PubMed Journals Articles About "Dissipative Soliton Resonance Depression Into Burst Like Emission" RSS

22:33 EST 28th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Dissipative soliton resonance depression into burst like emission" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,100+

Dark solitons in the exploding pulsation of the bright dissipative soliton in ultrafast fiber lasers.

Soliton explosion is an extremely pulsating behavior of the bright dissipative soliton (DS) in ultrafast lasers. By numerical simulation, we find that the dark soliton (DAS) can coexist with the bright soliton during the exploding process. The collapsed temporal structure of the exploding soliton is induced by the DASs. We reveal the birthing, evolving, and decaying of the DASs inside the bright DS. The time-frequency analysis of the exploding soliton helps us better understand the temporal and spectral str...

Behavioral similarity of dissipative solitons in an ultrafast fiber laser.

We unveil a new type of dissipative soliton behavior in a net-normal-dispersion bidirectional ultrafast fiber laser. That is, the bidirectional dissipative solitons will always reveal similar spectral and temporal characteristics through common gain and loss modulation, even if the transient instability is involved. The behavioral similarity enables us to accurately design the soliton patterns by introducing seed pulses through loss modulation. As a proof-of-concept application, the precise and flexible man...

Continuous scanning of a dissipative Kerr-microresonator soliton comb for broadband, high-resolution spectroscopy.

Dissipative Kerr-microresonator soliton combs (hereafter called soliton combs) are promising to realize chip-scale integration of full soliton comb systems providing high precision, broad spectral coverage, and a coherent link to the micro/mm/THz domain with diverse applications coming on line all the time. However, the large soliton comb spacing hampers some applications. For example, for spectroscopic applications, there are simply not enough comb lines available to sufficiently cover almost any relevant ...

Real-time characterization of spectral instabilities in a mode-locked fibre laser exhibiting soliton-similariton dynamics.

The study of dissipative solitons in mode-locked lasers reveals a rich landscape of interaction dynamics resulting from the interplay of nonlinearity, dispersion and dissipation. Here, we characterize a range of instabilities in a dissipative soliton fibre laser in a regime where both conventional soliton and similariton propagation play significant roles in the intracavity pulse shaping. Specifically, we use the Dispersive Fourier Transform technique to perform real-time spectral measurements of buildup dy...

Feasibility and clinical effects of theta burst stimulation in youth with major depressive disorders: An open-label trial.

Conventional treatments for youth depression, such as antidepressants, have modest efficacy, side effects, and ongoing controversies regarding safety. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), specifically theta burst stimulation (TBS), applied to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) has demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of depression in adults. However, the feasibility and clinical response to TBS for youth depression has yet to be explored.

Implementation of intermittent theta burst stimulation compared to conventional repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with treatment resistant depression: A cost analysis.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is an evidence-based treatment for depression that is increasingly implemented in healthcare systems across the world. A new form of rTMS called intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) can be delivered in 3 min and has demonstrated comparable effectiveness to the conventional 37.5 min 10Hz rTMS protocol in patients with depression.

Pulsating soliton with broadened Kelly sidebands in an ultrafast fiber laser.

We experimentally observed a novel pulsating soliton state with broadened Kelly sidebands in an ultrafast laser. Through simulations, we found that the synchronized and unsynchronized resonant dispersive waves coexisted in the laser. The incoherent interaction between the unsynchronized dispersive waves and soliton resulted in oscillation of the intensity and central wavelength of the soliton. The frequencies of the Kelly sidebands oscillated with the soliton, resulting in their spectral broadening when mea...

Is Accelerated, High-Dose Theta Burst Stimulation a Panacea for Treatment-Resistant Depression?

A recent study by Williams et al. (2018) used accelerated, high-dose intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) to treat highly treatment-resistant depression patients. Remarkably, most patients remitted, but the durability of therapeutic response was weak and all patients relapsed within two weeks post-treatment. This mini-review examines the "fast on, fast off" effects of accelerated, high-dose iTBS for depression and suggests a new treatment that would combine the strengths of multiple extant iTBS proto...

Soliton Maxwell demons and long-tailed statistics in fluctuating optical fields.

We demonstrate experimentally in biased photorefractive crystals that collisions between random-amplitude optical spatial solitons produce long-tailed statistics from input Gaussian fluctuations. The effect is mediated by Raman nonlocal corrections to Kerr self-focusing that turn soliton-soliton interaction into a Maxwell demon for the output wave amplitude.

Real-time access to the coexistence of soliton singlets and molecules in an all-fiber laser.

Recent progress in time-stretch spectroscopy accelerates the exploration of ultrafast dynamics in mode-locked lasers through mapping the spectral information into time domain. Here, we report on real-time access to the coexistence of soliton singlets and molecules in an all-fiber laser mode-locked by a 45° tilted fiber grating. By virtue of the dispersive Fourier transform process, spectral information of the pulse trains under multi-pulse states can be resolved. It is identified that soliton singlets and ...

Antidepressant Efficacy of Prolonged Intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation Monotherapy for Recurrent Depression and Comparison of Methods for Coil Positioning: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Sham-Controlled Study.

Prolonged intermittent theta burst stimulation (piTBS) with triple doses of the standard protocol is an updated form of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, and it is an effective add-on intervention for major depressive disorder. In the present study, our objective was to investigate the antidepressant efficacy of piTBS monotherapy. Efficacy between the standard 5-cm method and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided coil positioning to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex method was also compa...

Multi-soliton formation in femtosecond degenerate optical parametric oscillators.

