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PubMed Journals Articles About "Earth Ocean Farms" RSS

16:25 EDT 18th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Earth Ocean Farms PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Earth Ocean Farms articles that have been published worldwide.

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We have published hundreds of Earth Ocean Farms news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Earth Ocean Farms Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Earth Ocean Farms for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Earth Ocean Farms Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Earth Ocean Farms Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Earth Ocean Farms" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,000+

A New Paradigm in Earth Environmental Monitoring with the CYGNSS Small Satellite Constellation.

A constellation of small, low-cost satellites is able to make scientifically valuable measurements of the Earth which can be used for weather forecasting, disaster monitoring, and climate studies. Eight CYGNSS satellites were launched into low Earth orbit on December 15, 2016. Each satellite carries a science radar receiver which measures GPS signals reflected from the Earth surface. The signals contain information about the surface, including wind speed over ocean, and soil moisture and flooding over land....


Late Miocene climate cooling and intensification of southeast Asian winter monsoon.

The late Miocene offers the opportunity to assess the sensitivity of the Earth's climate to orbital forcing and to changing boundary conditions, such as ice volume and greenhouse gas concentrations, on a warmer-than-modern Earth. Here we investigate the relationships between low- and high-latitude climate variability in an extended succession from the subtropical northwestern Pacific Ocean. Our high-resolution benthic isotope record in combination with paired mixed layer isotope and Mg/Ca-derived temperatur...

An Azimuth Antenna Pattern Estimation Method Based on Doppler Spectrum in SAR Ocean Images.

In synthetic aperture radar (SAR) ocean remote sensing, it is very difficult to estimate an accurate azimuth antenna pattern (AAP) from low-scattering SAR images without strong scattering targets. Therefore, an azimuth antenna pattern estimation method based on Doppler spectrum in SAR ocean images is proposed in this paper. In order to preserve the complete AAP information, an azimuth unweighted matched filter is used to re-image the SAR raw data in the proposed method. Then, the shape factor of AAP can be ...


Constraining the Time Interval for the Origin of Life on Earth.

Estimates of the time at which life arose on Earth make use of two types of evidence. First, astrophysical and geophysical studies provide a timescale for the formation of Earth and the Moon, for large impact events on early Earth, and for the cooling of the early magma ocean. From this evidence, we can deduce a habitability boundary, which is the earliest point at which Earth became habitable. Second, biosignatures in geological samples, including microfossils, stromatolites, and chemical isotope ratios, p...

Circa 1 Ga sub-seafloor hydrothermal alteration imprinted on the Horoman peridotite massif.

The chemical compositions of the residues of the mantle melting that produces mid-ocean ridge basalt can be altered by fluid-rock interactions at spreading ridges and, possibly, during seawater penetration along bending-related faults in plates approaching trenches. This chemically modified rock, if subducted deeply and after long-term residence within the deep Earth, is a potential source of chemical heterogeneity in the mantle. Here, we demonstrate that peridotites from the Horoman massif preserve the che...

Biosecurity practices on Australian commercial layer and meat chicken farms: Performance and perceptions of farmers.

This paper describes the level of adoption of biosecurity practices performed on Australian commercial chicken meat and layer farms and farmer-perceived importance of these practices. On-farm interviews were conducted on 25 free range layer farms, nine cage layer farms, nine barn layer farms, six free range meat chicken farms and 15 barn meat chicken farms in the Sydney basin bioregion and South East Queensland. There was a high level of treatment of drinking water across all farm types; town water was the ...

Biomass recycling and Earth's early phosphorus cycle.

Phosphorus sets the pace of marine biological productivity on geological time scales. Recent estimates of Precambrian phosphorus levels suggest a severe deficit of this macronutrient, with the depletion attributed to scavenging by iron minerals. We propose that the size of the marine phosphorus reservoir was instead constrained by muted liberation of phosphorus during the remineralization of biomass. In the modern ocean, most biomass-bound phosphorus gets aerobically recycled; but a dearth of oxidizing powe...

Marine microbes in 4D-using time series observation to assess the dynamics of the ocean microbiome and its links to ocean health.

