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PubMed Journals Articles About "Direct Measurement Nonlocal Entangled Quantum State" RSS

01:28 EST 12th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Direct Measurement Nonlocal Entangled Quantum State" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

Direct Measurement of a Nonlocal Entangled Quantum State.

Entanglement and the wave function description are two of the core concepts that make quantum mechanics such a unique theory. A method to directly measure the wave function, using weak values, was demonstrated by Lundeen et al. [Nature 474, 188 (2011)]. However, it is not applicable to a scenario of two disjoint systems, where nonlocal entanglement can be a crucial element, since that requires obtaining weak values of nonlocal observables. Here, for the first time, we propose a method to directly measure a...


Deterministic Generation of Large-Scale Entangled Photonic Cluster State from Interacting Solid State Emitters.

The ability to create large highly entangled "cluster" states is crucial for measurement-based quantum computing. We show that deterministic multiphoton entanglement can be created from coupled solid state quantum emitters without the need for any two-qubit gates and regardless of whether the emitters are identical. In particular, we present a general method for controlled entanglement creation by making direct use of the always-on exchange interaction, in combination with single-qubit operations. This is u...

Benchmarking Maximum-Likelihood State Estimation with an Entangled Two-Cavity State.

The efficient quantum state reconstruction algorithm described by Six et al. [Phys. Rev. A 93, 012109 (2016)PLRAAN2469-992610.1103/PhysRevA.93.012109] is experimentally implemented on the nonlocal state of two microwave cavities entangled by a circular Rydberg atom. We use information provided by long sequences of measurements performed by resonant and dispersive probe atoms over timescales involving the system decoherence. Moreover, we benefit from the consolidation, in the same reconstruction, of differe...


Entanglement Swapping with Semiconductor-Generated Photons Violates Bell's Inequality.

Transferring entangled states between photon pairs is essential in quantum communication. Semiconductor quantum dots are the leading candidate for generating polarization-entangled photons deterministically. Here we show for the first time swapping of entangled states between two pairs of photons emitted by a single dot. A joint Bell measurement heralds the successful generation of the Bell state Ψ^{+}, yielding a fidelity of 0.81±0.04 and violating the CHSH and Bell inequalities. Our photon source matche...

δ-Quench Measurement of a Pure Quantum-State Wave Function.

The measurement of a quantum state wave function not only acts as a fundamental part in quantum physics but also plays an important role in developing practical quantum technologies. Conventional quantum state tomography has been widely used to estimate quantum wave functions, which usually requires complicated measurement techniques. The recent weak-value-based quantum measurement circumvents this resource issue but relies on an extra pointer space. Here, we theoretically propose and then experimentally de...

Efficient Generation of Many-Body Entangled States by Multilevel Oscillations.

We generate high-fidelity massively entangled states in an antiferromagnetic spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) by utilizing multilevel oscillations. Combining the multilevel oscillations with additional adiabatic drives, we greatly shorten the necessary evolution time and relax the requirement on the control accuracy of quadratic Zeeman splitting, from microgauss to milligauss, for a ^{23}Na spinor BEC. The achieved high fidelities over 96% show that two kinds of massively entangled states, the many-bod...

Deterministic Entanglement Swapping in a Superconducting Circuit.

Entanglement swapping, the process to entangle two particles without coupling them in any way, is one of the most striking manifestations of the quantum-mechanical nonlocal characteristic. Besides fundamental interest, this process has applications in complex entanglement manipulation and quantum communication. Here we report a high-fidelity, unconditional entanglement swapping experiment in a superconducting circuit. The measured concurrence characterizing the qubit-qubit entanglement produced by swapping ...

Entanglement Swapping with Photons Generated on Demand by a Quantum Dot.

Photonic entanglement swapping, the procedure of entangling photons without any direct interaction, is a fundamental test of quantum mechanics and an essential resource to the realization of quantum networks. Probabilistic sources of nonclassical light were used for seminal demonstration of entanglement swapping, but applications in quantum technologies demand push-button operation requiring single quantum emitters. This, however, turned out to be an extraordinary challenge due to the stringent prerequisite...

