PubMed Journals Articles About "Effects Sprint Interval Endurance Respiratory Muscle Training Regimens" RSS

01:59 EDT 26th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Effects Sprint Interval Endurance Respiratory Muscle Training Regimens" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33,000+

Effects of Sprint-Interval and Endurance Respiratory Muscle Training Regimens.

Recently a novel, time-saving respiratory muscle sprint-interval training (RMSIT) was developed. To test the extent to which RMSIT improves respiratory muscle performance compared to a conventional respiratory muscle endurance training (RMET), a novel incremental respiratory muscle test (IncRMT), loading inspiratory and expiratory muscles, was designed to assess performance changes associated with respiratory muscle training (RMT).

Effects of intermittent hyperbaric exposure on endurance and interval exercise performance in well-trained mice.

What is the central question of this study? Intermittent hyperbaric exposure (1.3 ATA with 20.9% O ) has been shown to facilitate endurance capacity by facilitating oxidative and glycolytic capacities in skeletal muscle. It currently remains unclear whether this strategy enhances endurance performance in well-trained individuals. What is the main finding and its importance? Hyperbaric exposure (1.3 ATA with 20.9% O ) with endurance training enhanced oxidative and glycolytic capacities and protein levels of ...

Respiratory Muscle Oxygenation is not impacted by Hypoxia during Repeated-sprint Exercise.

This study aimed to investigate whether exercise hyperpnoea contributes to an impairment of locomotor muscle oxygenation and performance during repeated-sprint exercise in normoxia and hypoxia. Subjects performed ten 10-s sprints, separated by 30 s of passive rest while breathing either a normoxic (21% O) or hypoxic (15% O) gas mixture. Muscle oxygenation of the vastus lateralis and intercostal muscles was examined with near-infrared spectroscopy. Sprint and recovery vastus lateralis deoxyhaemoglobin was ...

Differential effects of endurance, interval, and resistance training on telomerase activity and telomere length in a randomized, controlled study.

It is unknown whether different training modalities exert differential cellular effects. Telomeres and telomere-associated proteins play a major role in cellular aging with implications for global health. This prospective training study examines the effects of endurance training, interval training (IT), and resistance training (RT) on telomerase activity and telomere length (TL).

Changes in exercise capacity and serum BDNF following long-term sprint interval training in well-trained cyclists.

The study determined the effects of sprint interval training on the acute and chronic changes of serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and aerobic capacity. Twenty-six cyclists were divided into experimental (E) and control (C) group. Both groups executed 6-month exercise intervention involving high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and continuous endurance training (CET) with group E replacing HIIT and CET sessions with sprint interval training (SIT) executed twice a week. Two exercise tests were...

High-intensity respiratory muscle training improves strength and dyspnea after stroke: a double-blind randomized trial.

To examine whether high-intensity home-based respiratory muscle training, ie, with higher loads, delivered more frequently and for longer duration, than previously applied, would increase the strength and endurance of the respiratory muscles, reduce dyspnea and respiratory complications, and improve walking capacity after stroke.

Effects of endurance training on neuromuscular fatigue in healthy active men. Part I: Strength loss and muscle fatigue.

The adaptations induced by endurance training on the neuromuscular function remain under investigation and, for methodological reasons, unclear. This study investigates the effects of cycling training on neuromuscular fatigue and its peripheral contribution measured during and immediately after cycling exercise.

Cardiovascular response of postmenopausal women to 8 weeks of sprint interval training.

Menopause is accompanied by decreased aerobic fitness and increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Sprint interval training (SIT) is a time-efficient intervention for improving cardiovascular function and aerobic fitness of young adults.


The objective was to compare the metabolic influence of varying work-to-rest ratios during upper body sprint interval training (SIT). Forty-two recreationally-trained men were randomized into a training group [10 s work - 2 min of rest (10:2) or 4 min of rest (10:4), or 30 s work - 4 min of rest (30:4)] or a control group (CON). Participants underwent six training sessions over two weeks. Assessments consisted of a graded exercise test [maximal oxygen consumption (V̇Opeak) and peak power output (...

Finding the metabolic stress "sweet spot": Implications for sprint interval training-induced muscle remodelling.

Effects of one-legged High-intensity Interval Training on insulin-mediated skeletal muscle glucose homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes.

To examine the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on glucose clearance rates in skeletal muscle and explore the mechanism within the muscle.

Combined effects of very short "all out" efforts during sprint and resistance training on physical and physiological adaptations after 2 weeks of training.

The aim of this study was to compare the combined effects of resistance and sprint training, with very short efforts (5 s), on aerobic and anaerobic performances, and cardiometabolic health-related parameters in young healthy adults.

Effects of 6-Week Static Stretching of Knee Extensors on Flexibility, Muscle Strength, Jump Performance, and Muscle Endurance.

Ikeda, N and Ryushi, T. Effects of 6-week static stretching of knee extensors on flexibility, muscle strength, jump performance, and muscle endurance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in flexibility and muscular performance after stretching training for 6 weeks. Twelve healthy young men were assigned to a stretching group and 13 to a control group. The participants of the stretching group performed static stretching of knee extensors for 6 weeks....

Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training Under Normobaric Hypoxia on Cardiometabolic Risk Markers in Overweight/Obese Women.

Camacho-Cardenosa, Alba, Marta Camacho-Cardenosa, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Martin Burtscher, Rafael Timón, and Guillermo Olcina. Effects of high-intensity interval training under normobaric hypoxia on cardiometabolic risk markers in overweight/obese women. High Alt Med Biol. 16:000-000, 2018.-Promising benefits on cardiometabolic risk factors have been reported with prolonged programs of cyclic hypoxia. The aim of this study was to examine whether cyclic hypoxia exposure while exercising through two protocol...

Effect of concentric and eccentric hamstring training on sprint recovery, strength and muscle architecture in inexperienced athletes.

To investigate whether five-weeks of concentric (CON) or eccentric (ECC) hamstring strength training have different effects on recovery from sprint running, eccentric strength and architecture of the biceps femoris long head (BF).

Effects of a short-term interval aerobic training program with recovery bouts on vascular function in sedentary aged 70 or over: A randomized controlled trial.

Interval aerobic training programs with active recovery bouts (IATP-R) are reported as being more adapted to seniors while improving cardiorespiratory and endurance parameters. Report of benefits on vascular function is still limited.

Zebrafish (Danio rerio) as a Model for Sprint Exercise Training.

Sprint performance is important ecologically and physiologically, and it can influence fitness by determining outcomes of predator-prey relationships, for example, and it can confer substantial human health benefits. In this article we test whether zebrafish (Danio rerio) are a suitable model to test hypotheses about the effects and consequences of sprint exercise training, and the physiological underpinnings of sprint performance. We show that stage 3 c-starts that capture the initial escape response of fi...

Strength Training Effects on Muscle Forces and Contributions to Whole-Body Movement in Cerebral Palsy.

Strength training is often prescribed for children with cerebral palsy (CP); however, links between strength gains and mobility are unclear. Nine children (age 14 ± 3 years; GMFCS I-III) with spastic CP completed a 6-week strength-training program. Musculoskeletal gait simulations were generated for four children to assess training effects on muscle forces and function. There were increases in isometric joint strength, but no statistical changes in fast-as-possible walking speed or endurance after tr...

Association of skeletal muscle and serum metabolites with maximum power output gains in response to continuous endurance or high-intensity interval training programs: The TIMES study - A randomized controlled trial.

Recent studies have begun to identify the molecular determinants of inter-individual variability of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in response to exercise training programs. However, we still have an incomplete picture of the molecular mechanisms underlying trainability in response to exercise training.

The effects of high-intensity interval training on reverse cholesterol transport elements: A way of cardiovascular protection against atherosclerosis.

Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) is a process that prevents atherosclerosis. Studies showed that exercise training for strengthening cardiac muscle, increasing heart lipid metabolism and its potency against risk factors could protect cardiovascular health. Thus, the present study aims to investigate the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) on RCT and its related elements in plasma and tissues (liver and intestine) of rats.

Effect of Endurance Training on Hemoglobin Mass and V˙O2max in Male Adolescent Athletes.

It is unknown, whether endurance training stimulates hemoglobin mass (Hbmass) and V[Combining Dot Above]O2max increases during late adolescence. Therefore, this study assessed the influence of endurance training on Hbmass, blood volume parameters, and V[Combining Dot Above]O2max in endurance athletes and control subjects from age 16 to 19.

Effects of High-Intensity Inspiratory Muscle Training Associated with Aerobic Exercise in Patients Undergoing CABG: Randomized Clinical Trial.

Evaluate the interaction between high-intensity inspiratory muscle training (IMT) and aerobic exercise on physical capacity, respiratory muscle strength, peripheral muscle strength, and quality of life of patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

Metabolic adaptations to endurance training and nutrition strategies influencing performance.

Endurance performance is the result of optimal training targeting cardiovascular, metabolic, and peripheral muscular adaptations and is coupled to effective nutrition strategies via the use of macronutrient manipulations surrounding training and potential supplementation with ergogenic aids. It is important to note that training and nutrition may differ according to the individual needs of the athlete and can markedly impact the physiological response to training. Herein, we discuss various aspects of end...

Effects of 8-week core training on core endurance and running economy.

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 8-week core training on core endurance and running economy in college athletes. Twenty-one male college athletes were randomly divided into 2 groups: a control group (CON) (n = 10) and a core training group (CT) (n = 11). Both groups maintained their regular training, whereas CT attended 3 extra core training sessions per week for 8 weeks. The participants were assessed before and after the training program using sensory organization test (SOT), sport-...

Effects of endurance training on detrimental structural, cellular, and functional alterations in skeletal muscles of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.

HFpEF is underpinned by detrimental skeletal muscle alterations that contribute to disease severity, yet underlying mechanisms and therapeutic treatments remain poorly established. This study used an animal model of HFpEF to better understand whether skeletal muscle abnormalities were: 1) fiber-type specific; and 2) reversible by various exercise training regimes.

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