Microbial observation is of high relevance in assessing marine phenomena of scientific and societal concern including ocean productivity, harmful algal blooms, and pathogen exposure. However, we have yet to realise its potential to coherently and comprehensively report on global ocean status. The ability of satellites to monitor the distribution of phytoplankton has transformed our appreciation of microbes as the foundation of key ecosystem services; however, more in-depth understanding of microbial dynamic...

Short communication: Drying-off practices and use of dry cow therapy in Finnish dairy herds.

The objective of this study was to survey drying-off practices and use of dry cow therapy (DCT) in Finland through an online questionnaire. The questionnaire was accessible to all dairy farmers of the Finnish dairy herd recording system in 2016 (approximately 5,400 farms). In total, 715 dairy producers across the country, representative of the Finnish dairy industry, participated in the survey. Cows were dried off gradually in most of the farms. Most farms (78%) reported using selective DCT, whereas 9% of f...

A record of deep-ocean dissolved O2 from the oxidation state of iron in submarine basalts.

The oxygenation of the deep ocean in the geological past has been associated with a rise in the partial pressure of atmospheric molecular oxygen (O2) to near-present levels and the emergence of modern marine biogeochemical cycles. It has also been linked to the origination and diversification of early animals. It is generally thought that the deep ocean was largely anoxic from about 2,500 to 800 million years ago, with estimates of the occurrence of deep-ocean oxygenation and the linked increase in the part...

Light and Darkness.

Life on earth follows cyclic processes, of which the diurnal cycle of the sun rising and setting is one of the most evident. The rotation of the earth dictates the waking and resting cycles of numerous life forms on earth. While we can safely assume that our earliest human ancestors will have recognized, sometimes feared or even worshipped the cyclic nature of Life on Earth, the knowledge that almost "all multicellular organisms, including humans, utilize a similar mechanism to control circadian rhythms" [1...

The Ocean Gene Atlas: exploring the biogeography of plankton genes online.

The Ocean Gene Atlas is a web service to explore the biogeography of genes from marine planktonic organisms. It allows users to query protein or nucleotide sequences against global ocean reference gene catalogs. With just one click, the abundance and location of target sequences are visualized on world maps as well as their taxonomic distribution. Interactive results panels allow for adjusting cutoffs for alignment quality and displaying the abundances of genes in the context of environmental features (temp...

Iron Biogeochemistry in the High Latitude North Atlantic Ocean.

Iron (Fe) is an essential micronutrient for marine microbial organisms, and low supply controls productivity in large parts of the world's ocean. The high latitude North Atlantic is seasonally Fe limited, but Fe distributions and source strengths are poorly constrained. Surface ocean dissolved Fe (DFe) concentrations were low in the study region (

Bioinspired magnetoreception and navigation using magnetic signatures as waypoints.

Diverse taxa use Earth's magnetic field in conjunction with other sensory modalities to accomplish navigation tasks ranging from local homing to long-distance migration across continents and ocean basins. However, despite extensive research, the mechanisms that underlie animal magnetoreception are not clearly understood, and how animals use Earth's magnetic field to navigate is an active area of investigation. Concurrently, Earth's magnetic field offers a signal that engineered systems can leverage for navi...

Strong plates enhance mantle mixing in early Earth.

In the present-day Earth, some subducting plates (slabs) are flattening above the upper-lower mantle boundary at ~670 km depth, whereas others go through, indicating a mode between layered and whole-mantle convection. Previous models predicted that in a few hundred degree hotter early Earth, convection was likely more layered due to dominant slab stagnation. In self-consistent numerical models where slabs have a plate-like rheology, strong slabs and mobile plate boundaries favour stagnation for old and pe...

Survey of dry cow management on UK commercial dairy farms.

Dry period management of the dairy cow focuses on maximising milk production during the subsequent lactation but may include procedures that negatively affect dry cow health and welfare. A survey of dairy farmers in the UK was conducted to investigate dry cow management procedures. The questionnaire was completed by 148 farmers. Most farms (84 per cent) kept dry cows in dynamic social groups. The median length of the dry period was 56 days, and 83 per cent of farms stopped milking abruptly, regardless of mi...

Seafarer citizen scientist ocean transparency data as a resource for phytoplankton and climate research.