Observing and Verifying the Quantum Trajectory of a Mechanical Resonator.

Continuous weak measurement allows localizing open quantum systems in state space and tracing out their quantum trajectory as they evolve in time. Efficient quantum measurement schemes have previously enabled recording quantum trajectories of microwave photon and qubit states. We apply these concepts to a macroscopic mechanical resonator, and we follow the quantum trajectory of its motional state conditioned on a continuous optical measurement record. Starting with a thermal mixture, we eventually obtain co...

Bell Correlations at Ising Quantum Critical Points.

When a collection of distant observers share an entangled quantum state, the statistical correlations among their measurements may violate a many-body Bell inequality, demonstrating a nonlocal behavior. Focusing on the Ising model in a transverse field with power-law (1/r^{α}) ferromagnetic interactions, we show that a permutationally invariant Bell inequality based on two-body correlations is violated in the vicinity of the quantum-critical point. This observation, obtained via analytical spin-wave calcul...

Optical Interferometry with Quantum Networks.

We propose a method for optical interferometry in telescope arrays assisted by quantum networks. In our approach, the quantum state of incoming photons along with an arrival time index are stored in a binary qubit code at each receiver. Nonlocal retrieval of the quantum state via entanglement-assisted parity checks at the expected photon arrival rate allows for direct extraction of the phase difference, effectively circumventing transmission losses between nodes. Compared to prior proposals, our scheme (bas...

Engineering Crossed Andreev Reflection in Double Bilayer Graphene.

Crossed Andreev reflection (CAR) is a nonlocal process that converts an incoming electron (hole) from one normal electrode to an out-going hole (electron) in another normal electrode through a superconductor (SC). CAR corresponds to the inverse process of Cooper pair splitting, which generates a quantum-entangled electron pair with spatial separation. Here, we fabricated vertically stacked double bilayer graphene (BLG) connected via a superconducting electrode and achieved the spacing between the BLG sheets...

Experimental Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Steering and Randomness Generation Beyond Qubits.

In a measurement-device-independent or quantum-refereed protocol, a referee can verify whether two parties share entanglement or Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) steering without the need to trust either of the parties or their devices. The need for trusting a party is substituted by a quantum channel between the referee and that party, through which the referee encodes the measurements to be performed on that party's subsystem in a set of nonorthogonal quantum states. In this Letter, an EPR-steering inequalit...

General-Purpose Quantum Circuit Simulator with Projected Entangled-Pair States and the Quantum Supremacy Frontier.

Recent advances on quantum computing hardware have pushed quantum computing to the verge of quantum supremacy. Here, we bring together many-body quantum physics and quantum computing by using a method for strongly interacting two-dimensional systems, the projected entangled-pair states, to realize an effective general-purpose simulator of quantum algorithms. The classical computing complexity of this simulator is directly related to the entanglement generation of the underlying quantum circuit rather than t...

Simulating Broken PT-Symmetric Hamiltonian Systems by Weak Measurement.

By embedding a PT-symmetric (pseudo-Hermitian) system into a large Hermitian one, we disclose the relations between PT-symmetric quantum theory and weak measurement theory. We show that the weak measurement can give rise to the inner product structure of PT-symmetric systems, with the preselected state and its postselected state resident in the dilated conventional system. Typically in quantum information theory, by projecting out the irrelevant degrees and projecting onto the subspace, even local broken PT...

Efficient production of large-size optical Schrödinger cat states.

We present novel theory of effective realization of large-size optical Schrödinger cat states, which play an important role for quantum communication and quantum computation in the optical domain using laser sources. The treatment is based on the α-representation in infinite Hilbert space which is the decomposition of an arbitrary quantum state in terms of displaced number states characterized by the displacement amplitude α. We find analytical form of the α-representation for both even and odd Schrödi...

A Photonic System for Generating Unconditional Polarization-Entangled Photons Based on Multiple Quantum Interference.

