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PubMed Journals Articles About "Direct Transfer Patterning Electrically Small Antennas Onto Three" RSS

09:44 EDT 21st October 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Direct Transfer Patterning Electrically Small Antennas onto Three" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 17,000+

Effects of repeated use and resterilization on structural and functional integrity of microwave ablation antennas.

OBJECTIVE To determine effects of repeated use and resterilization on structural and functional integrity of microwave ablation (MWA) antennas. SAMPLE 17 cooled-shaft MWA antennas (3 groups of 5 antennas/group and 2 control antennas). PROCEDURES 1, 2, and 3 ablations in the livers of bovine cadavers were performed at the maximum recommended settings. Antennas were cleaned and sterilized in hydrogen peroxide plasma, and the process was repeated (reprocessing cycle; n = 6). Control antennas were only steriliz...


Direct and air-mediated transfer of labeled SVOCs from indoor sources to dust.

Two small-scale field studies were conducted to investigate the transfer of substances from products into dust due to direct and air-mediated transfer. The project focused on semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs), which are frequently found in and re-emitted from dust. For the field studies, four artificial products containing deuterium-labelled SVOCs (eight phthalates and adipates) were installed in residential indoor environments. Two plastic products were installed vertically to consider substance tran...

Broadband Fluorescence Enhancement with Self-Assembled Silver Nanoparticle Optical Antennas.

Plasmonic structures are known to affect the fluorescence properties of dyes placed in close proximity. This effect has been exploited in combination with single-molecule techniques for several applications in the field of biosensing. Among these plasmonic structures, top-down zero mode waveguides stand out due to their broadband capabilities. In contrast, optical antennas based on gold nanostructures exhibit fluorescence enhancement on a narrow fraction of the visible spectrum typically restricted to the r...


Impact of Beamforming on the Path Connectivity in Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks.

This paper investigates the impact of using directional antennas and beamforming schemes on the connectivity of cognitive radio ad hoc networks (CRAHNs). Specifically, considering that secondary users use two kinds of directional antennas, i.e., uniform linear array (ULA) and uniform circular array (UCA) antennas, and two different beamforming schemes, i.e., randomized beamforming and center-directed to communicate with each other, we study the connectivity of all combination pairs of directional antennas a...

Dominance of Plasmonic Resonant Energy Transfer over Direct Electron Transfer in Substantially Enhanced Water Oxidation Activity of BiVO4 by Shape-Controlled Au Nanoparticles.

The performance of plasmonic Au nanostructure/metal oxide heterointerface shows great promise in enhancing photoactivity, due to its ability to confine light to the small volume inside the semiconductor and modify the interfacial electronic band structure. While the shape control of Au nanoparticles (NPs) is crucial for moderate bandgap semiconductors, because plasmonic resonance by interband excitations overlaps above the absorption edge of semiconductors, its critical role in water splitting is still not ...

Stay connected: Electrical conductivity of microbial aggregates.

The discovery of direct extracellular electron transfer offers an alternative to the traditional understanding of diffusional electron exchange via small molecules. The establishment of electronic connections between electron donors and acceptors in microbial communities is critical to electron transfer via electrical currents. These connections are facilitated through conductivity associated with various microbial aggregates. However, examination of conductivity in microbial samples is still in its relativ...

Crosstalk between vertical and horizontal gene transfer: plasmid replication control by a conjugative relaxase.

Horizontal gene transfer is a key process in the evolution of bacteria and also represents a source of genetic variation in eukaryotes. Among elements participating in gene transfer, thousands of small (

Observation of nanoimpact events of catalase on diamond ultramicroelectrodes by direct electron transfer.

We report electrochemical detection of single-catalase collisions at diamond ultramicroelectrodes and show the operative mechanism involves direct enzyme-mediated charge transfer between electrode and solution. Hydrogen peroxide increases the collision frequency, which fluorescence correlation spectroscopy diffusion measurements suggest stems from an increase in the diffusion rate as the underlying cause.

Wearable slot antenna at 2.45 GHz for off-body radiation: Analysis of efficiency, frequency shift, and body absorption.