The oceans' phytoplankton that underpin the marine food chain appear to be changing in abundance due to global climate change. Here, we compare the first four years of data from a citizen science ocean transparency study, conducted by seafarers using home-made Secchi Disks and a free Smartphone application called Secchi, with contemporaneous satellite ocean colour measurements. Our results show seafarers collect useful Secchi Disk measurements of ocean transparency that could help future assessments of clim...

Pneumonia risk of people living close to goat and poultry farms - Taking GPS derived mobility patterns into account.

We previously observed an increased incidence of pneumonia in persons living near goat and poultry farms, using animal presence around the home to define exposure. However, it is unclear to what extent individual mobility and time spent outdoors close to home contributes to this increased risk. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to investigate the role of mobility patterns and time spent outdoors in the vicinity of goat or poultry farms in relation to pneumonia risk. In a rural Dutch cohort, 941 me...

Seroepidemiological and biomolecular survey on Toxoplasma gondii infection on organic pig farms.

Pigs are an important reservoir of Toxoplasma gondii, and pork meat is considered one of the main sources of human infection. The present survey assesses the prevalence of T. gondii in organically reared pigs in Sardinia found on the island using various diagnostic methods. Firstly, a seroepidemiological survey was carried out on 63 farms, examining individual blood samples from 414 adult pigs. Secondly, a biomolecular investigation carried out on another 62 farms, examining the brain samples from 107 adult...

RE(SO4)B(OH)4(H2O), RE(SO4)B(OH)4(H2O)2, and RE(SO4)B(OH)4(H2O)·H2O: Rare-Earth Borate-Sulfates Featuring Three Types of Layered Structures.

Using hydrothermal reactions, three series of rare-earth borate-sulfates, namely, RE(SO4)[B(OH)4](H2O) (RE = La (1), Sm (2), Eu (3)), RE(SO4)[B(OH)4](H2O)2 (RE = Pr (4), Nd (5), Sm (6), Eu (7), Gd (8)), and RE(SO4)[B(OH)4](H2O)·H2O (RE = Tb (9), Dy (10), Ho (11), Er (12), Tm (13), Yb (14), Lu (15), Y (16)), have been synthesized, which represent the first rare-earth borate-sulfate mixed-anion compounds. All these compounds possess the same fundamental building anionic units of SO4 and B(OH)4 tetrahedra; ho...

Asthma among Household Youth on Racial Minority Operated Farms-United States, 2008.

Youth on farms are at risk for injuries and illnesses, including asthma, which continues to disproportionately affect minority groups.

Impact of wave whitecapping on land falling tropical cyclones.

Predicting tropical cyclone structure and evolution remains challenging. Particularly, the surface wave interactions with the continental shelf and their impact on tropical cyclones have received very little attention. Through a series of state-of-the-art high-resolution, fully-coupled ocean-wave and atmosphere-ocean-wave experiments, we show here, for the first time, that in presence of continental shelf waves can cause substantial cooling of the sea surface. Through whitecapping there is a transfer of mom...

Emergence of melioidosis in the Indian Ocean region: Two new cases and a literature review.

Melioidosis is a disease caused by bacteria called B. pseudomallei. Infections can develop after contact with standing water. This disease can reach all the organs and especially the lungs. It is associated with a high mortality rate (up to 50%). Melioidosis is endemic in northern Australia and in Southeast Asia. Nevertheless, B. pseudomallei may be endemic in the Indian Ocean region and in Madagascar in particular, so clinicians and microbiologists should consider acute melioidosis as a differential diagno...

Core-shell rare-earth-doped nanostructures in biomedicine.

The current status of the use of core-shell rare-earth-doped nanoparticles in biomedical applications is reviewed in detail. The different core-shell rare-earth-doped nanoparticles developed so far are described and the most relevant examples of their application in imaging, sensing, and therapy are summarized. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages they present are discussed. Finally, a critical opinion of their potential application in real life biomedicine is given.

Surface ocean pH variations since 1689 CE and recent ocean acidification in the tropical South Pacific.

Increasing atmospheric CO from man-made climate change is reducing surface ocean pH. Due to limited instrumental measurements and historical pH records in the world's oceans, seawater pH variability at the decadal and centennial scale remains largely unknown and requires documentation. Here we present evidence of striking secular trends of decreasing pH since the late nineteenth century with pronounced interannual to decadal-interdecadal pH variability in the South Pacific Ocean from 1689 to 2011 CE. High-a...


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