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Ephedrine Phenylephrine Preeclampsia PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Ephedrine Phenylephrine Preeclampsia articles that have been published worldwide.
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Variant angina is caused by coronary artery spasm (CAS) with ST-segment elevation. We herein report a case of recurrent CAS during 2 operations in the same patient. An 80-year-old woman was scheduled to undergo tracheostomy, submandibular dissection, left partial maxillectomy, and coronoidectomy. We administered ephedrine and phenylephrine to manage hypotension during general anesthesia. Immediately after the administration of these drugs, the ST segment elevated. We decided to cease the operation and trans...
Phenylephrine is an α1 adrenergic receptor agonist that causes pulmonary vasoconstriction, and so may effectively enhance hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV). However, there is little evidence that phenylephrine augments HPV in clinical situations. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical effects of phenylephrine infusion on oxygenation during one-lung ventilation (OLV) in patients undergoing thoracic surgery.
Preeclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal deaths. This study mainly explored the mechanism of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) CCAT1 expression in the placenta of preeclampsia patients and its effect on the progression of preeclampsia.
Regulation of uterine contractility is an important aspect of women's health. Phenylephrine, a selective agonist of the α-adrenoceptor and a potent smooth muscle constrictor, is widely used in women even during pregnancy to relieve cold-related symptoms, to treat postpartum haemorrhoid, and during routine eye exams. We performed isometric tension recordings to investigate the effect of phenylephrine on mouse uterine contractility. Phenylephrine decreased spontaneous and oxytocin-induced contractions in non...
Ephedrine is thought to exert behavioural effects primarily through actions on the central nervous system. However, the neuromechanism underlying the effects of ephedrine addiction still remains unclear. Our study aimed to establish chronic ephedrine addiction models in rhesus monkeys and to investigate the neuromechanism of chronic ephedrine addiction using the behavioural methods combined with resting-state blood oxygenation level dependent-functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI). Monkeys in the...
Preeclampsia is a disease that frequently complicates pregnancy and poses a serious threat to maternal and fetal health. The causes and pathogenic mechanisms of preeclampsia are poorly defined. Genetic predisposition could be an important etiological factor. Previous studies have demonstrated that syncytin-1 and syncytin-2, encoded by the genes ERVWE1 and ERVFRDE-1, are involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia.
Unpreserved phenylephrine is often used as an off-licence intracameral surgical adjunct during cataract surgery to assist with pupil dilation and/or stabilise the iris in floppy iris syndrome. It can be delivered as a neat 0.2 ml bolus of either 2.5 or 10% strength, or in a range of ad-hoc dilutions. We wished to assess the accuracy of intracameral phenylephrine preparation in clinical practice.
We sought to evaluate whether the administration of phenylephrine (PE) at concentrations higher than those described in guidelines resulted in any significant changes in vital signs or impacted outcomes.
Preeclampsia is a major pregnancy complication with adverse short- and long-term implications for both the mother and baby. Screening for preeclampsia at 11-13 weeks' gestation by a combination of maternal demographic characteristics and medical history with measurements of biomarkers can identify about 75% of women that develop preterm-preeclampsia with delivery at
Immunological mechanisms underlying the development of preeclampsia are well known, but no association to allergy has yet been demonstrated. The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between maternal pre-gestational allergy, and early-onset and late-onset preeclampsia, respectively. It was a retrospective cohort study including all women giving birth in the Norwegian cities of Stavanger (1996-2014) and Bergen (2009-2014). Pre-gestational asthma, allergy, other known risk factors for preeclampsia, ...
Preeclampsia, a serious pregnancy-associated syndrome, is the leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Significant exacerbation of the hypercoagulation status as well as imbalanced steroid hormones have been reported in developed preeclampsia. However, it remains unclear whether the two pathological changes are directly associated.
Preeclampsia is a multifactorial disorder defined by hypertension and increased urinary protein excretion during pregnancy. It is a significant cause of maternal and neonatal deaths worldwide. Despite various research efforts to clarify pathogenies of preeclampsia and predict this disease before beginning of symptoms, the pathogenesis of preeclampsia is unclear. Early prediction and diagnosis of women at risk of preeclampsia has not markedly improved. Therefore, the objective of this study was to perform a ...
