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16:18 EDT 15th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Escitalopram Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 18,000+

The Current Evidence for Acute Stress Disorder.

The aim of this review is to provide a summary of the current evidence pertaining to the course of acute and chronic posttraumatic stress, the diagnosis of acute stress disorder (ASD), and treatment of acute stress disorder and prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Posttraumatic stress disorder and chronic pain are associated with opioid use disorder: Results from a 2012-2013 American nationally representative survey.

Chronic pain conditions and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) commonly co-occur and are associated with opioid use disorder (OUD). The aims of this paper were to identify prevalence estimates of OUD among individuals with and without PTSD and assess independent and combined contributions of PTSD and chronic pain conditions on OUD in a nationally representative sample.

Illness Uncertainty and Posttraumatic Stress in Young Adults With Congenital Heart Disease.

Young adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at risk for chronic illness uncertainty in 4 domains: ambiguity about the state of their illness; lack of information about the disease, its treatment, and comorbidities; complexity of the healthcare system and relationship with healthcare providers; and unpredictability of the illness course and outcome. Chronic uncertainty has been associated with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Abnormal metabolite concentrations and amygdala volume in patients with recent-onset posttraumatic stress disorder.

Previous psychoradiological studies of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were mainly of patients at a chronic stage, focusing on brain regions outside the amygdala. The goals of this study were to investigate the early biochemical and structural changes of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and amygdala in patients with PTSD and to explore their relationships.

Sex differences in global and local connectivity of adolescent posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms.

Sex differences in youth's posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology have not been well studied.

Long-Term Immune Alterations Accompanying Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder following Exposure to Suicide Bomb Terror Incidents during Childhood.

Long-term immune alterations have been proposed to play a mechanistic role in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as well as in its associated increase in medical morbidity and mortality. Better characterization of altered immune function may help identify diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers and potentially targets for preventive intervention.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Comorbid With Mood Disorder: Significantly Higher Incidence Than in Either Diagnosis Alone.

To examine the correlations between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and psychiatric disorders such as major depressive disorder (MDD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or bipolar disorder (BD) and whether comorbid psychiatric diagnosis increases the risk of OSA.

Embitterment in War Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

The aim of this study was to analyze frequency of embitterment in war veterans with Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Fear of Childbirth, Postpartum Depression, and Birth-Related Variables as Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder After Childbirth.

Childbirth may be a significant cause of postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in women.

What Does Sex Have to Do with It? The Role of Sex as a Biological Variable in the Development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

This review highlights the neurobiological aspects of sex differences in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), specifically focusing on the physiological responses to trauma and presents evidence supporting hormone and neurosteroid/peptide differences from both preclinical and clinical research.

The opioid system in stress-induced memory disorders: From basic mechanisms to clinical implications in posttraumatic stress disorder and Alzheimer's disease.

Cognitive and emotional impairment are a serious consequence of stress exposure and are core features of neurological and psychiatric conditions that involve memory disorders. Indeed, acute and chronic stress are high-risk factors for the onset of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), two devastating brain disorders associated with memory dysfunction. Besides the sympathetic nervous system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, stress response also involves the activ...

A Prospective Study of the Effectiveness of Paroxetine on the Onset of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, and Health and Functional Outcomes After Trauma.

To determine whether the administration of medication for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to injured trauma survivors prevents or mitigates PTSD.

Assessment and Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

The goal of this article is to increase clinicians' understanding of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and improve skills in assessing risk for and diagnosing PTSD. The importance and sequelae of lifetime trauma burden are discussed, with reference to trends in prevention, early intervention, and treatment.

Shame as a mediator between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and suicidal ideation among veterans.

Suicidal ideation is a problem that disproportionately affects veterans. Moreover, veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) appear to be at particularly high risk for suicide.

Assessment of complex posttraumatic stress disorder with the revised Trauma Symptom Inventory (TSI-2).

This study tested whether it is possible to diagnose complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) according to the beta version of ICD-11 by means of the Trauma Symptom Inventory 2 (TSI-2). Currently, there is no established measurement for this.

High rates of posttraumatic stress symptoms in women living with HIV in Canada.

Women living with HIV experience high levels of trauma exposure before and after diagnosis. One of the most challenging outcomes following trauma exposure is posttraumatic stress disorder. Despite high exposure to traumatic events, the presence and contributors to posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms have not been examined in women living with HIV in Canada.

Posttraumatic stress disorder and nonadherence to medications prescribed for chronic medical conditions: A meta-analysis.

Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for adverse consequences from comorbid medical conditions. Nonadherence to medications prescribed to treat those comorbid conditions may help explain this increased risk. We sought to determine the association between PTSD and medication nonadherence and whether it varied according to the type of event inducing the PTSD.

The Long Term Clinical Outcome of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder with Impaired Coronary Distensibility.

Coronary-distensibility-index (CDI) impairments reflect endothelial-dependent process associated with vulnerable-plaque composition. This study investigates the relation of impaired-CDI with posttraumatic-stress-disorder (PTSD) and their predictive value for major-adverse-cardiovascular events (MACE).

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is Associated with Enhanced Interleukin-6 Response to Mental Stress in Subjects with a Recent Myocardial Infarction.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is prevalent among patients who survived an acute coronary syndrome, and is associated with adverse outcomes, but the mechanisms underlying these associations are unclear. Individuals with PTSD have enhanced sensitivity of the noradrenergic system to stress which may lead to immune activation. We hypothesized that survivors of a myocardial infarction (MI) who have PTSD would show an enhanced inflammatory response to acute psychological stress compared to those without PT...

Mental disorders specifically associated with stress in the upcoming ICD-11: An overview.

The release of upcoming ICD-11 results in important changes to the classification of stress-related mental disorders. With the aim to improve clinical utility there is a new organizational structure for the different disorders as they are now categorized by the response to specific types of stressors. These range from reactions based on the experience of psychosocial strains (adjustment disorder), to grief reactions with a need for treatment (prolonged grief disorder) and reactions after exposure to traumat...

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Association With Subsequent Risky and Problem Drinking Initiation.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and unhealthy alcohol use are commonly associated conditions. It is unknown whether specific symptoms of PTSD are associated with subsequent initiation of unhealthy alcohol use.

The association between anxiety, traumatic stress, and obsessive-compulsive disorders and chronic inflammation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Anxiety is characterized by prolonged preparation for real or perceived threat. This may manifest both as psychological and physiological activation, ultimately leading to greater risk for poor health. Chronic inflammation may play an integral role in this relationship, given the influential role that it has in chronic illness. The aim of this meta-analysis is to examine levels of chronic inflammation, measured by inflammatory cytokines and C-reactive protein, in people with anxiety disorders, PTSD (posttra...

Longitudinal Examination of the Influence of Individual Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Clusters of Symptoms on the Initiation of Cigarette Smoking.

The aim of this study was to determine whether specific individual posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms or symptom clusters predict cigarette smoking initiation.

The Effects of a BDNF Val66Met Polymorphism on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Meta-Analysis.

Given evidence that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is moderately heritable, a number of studies utilizing candidate gene approaches have attempted to examine the potential contributions of theoretically relevant genetic variation. Some of these studies have found sup port for a brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) variant, Val66Met, in the risk of developing PTSD, while others have failed to find this link.

Prevalence of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder in adult civilian survivors of war who stay in war-afflicted regions. A systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies.

Epidemiological surveys on depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among civilian war survivors in war-afflicted regions have produced heterogeneous prevalence estimates of these conditions.

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