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PubMed Journals Articles About "Excelra Knowledge Solutions" RSS

02:03 EST 19th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Excelra Knowledge Solutions PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Excelra Knowledge Solutions articles that have been published worldwide.

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We have published hundreds of Excelra Knowledge Solutions news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Excelra Knowledge Solutions Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Excelra Knowledge Solutions for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Excelra Knowledge Solutions Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Excelra Knowledge Solutions Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Excelra Knowledge Solutions" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,100+

Using Complexity to Simplify Knowledge Translation Comment on "Using Complexity and Network Concepts to Inform Healthcare Knowledge Translation".

Putting health theories, research and knowledge into practice is a challenge referred to as the knowledge-toaction gap. Knowledge translation (KT), and its related concepts of knowledge mobilization, implementation science and research impact, emerged to mitigate this gap. While the social interaction view of KT has gained currency, scholars have not easily made a link between KT and the concept of complexity. Kitson and colleagues suggest we ought to examine the role of complexity in KT processes using def...


A straightforward method for measuring the range of apparent density of microplastics.

Density of microplastics has been regarded as the primary property that affect the distribution and bioavailability of microplastics in the water column. For measuring the density of microplastis, we developed a simple and rapid method based on density gradient solutions. In this study, we tested four solvents to make the density gradient solutions, i.e., ethanol (0.8 g/cm), ultrapure water (1.0 g/cm), saturated NaI (1.8 g/cm) and ZnCl (1.8 g/cm). Density of microplastics was measured via observing ...

Student difficulties during structure-function problem solving.

Protein structure-function is a key concept in biochemistry. We used the perspective of domain-specific problem-solving to investigate students' solutions to a well-defined protein structure-function problem. We conducted think-aloud interviews with 13 undergraduate students and performed qualitative content analysis to examine the differences in the domain-general and domain-specific knowledge among correct and incorrect solutions. Our work revealed that students used domain-general and domain-specific kno...


Interrogating the Osmotic Pressure of Self-Crowded Bovine Serum Albumin Solutions: Implications of Specific Monovalent Anion Effects Relative to the Hofmeister Series.

The free solvent-based (FSB) model and osmotic pressure was used to probe the ion binding and protein hydration for self-crowded bovine serum albumin in 0.15 M NaF, NaCl, NaI and NaSCN solutions. All experiments were conducted with solutions at pH 7.4. The regressed results of the FSB model behavior to the measured osmotic pressure was excellent, albeit, the osmotic pressure data for NaSCN was noisy. The resulting ion binding and hydration were realistic values and the covariance of the two parameters was e...

Metal removal from soil leachates using DTPA-functionalised maghemite nanoparticles, a potential soil washing technology.

There is significant current interest in the application of magnetic (magnetite or maghemite) nanoparticles functionalised with chelating agents for the environmental remediation of metal contaminated waters and solutions. Whilst there is a body of knowledge about the potential remediation efficacy of such engineered nanoparticles from studies involving synthetic solutions of single metals, there is relatively little data involving mixed-metal solutions and virtually no studies about nanoparticle performanc...

Optimizing Non-bonded Interactions of the OPLS Force Field for Aqueous Solutions of Carbohydrates: How to Capture Both Thermodynamics and Dynamics.

Knowledge on thermodynamic and transport properties of aqueous solutions of carbohydrates is of great interest for process and product design in the food, pharma- ceutical, and biotechnological industries. Molecular simulation is a powerful tool to calculate these properties, but current classical force fields cannot provide accurate es- timates for all properties of interest. The poor performance of the force fields is mainly observed for concentrated solutions, where solute-solute interactions are overest...

An interoperable clinical decision-support system for early detection of SIRS in pediatric intensive care using openEHR.

