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PubMed Journals Articles About "Epileptic Spasms Predict Poor Epilepsy Outcomes After Perinatal" RSS

05:46 EST 16th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Epileptic Spasms Predict Poor Epilepsy Outcomes After Perinatal" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,500+

Epileptic Spasms Predict Poor Epilepsy Outcomes After Perinatal Stroke.

Perinatal stroke is a significant cause of severe epilepsy, including epileptic spasms. Although epileptic spasms due to underlying structural lesion often respond poorly to treatment and evolve into drug-resistant epilepsy, outcomes are not uniformly poor, and predictors of outcomes are not well described. We performed a single-institution retrospective review of epileptic spasms following perinatal stroke to determine if outcome depended on vascular subtype. We identified 24 children with epileptic spasms...


Corpus callosotomy for drug-resistant spasms associated with tuberous sclerosis complex.

Corpus callosotomy (CC) has recently been adopted for the treatment of drug-resistant epileptic spasms and tonic spasms. In the present study, we investigated CC outcomes among patients with drug-resistant epileptic spasms or tonic spasms associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC).

High-dose prednisone therapy for infantile spasms and late-onset epileptic spasms in China: The addition of topiramate provides no benefit.

To compare the clinical efficacy of high-dose prednisone monotherapy and the combination of hormone and moderate-dose topiramate (TPM) therapy in children with infantile spasms (IS) and late-onset epileptic spasms (ES), and to evaluate whether the addition of TPM would provide more benefits for patients.


Genetic heterogeneity in infantile spasms.

Infantile spasms (IS) is a developmental and epileptic encephalopathy with heterogeneous etiologies including many genetic causes. Genetic studies have identified pathogenic variants in over 30 genes as causes of IS. Many of these genetic causes are extremely rare, with only one reported incidence in an individual with IS. To better understand the genetic landscape of IS, we used targeted sequencing to screen 42 candidate IS genes and 53 established developmental and epileptic encephalopathy genes in 92 ind...

Epilepsy in children with congenital hemiparesis secondary to perinatal ictus.

The objective was to describe the frequency, mode of presentation and characteristics of epilepsy in children with congenital hemiparesis (CH). It is a etrospective, descriptive and multicenter study, based on the collection of data from the clinical records of patients from 0 to 19 years with CH secondary to perinatal infarction in different centers of the community of Catalonia. A total of 310 children were included (55% males and 45% females), from a total of 13 centers in Catalonia. Average age of onset...

How can methylprednisolone work on epileptic spasms with malformation of cortical development?

Although steroids are suggested as the treatment of choice for infantile spasms, the mechanism of action is still unclear. Using a rat model of malformation of cortical development with refractory infantile spasms, we evaluated the efficacy of methylprednisolone on spasms susceptibility and behaviors. Additionally, we investigated the in vivo electrophysiological and neurochemical changes of the brain after methylprednisolone treatment. Infant rats with prenatal exposure of methylazoxymethanol at gestationa...

Epileptic seizures and criminal acts: Is there a relationship?

The relation between epilepsy and criminal acts has been debated for over a century. The general perception persists that epileptic seizures can be associated with violent behavior. Some studies have provided evidence for such an association; however, it remains uncertain whether it really exists. This review critically evaluates the scientific literature on the possible relation between epileptic seizures and criminal acts.

Seizure tracking of epileptic EEG using a model-driven approach.

As a chronic neurological disorder, epilepsy is characterized by recurrent and unprovoked epileptic seizures which can disrupt the normal neuro-biologic, cognitive, psychological conditions of patients. Therefore, it is worthwhile to give a detailed account of how the epileptic EEG evolves during a period of seizure so that an effective control can be guided for epileptic patients in clinics.

Mathematical Structures for Epilepsy: High-Frequency Oscillation and Interictal Epileptic Slow (Red Slow).

In the present study, we attempted to characterize two characteristic features within the dynamic behavior of wideband electrocorticography data, which were recorded as the brain waves of epilepsy, comprising high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) and interictal epileptic slow (red slow). The results of power spectrum and nonlinear time series analysis indicate that, on one hand, HFOs at epileptic focus are characterized by one-dimensional dynamical systems in ictal onset time segments at an epileptic focus for...

Establishing Functional Brain Networks using a Nonlinear Partial Directed Coherence Method to Predict Epileptic Seizures.

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by unpredictable seizures that can lead to severe health problems. EEG techniques have shown to be advantageous for studying and predicting epileptic seizures, thanks to their cost-effectiveness, non-invasiveness, portability and the capability for long-term monitoring. Linear and non-linear EEG analysis methods have been developed for the effective prediction of seizure onset, however both methods remain blind to underlying alterations of the structural and...

Genetically determined epileptic encephalopathies.

Epileptic encephalopathies is a group of epileptic syndromes characterized by progressive cognitive impairment beyond the expected for the epilepsy activity. They are characterized by severe pharmaco-resistant epilepsy, severely abnormal electroencephalograms, early-age onset, neurocognitve impairment, variable phenotype and usually normal brain MRI. These syndromes are usually genetically determined. A correct and timely diagnosis could help and guide the medical counselling and the correct therapeutic app...

Makkah female teachers' knowledge of seizure first aid.

