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PubMed Journals Articles About "Early Discharge Care Usual Intervention Control Group Acute" RSS

18:20 EST 22nd January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Early Discharge Care Usual Intervention Control Group Acute PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Early Discharge Care Usual Intervention Control Group Acute articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Early discharge Care usual intervention Control group Acute" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 50,000+

Early discharge in acute mental health: A rapid literature review.

Long psychiatric hospital stays are unpopular with services users, harmful, and costly. Economic pressures alongside a drive for recovery-orientated care in the least restrictive contexts have led to increasing pressure to discharge people from hospital early. Hospital discharge is, however, complex, stressful, and risky for service users and families. This rapid literature review aimed to assess what is known about early discharge in acute mental health. Searches were conducted in nine bibliographic databa...


The Effect of Telenursing on Referral Rates of Patients With Head Trauma and Their Family's Satisfaction After Discharge.

We aimed to assess the effect of telenursing on referral rates of patients with head trauma and their family's satisfaction after discharge. Seventy-two patients with head trauma were randomly allocated to equal intervention and control groups. The caregivers in both groups were provided with 1-hr face-to-face training on patients' home care and educational booklets, 2 days before discharge. The cell phone numbers of the telenurse was given to the caregivers of the intervention group. Then, the patients in ...

Outcomes of early and reversible renal impairment in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). While AKI occurring post-PCI has been well studied, the incidence and clinical significance of early renal impairment evident on hospital admission prior to PCI and which resolves towards discharge has not been investigated.


Effectiveness of multidisciplinary nutritional support in older hospitalised patients: A systematic review and meta-analyses.

Malnutrition is common in older hospitalised patients. As the aetiology is multifactorial, nutritional care should involve a multidisciplinary team. However, the knowledge of the effectiveness of this strategy is limited. This systematic review aims at investigating the effectiveness of multidisciplinary nutritional support on mortality, readmissions and quality of life (QoL) in patients aged 65 years and above during hospitalisation and after discharge compared to usual practise. We conducted a series of s...

Rapid Intervention Through Telephone Encounters for Blood Pressure Control by Residents in an Outpatient Resident Clinic.

Introduction Sixty-seven million Americans have hypertensionthat costs the nation $47.5 billion each year. The aim of this study was to determine if regular phone calls by residents helped achieve better blood pressure control. Methods The study was a randomized open-labeled study in a resident-run outpatient clinic in Rochester, New York. A total of 57 poorly controlled hypertensives in the clinic were divided into two groups. All the patients received scheduled phone calls once every two weeks for a total...

Impact of an interprofessional transition of care service on 30-day hospital reutilizations.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an interprofessional Transitions of Care (TOC) service on 30-day hospital reutilization inclusive of hospital readmissions and ED visits. This was a retrospective cohort study including patients discharged from an academic medical center between September 2013 and October 2014. Patients scheduled for a hospital follow-up visit in the post-acute care clinic (PACC) were included in the intervention group and patients without a post-discharge interprofe...

Efficacy of Antibiotic Prophylaxis against ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most important problems of intensive care units. 84 neurologic patients with acute stroke (Glasgow Coma Score ≤ 8) were entered into a double-blind clinical trial. Patients in the intervention group received piperacillin-tazobactam 4g/0.5g at the time of intubation and 12 hours later. The incidences of early-onset (within 4 days of intubation) and late-onset VAP were 9.2 and 26.9 episodes/1,000 days of mechanical ventilation in the intervention and contr...

Causes and predictors of early readmission after percutaneous coronary intervention among patients discharged on oral anticoagulant therapy.

Patients discharged on oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) represent a complex population and are at higher risk of early readmission. The reasons and predictors of early readmission in this group have not been well characterized. We identified patients in an integrated health care system who underwent PCI between 2009 and 2014 and were readmitted within 30 days within this health care system. Of the 9,357 patients surviving to discharge after the index PCI, 692 w...

Impact of early institutionalization on attention mechanisms underlying the inhibition of a planned action.