We present a high-performance source of unconditional polarization-entangled photons that have a high-emission rate, a broadband distribution, are degenerated and postselection free. The property of the source is based on the multiple quantum interference effect with a round-trip configuration of a Sagnac interferometer. The quantum interference effects make it possible to use the high generation efficiency of the polarization-entangled photons to process parametric down-conversion, and separate degenerated...

Characterization of Arbitrary-Order Correlations in Quantum Baths by Weak Measurement.

Correlations of fluctuations are the driving forces behind the dynamics and thermodynamics in quantum many-body systems. For qubits embedded in a quantum bath, the correlations in the bath are key to understanding and combating decoherence-a critical issue in quantum information technology. However, there is no systematic method for characterizing the many-body correlations in quantum baths beyond the second order or the Gaussian approximation. Here we present a scheme to characterize the correlations in a ...

Satellite testing of a gravitationally induced quantum decoherence model.

Quantum mechanics and the general theory of relativity are two pillars of modern physics. However, a coherent unified framework of the two theories remains an open problem. Attempts to quantize general relativity have led to many rival models of quantum gravity, which, however, generally lack experimental foundations. We report a quantum optical experimental test of event formalism of quantum fields, a theory that attempts to present a coherent description of quantum fields in exotic spacetimes containing c...

Retrieving Ideal Precision in Noisy Quantum Optical Metrology.

Quantum metrology employs quantum effects to attain a measurement precision surpassing the limit achievable in classical physics. However, it was previously found that the precision returns the shot-noise limit (SNL) from the ideal Zeno limit (ZL) due to the photon loss in quantum metrology based on Mech-Zehnder interferometry. Here, we find that not only can the SNL be beaten, but also the ZL can be asymptotically recovered in a long-encoding-time condition when the photon dissipation is exactly studied in...

Strongly Correlated Quantum Gas Prepared by Direct Laser Cooling.

We create a one-dimensional strongly correlated quantum gas of ^{133}Cs atoms with attractive interactions by direct laser cooling in 300 ms. After compressing and cooling the optically trapped atoms to the vibrational ground state along two tightly confined directions, the emergence of a non-Gaussian time-of-flight distribution along the third, weakly confined direction reveals that the system enters a quantum degenerate regime. We observe a reduction of two- and three-body spatial correlations and infer ...

Limits on Correlations in Networks for Quantum and No-Signaling Resources.

A quantum network consists of independent sources distributing entangled states to distant nodes which can then perform entangled measurements, thus establishing correlations across the entire network. But how strong can these correlations be? Here we address this question, by deriving bounds on possible quantum correlations in a given network. These bounds are nonlinear inequalities that depend only on the topology of the network. We discuss in detail the notably challenging case of the triangle network. M...

Three-Photon Discrete-Energy-Entangled W State in an Optical Fiber.

We experimentally demonstrate the generation of a three-photon discrete-energy-entangled W state using multiphoton-pair generation by spontaneous four-wave mixing in an optical fiber. We show that, by making use of prior information on the photon source, we can verify the state produced by this source without resorting to frequency conversion.

Multipartite Entanglement Generation and Contextuality Tests Using Nondestructive Three-Qubit Parity Measurements.

We report on the realization and application of nondestructive three-qubit parity measurements on nuclear spin qubits in diamond. We use high-fidelity quantum logic to map the parity of the joint state of three nuclear spin qubits onto an electronic spin qubit that acts as an ancilla, followed by a single-shot nondestructive readout of the ancilla combined with an electron spin echo to ensure outcome-independent evolution of the nuclear spins. Through the sequential application of three such parity measurem...

Characterizing a Statistical Arrow of Time in Quantum Measurement Dynamics.

In both thermodynamics and quantum mechanics, the arrow of time is characterized by the statistical likelihood of physical processes. We characterize this arrow of time for the continuous quantum measurement dynamics of a superconducting qubit. By experimentally tracking individual weak measurement trajectories, we compare the path probabilities of forward and backward-in-time evolution to develop an arrow of time statistic associated with measurement dynamics. We compare the statistics of individual trajec...


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