Multi-soliton formation is observed theoretically and experimentally in femtosecond degenerate optical parametric oscillators (OPOs). We show that when the pulse energy of the pump source of a femtosecond OPO is increased to a certain level, the existing soliton will move towards the leading edge of pump pulses due to the enhanced nonlinear acceleration, and the undepleted pump energy will support the generation of more solitons. We have successfully observed the generation of double solitons and triple sol...

Soliton supermode transitions and total red shift suppression in multi-core fibers.

Soliton propagation in seven-core fibers is studied numerically with the frequency dependence of linear coupling taken into account. It is shown that under certain conditions, solitons can undergo spontaneous supermode transitions upon abrupt red shift, analogous to the recently discovered phenomenon of soliton self-mode conversion in step-index multi-mode fibers. When the core separation is increased, the dynamics change drastically, leading to total suppression of soliton self-frequency shift and the emer...

Positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging for the diagnosis and differentiation of pancreatic tumors.

This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of simultaneous positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MR) in differentiating the benign and malignant of pancreatic tumors as well as the differentiation of pancreatic cancer.

Treatment emergent affective switch in depression: A possible role of theta burst stimulation.

Etiologic classification of infantile spasms using positron emission/magnetic resonance imaging and the efficacy of adrenocorticotropic hormone therapy.

The aim of this study was to investigate if the etiologic classification of infantile spasm (IS) using positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MR) is feasible. Based on the classified etiologic groups, we further evaluated the efficacy of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) therapy in different IS groups.

Red aggregation-induced emission luminogen and Gd codoped mesoporous silica nanoparticles as dual-mode probes for fluorescent and magnetic resonance imaging.

Fluorescence imaging and magnetic resonance imaging have been research hotspots for adjuvant therapy and diagnosis. However, traditional fluorescent probes or contrast agents possess insurmountable weaknesses. In this work, we reported the preparation of dual-mode probes based on mesoporous silica nanomaterials (MSNs), which were doped with an aggregation-induced emission (AIE) dye and Gd through a direct sol-gel method. In this system, the obtained materials emitted strong red fluorescence, in which the ma...

Minimally invasive decompression and intracorporeal bone grafting combined with temporary percutaneous short-segment pedicle screw for the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fracture with neurological deficits.

To evaluate clinical and radiographical outcomes.

Ferromagnetic insulator CrGeTe as a modulator for generating near-infrared bright-dark soliton pairs.

Novel two-dimensional (2D)-materials-based ultra-fast modulators exhibit significance in extending the fundamental investigations and practical applications of mode-locked fiber lasers. In our work, employing the liquid-phase exfoliation method, a ${{\rm Cr}_2}{{\rm Ge}_2}{{\rm Te}_6}$CrGeTe (CGT) optical modulator with a modulation depth and a saturable intensity of 1.64% and ${6.31}\,\,{{\rm MW/cm}^2}$6.31MW/cm was fabricated. Due to its suitable modulation properties and high nonlinear coefficient, a sta...

The treatment of osteoporotic thoraco-lumbar burst fractures by unilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty:a prospective observation study.

Osteoporotic thoraco-lumbar burst fractures with serious pain are very common, and the optimal treatment of burst fractures without any neurological deficits has not yet been properly codified. The objective of this study was to evaluate prospectively the clinical effects and pain relief of unilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) on osteoporotic thoraco-lumbar burst fractures.

Negative view of the self and symptoms of depression in adolescents.

Although negative self-evaluation is a common symptom of depression in adolescents, there is little understanding of how the self is associated with depression. Beck (1967) proposed that a negative view of the self was a 'hallmark' of depression. In contrast Linville (1985; 1987) proposed that holding multiple aspects of the self was associated with lower levels of depression. The aim of this paper is to evaluate these two models of self and depression in adolescents.

Positron emission computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging features of sinonasal small round blue cell tumors.

The sinonasal tract hosts numerous types of undifferentiated neoplasms, having small round cell morphology. The aim of this study was to determine whether sinonasal small round blue cell tumors (SRBCT) have distinct imaging features on computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (F-FDG PET)/CT.

Temporal Dissipative Solitons in Time-Delay Feedback Systems.

Localized states are a universal phenomenon observed in spatially distributed dissipative nonlinear systems. Known as dissipative solitons, autosolitons, and spot or pulse solutions, these states play an important role in data transmission using optical pulses, neural signal propagation, and other processes. While this phenomenon was thoroughly studied in spatially extended systems, temporally localized states are gaining attention only recently, driven primarily by applications from fiber or semiconductor ...

Dual-Mode Long-Lived Luminescence of Mn2+-Doped Nanoparticles for Multilevel Anti-Counterfeiting.

Luminescent nanoparticles with dual-mode long-lived luminescence are of great importance for their attractive applications in biosensing, bioimaging and data encoding. Herein, we report the realization of up- and down-conversion emission of Mn2+ dopants in multilayer nanoparticles of NaGdF4:Yb/Tm@NaGdF4:Ce/Mn@NaYF4 upon excitation at 980 and 254 nm, respectively. The dual-mode emission of the Mn2+ dopants at 531 nm have a long-lived lifetime up to ~ 30 ms as a result of the spin-forbidden optical transiti...

Magnetic resonance angiography versus 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in large vessel vasculitis.

With advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis of large vessel vasculitides, we recognise the persistence of inflammation in large vessels, sometimes despite therapy to control clinical symptoms. Achieving an early diagnosis and establishing the extent of disease are important steps in improving our management of these diseases. Imaging is playing an increasing role in the assessment of these patients from diagnosis to prognosis. We review the current and potential role of two important and potentia...

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