The interaction of body-worn antennas with the human body causes a significant decrease in antenna efficiency and a shift in resonant frequency. A resonant slot in a small conductive box placed on the body has been shown to reduce these effects. The specific absorption rate is less than international health standards for most wearable antennas due to small transmitter power. This paper reports the linear relationship between power absorbed by biological tissues at different locations on the body and radiati...

Laser Lithography of a Tube-in-a-Tube Nanostructure.

Carbon nanotubes hold vast potential for device innovations because their optical and electronic properties can be synthetically tailored at a length scale unattainable by lithographic techniques. However, lithographic patterning of carbon nanotubes with electronic-type control remains one of the major problems for the integration of these nanomaterials for practical device applications. In this work we propose a laser lithography method for direct-write patterning of devices on thin films of outer wall-sel...

Boosting biomethane yield and production rate with graphene: The potential of direct interspecies electron transfer in anaerobic digestion.

Interspecies electron transfer between bacteria and archaea plays a vital role in enhancing energy efficiency of anaerobic digestion (AD). Conductive carbon materials (i.e. graphene nanomaterial and activated charcoal) were assessed to enhance AD of ethanol (a key intermediate product after acidogenesis of algae). The addition of graphene (1.0g/L) resulted in the highest biomethane yield (695.0±9.1mL/g) and production rate (95.7±7.6mL/g/d), corresponding to an enhancement of 25.0% in biomethane yield and ...

Helping to distinguish primary from secondary transfer events for trace DNA.

DNA is routinely recovered in criminal investigations. The sensitivity of laboratory equipment and DNA profiling kits means that it is possible to generate DNA profiles from very small amounts of cellular material. As a consequence, it has been shown that DNA we detect may not have arisen from a direct contact with an item, but rather through one or more intermediaries. Naturally the questions arising in court, particularly when considering trace DNA, are of how DNA may have come to be on an item. While sci...

Direct Patterning of Zinc Sulfide on a Sub-10 Nanometer Scale via Electron Beam Lithography.

Nanostructures of metal sulfides are conventionally prepared via chemical techniques and patterned using self-assembly. This poses a considerable amount of challenge when arbitrary shapes and sizes of nanostructures are desired to be placed at precise locations. Here we describe an alternative approach of nanoscale patterning of zinc sulfide (ZnS) directly using a spin-coatable and electron beam-sensitive zinc butylxanthate resist without the lift-off or etching step. Time-resolved electron beam damage stud...

Editorial overview: Developmental mechanisms, patterning and evolution: Developmental patterning: from stochasticity to plasticity.

A Solar-Blind UV Detector Based on Graphene-Microcrystalline Diamond Heterojunctions.

An ultraviolet detector is demonstrated through a whole-wafer, thin diamond film transfer process to realize the heterojunction between graphene and microcrystalline diamond (MCD). Conventional direct transfer processes fail to deposit graphene onto the top surface of the MCD film. However, it is found that the 2 µm thick MCD diamond film can be easily peeled off from the growth silicon substrate to expose its smooth backside for the graphene transfer process for high-quality graphene/MCD heterojunctions. ...

Oxygen vacancies promoted interfacial charge carrier transfer of CdS/ZnO heterostructure for photocatalytic hydrogen generation.

The solid-state Z-scheme trinary/binary heterostructures show the advantage of utilizing the high-energy photogenerated charge carriers in photocatalysis. However, the key factors controlling such Z-scheme in the binary heterostructures are still unclear. In this paper, we showed that oxygen vacancies could act as an interface electron transfer mediator to promote the direct Z-scheme charge transfer process in binary semiconductor heterostructures of CdS/ZnS. Increasing the concentration of surface oxygen v...

The genetic architecture of UV floral patterning in sunflower.

The patterning of floral ultraviolet (UV) pigmentation varies both intra- and interspecifically in sunflowers and many other plant species, impacts pollinator attraction, and can be critical to reproductive success and crop yields. However, the genetic basis for variation in UV patterning is largely unknown. This study examines the genetic architecture for proportional and absolute size of the UV bullseye in Helianthus argophyllus , a close relative of the domesticated sunflower.

Quantum Theory of Atoms in Molecules Charge-Charge Transfer-Dipolar Polarization Classification of Infrared Intensities.

