PubMed Journals Articles About "Effect Oral Carbohydrate Intake During Labor Rate Instrumental" RSS

13:53 EST 9th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Effect Oral Carbohydrate Intake During Labor Rate Instrumental" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 35,000+

Effect of Oral Carbohydrate Intake During Labor on the Rate of Instrumental Vaginal Delivery: A Multicenter, Randomized Controlled Trial.

Carbohydrate intake during physical exercise improves muscle performance and decreases fatigue. We hypothesized that carbohydrate intake during labor, which is a period of significant physical activity, can decrease the instrumental vaginal delivery rate.

Effects of preoperative oral carbohydrate intake on catabolism, nutrition and adipocytokines during minor surgery: A randomized, prospective, controlled clinical phase II trial.

We investigated the effects of preoperative oral carbohydrate loading on intraoperative catabolism, nutritional parameters, and adipocytokine levels during anesthesia.

How do cardiovascular diseases harm labor force participation? Evidence of nationally representative survey data from Japan, a super-aged society.

To evaluate how cardiovascular diseases harm labor force participation (LFP) among the Japanese population and verify the validity of plasma biomarkers as instrumental variables of cardiovascular diseases after adjusting for a broad set of confounders including dietary intake.

Association between coffee intake and the risk of oral cavity cancer: a meta-analysis of observational studies.

The association between coffee intake and the risk of oral cavity cancer has been inconsistent in previous studies. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to summarize the evidence regarding the strength of association between coffee intake and oral cavity cancer. PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched to select studies on the relationship between coffee intake and oral cavity cancer conducted up to September 2018. Case-control or cohort studies and those that have reported about the effect est...

Small food texture modifications can be used to change oral processing behaviour and to control ad libitum food intake.

Little is known whether small modifications of food texture are sufficient to influence satiation. This study used four iso-caloric yogurts differing in viscosity (low/high) and granola particle size (small/large) to investigate the influence of small texture modifications on oral processing behaviour, eating rate and ad libitum intake. Yogurt viscosity differed by a factor of 1.57x to 1.81x. Granola particle size was 6 mm and 12 mm (2-fold difference). Granola particle concentration based on weight was...

The effect of acupressure on labor pain and the duration of labor when applied to the SP6 point: Randomized clinical trial.

This study aims to determine the effect of acupressure (SP6) on first stage of labor pain and duration.

Characteristics of fetal and maternal heart rate tracings during labor: A prospective observational study.

Fetal well-being is assured during labor and delivery with the employment of electronic fetal heart monitoring (EFHM). In uncommon instances, maternal heart rate (MHR) instead of fetal heart rate (FHR) can be the source of signals on monitors (signal ambiguity) leading to erroneous interpretation and management. Information about MHR characteristics are comparatively inadequate. We aim to analyze and compare MHR and FHR characteristics during the first and second stages of labor.

Hydration and symptoms in the last days of life.

At the end of life oral fluid intake is often reduced. Consensus about the most appropriate management for terminally ill patients with limited oral fluid intake is lacking. The objective of this study is to investigate to what extent the amount of fluid intake, preceding and during the dying phase, is related to the occurrence of death rattle and terminal restlessness.

Effect of pre-operative oral carbohydrate loading on recovery after day-case cholecystectomy: A randomised controlled trial.

Pre-operative carbohydrate loading has been shown to reduce pre-operative discomfort and postoperative nausea and vomiting in general surgical patients. Few studies have considered day-case surgery.

Effect of specialized product with modified carbohydrate profile on clinical and metabolic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes.

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) determines the need to develop evidence-based methods for preventing this disease, including personalized approaches to the dietary correction of metabolic disorders in DM2, including the use of specialized foods. Aim. To evaluate the effect of a low-calorie diet with the inclusion of a specialized product (SP) with a modified carbohydrate profile (dry instant mixture) on the glycemic and metabolic control indicators in patients with DM2. The study included ...

Association between carbohydrate intake and fatty acids in the de novo lipogenic pathway in serum phospholipids and adipose tissue in a population of Swedish men.

Fatty acid composition in blood and adipose tissue (AT) is a useful biomarker of dietary fat quality. However, circulating saturated fatty acids (SFA) and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) have been proposed to also reflect carbohydrate-induced de novo lipogenesis (DNL) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) activity. We aimed to test the hypothesis that high carbohydrate intake is related to SFA and MUFA in serum or AT in a Swedish population.

Higher Dietary Protein Intake preserves lean body mass, lowers liver lipid deposition, and maintains metabolic control in participants with long-chain fatty acid oxidation disorders.

Medical nutrition therapy for long-chain fatty acid oxidation disorders (LC-FAODs) currently emphasizes fasting avoidance, restricted dietary long-chain fatty acid intake, supplementation with medium chain triglycerides, and increased carbohydrate intake. We hypothesize that increasing dietary protein intake relative to carbohydrate intake would preserve metabolic control yet induce physical benefits including reduced hepatic lipogenesis. Therefore, we compared two dietary approaches with similar fat intake...

Dietary carbohydrate intake and cardio-metabolic risk factors in type 1 diabetes.

Low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) has gained interest among individuals with diabetes as a means to manage glycaemia. We investigated the adherence to LCD in the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy Study and whether carbohydrate restriction is associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors.

