PubMed Journals Articles About "Exercise Mannitol Provocation Increases Urinary Clara Cell Protein" RSS

04:43 EST 20th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Exercise mannitol provocation increases urinary Clara cell protein" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 38,000+

Personal exposure to fine particulate matter, lung function and serum club cell secretory protein (Clara).

The underlying mechanisms about the association between ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and lung function were unclear. Few epidemiological studies have evaluated the potential mediating effects of serum club cell secretory protein (Clara) (CC16), a biomarker of pulmonary epithelium integrity.

Provocation of Migraine after Maximal Exercise: A Test-Retest Study.

Exercise is often recommended in migraine treatment, but strenuous physical activity is also reported as a migraine trigger. The main aim of this study was to evaluate whether migraine can be triggered by a maximal exercise test, using a prospective test-retest method. A secondary aim was to compare the participants who responded to the maximal exercise test with a migraine attack with those who did not suffer a migraine attack after the test.

Protein nutrition and exercise survival kit for critically ill.

Protein delivery as well as exercise of critically ill in clinical practice is still a highly debated issue. Here we discuss only the most recent updates in the literature concerning protein nutrition and exercise of the critically ill.

Comparison of Valsalva Maneuver, Amyl Nitrite, and Exercise Echocardiography to Demonstrate Latent Left Ventricular Outflow Obstruction in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.

Guidelines recommend exercise stress echocardiogram (ESE) for patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) if a 50 mm Hg gradient is not present at rest or provoked with Valsalva or amyl nitrite, to direct medical and surgical management. However, no study has directly compared all 3 methods. We sought to evaluate efficacy and degree of provocation of left ventricular outflow gradients by ESE, and compare with Valsalva and amyl nitrite. In patients with HC between 2002 and 2015, resting echocardiograms ...

Exercise Metabolism.

As a preview of the upcoming Cell Symposium on Exercise Metabolism in Gothenburg, Sweden, May 21-23 (, several of our speakers and other Cell Press exercise enthusiasts share a wide range of experiences from bench pressing goals to bench research insights.

Co-ingestion of carbohydrate and whey protein increases fasted rates of muscle protein synthesis immediately after resistance exercise in rats.

The objective of the study was to investigate whether co-ingestion of carbohydrate and protein as compared with protein alone augments muscle protein synthesis (MPS) during early exercise recovery. Two months old rats performed 10 repetitions of ladder climbing with 75% of body weight attached to their tails. Placebo (PLA), whey protein (WP), or whey protein plus carbohydrate (CP) was then given to rats by gavage. An additional group of sedentary rats (SED) was used as controls. Blood samples were collected...

Skeletal muscle IL-15/IL-15Rα and myofibrillar protein synthesis after resistance exercise.

In vitro and in vivo studies described the myokine IL-15 and its receptor IL-15Rα as anabolic/anti-atrophy agents, however the protein expression of IL-15Rα has not been measured in human skeletal muscle and data regarding IL-15 expression remain inconclusive. The purpose of the study was to determine serum and skeletal muscle IL-15 and IL-15Rα responses to resistance exercise session and to analyse their association with myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS). Fourteen participants performed a bilateral l...

Detection of titin fragments in urine in response to exercise-induced muscle damage.

Many studies have attempted to determine the associations between blood biomarkers and exercise-induced muscle damage. However, poor correlations between the changes in biomarker levels and the magnitude of muscle symptoms have been reported. Recent advances in proteomic tools offer a strategy for the comprehensive analysis of protein expression, which can be used to identify biomarkers. Here, we used a proteomic analysis to identify urinary proteins that appear in response to a calf-raise exercise, includi...

Barriers to Exercise Among Women With Urgency Urinary Incontinence: Patient and Provider Perspectives.

The aim of this study was to describe important barriers to exercise in older women with urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) from the patient and provider perspectives.

Understanding the Genetic Landscape of Small Cell Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder and Implications for Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Treatment: A Review.

Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is a rare and aggressive neuroendocrine tumor of the urinary bladder. Although research has been performed since the first case was reported in 1981, most of our understanding of the disease treatments has been extrapolated from small cell carcinoma of the lung. However, current data on patient survival have been stagnant.

Increased Protein Requirements in Female Athletes after Variable-Intensity Exercise.

Protein requirements are primarily studied in the context of resistance or endurance exercise with little research devoted to variable-intensity intermittent exercise characteristic of many team sports. Further, female populations are underrepresented in dietary sports science studies. We aimed to determine a dietary protein requirement in active females performing variable-intensity intermittent exercise using the indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) method. We hypothesized that these requirements would b...

Utility of 12-lead and signal-averaged Holter electrocardiograms after pilsicainide provocation for risk stratification in Brugada syndrome.

Non-invasive risk stratification for ventricular fibrillation (VF) in Brugada syndrome (BrS) has not been fully evaluated. The aim of this study was to assess the utility of signal-averaged Holter electrocardiogram (Holter SAECG) and 12-lead Holter electrocardiogram (Holter ECG) after a pilsicainide provocation test for non-invasive risk stratification in BrS. We enrolled 30 consecutive patients with BrS [divided into 2 groups: the VF group, those with a previous history of VF (n = 10); and the non-VF g...

Effective and safe mannitol administration in patients undergoing supratentorial tumor surgery: A prospective, randomized and double blind study.

Although osmotic diuresis with mannitol is commonly used to provide brain relaxation, there is no consensus regarding its optimal dose and combination with loop diuretics. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effects of mannitol and combination of furosemide with different doses of mannitol on brain relaxation and on blood electrolytes, lactate level, urine output, fluid balance and blood osmolarity in patients undergoing supratentorial tumor surgery.

