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PubMed Journals Articles About "Early Discharge Care Usual Intervention Control Group Acute" RSS

09:45 EDT 19th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Early Discharge Care Usual Intervention Control Group Acute PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Early Discharge Care Usual Intervention Control Group Acute articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Early discharge Care usual intervention Control group Acute" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 50,000+

Effects of Life Review Intervention on Life Satisfaction and Personal Meaning Among Older Adults With Frailty.

The current study aimed to examine the effects of life review intervention on life satisfaction and personal meaning among frail older adults. Seventy-four participants were randomly assigned to either the intervention or control group. The intervention group received the Haight Structured Life Review with modified guiding questions and memory prompts. The control group received usual nursing home care. The Life Satisfaction Index A and Purpose in Life Test questionnaires were administered at baseline and i...


Early discharge in acute mental health: A rapid literature review.

Long psychiatric hospital stays are unpopular with services users, harmful, and costly. Economic pressures alongside a drive for recovery-orientated care in the least restrictive contexts have led to increasing pressure to discharge people from hospital early. Hospital discharge is, however, complex, stressful, and risky for service users and families. This rapid literature review aimed to assess what is known about early discharge in acute mental health. Searches were conducted in nine bibliographic databa...

The Effect of Telenursing on Referral Rates of Patients With Head Trauma and Their Family's Satisfaction After Discharge.

We aimed to assess the effect of telenursing on referral rates of patients with head trauma and their family's satisfaction after discharge. Seventy-two patients with head trauma were randomly allocated to equal intervention and control groups. The caregivers in both groups were provided with 1-hr face-to-face training on patients' home care and educational booklets, 2 days before discharge. The cell phone numbers of the telenurse was given to the caregivers of the intervention group. Then, the patients in ...


Using an internet intervention to support self-management of low back pain in primary care: findings from a randomised controlled feasibility trial (SupportBack).

To determine the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial of an internet intervention for low back pain (LBP) using three arms: (1) usual care, (2) usual care plus an internet intervention or (3) usual care plus an internet intervention with additional physiotherapist telephone support.

Outcomes of early and reversible renal impairment in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). While AKI occurring post-PCI has been well studied, the incidence and clinical significance of early renal impairment evident on hospital admission prior to PCI and which resolves towards discharge has not been investigated.

Effectiveness of multidisciplinary nutritional support in older hospitalised patients: A systematic review and meta-analyses.

Malnutrition is common in older hospitalised patients. As the aetiology is multifactorial, nutritional care should involve a multidisciplinary team. However, the knowledge of the effectiveness of this strategy is limited. This systematic review aims at investigating the effectiveness of multidisciplinary nutritional support on mortality, readmissions and quality of life (QoL) in patients aged 65 years and above during hospitalisation and after discharge compared to usual practise. We conducted a series of s...

Impact of an interprofessional transition of care service on 30-day hospital reutilizations.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an interprofessional Transitions of Care (TOC) service on 30-day hospital reutilization inclusive of hospital readmissions and ED visits. This was a retrospective cohort study including patients discharged from an academic medical center between September 2013 and October 2014. Patients scheduled for a hospital follow-up visit in the post-acute care clinic (PACC) were included in the intervention group and patients without a post-discharge interprofe...

Impact of warfarin discharge education program on hospital readmission and treatment costs.

Background Although warfarin is highly effective, management of patients prescribed warfarin is complex due to its narrow therapeutic window. Objective To evaluate the impact of a formal warfarin discharge education program (WDEP) on hospital readmission and treatment costs in patients who received warfarin therapy. Setting Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Somerset in Somerville, New Jersey, USA. Method In this interventional cohort study, patients were assigned to either the WDEP group or the usual ...

Care Management Intervention to Decrease Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorder Readmissions in Medicaid-Enrolled Adults.

This study examines the generalizability of a successful care management bridging strategy implemented by a behavioral health managed care organization to reduce readmission in psychiatric and substance use disorder (SUD) populations. The sample included 1724 individuals with a psychiatric or SUD hospitalization or detoxification service within 30-days of a prior SUD or inpatient event; 1243 Medicaid-enrolled adults received the intervention plus usual care, and 481 individuals received only usual care. Res...

Efficacy of Antibiotic Prophylaxis against ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most important problems of intensive care units. 84 neurologic patients with acute stroke (Glasgow Coma Score ≤ 8) were entered into a double-blind clinical trial. Patients in the intervention group received piperacillin-tazobactam 4g/0.5g at the time of intubation and 12 hours later. The incidences of early-onset (within 4 days of intubation) and late-onset VAP were 9.2 and 26.9 episodes/1,000 days of mechanical ventilation in the intervention and contr...

A Randomized Trial of a Family-Support Intervention in Intensive Care Units.

Background Surrogate decision makers for incapacitated, critically ill patients often struggle with decisions related to goals of care. Such decisions cause psychological distress in surrogates and may lead to treatment that does not align with patients' preferences. Methods We conducted a stepped-wedge, cluster-randomized trial involving patients with a high risk of death and their surrogates in five intensive care units (ICUs) to compare a multicomponent family-support intervention delivered by the interp...

Impact of early institutionalization on attention mechanisms underlying the inhibition of a planned action.

Institutional rearing is associated with deficits in executive functions, such as inhibitory control, and may contribute to later externalizing behavior problems. In the current study, we explored the impact of institutional rearing on attention in the context of inhibiting a planned action. As part of the Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP), children were randomized to either remain in the institutions in which they lived (Care as Usual Group) or be placed into foster family homes (Foster Care Grou...