Institutional rearing is associated with deficits in executive functions, such as inhibitory control, and may contribute to later externalizing behavior problems. In the current study, we explored the impact of institutional rearing on attention in the context of inhibiting a planned action. As part of the Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP), children were randomized to either remain in the institutions in which they lived (Care as Usual Group) or be placed into foster family homes (Foster Care Grou...

Randomized controlled trial of telephone monitoring with psychiatry inpatients with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders.

Background Psychiatry inpatients frequently have co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders, which are related to poor post-discharge outcomes. Telephone monitoring is effective in specialty substance use disorder treatment settings in increasing continuing care and 12-step program utilization and improving substance use outcomes. This study examined the effectiveness of telephone monitoring among psychiatry inpatients with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders. Methods This ran...

Essential considerations in developing attention control groups in behavioral research.

Attention control groups strengthen randomized controlled trials of behavioral interventions, but researchers need to give careful consideration to the attention control activities. A comparative effectiveness research framework provides an ideal opportunity for an attention control group as a supplement to standard care, so participants potentially receive benefit regardless of group assignment. The anticipated benefit of the control condition must be independent of the study outcome. Resources needed for ...

Early experiences with the Acute Community Care Program in eastern Massachusetts.

Emergency departments (EDs) frequently provide care for nonemergent health conditions outside of usual physician office hours. A nonprofit, fully integrated health insurer/care delivery system that enrolls socioeconomically disadvantaged adults with complex health needs partnered with an ambulance service provider to offer after-hours urgent care by specially trained and equipped paramedics in patients' residences. The Massachusetts Department of Public Health gave this initiative, the Acute Community Care ...

Enhancing the Language Development of Toddlers in Foster Care by Promoting Foster Parents' Sensitivity: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Young children in foster care are at increased risk for problematic language development, making early intervention a critical tool in enhancing these children's foundational language abilities. This study examined the efficacy of an early preventative intervention, Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up for Toddlers (ABC-T), in improving the receptive vocabulary abilities of toddlers placed in foster care. All the children had been removed from their biological parents' care and placed into foster care. Whe...

Evaluation of the Nursing Care Offered during the Parturition Process. Controlled Clinical Trial of an Intervention based on Swanson's Theory of Caring versus Conventional Care.

This work sought to compare the evaluation of the nursing care provided during the parturition process in the intervention group based on Swanson's theory of caring versus that of the control group that received conventional care.

Group medical visits after heart failure hospitalization: Study protocol for a randomized-controlled trial.

A primary goal of this research project is to better understand how shared medical appointments (SMAs) can improve the health status and decrease hospitalization and death for patients recently discharged with heart failure (HF) by providing education, disease state monitoring, medication titration, and social support to patients and their caregivers. We propose a 3-site randomized-controlled efficacy trial with mixed methods to test a SMA intervention, versus usual care. Patients within 12 weeks of a HF ...

Measuring costs and quality of life for venous leg ulcers.

Venous leg ulcers (VLUs) result in substantial economic costs and reduced quality of life (QoL); however, there are few Australian cost estimates, especially using patient-level data. We measured community-setting VLU management costs and the impact on the QoL of affected individuals. VLU patients were recruited from a specialist wound clinic, an outpatient clinic, and two community care clinics in Queensland. Cost data were collected at the baseline visit. QoL (EQ-5D-5L) and wound status data were collecte...

Changes in Unilateral Upper Limb Muscular Strength and Electromyographic Activity After a 16-Week Strength Training Intervention in Survivors of Breast Cancer.

Hagstrom, AD, Shorter, KA, and Marshall, PWM. Changes in unilateral upper limb muscular strength and Electroymographic activity after a 16-week strength training intervention in survivors of breast cancer. J Strength Cond Res 33(1): 225-233, 2019-Upper limb strength deficits are frequently observed following breast cancer (BC) and its treatments. It is currently unknown whether these unilateral deficits can be corrected by a standard bilateral strength training intervention. Twenty-three survivors of BC wer...

