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PubMed Journals Articles About "Effect Lens Thickness Nuclear Density Amount Laser Fragmentation" RSS

06:16 EST 20th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Effect lens thickness nuclear density amount laser fragmentation" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33,000+

Design of a transmissive optical system of a laser metal deposition three-dimensional printer with metal powder.

A transmissive optical system of a three-dimensional (3D) printer using the laser metal deposition (LMD) technique with a metal powder is proposed here, together with its design method. An f-number of the focused laser beam emitted from the optical system should be large enough for the laser beam not to be absorbed or reflected by the metal powder injection nozzle. On the other hand, owing to the Lagrange-Helmholtz relation, the f-number should be small enough to form a minute laser spot diameter for high-r...


Constant Lens Fiber Cell Thickness in Fish Suggests Crystallin Transport to Denucleated Cells.

The crystalline lens of the vertebrate eye grows throughout life. This growth may be enormous in fish, while the lens must be functional from larva to adult. During growth, the fiber cells of the lens must increase the concentration of specific proteins (crystallins) in the cytoplasm to increase refractive index. However, the bulk of the fiber cells in a vertebrate lens are denucleated and have no organelles to synthesize proteins. To study how this problem is solved, we first measured lens fiber cell thick...

Effect of AcrySof versus other intraocular lens properties on the risk of Nd:YAG capsulotomy after cataract surgery: A systematic literature review and network meta-analysis.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of different intraocular lens materials (IOL) and optic edge designs on the incidence of Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy.


From perinuclear to intranuclear localization: A cell-penetrating peptide modification strategy to modulate cancer cell migration under mild laser irradiation and improve photothermal therapeutic performance.

Tumor metastasis is a key cause that leads to the failure of cancer treatment. Inhibition of metastasis, rather than the simple removal of the primary tumor, is critical to the survival improvement. Here, we report a cell-penetrating peptide-modification strategy to realize substantial perinuclear accumulation and subsequent near-infrared (NIR) laser-triggered nuclear entry of palladium nanosheets (Pd NSs) for inhibition of cancer cell metastasis and photothermal cancer therapy. Specifically, it was found t...

Influence of air humidity on 248-nm ultraviolet laser pulse filamentation.

At first glance, the amount of water molecules naturally contained in humid air is negligibly small to affect filamentation of ultrashort laser pulses. However, here we show, both experimentally and numerically, that for ultraviolet laser pulses with 248 nm wavelength this is not true. We demonstrate that with increase of air humidity the plasma channels generated by the ultraviolet laser pulses in air become longer and wider, while the corresponding electron density in humid air can be up to one order of ...

Method to reduce the aberration of a polygonal aperture focus-tunable lens array for high fill factor.

Focus-tunable liquid lens arrays have been used to improve depth in glass-free three-dimensional devices where high fill factor is required. For high fill factors, polygonal apertures should be used, but due to the difficulty of controlling aberrations during focus tuning, polygonal aperture focus-tunable lenses have rarely been studied. This Letter proposes a new structure with walls at the lens boundaries using a square parabolic lens model to control the quadrafoil aberration induced by the square apertu...

Effects of lens extraction versus laser peripheral iridotomy on anterior segment morphology in primary angle closure suspect.

To compare the anatomical effects on anterior segment by lens extraction (LE, phacoemulsification with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation) and laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in primary angle closure suspect (PACS) eyes.

Sperm DNA Fragmentation: Consequences for Reproduction.

DNA fragmentation, or the accumulation of single- and double-strand DNA breaks, is a common property of sperm, and an increase in the level of sperm DNA fragmentation is known to influence natural reproduction. The effect of sperm DNA fragmentation on male infertility and assisted reproductive treatment (ART) outcomes remains controversial and is one of the most frequently debated topics of reproductive medicine. For the past 30 years, a number of assays have been developed to quantify the level of sperm D...

Kerr-lens mode-locked thin-disk oscillator with 50% output coupling rate.

