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PubMed Journals Articles About "Digital Technology Enhance Tuberculosis Control Scoping Review" RSS

15:09 EDT 30th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Digital Technology Enhance Tuberculosis Control Scoping Review" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 39,000+

Use of Digital Technology to Enhance Tuberculosis Control: Scoping Review.

Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent, with around 1.5 million deaths reported in 2018, and is a major contributor to suffering worldwide, with an estimated 10 million new cases every year. In the context of the World Health Organization's End TB strategy and the quest for digital innovations, there is a need to understand what is happening around the world regarding research into the use of digital technology for better TB care and control.


Digital phenotyping for assessment and prediction of mental health outcomes: a scoping review protocol.

Rapid advancements in technology and the ubiquity of personal mobile digital devices have brought forth innovative methods of acquiring healthcare data. Smartphones can capture vast amounts of data both passively through inbuilt sensors or connected devices and actively via user engagement. This scoping review aims to evaluate evidence to date on the use of passive digital sensing/phenotyping in assessment and prediction of mental health.

Provider- and Patient-Related Barriers to and Facilitators of Digital Health Technology Adoption for Hypertension Management: Scoping Review.

The uptake of digital health technology (DHT) has been surprisingly low in clinical practice. Despite showing great promise to improve patient outcomes and disease management, there is limited information on the factors that contribute to the limited adoption of DHT, particularly for hypertension management.


Using digital technology for home monitoring, adherence and self-management in cystic fibrosis: a state-of-the-art review.

Digital healthcare is a rapidly growing healthcare sector. Its importance has been recognised at both national and international level, with the WHO recently publishing its first global strategy for digital health. The use of digital technology within cystic fibrosis (CF) has also increased. CF is a chronic, life-limiting condition, in which the treatment burden is high and treatment regimens are not static. Digital technologies present an opportunity to support the lives of people with CF. We included 59 a...

Barriers and enablers to conducting cluster randomized control trials in hospitals: A theory-informed scoping review.

Cluster randomized control trials (cRCTs) have unique challenges compared to single site trials with regards to conduct of the trial, and it is important to understand these barriers. The aim of this scoping review was to describe the current literature surrounding the implementation of the cRCTs in hospitals.

Using technology to support the emotional and social wellbeing of nurses: A scoping review.

(1) To review the literature on the use of technology to provide emotional and social support to nurses; (2) to identify and evaluate gaps in the research; (3) to assess whether a systematic review would be valuable and (4) to make recommendations for future research.

A novel approach for tuberculosis diagnosis using exosomal DNA and droplet digital PCR.

The rapid diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) is important for patient treatment and infection control. Current molecular diagnostic techniques for TB have insufficient sensitivity to detect samples with low bacterial loads. The sensitivity of molecular testing depends on not only performance of assay technique but also nucleic acid extraction method. Here, we have presented a novel approach using exosomal DNA (exoDNA) and droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) platform to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA in clinical ...

Microsurgery Training in the Digital Era: A Systematic Review of Accessible Digital Resources.

Significant variation exists in microsurgery training resources provided across plastic surgery residency programs, and dedicated microsurgery courses can be logistically difficult to access (cost, location, protected time, etc). Widespread use of personal digital technology has facilitated the emergence of resources that enable easily accessible microsurgical training through digital modalities that augment traditional training. The authors sought to conduct the first systematic review of all such resource...

Nudging In MicroBiology Laboratory Evaluation (NIMBLE): A scoping review.

Nudging in microbiology is an antimicrobial stewardship strategy to influence decision making through the strategic reporting of microbiology results while preserving prescriber autonomy. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify the evidence that demonstrates the effectiveness of nudging strategies in susceptibility result reporting to improve antimicrobial use.

The use of voice-assisted technology to enhance self-care.

Emeritus Professor , University of Southampton, discusses a new strand of the Government's , which is commited to more fully embrace digital innovations, including voice-assisted technology.

Effectiveness of digital technology interventions to reduce loneliness in adults: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Loneliness is an emerging public health problem that is associated with social, emotional, mental and physical health issues. The application of digital technology (DT) interventions to reduce loneliness has significantly increased in the recent years. The effectiveness of DT interventions needs to be assessed systematically.

Social media use and depression in adolescents: a scoping review.

There have been increases in adolescent depression and suicidal behaviour over the last two decades that coincide with the advent of social media (SM) (platforms that allow communication via digital media), which is widely used among adolescents. This scoping review examined the bi-directional association between the use of SM, specifically social networking sites (SNS), and depression and suicidality among adolescents. The studies reviewed yielded four main themes in SM use through thematic analysis: quant...

Using Patient and Family Engagement Strategies to Improve Outcomes of Health Information Technology Initiatives: Scoping Review.

Many health care organizations around the world have implemented health information technologies (ITs) to enhance health service efficiency, effectiveness, and safety. Studies have demonstrated that promising outcomes of health IT initiatives can be obtained when patients and family members participate and engage in the adoption, use, and evaluation of these technologies. Despite knowing this, there is a lack of health care organizations using patient and family engagement strategies to enhance the use and ...