To evaluate if concentrations of the neuronal proteins neurofilament light chain and tau are changed in women developing preeclampsia and to evaluate the ability of a combination of neurofilament light chain, tau, S100B and neuron specific enolase in identifying neurologic impairment before diagnosis of preeclampsia.
Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy and is one of the most common causes of poor perinatal outcomes. Preeclampsia increases the risk of hypertension in the future. Variants of WNK1 (lysine deficient protein kinase 1), ADRB2 (β2 adrenergic receptor), NEDD4L (ubiquitin-protein ligase NEDD4-like), KLK1 (kallikrein 1) contribute to hypertension, and AKR1C3 (aldo-keto reductase family1 member C3), is associated with preeclampsia. The association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in thes...
Advanced maternal age (AMA) is associated with increased risk for preeclampsia, however, a paucity of data exists regarding the characteristics of the disease in this age group. Our aim was to compare the characteristics and severity of preeclampsia in older and younger gravidas.
Comparison of double intravenous vasopressor automated system using nexfin versus manual vasopressor bolus administration for maintenance of haemodynamic stability during spinal anaesthesia for caesarean delivery: A randomised double-blind controlled trial.
Hypotension is a common side effect of spinal anaesthesia during caesarean delivery and is associated with maternal and foetal adverse effects. We developed an updated double intravenous vasopressor automated (DIVA) system that administers phenylephrine or ephedrine based on continuous noninvasive haemodynamic monitoring using the Nexfin device.
Early-onset preeclampsia (EOS-PE) refers to preeclampsia that occurred before 34 gestation weeks. This study was conducted to explore the relationship between mitochondrial dysfunction and the pathogenesis of EOS-PE using proteomic strategy.
Preeclampsia is reported in pregnant women around the world and often causes maternal/fetal mortality and morbidity. In the current study, we assessed the efficacy of celastrol on a rat preeclampsia model induced by N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME). Pregnant rats were administered L-NAME to establish preeclampsia. A total of 48 animals were randomly assigned into 4 groups (n=12 each): control, control plus celastrol treatment (control+celastrol), preeclampsia, and preeclampsia plus cel...
We investigated risks of preeclampsia phenotypes from potential residential pesticide exposures, including 543 individual chemicals and 69 physicochemical groupings that were applied in the San Joaquin Valley of California during the study period, 1998-2011. The study population was derived from birth certificate data linked with Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development maternal and infant hospital discharge data. The following numbers of women with preeclampsia phenotypes were identified: 1045 w...
While prophylactic phenylephrine infusions during cesarean delivery are often used to counteract the sympathectomy associated with spinal anesthesia, their use has been associated with decreased rostral spread of local anesthetic. The purpose of this study was to determine the median effective dose (ED50) and 95% effective dose (ED95) of intrathecal hyperbaric bupivacaine for cesarean delivery in the presence and absence of prophylactic phenylephrine infusion.
Preeclampsia (PE), a serious and variable pregnancy complication affecting 5%-10% of the obstetric population, has an undetermined etiology, yet inflammation is concomitant with its development, particularly in relation to endothelial dysfunction.
Hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy can be classified as gestational hypertension, mild preeclampsia, and severe preeclampsia. It is necessary to evaluate and predict the grade in advance. The first study comprised 40 healthy pregnancies, 40 gestational hypertension, 40 mild preeclampsia, and 40 severe preeclampsia cases. The participants' lipid profile and cytokine levels were statistically compared. The efficacy and safety of oral nifedipine (n = 71) and intravenous labetalol (n = 72) for th...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of preeclampsia in women of advanced age who conceived through donated oocytes as compared with natural conceptions.
Compromised perfusion due to ligation of arteries and veins in esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction often (5-20%) results in necrosis and anastomotic leakage, which relate to high morbidity and mortality (3-4%). Ephedrine is used widely in anesthesia to treat intraoperative hypotension and may improve perfusion by the increase of cardiac output and mean arterial pressure (MAP). This study tests the effect of ephedrine on perfusion of the future anastomotic site of the gastric conduit, measured by ...
To systematically review and summarize studies investigating an association between a history of preeclampsia and cognitive function later in life.