Several approaches to power scaling of mode-locked thin-disk oscillators exist. One of these approaches is based on the increased gain provided by multiple passes through the thin-disk laser medium. For the first time, to the best of our knowledge, we applied this approach to a Kerr-lens mode-locked thin-disk oscillator. The so obtained additional gain allowed mode-locked operation with up to 50% output coupling rate. This first demonstration is of particular importance for gain media with inherently low-em...

Validation of the SToP formula for calculating intraocular lens power in eyes with previous myopic excimer laser surgery.

To validate the accuracy of the SToP formula for calculating the intraocular lens (IOL) power from measurements obtained with a rotating Scheimpflug camera (Pentacam) in eyes with previous myopic excimer laser surgery.

Prospective Randomised Controlled Trial Comparing Treatment Efficacy and Tolerance of Picosecond Alexandrite Laser with a Diffractive Lens Array and Triple Combination Cream in Female Asian Patients with Melasma.

Recent evidence suggests melasma to be a photoaging disorder. Triple combination creams (TCC; fluocinolone acetonide 0.01%, hydroquinone 4%, and tretinoin 0.05%) remain the gold standard treatment. Picosecond alexandrite laser treatment using a diffractive lens array (DLA) has been identified to be effective for improving photoaging conditions.

A one-year prospective study on scleral lens wear success.

To report the success rate of scleral lens wear and the lens handling learning curve from the wearers perspective.

Age-related spatial differences of human lens UV filters revealed by negative ion mode MALDI imaging mass spectrometry.

Tryptophan-derived UV filters are predominantly found in the lenses of primates and humans. While protective against UV radiation, aging alters the complement and spatial distributions of human lens UV filters, and a role for UV filters has been suggested in age-related cataract formation. To establish how the spatial distributions of UV filters change in normal human lens aging, matrix assisted laser desorption/ionisation-imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS) was utilised to map the locations and relative ...

Transverse Velocities with the Moving Lens Effect.

Gravitational potentials that change in time induce fluctuations in the observed cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature. Cosmological structure moving transverse to our line of sight provides a specific example known as the moving lens effect. Here, we explore how the observed CMB temperature fluctuations, combined with the observed matter overdensity, can be used to infer the transverse velocity of cosmological structures on large scales. We show that near-future CMB surveys and galaxy surveys will ...

Supercontinuum generation in OHQ-N2S organic crystal driven by intense terahertz fields.

A laser supercontinuum is generated by cross-phase modulation (XPM) driven by an intense terahertz (THz) field in organic crystal OHQ-N2S. In this highly nonlinear medium, the THz electric field induces a time-varying optical phase modulation, which causes a spectacular spectral broadening and shifting of a co-propagating near-infrared laser pulse. The effect is enabled by the large electro-optic coefficient, the low absorption, and the good velocity matching between the laser and the THz pulse over the OHQ...

Low-level laser therapy affects dentinogenesis and angiogenesis of in vitro 3D cultures of dentin-pulp complex.

To investigate the effects of gallium-aluminum-arsenide (GaAlAs) diode laser low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on angiogenesis and dentinogenesis of the dentin-pulp complex in a human tooth slice-based in vitro model. Forty tooth slices were prepared from 31 human third molars. Slices were cultured at 37 °C, 5% CO, and 95% humidity and randomly assigned to one of the following groups: group I: no laser treatment, group II: 660-nm diode laser; energy density = 1 J/cm, group III: 660-nm diode laser; energ...

Slit-lamp based assessment of peripheral versus central regions of the human corneal endothelium.

To compare the central and peripheral (< 2 mm from the limbus) endothelial regions of the human cornea of young contact lens (CL) neophytes, in terms of endothelial cell density (ECD), polymorphism through cell hexagonality (HEX), and polymegethism through the coefficient of variation of cell areas (CoV).

Geant4 Monte Carlo investigation of the magnetic field effect on dose distributions in low-density regions in magnetic resonance image-guided radiation therapy.