Clinical decision-support systems (CDSS) are designed to solve knowledge-intensive tasks for supporting decision-making processes. Although many approaches for designing CDSS have been proposed, due to high implementation costs, as well as the lack of interoperability features, current solutions are not well-established across different institutions. Recently, the use of standardized formalisms for knowledge representation as terminologies as well as the integration of semantically enriched clinical informa...

Use of wet-to-moist cleansing with different irrigation solutions to reduce bacterial bioburden in chronic wounds.

The influence of different irrigation solutions, in conjunction with wet-to-moist cleansing, on the reduction of sessile, non-planktonic bacteria which colonise wounds, has not been investigated. In this study, the antibacterial effect of different irrigation solutions, during a 20-minute wet-to-moist cleansing, has been evaluated in chronic wounds.

Keys to the Gate? Equal Sign Knowledge at Second Grade Predicts Fourth-Grade Algebra Competence.

Algebraic competence is a major determinant of college access and career prospects, and equal sign knowledge is taken to be foundational to algebra knowledge. However, few studies have documented a causal effect of early equal sign knowledge on later algebra skill. This study assessed whether second-grade students' equal sign knowledge prospectively predicts their fourth-grade algebra knowledge, when controlling for demographic and individual difference factors. Children (N = 177; M = 7.61) were assesse...

Impact of Human Activities on Fasciolosis Transmission.

Fasciolosis is a worldwide disease caused by the liver fluke Fasciola spp. This food- and water-borne disease is a major public health and veterinary issue. It is currently (re)emerging in several regions mainly due to the rapid evolution of human activities. This article reviews the current knowledge of the impact of irrigation-system management, livestock management, and human diet and hygiene habits on the emergence of fasciolosis. We also identify the gaps in this knowledge and the possible solutions fo...

Graph drawing using tabu search coupled with path relinking.

Graph drawing, or the automatic layout of graphs, is a challenging problem. There are several search based methods for graph drawing which are based on optimizing an objective function which is formed from a weighted sum of multiple criteria. In this paper, we propose a new neighbourhood search method which uses a tabu search coupled with path relinking to optimize such objective functions for general graph layouts with undirected straight lines. To our knowledge, before our work, neither of these methods h...

Vitrification tendency and stability of DP6-based vitrification solutions for complex tissue cryopreservation.

Vitrification tendency and stability of the amorphous state were analyzed by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) for the vitrification solution DP6, with and without additional solutes to enhance ice suppression. This study is a part of an ongoing research effort to characterize the thermophysical and mechanical properties of DP6 and its derivatives, and their qualities as cryoprotective solutions. DP6 was determined to have a critical cooling rate necessary to ensure vitrification of 2.7 °C/...

Experiences and expertise of codependency: Repetition, claim-coupling, and enthusiasm.

Arenas where experts interact with publics are useful platforms for communication and interaction between actors in the field of public health: researchers, practitioners, clinicians, patients, and laypersons. Such coalitions are central to the analysis of knowledge coproduction. This study investigates an initiative for assembling expert and other significant knowledge which seeks to create better interventions and solutions to addiction-related problems, in this case codependency. But what and whose knowl...

Knowledge of Pelvic Floor Disorders in Obstetrics.

The aim of this study was to investigate knowledge and demographic factors associated with a lack of knowledge proficiency about urinary incontinence (UI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) among pregnant and postpartum women.

First draft genome sequence of the rock bream in the family Oplegnathidae.

The rock bream (Oplegnathus fasciatus) is one of the most economically valuable marine fish in East Asia, and due to various environmental factors, there is substantial revenue loss in the production sector. Therefore, knowledge of its genome is required to uncover the genetic factors and the solutions to these problems. In this study, we constructed the first draft genome of O. fasciatus as a reference for the family Oplegnathidae. The genome size is estimated to be 749 Mb, and it was assembled into 766...

Evolution of the Randomized Controlled Trial in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Current Challenges and Future Solutions.