Tuberculosis infection in under-2-year-old refugees: Should we be screening? A systematic review and meta-regression analysis.

Refugees are at increased risk of tuberculosis infection due to time spent in crowded camps, decreased nutrition and originating from countries whose own tuberculosis control systems may have been disturbed. In Australia, tuberculosis is screened for in for all refugees aged 11-34 years old and in those aged 2-10 years arriving from high-incidence countries. Our aims were to determine if refugee children aged under 2 years of age should also be screened.

Translocation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis after experimental ingestion.

Human tuberculosis is a life-threatening infection following the inhalation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, while the closely related bacteria Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium canettii are thought to be transmitted by ingestion. To explore whether M. tuberculosis could also infect individuals by ingestion, male BALBc mice were fed 2 x 106 CFUs of M. tuberculosis Beijing or phosphate-buffered saline as a negative control, over a 28-day experiment. While eight negative control mice remained disease-free, ...

Challenges in diagnostics for intestinal tuberculosis - Pitfalls of a forgotten infectious disease: case series and literature review.

Intestinal tuberculosis is an infectious disease of the extrapulmonary manifestation with the Mycobacteria tuberculosis complex. In developed countries, this disease is rarely seen. The clinical features are heterogeneous and unspecific. Furthermore, intestinal tuberculosis poses diagnostic challenges. Regarding intestinal tuberculosis the Ziehl-Neelsen staining for acid-fast bacillus, PCR examination and culture methods show only poor sensitivity and specificity. In this case series, we present three patie...

Linking Engineered Cells to Their Digital Twins: a Version Control System for Strain Engineering.

As DNA sequencing and synthesis become cheaper and more easily accessible, the scale and complexity of biological engineering projects is set to grow. Yet, although there is an accelerating convergence between biotechnology and digital technology, a deficit in software and laboratory techniques diminishes the ability to make biotechnology more agile, reproducible and transparent while, at the same time, limiting the security and safety of synthetic biology constructs. To partially address some of these prob...

Annual Research Review: Adolescent mental health in the digital age: facts, fears, and future directions.

Adolescents are spending an increasing amount of their time online and connected to each other via digital technologies. Mobile device ownership and social media usage have reached unprecedented levels, and concerns have been raised that this constant connectivity is harming adolescents' mental health. This review synthesized data from three sources: (a) narrative reviews and meta-analyses conducted between 2014 and 2019, (b) large-scale preregistered cohort studies and (c) intensive longitudinal and ecolog...

Sex and Gender Considerations in Transplant Research: A Scoping Review.

In response to the promotion of sex and gender integration in health-related research, we conducted a scoping review evaluating to what extent sex and gender were considered in the transplantation literature.

Incidence of tuberculosis in patients receiving anti-TNF therapy for rheumatic diseases: a systematic review.

The TNF inhibitors were the first immunobiologicals used to treat rheumatic diseases, but their use is associated with an increased risk of tuberculosis. The primary objective is to estimate the incidence of tuberculosis in patients with rheumatic diseases exposed to anti-TNF therapy. The secondary objectives are to evaluate the incidence of tuberculosis by region and subgroups of diseases, to review the presentation of tuberculosis in these patients, and to assess the time elapsed between onset of anti-TNF...

Digital technology and nursing practice, opportunities and disparities between hospital and community care.

While the use of digital technology has developed in nursing practice in the hospital setting, this movement is late to arrive in homecare. Structural factors can explain these disparities, which are also due to insufficient training of private practice professionals and the fact that digital tools are not always suited to their mode of practice. However, there are adapted and innovative solutions, such as platforms for the organisation of homecare.

Use of huddles among frontline staff in clinical settings: a scoping review protocol.

This scoping review aims to provide an overview of current evidence on huddles in health care settings involving frontline staff.

An Intergenerational Information and Communications Technology Learning Project to Improve Digital Skills: User Satisfaction Evaluation.

"Digital Partners" is an intergenerational information and communications technology learning project carried out in the municipalities of Vic and Centelles (Catalonia) from April to May 2018. Within the framework of the introduction of community service as a subject in secondary education, the Centre for Health and Social Studies (University of Vic) created a training space with 38 intergenerational partners (aged 14-15 years and >65 years), with the aim of improving the senior users' digital skills in ter...

Current study of the detection and treatment targets of spinal tuberculosis.

Spinal tuberculosis is a common manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis and osteoarticular tuberculosis. Common clinical manifestations include constitutional symptoms, back pain, spinal tenderness, paraplegia, and spinal deformities. They are the common causes of paralysis and have a great impact on the patients. Most cases of spinal tuberculosis are concealed, and early clinical symptoms and imaging manifestations lack specificity, which is difficult to identify from atypical spinal metastases, bruce...

Adults With Asthma Experience No Increase in Asthma-related Exacerbations When Digital Communication Technology Tools Are Employed to Offset Provider Workload: A Pragmatic Randomized Trial.

Challenges to health care efficiency are increasingly addressed with the help of digital communication technology tools (DCTs).


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