Timing and pattern of post-exercise protein ingestion affects whole body protein balance in healthy children: a randomized trial.

The dose and timing of post-exercise protein ingestion can influence WBPB in adults, although comparable data from children are scarce. This study investigated how protein intake (both, amount and distribution) post-exercise can affect WBPB in physically active children. Thirty-five children (26 males; 9-13 years old) underwent a 5-d adaptation diet consuming 0.95 g protein·kg-1·d-1. To assess whole body protein kinetics over 6h and 24h of recovery, participants consumed 2 mg·kg-1 [15N]glycine before per...

Urinary Tamm-Horsfall protein, albumin, vitamin D-binding protein, and retinol-binding protein as early biomarkers of chronic kidney disease in dogs.

Proteinuria is a marker and mediator of chronic kidney disease (CKD). In clinical practice, the urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio (UP/C) is of limited usefulness, because it indicates only the magnitude of proteinuria and not the origin of the loss (glomerular or tubular). The complete assessment of proteinuria includes quantitative and qualitative evaluations, both of which are required in order to optimize the therapy. In addition to measuring the UP/C, we performed SDS-PAGE and western blotting to dete...

Exercise decreases BACE and APP levels in the hippocampus of a rat model of Alzheimer's disease.

We investigated the effect of treadmill exercise training on the levels of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related protein molecules in the DG and CA1 areas of a rat model of AD, i.c.v. infusion of Aβ1-42 peptide, 2weeks (250pmol/day). Aβ infusion markedly increased protein levels of amyloid precursor protein (APP), the secretase beta-site APP cleaving enzyme-1 (BACE-1) and Aβ in the CA1 and DG areas. The results also revealed that 4weeks of treadmill exercise prevented the increase in the levels of APP, BACE-1...

Virtual protein purification: A simple exercise to introduce ph as a parameter that effects ion exchange chromatography.

This article describes a simple exercise using a free, easy-to-use, established online program. The exercise helps to reinforce protein purification concepts and introduces undergraduates to pH as a parameter that affects anion-exchange chromatography. The exercise was tested with biochemistry majors at California State University-Chico. Given the versatility of the program, this work is also a model for instructors that wish to develop their own exercise to help teach other protein purification techniques....

Maximal exercise increases mucosal associated invariant T cell frequency and number in healthy young men.

Mucosal associated invariant T (MAIT) cells have properties of the innate and acquired immune systems. While the response to vigorous exercise has been established for most leukocytes, MAIT cells have not been investigated. Therefore, the purpose was to determine if MAIT cell lymphocytosis occurs with acute maximal aerobic exercise and if this response is influenced by exercise duration, cardiovascular fitness, or body composition.

Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis : a stepwise diagnosis.

Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is a potentially severe food allergy. Physical exercise, NSAID, alcohol, infectious diseases and estrogens are recognized cofactors, able to reduce the amount of allergen needed to achieve a threshold for the induction of anaphylaxis. Various kinds of causative food but only a few responsible proteins have been identified. The best known is wheat ω5-gliadine. An oral food challenge remains the gold standard to prove the diagnosis. Its clinical application...

Perfluoroalkyl substance exposure and urine CC16 levels among asthmatics: A case-control study of children.

Studies have reported an association between serum perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and asthma. However, few studies have examined the possible associations between PFASs and the 16-kDa club cell secretory protein (Clara) (CC16) level, a prominent biomarker of asthma, among adolescents.

PGC-1α and exercise intensity dependent adaptations in mouse skeletal muscle.

The aim of the present study was to examine the role of PGC-1α in intensity dependent exercise and exercise training-induced metabolic adaptations in mouse skeletal muscle. Whole body PGC-1α knockout (KO) and littermate wildtype (WT) mice performed a single treadmill running bout at either low intensity (LI) for 40 min or moderate intensity (MI) for 20 min. Blood and quadriceps muscles were removed either immediately after exercise or at 3h or 6h into recovery from exercise and from resting controls. In a...

Exercise-induced Protein Arginine Methyltransferase Expression in Skeletal Muscle.

This study aimed to determine protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1), -4 (also known as coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1; CARM1), and -5 expression and function during acute, exercise-induced skeletal muscle remodelling in vivo.

Sprint-interval but not continuous exercise increases PGC-1α protein content and p53 phosphorylation in nuclear fractions of human skeletal muscle.

Sprint interval training has been reported to induce similar or greater mitochondrial adaptations to continuous training. However, there is limited knowledge about the effects of different exercise types on the early molecular events regulating mitochondrial biogenesis. Therefore, we compared the effects of continuous and sprint interval exercise on key regulatory proteins linked to mitochondrial biogenesis in subcellular fractions of human skeletal muscle. Nineteen men, performed either 24 min of moderat...

Exercise training protects against aging-induced mitochondrial fragmentation in mouse skeletal muscle in a PGC-1α dependent manner.

Aging is associated with impaired mitochondrial function, whereas exercise training enhances mitochondrial content and function in part through activation of PGC-1α. Mitochondria form dynamic networks regulated by fission and fusion with profound effects on mitochondrial functions, yet the effects of aging and exercise training on mitochondrial network structure remain unclear. This study examined the effects of aging and exercise training on mitochondrial network structure using confocal microscopy on mit...

Impact of the initial fitness level on the effects of a structured exercise therapy during pediatric stem cell transplantation.

Before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), most patients suffer from psychophysical limitations due to the treatment. Exercise interventions demonstrate beneficial effects on, for example, strength, endurance, or health-related quality of life during and after HSCT, but with a great variation among patients concerning the response to exercise. This study examines the influence of the initial fitness on the effects of an exercise therapy in pediatric HSCT.

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