As knowledge of the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has grown, many new medical therapies have become available. Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of new drugs has conventionally been established with placebo-controlled randomized trials. However, given that highly effective and safe biologic agents such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists, vedolizumab, and ustekinumab are currently available, the continued use of placebo-controlled studies to evaluate new molecules should be que...

Emergency department crowding: A systematic review of causes, consequences and solutions.

Emergency department crowding is a major global healthcare issue. There is much debate as to the causes of the phenomenon, leading to difficulties in developing successful, targeted solutions.

Assessing Pressure Injury Knowledge Using the Pieper-Zulkowski Pressure Ulcer Knowledge Test.

To determine the pressure injury knowledge of health professionals before and after providing an interactive, educational intervention.

Arginine suppresses opalescence and liquid-liquid phase separation in IgG solutions.

Antibody formulation often necessitates the protein concentration to be increased above 100 mg/ml, because of the large therapeutic doses of antibodies required and the volume limitations of subcutaneous injections. However, high concentrations of antibody lead to opalescent states in solution, resulting in safety and application problems. In this study, we investigated the effect of additives on opalescence in IgG solutions. Arginine (Arg) was observed to most effectively suppress opalescence in IgG solu...

Knowledge about tuberculosis and infection prevention behavior: A nine city longitudinal study from India.

Improving patients' tuberculosis (TB) knowledge is a salient component of TB control strategies. Patient knowledge of TB may encourage infection prevention behaviors and improve treatment adherence. The purpose of this study is to examine how TB knowledge and infection prevention behaviors change over the course of treatment.

Reporting of adverse drug reactions in India: A review of the current scenario, obstacles and possible solutions.

Pharmacovigilance is a practice aimed to monitor drug safety in real life conditions and capture adverse drug events during the post marketing phase of drug's life cycle. But under reporting of adverse reactions is a major cause of concern and a threat to the pharmacovigilance systems. The present article looks into the major obstacles affecting the spontaneous reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in India and the possible solutions. As per available scientific literature, the major impediments to ADR...

Evasion of No-Hair Theorems and Novel Black-Hole Solutions in Gauss-Bonnet Theories.

We consider a general Einstein-scalar-Gauss-Bonnet theory with a coupling function f(ϕ). We demonstrate that black-hole solutions appear as a generic feature of this theory since a regular horizon and an asymptotically flat solution may be easily constructed under mild assumptions for f(ϕ). We show that the existing no-hair theorems are easily evaded, and a large number of regular black-hole solutions with scalar hair are then presented for a plethora of coupling functions f(ϕ).

Finite-Horizon Optimal Consensus Control for Unknown Multiagent State-Delay Systems.

This paper investigates finite-horizon optimal consensus control problem for unknown multiagent systems with state delays. It is well known that optimal consensus control is the solutions to the coupled Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equations. An off-policy reinforcement learning (RL) algorithm is developed to learn the two-stage optimal consensus solutions to the coupled time-varying HJB equations using the measurable state data instead of the knowledge of the state-delayed system dynamics. Subsequently, f...

Alcohol Related Harm: Knowledge Assessment of Medical and Nursing Staff in a General Hospital.

The prevalence of alcohol related harm (ARH) in Israel has traditionally been low. The lack of familiarity with ARH may derive from the fact that in the past there was limited clinical exposure to these harms. However, ARH is becoming more common in Israel but it is unclear whether the medical and nursing workforce's knowledge is adequate to manage these problems. Our main objective was to assess knowledge regarding ARH among medical and nursing staff (MNS) in an Israeli university affiliated general hospit...

Influence of the solvent system on the stability of doxycycline solutions.

Concentrated solutions of doxycycline are often added to drinking water of animals for oral antibiotic therapy. However, stability concerns of doxycycline in solution involve an accurate selection of the solvent system to ensure that the active substance will remain within the acceptance range during the product shelf-life and to avoid sub-therapeutic dosage. Different solvent systems have been evaluated in order to determine their influence on the stability of concentrated doxycycline solutions. The result...


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