Fundamental infrared intensities of gas-phase molecules are sensitive probes of changes in electronic structure accompanying small molecular distortions. Models containing charge, charge transfer and dipolar polarization effects are necessary for a successful classification of the C-H, C-F and C-Cl stretching and bending intensities. C-H stretching and in-plane bending vibrations involving sp3 carbon atoms have small equilibrium charge contributions and are accurately modeled by the charge transfer- counter...

The implications of shedder status and background DNA on direct and secondary transfer in an attack scenario.

In court questions are often raised related to how trace DNA was deposited, directly during the crime or innocently for instance by secondary transfer. It is therefore of interest to have knowledge of the probability of transfer or secondary transfer in different situations. Factors that could influence transfer probabilities are background DNA and the shedder status of the involved persons. In this study, we have classified participants as high or low DNA shedders. We observed DNA transfer in a simulated a...

Proton Transfer in Mixed Clusters of Methanesulfonic Acid, Methylamine and Oxalic Acid: Implications for Atmospheric Particle Formation.

Understanding the properties of atmospheric particles made of several components is a very challenging problem. In this paper, we carry out quantum chemical calculations for small multi-component clusters of atmospheric relevance that incorporate methanesulfonic acid (MSA), methylamine (MA), oxalic acid (OxA) and water (H2O). Potential correlations between theoretical predictions of proton transfer in the small clusters and findings of recent experiments on formation of particles of detectable sizes (>2 nm)...

End-Functionalized Palladium SCS Pincer Polymers via Controlled Radical Polymerizations.

A direct and facile route toward semitelechelic polymers, end-functionalized with palladated sulfur-carbon-sulfur pincer (Pd(II) -pincer) complexes is reported that avoids any post-polymerization step. Key to our methodology is the combination of reversible addition-fragmentation chain-transfer (RAFT) polymerization with functionalized chain-transfer agents. This strategy yields Pd end-group-functionalized materials with monomodal molar mass dispersities (Đ) of 1.18-1.44. The RAFT polymerization is investi...

Side-by-side observation of the interfacial improvement of vertical graphene-coated silicon nanocone anodes for lithium-ion batteries by patterning technology.

We report that vertical graphene coating can greatly improve the electrochemical performance and the interfacial stability of silicon nanocone (SNC) anodes for lithium-ion batteries. The coating patterning technology is innovatively employed for side-by-side demonstration of the exclusive influences of graphene coating on the solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation and the structural stability of the SNC electrode. The silicon nanocone-graphene (SNC-G) electrode achieves a longer cycle life (1715 cycle...

Cheminformatics-aided discovery of small-molecule Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) dual inhibitors of Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) and Receptor Activator of NF-κB Ligand (RANKL).

We present an in silico drug discovery pipeline developed and applied for the identification and virtual screening of small-molecule Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) compounds that act as dual inhibitors of TNF and RANKL through the trimerization interface. The cheminformatics part of the pipeline was developed by combining structure-based with ligand-based modeling using the largest available set of known TNF inhibitors in the literature (2481 small molecules). To facilitate virtual screening, the consens...

Unveiling Molecular Changes in Water by Small Luminescent Nanoparticles.

Nowadays a large variety of applications are based on solid nanoparticles dispersed in liquids-so called nanofluids. The interaction between the fluid and the nanoparticles plays a decisive role in the physical properties of the nanofluid. A novel approach based on the nonradiative energy transfer between two small luminescent nanocrystals (GdVO4 :Nd(3+) and GdVO4 :Yb(3+) ) dispersed in water is used in this work to investigate how temperature affects both the processes of interaction between nanoparticles ...

Construction of Small-Diameter Vascular Graft by Shape-Memory and Self-Rolling Bacterial Cellulose Membrane.

Bacterial cellulose (BC) membranes with shape-memory properties allow the rapid preparation of artificial small-diameter blood vessels when combined with microfluidics-based patterning with multiple types of cells. Lyophilization of a wet multilayered rolled BC tube endows it with memory to recover its tubular shape after unrolling. The unrolling of the BC tube yields a flat membrane, and subsequent patterning with endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, and fibroblast cells is carried out by microfluidics....


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