspring were fed their maternal corresponding diets for 26 weeks after weaning. AOCED-enriched diets were well ...

Short communication: Pro- and antioxidative indicators in serum of dairy cows during late pregnancy and early lactation: Testing the effects of parity, different dietary energy levels, and farm.

Dairy cows face metabolic challenges in the transition from late pregnancy to early lactation. The energy demands for the growing fetus and the onset of milk production are increasing but voluntary feed intake often decreases around parturition and cannot meet these demands. This energy balance, among others, can change the oxidative status. Oxidative stress occurs when antioxidant defense mechanisms are not sufficient to cope with the increasing generation of reactive oxygen species. Our objectives were to...

Late Gestation Supplementation of Corn Dried Distiller's Grains Plus Solubles to Beef Cows Fed A Low-Quality Forage: III. Effects on Mammary Gland Blood Flow, Colostrum and Milk Production, and Calf Body Weights.

Objectives were to investigate the effects of supplementation with corn dried distiller's grains plus solubles (DDGS) to late gestating beef cows on arterial blood flow to the mammary glands during late gestation and early lactation; colostrum and milk production; dystocia and immunity; and calf BW. Cows were fed a control (CON; n = 15; 5.1% CP; 36.2% ADF) diet consisting of 90% corn stover and 10% corn silage on a dry basis offered ad libitum or CON diet with supplementation of DDGS (0.30% of BW; SUP n = 1...

Crude Fiber Modulates the Fecal Microbiome and Steroid Hormones in Pregnant Meishan Sows.

The beneficial effects of dietary fiber on the reproductive performance and welfare of sows have been discussed broadly, but few researches examined the causal changes and the association of gut microbiota and the steroid hormones, the main regulators of reproductive function. To shed light on this, thirty-six Meishan sows were allocated into 2.5% crude fiber (CF) group and 7.5% CF group respectively for an entire farrowing interval. On the 90th day of gestation, the saliva and fresh stool of sows were indi...

High- and low- selenium diets affect endocrine energy balance during early programming.

High- and low- Se diets received by dams during gestation and lactation are related to insulin resistance in their pups. High-Se diet leads to an increase in serum insulin levels, which does not function properly, and an anabolic process. Low-Se diet is related to very low insulin values and an extreme catabolic energy imbalance. Selenoproteins have been implicated directly in the general endocrine regulation of appetite and energy homeostasis. To obtain information concerning how Se intake by dams is invol...

Involvement of plasma endocannabinoids and the hypothalamic endocannabinoid system in increasing feed intake after parturition of dairy cows.

The endocannabinoids N-arachidonylethanolamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) participate in the control of feed intake and energy metabolism. Most mammals increase their feed intake after parturition to cope with the increased energy and nutrient requirements for milk synthesis, thereby increasing their metabolic rate. Here we investigated in Experiment 1 the regulation of plasma AEA and 2-AG concentrations during the transition from late pregnancy to early lactation in dairy cows, and analysed in...

Top dietary sources of energy, sodium, sugars, and saturated fats among Canadians: insights from the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey.

Dietary factors are major contributors to morbidity and mortality, and significant attention is being paid to interventions to support healthy eating, including through the creation of a healthier food supply. The objective of this study was to inform interventions to support healthy eating by examining the top dietary sources of calories, sodium, sugars, and saturated fats among Canadians in relation to sex, age, and income. We drew upon data from the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey, which collected ...

Serum Apelin-36 alteration in late pregnancy and early lactation of dairy cows and its association with negative energy balance markers.

The beneficial roles of Apelin on both energy metabolism and insulin sensitivity have been described in previous researches, but it has been little studied in dairy cows. The aim of the present study was to determine the serum Apelin-36 concentration in late pregnancy and early lactation in dairy cows and its association with negative energy balance markers. Thirty Holstein dairy cows (multiparous; n = 15 and primiparous; n = 15) with body condition score 3-3.75 at parturition were selected and bloo...

Central growth hormone action regulates metabolism during pregnancy.

The maternal organism undergoes numerous metabolic adaptations to become prepared for the demands associated with the coming offspring. These metabolic adaptations involve changes induced by several hormones that act at multiple levels ultimately influencing energy and glucose homeostasis during pregnancy and lactation. Previous studies have shown that central growth hormone (GH) action modulates glucose and energy homeostasis. However, whether central GH action regulates metabolism during pregnancy and lac...

Fetal exposure to the maternal microbiota in humans and mice.

Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of microbial DNA in the fetal environment. However, it remains unclear whether this DNA represents viable bacteria and how it relates to the maternal microbiota across different body sites. We studied the microbiota of human and mouse dyads to understand these relationships, localize bacteria in the fetus, and demonstrate bacterial viability. In human preterm and full-term mother-infant dyads at the time of Cesarean delivery, the oral cavity and meconium of ne...


Quick Search