Induction of labor with high- or low-dosage oral misoprostol - a Danish descriptive retrospective cohort study 2015-16.

In Denmark, the rate of induced labor from 37 gestational weeks has increased by 108% from 12.4% in 2000 to 25.1% in 2012, and today more than one in four deliveries are induced. Standard procedure at North Zealand Hospital changed 2016 from a dosage of 50µg oral misoprostol 2-3 times daily, to 25µg up to 8 times daily. Also, since 2016 healthy uncomplicated pregnant women (primi- and multiparous) have been offered induction as outpatient procedure. This study aimed to compare current low-dosage procedure...

Barriers to Oral Food Intake for Children Admitted to Hospital.

Children are at risk for malnutrition in hospital, and a contributing factor may be poor oral intake. Barriers to intake have been studied in adults, but there is a lack of research in children. The purpose of this study was to identify the potential barriers to oral intake for children in hospital. Patients and families (n = 58) admitted to surgery and medicine units at the Stollery Children's Hospital completed a survey on barriers to oral food intake. Barriers were classified into 6 domains and major...

Dietary Intake and Energy Expenditure During Two Different Phases of Athletic Training in Female Collegiate Lacrosse Players.

Kumahara, H, Ohta, C, Nabeshima, E, Nakayama, A, Mine, S, and Yamato, T. Dietary intake and energy expenditure during two different phases of athletic training in female collegiate lacrosse players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-This study aims to investigate the state of nutrient intake and energy expenditure (EE) among various phases of periodization in female collegiate lacrosse players. A total of 17 Japanese female collegiate lacrosse players (age: 20.0 ± 0.9 years) were enrolled in this st...

Acute and sustained effects of a periodized carbohydrate intake using the sleep-low model in endurance-trained males.

Repeated periodization of carbohydrate (CHO) intake using a diet-exercise strategy called the sleep-low model can potentially induce mitochondrial biogenesis and improve endurance performance in endurance-trained individuals. However, more studies are needed to confirm the performance-related effects and to investigate the sustained effects on maximal fat oxidation rate (MFO) and proteins involved in intramuscular lipid metabolism. Thirteen endurance-trained males (age 23-44 yr; V̇O -max, 63.9±4.6 mL·kg ...

Hair cortisol levels, psychological stress and psychopathological symptoms prior to instrumental deliveries.

To determine whether psychological variables (perceived stress, pregnancy-specific stress and psychopathology symptoms) and physiological variables (hair cortisol levels) are related to type of delivery (eutocic or instrumental delivery; spontaneous or induced labor).

The incretin system in healthy humans: the role of GIP and GLP-1.

The incretin effect, the amplification of insulin secretion occurring when glucose is taken in orally as compared to infused intravenously, is one of the factors that help the body to tolerate carbohydrate/glucose ingestion. These include 1) amount and type of carbohydrates; 2) gastric emptying rate; 3) digestion and absorption of the carbohydrates; 4) secretion and effect of the incretin hormones; 5) disposition of absorbed nutrients/glucose. The incretin effect can also be viewed as the fraction of the in...

Trends in Dietary Carbohydrate, Protein, and Fat Intake and Diet Quality Among US Adults, 1999-2016.

Changes in the economy, nutrition policies, and food processing methods can affect dietary macronutrient intake and diet quality. It is essential to evaluate trends in dietary intake, food sources, and diet quality to inform policy makers.

Complementary therapies in labor: randomized clinical trial.

To evaluate the effect of isolated and combined warm shower bath and perineal exercise with Swiss ball, on perception of pain, anxiety and labor progression.

Effect of light quality on growth rate, carbohydrate accumulation, fatty acid profile and lutein biosynthesis of Chlorella sp. AE10.

Microalgae are feedstocks for multiple product development based on algal biorefinery concept. The effects of light quality (white, red and blue light emitting diodes) and macro-element starvations on Chlorella sp. AE10 were investigated under 20% CO and 850 µmol m d. Nitrogen and phosphorus starvations had negative effects on its growth rate. The biomass productivities were decreased from day 1 and the highest one was 1.90 g L d under white light conditions. Phosphorus starvation promoted carb...

Moving to Keep Fit: Feeding Behavior and Movement of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on Artificial Diet With Different Protein: Carbohydrate Ratios.

Insect herbivores can modify their foraging behavior to obtain a balanced food intake, and they tend to move between food sources with different nutrient values. We investigated this movement in early instar larvae of Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) using a putative optimal artificial diet (OP) and high protein (HP) and high carbohydrate (HC) artificial diets based on protein (p) and carbohydrate (c) ratios. Larvae were allowed to choose between the same kind of diet cubes (effective...

Effects of Intimate Partner Violence, Mental Health, and Relational Resilience on Perinatal Health.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) during and prior to pregnancy has been linked to higher rates of pregnancy complications and early labor and delivery. However, to our knowledge, no studies have examined prenatal mental health problems and relational resilience as parallel mechanisms by which past-year IPV exposure impacts pregnancy and labor. The current study aimed to (a) examine the contribution of IPV exposure to pregnancy complications and early labor and delivery, controlling for childhood adversity, a...


The purpose of this report was to describe a case with paracentral acute middle maculopathy after oral intake of sumatriptan.

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