Essential considerations in developing attention control groups in behavioral research.

Attention control groups strengthen randomized controlled trials of behavioral interventions, but researchers need to give careful consideration to the attention control activities. A comparative effectiveness research framework provides an ideal opportunity for an attention control group as a supplement to standard care, so participants potentially receive benefit regardless of group assignment. The anticipated benefit of the control condition must be independent of the study outcome. Resources needed for ...

Effectiveness of a trauma-focused group intervention for young refugees: a randomized controlled trial.

As access to evidence-based treatments for young refugees with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) is limited, we developed the trauma-focused group intervention Mein Weg to be delivered by trained social workers. A recently published pilot study delivered preliminary evidence of the intervention with regard to symptom reduction and its feasibility. The aim of this study was, therefore, to determine whether the intervention, in addition to usual care (UC), is more effective in reducing PTSS (primary outcom...

Self-tracking of Physical Activity in People With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of an online self-tracking program on physical activity, glycated hemoglobin, and other health measures in patients with type 2 diabetes. Seventy-two patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group. All participants received usual care. The intervention group received an activity tracker (Fitbit Zip) connected to an online lifestyle program. Physical activity was analyzed in average steps per day from week 0 unt...

Early experiences with the Acute Community Care Program in eastern Massachusetts.

Emergency departments (EDs) frequently provide care for nonemergent health conditions outside of usual physician office hours. A nonprofit, fully integrated health insurer/care delivery system that enrolls socioeconomically disadvantaged adults with complex health needs partnered with an ambulance service provider to offer after-hours urgent care by specially trained and equipped paramedics in patients' residences. The Massachusetts Department of Public Health gave this initiative, the Acute Community Care ...

Enhancing the Language Development of Toddlers in Foster Care by Promoting Foster Parents' Sensitivity: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Young children in foster care are at increased risk for problematic language development, making early intervention a critical tool in enhancing these children's foundational language abilities. This study examined the efficacy of an early preventative intervention, Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up for Toddlers (ABC-T), in improving the receptive vocabulary abilities of toddlers placed in foster care. All the children had been removed from their biological parents' care and placed into foster care. Whe...

Evaluation of the Nursing Care Offered during the Parturition Process. Controlled Clinical Trial of an Intervention based on Swanson's Theory of Caring versus Conventional Care.

This work sought to compare the evaluation of the nursing care provided during the parturition process in the intervention group based on Swanson's theory of caring versus that of the control group that received conventional care.

Chiropractic Manipulation Increases Maximal Bite Force in Healthy Individuals.

Recent research has shown that chiropractic spinal manipulation can alter central sensorimotor integration and motor cortical drive to human voluntary muscles of the upper and lower limb. The aim of this paper was to explore whether spinal manipulation could also influence maximal bite force. Twenty-eight people were divided into two groups of 14, one that received chiropractic care and one that received sham chiropractic care. All subjects were naive to chiropractic. Maximum bite force was assessed pre- an...

Group medical visits after heart failure hospitalization: Study protocol for a randomized-controlled trial.

A primary goal of this research project is to better understand how shared medical appointments (SMAs) can improve the health status and decrease hospitalization and death for patients recently discharged with heart failure (HF) by providing education, disease state monitoring, medication titration, and social support to patients and their caregivers. We propose a 3-site randomized-controlled efficacy trial with mixed methods to test a SMA intervention, versus usual care. Patients within 12 weeks of a HF ...

Measuring costs and quality of life for venous leg ulcers.

Venous leg ulcers (VLUs) result in substantial economic costs and reduced quality of life (QoL); however, there are few Australian cost estimates, especially using patient-level data. We measured community-setting VLU management costs and the impact on the QoL of affected individuals. VLU patients were recruited from a specialist wound clinic, an outpatient clinic, and two community care clinics in Queensland. Cost data were collected at the baseline visit. QoL (EQ-5D-5L) and wound status data were collecte...

Economic Impact of Early Inpatient Palliative Care Intervention in a Community Hospital Setting.

Inpatient palliative care programs have demonstrated financial benefit for the hospital and improved quality of care for patients with advanced disease. Previous studies on this subject have focused on comparisons between palliative and traditional care. The financial and clinical effects of early versus late palliative care intervention are less well documented.

SPIRIT advance care planning intervention in early stage dementias: An NIH stage I behavioral intervention development trial.

People in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) are encouraged to engage in advance care planning (ACP) while they are still competent to appoint a surrogate decision maker and meaningfully participate in ACP discussions with the surrogate. In this NIH Stage I behavioral intervention development trial, we will adapt and test an efficacious ACP intervention, SPIRIT (Sharing Patient's Illness Representation to Increase Trust), with people with mild dementia and their surrogates ...

Sex differences in discharge destination following acute myocardial infarction.

Despite advancements in treatment, acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly population. Previous research has highlighted long-standing sex disparities in the care of these patients. However, differences in the patterns of discharge are not well described. One key parameter is the destination of discharge, and in particular - discharge to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), a factor associated with worse prognosis and greater costs to the healthcare ...

The role of group cohesion in a group-based behavioral weight loss intervention.

Behavioral weight loss interventions are often delivered in groups. Group cohesion may enhance program attendance and, thereby, weight loss. In this secondary analysis, our goals were to: (1a) assess whether group cohesion measured early in a behavioral weight loss intervention predicts program attendance and weight loss outcomes and, if so, (1b) explore whether attendance mediates the link between group cohesion and weight loss; (2) characterize the association between change in group cohesion and weight l...


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