The role of group cohesion in a group-based behavioral weight loss intervention.

Behavioral weight loss interventions are often delivered in groups. Group cohesion may enhance program attendance and, thereby, weight loss. In this secondary analysis, our goals were to: (1a) assess whether group cohesion measured early in a behavioral weight loss intervention predicts program attendance and weight loss outcomes and, if so, (1b) explore whether attendance mediates the link between group cohesion and weight loss; (2) characterize the association between change in group cohesion and weight l...

Evaluation of peer support education mode for type 2 diabetes control in rural residents.

To evaluate the intervention effects of peer support education mode for type 2 diabetes control in rural residents. A random cluster sampling method has been used, including 300 rural residents aged above 18 years old from three villages (184 in control group, 116 in intervention group), in order to proceed the physical check-up and health education programs. Unchanged rate, transfer rate of patients, rate of impaired glucose tolerance, turn normal rate and other biochemical indicators of patients and peop...

A Randomized Trial of an Online Risk Reduction Intervention for Young Black MSM.

HealthMpowerment.org (HMP), is a mobile optimized, online intervention to reduce sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive and HIV-negative young Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) by providing information and resources, fostering social support, and including game-based elements. A randomized controlled trial with 474 young BMSM compared HMP to an information-only control website. The rate of self-reported condomless anal intercourse (CAI) at 3-months was 32% lower in the intervention group compared to ...

Key components of success in a randomized trial of blood pressure telemonitoring with medication therapy management pharmacists.

The Hyperlink trial tested a 12-month intervention of home blood pressure (BP) telemonitoring with pharmacist case management in adults with uncontrolled hypertension. The intervention resulted in improved BP control compared with usual care at both 6 (72% vs. 45%; P < 0.001) and 12 months (71% vs. 53%; P = 0.005). We sought to investigate factors contributing to intervention success.

Effects of endotoxin/lipopolysaccharide on early apoptosis of human neutrophil through PIM3.

To explore the effects of endotoxin/lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on early apoptosis of human neutrophil through PIM3. Venous blood samples were collected from a healthy adult volunteer to isolate neutrophils. The neutrophils were divided into control group, LPS group, and LPS+ PIM447 group according to the random number table. No treatment was given to the cells in control group. The cells in LPS group underwent LPS stimulation (1 μL, 1 μg/mL). The cells in LPS+ PIM447 group underwent PIM447 (1 μL, final am...

Randomized trial examining effectiveness of lifestyle intervention in reducing gestational diabetes in high risk Chinese pregnant women in Hong Kong.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is of public health concern. This trial examined whether a clinically proven lifestyle modification program (LMP) in early pregnancy was superior to routine antenatal care in improving GDM, maternal and infant outcomes. Chinese pregnant women at risk of GDM (n = 220) were recruited at or before 12-week gestation and randomized to either a LMP group or a routine care control group. Eighty subjects completed a dietitian-led LMP including dietary and exercise components ...

Implementing Posthospital Interprofessional Care Team Visits to Improve Care Transitions and Decrease Hospital Readmission Rates.

Today's health care climate is composed of patients who experience complex conditions with multiple comorbidities, requiring higher utilization of acute care services. It is imperative for acute care and primary care landscapes to bridge silos and form collaborative relationships to ensure safe and effective transitions of care from hospital to home. An interprofessional, posthospital follow-up clinic (Discharge Clinic) is one approach that can be used to improve transitions of care and decrease preventable...

Long-term Outcomes of the Effects of Home Blood Pressure Telemonitoring and Pharmacist Management on Blood Pressure Among Adults With Uncontrolled Hypertension: Follow-up of a Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial.

Hypertension is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease. The results were previously reported of a trial of home blood pressure (BP) telemonitoring and pharmacist management intervention in which the interventions stopped after 12 months. There were significantly greater reductions in systolic BP (SBP) in the intervention group than in the usual care group at 6, 12, and 18 months (-10.7, -9.7, and -6.6 mm Hg, respectively).


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