Epilepsy is a common disorder in Saudi Arabia, with a prevalence of 6.54/1000 people. Most patients with epilepsy in the country are younger than 19 years of age, and thus, many occurrences of epileptic seizures can occur in schools. As such, teachers are often faced with the challenge of responding to the attack and providing first aid and post-event care to the child with epilepsy.

Cost-effectiveness of epileptic surgery compared with medical treatment in children with drug-resistant epilepsy.

Epilepsy surgery is an alternative to continued antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in children with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE).

Epilepsy in neurofibromatosis type 1: Diffuse cerebral dysfunction?

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is accompanied by epileptic seizures in 4-7% of patients. We examined clinical, electrophysiological, and radiological features associated with epilepsy in our NF1 series in order to identify risk factors.

Dissociation and other clinical phenomena in youth with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) compared to youth with epilepsy.

To compare youth with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) to youth with epilepsy on demographic and clinical features and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC).

Effects of vitamin D and paricalcitol on epileptogenesis and behavioral properties of WAG/Rij rats with absence epilepsy.

Vitamin D (Vit D) has been considered as a neurosteroid and has a pivotal role in neuroprotection including epilepsy. Vit D regulator acts via a Vit D receptor (VDR). WAG/Rij rats have a genetically epileptic model of absence epilepsy with comorbidity of depression. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Vit D and paricalcitol (PRC) on WAG/Rij rats.

Clinical evolution and epilepsy outcome in three patients with CDKL5-related developmental encephalopathy.

To further characterise CDKL5-related disorder, previously classified as an early-onset seizure variant of Rett syndrome, which is currently considered a specific and independent early-infantile epileptic encephalopathy. We describe the epileptic phenotype and neurocognitive development in three girls with CDKL5 mutations showing severe neurodevelopmental impairment, with different epileptic phenotypes and severity. The patients differed regarding age at epilepsy onset, seizure frequency, duration of "honey...

Synthetic pharmaceutical grade cannabidiol for treatment of refractory infantile spasms: A multicenter phase-2 study.

Limited data suggest that cannabidiol (CBD) may be effective for treatment of refractory infantile spasms (IS). This study was designed to more rigorously evaluate the efficacy and safety of synthetic CBD in the treatment of IS.

Characteristics of the knowledge and attitudes of medical students about epilepsy.

Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological diseases in the world. False knowledge and attitudes related to epilepsy both complicate the social lives of patients and adversely affect their academic development. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of the medical students about epilepsy. Seven hundred twenty-three students participated in the study. A questionnaire including demographic information and Epilepsy Knowledge and Attitude Scales was given to the students. The f...

MANAGEMENT OF TUMORAL EPILEPSY IN MENINGIOMA SURGERY: REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND SURVEY OF FRENCH NATIONAL PRACTICES.

Prophylaxis or treatment of tumoral epilepsy is a constant concern in the neurosurgical management of meningioma is a daily concern in neurosurgical practice but it is often guided by the surgeon's habits rather than on evidence from clinical trials, which is lacking. The present study reviews the literature on the incidence, clinical aspects and treatment of epilepsy and epileptic seizures in patients undergoing surgery for meningioma. Based on the published data, we then performed a French nationwide surv...

Clobazam as an adjunctive treatment for infantile spasms.

Infantile spasms constitute a catastrophic epileptic condition. Seizures in approximately half of children with infantile spasms fail to improve with initial treatment attempts; at present, data regarding alternative treatments are limited. We assessed the efficacy of clobazam as an adjunctive therapy in patients whose seizures failed to respond to initial regimens of standard treatment for infantile spasms. All patients from Severance Children's Hospital who received clobazam as adjunctive therapy for infa...

The underlying etiology of infantile spasms (West syndrome): Information from the International Collaborative Infantile Spasms Study (ICISS).

To determine the underlying etiologies in a contemporary cohort of infants with infantile spasms and to examine response to treatment.

Health-related quality of life and the burden of prolonged seizures in noninstitutionalized children with epilepsy.

This study aimed to provide information on the burden of illness and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children with epilepsy who experience prolonged acute convulsive seizures (PACS) in the community setting, and to investigate factors that may predict poor HRQoL in this population.

Religiosity and spirituality in patients with epilepsy.

Religiosity and spirituality (R/S) are widely regarded as important allies against illness and suffering in general. Findings in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) suggest the temporal lobe as the anatomical-functional basis of religious experiences. Both R/S are relevant in patients with epilepsy (PWE) since epilepsy can lead to psychosocial issues for a significant portion of patients and their families. To investigate R/S in PWE, as well as the impact of different epileptic syndromes on patients' R/S.

Anti-seizure effect and neuronal activity change in the genetic-epileptic model rat with acute and chronic vagus nerve stimulation.

VNS showed time-dependent anti-seizure effect. However, the precise mechanism of VNS in acute and chronic anti-seizure effect has not been fully elucidated. Noda epileptic rat (NER) is genetic epilepsy model rat which exhibits spontaneous generalized tonic-clonic seizure (GTC) approximately once per 30 h and frequent dialeptic seizure (DS). We performed acute and chronic VNS on NER to focus on the acute and chronic anti-epileptic effect and neuronal activity change by VNS.


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