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Diseasemodifying Drugs PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Diseasemodifying Drugs articles that have been published worldwide.
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The pace of discovery of new antiretroviral (ARV) drugs has slowed, although the efficacy and safety of once-daily fixed dose combinations have been extensively investigated. Several traditional ARV drugs remain in phase III clinical trials. This review summarizes current information on ARV drugs in phase III clinical trials and focuses on the development of ARV drugs in the next decade.
In order to expedite the availability of drugs to treat cancers in a cost-effective manner, repurposing of old drugs for oncological indications is gathering momentum. Revolutionary advances in pharmacology and genomics have demonstrated many old drugs to have activity at novel antioncogenic pharmacological targets. We decided to investigate whether prospective studies support the promises of nonclinical and retrospective clinical studies on repurposing three old drugs, namely metformin, valproate and astem...
Describe the prevalence of the anticholinergic drugs (AD) used in patients who consult in regard to loss of memory. Assess the cognitive and functional repercussion of these drugs.
Benzodiazepines and Z drugs (BZD/Z drugs) are commonly used for the treatment of insomnia and anxiety in older adults for long periods of time. Given the physiological and metabolic characteristics of this group of patients, they are more prone to the adverse effects of these drugs which include falls. The recommendations for use of BZD/Z drugs include the need to adjust the dose and select those with a short half-life, to avoid adverse events, which as well as potentially affecting patient outcome, increas...
The perception that people who use illicit drugs are deviant has contributed to the stigmatization of this population. The primary aim of this review is to examine the links among injection-related discrimination, mental health, physical health, and quality of life in people who inject drugs. We also identify settings, perpetrators of discrimination, and coping strategies developed by people who inject drugs to deal with the issue.
Human serum albumin (HSA) is a major plasma protein and binding of drugs with this plasma protein has a great importance. It possess esterase activity which can cleave the drugs containing ester bond and thus, can regulate the effect of drugs. Till date no systematic study has been done to analyse binding of such drugs and to compare the results with the drugs which do not have ester bond. Therefore, in the present study two different categories-ester and non-ester drugs have been considered to analyse thei...
This study assessed whether five health technology assessment (HTA) bodies in Europe were more negative about drugs with a conditional marketing authorisation (CMA) that are approved without controlled studies compared to CMA drugs that are approved based on controlled studies. HTA recommendations were categorized into positive, restricted and negative. A total of 92 HTA recommendations were available for 27 drugs. 30/62 (48%) and 17/30 (57%) of recommendations were negative for drugs with and without contr...
Few studies have specifically explored what influences people who use drugs to consume them in certain ways (i.e., smoking, injecting). While a great deal of research has examined the transition from non-injection to injection routes of drug administration, less is known about people who use drugs (PWUD) but have never injected or have stopped injecting. This paper draws on actor-network theory to explore what moves people to inject or not, among both people who currently smoke/sniff drugs (PWSD) and people...
Patents temporarily protect brand-name drugs from generic competition, but some of the 20-year patent term is used up before marketing approval. To compensate for patent life lost to clinical testing and regulatory review, current law provides patent term restoration (PTR) of up to 5 years. Examining 170 top-selling drugs approved between 2000 and 2012, we found that 49% (83 drugs) received a PTR extension (median extension: 2.75 years) yielding a median total exclusivity period of 13.75 years, compared wit...
In utero exposure to antiepileptic drugs has previously been associated with adverse outcome among offspring, but evidence on longer term milestone development remains limited. We investigated the association between in utero exposure to antiepileptic drugs and learning disabilities in the first year of compulsory education among offspring and assessed which antiepileptic drugs carried the highest risk.
Psychoactive illicit drugs are widely used all over the world. Due to the high demand for illicit drugs, adulteration of substances with poisonous and active pharmaceutical ingredients is a common phenomenon in some countries. Lead and other active pharmaceutical ingredients are among adulterants added to illicit drugs intentionally. In the present study, we analyzed four major abused street drugs in Iran's drug black market (opium, Iranian crack, ecstasy tablets, and crystal methamphetamine) to assess acti...
Many available drugs have been repurposed as treatments for neurodevelopmental disorders. In the specific case of fragile X syndrome, many clinical trials of available drugs have been conducted with the goal of disease modification. In some cases, detailed understanding of basic disease mechanisms has guided the choice of drugs for clinical trials, and several notable successes in fragile X clinical trials have led to common use of drugs such as minocycline in routine medical practice. Newer technologies li...
Animal species used in the preclinical studies for development of monoclonal antibody (mAb) drugs are surveyed in this review. Relevant animal species for preclinical studies of mAb candidates are those express desired epitope of mAb candidates. Cynomolgus monkeys cross-react with mAb drugs much higher than other animal species commonly used in preclinical studies such as absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME), efficacy, and toxicity studies, for development of new drugs. Moreover, plasma...
The shrinking drug pipeline for antibacterial drugs has made it very precious to discover and develop novel drugs in this space. In this context, the recent approvals of β lactamase inhibitors with either cephalosporin or penem as combination drugs are welcome news to the community. There are number of β lactamase inhibitors with suggested partnered drugs that are currently in various stages of drug development. The focus of this manuscript is to provide some perspectives on clinical pharmacology consider...
In 2017, the US Food and Drug Administration approved 46 novel drugs and 29 drugs received newly approved indications. This record setting year was due in part to the new expedited review pathways. A review of these drugs were summarized.
Scientists still look for new drugs, which have anticoagulant properties. This is so important because existing anticoagulant drugs give many side effects, for example major bleeding. In this study we examined nine coumarin derivatives - candidates to be future antithrombotic drugs, which were synthetized and crystallized in our previous paper.