It is necessary to evaluate the effect of the presence of a magnetic field when treating lung tumors with MRIgRT. In this study, the effect of transverse and longitudinal magnetic fields on dose distributions in low-density regions was quantitatively investigated. The dose distributions in a virtual lung phantom under the influence of magnetic fields were calculated using the Geant4 Monte Carlo code. The phantom size was 30 × 20 × 30 cm, and it was composed of three layers: water (3 cm thickne...

Laser induced breakdown optical emission spectroscopic study of silicon plasma.

The laser induced breakdown optical emission spectroscopy technique has been employed for the analysis of silicon sample in the atmospheric air. Laser irradiance of 1 × 10 Wcm was created on specimen of silicon sample surface to generate the plasma plume by using the fundamental of Nd:YAG laser pulse. This laser produced silicon plasma was captured through the LIBS 2000 Spectrometer for the subsequent analysis of silicon sample. The electron temperature of silicon plasma is estimated to be 7500 K to ...

The repeatability of subjective and objective tear ferning assessment and its association with lipid layer thickness, non-invasive tear break-up time and comfort.

To determine the repeatability of tear ferning (TF) grading analysed by subjective and objective techniques, and its correlation with lipid layer thickness (LLT), non-invasive keratograph break-up time (NIKBUT), and ocular surface disease index (OSDI) comfort scores with and without ocular lubricants.

1.2  kW quasi-steady-state diamond Raman laser pumped by an M = 15 beam.

An external cavity diamond Raman laser with 1.2 kW output power is demonstrated for durations 7 times longer than the thermal lens time constant. An 83% slope efficiency and a 53% optical-to-optical efficiency were obtained for conversion from a 1.06 μm pump to the 1.24 μm first Stokes. The pump had an M of 15, demonstrating that efficiency is maintained at the highest levels even when using exceptionally poor quality pumps. We show that a measured decrease in the output beam quality factor from M=2.95...

Persistent effects of fragmentation on tropical rainforest canopy structure after 20 years of isolation.

Assessing the persistent impacts of fragmentation on above ground structure of tropical forests is essential to understanding the consequences of land use change for carbon storage and other ecosystem functions. We investigated the influence of edge distance and fragment size on canopy structure, aboveground woody biomass (AGB), and AGB turnover in the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project (BDFFP) in central Amazon, Brazil, after 22+ years of fragment isolation, by combining canopy variables colle...

Predicting primary stability of orthodontic mini-implants, according to position, screw-size, and bone quality, in the maxilla of aged patients: a cadaveric study.

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of implant size and bone condition on primary stability of orthodontic mini-implants with a view to predict the primary stability before insertion. Four-hundred and forty mini-implants of two different diameters (2.0 and 2.3 mm) and lengths (7 and 12 mm) were inserted at 11 different positions in human cadaver maxillae. Before placement of mini-implants, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were performed to measure bone density and cortical thickness and, aft...

Efficacy and Safety Evaluation of Picosecond Alexandrite Laser with a Diffractive Lens Array for Treatment of Melasma in Asian Patients by VISIA Imaging System.

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of picosecond (ps) 755-nm alexandrite laser with a diffractive lens array (DLA) generating laser-induced optical breakdown, which may be beneficial for melasma treatment. Melasma is notorious for difficult to treat with any modality setting. Recently, picosecond alexandrite laser with DLA seems promising for dealing with it without intolerable complications. Twenty ( = 20) Asian female melasma patients with Fitzpatrick skin type IV were recruited for 3 treatment ses...

Influence of the Microgap/Interface Vertical Position on Early Marginal Bone Remodeling Around One-Stage Implants with Laser-Microtextured Collar Surface: A Randomized Clinical Study.

The aim of the present randomized study was to radiographically evaluate the early marginal bone remodeling (EMBR) around one-stage implants with a collar surface that is laser-microtextured (LM), placed with the mirograp/interface at different levels relative to the bone crest, and to clinically evaluate the influence of keratinized tissue thickness (KTT) on outcomes. Thirty partially edentulous patients were selected to each receive at least two one-stage implants with LM collars placed at different depth...


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