PubMed Journals Articles About "Fascia Iliaca Block Fractures Femoral Neck Intertrochanteric Fractures" RSS

11:43 EDT 20th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Fascia iliaca block Fractures Femoral Neck Intertrochanteric Fractures" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,000+

Fragility fractures of the proximal femur: review and update for radiologists.

Proximal femoral fragility fractures are common and result in significant morbidity and mortality along with a considerable socioeconomic burden. The goals of this article are to review relevant proximal femoral anatomy together with imaging, classification, and management of proximal femoral fragility fractures, and their most common complications. Imaging plays an integral role in classification, management and follow-up of proximal femoral fragility fractures. Classification of proximal femoral fragility...

Biomechanical Analysis of Fixation Devices for Basicervical Femoral Neck Fractures.

Basicervical femoral neck fractures are challenging fractures in geriatric populations. The goal of this study was to determine whether compression hip screw (CHS) constructs are superior to cephalomedullary constructs for the treatment of basicervical femoral neck fractures.

PFNA vs. DHS helical blade for elderly patients with osteoporotic femoral intertrochanteric fractures.

This study sought to compare the effects of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) and dynamic hip screw (DHS) helical blade treatments in patients with osteoporotic femoral intertrochanteric fractures.

Simultaneous bilateral neck of femur fractures in an adolescent secondary to hypocalcaemic seizure.

We present a rare case of a previously healthy 16-year-old boy who sustained simultaneous bilateral femoral neck fractures after a single first-time seizure episode. He was diagnosed to have severe vitamin D deficiency and secondary hyperparathyroidism. Symptomatic hypocalcemia was the cause of seizures. Both fractures were treated surgically and united at 3 months. Bilateral femoral neck fractures after seizures are very rare, especially in children. Severe vitamin D deficiency may cause seizures and also ...

Diagnosis and Management of Ipsilateral Femoral Neck and Shaft Fractures.

Ipsilateral femoral neck and shaft fractures typically occur as a result of high-energy trauma in young adults. Up to 9% of femoral shaft fractures will have an associated femoral neck fracture. Awareness of this association and the use of a protocolized approach to diagnosis and management can help prevent missed injuries and the associated complications of displacement, nonunion, and osteonecrosis. The femoral neck fracture is often vertically oriented and either nondisplaced or minimally displaced, and t...

Femoral Neck Stress Fractures: MRI Risk Factors for Progression.

Femoral neck stress fractures are overuse injuries with devastating consequences if not diagnosed and treated appropriately. The aim of this study was to retrospectively review femoral neck stress fractures using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based protocol and to identify imaging risk factors that could predict fracture progression requiring surgical intervention.

Should All Orthopedists Perform Hemiarthroplasty for Femoral Neck Fractures? A Volume-outcome Analysis.

To determine whether very low surgeon and hospital hip arthroplasty volume are associated with unfavorable outcomes following hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fractures.

Mortality Following Periprosthetic Proximal Femoral Fractures Versus Native Hip Fractures.

The number of periprosthetic proximal femoral fractures is expected to increase with the increasing prevalence of hip arthroplasties. While native hip fractures have a well-known association with mortality, there are currently limited data on this outcome among the subset of patients with periprosthetic proximal femoral fractures.

Femoral shortening does not impair functional outcome after internal fixation of femoral neck fractures in non-geriatric patients.

Aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and extent of femoral shortening in non-geriatric patients after internal fixation of femoral neck fractures in relation to the clinical outcome at mid-term follow-up.

Continuous fascia iliaca compartment block combined with oral analgesics for pre-operative pain control in elderly hip fracture patients.

The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of ultrasound-guided continuous fascia iliaca compartment block combined with oral analgesics for pre-operative pain control in elderly patients with hip fracture.One hundred and sixteen patients with hip fractures in Xuan Wu Hospital of Capital Medical University during Dec. 2015 to Dec. 2016 were included. These patients were randomized into 2 groups: control group (group C) (receiving the traditional analgesia: tramadol 50 mg and paracetamol 500 mg tid...

Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Femoral Head via the Smith-Petersen Approach.

Pipkin described femoral head fractures in the 1950s, but controversy still exists regarding indications for surgery and approaches for operative treatment of femoral head fractures. Clear indications for operative intervention include inability to reduce the hip with closed methods, a nonconcentric reduction, fracture fragments within the articulating surface of the hip, and associated injuries (acetabulum and femoral neck fractures) with their own indications for surgery. The anterior approach described b...

Minimal Effect of Implant Position on Failure Rates in Femoral Neck Fractures: Commentary on an article by Anne Marie Nyholm, MD, et al.: "Osteosynthesis with Parallel Implants in the Treatment of Femoral Neck Fractures. Minimal Effect of Implant Position on Risk of Reoperation".

Factors Associated With Revision Surgery After Internal Fixation of Hip Fractures.

Femoral neck fractures are associated with high rates of revision surgery after management with internal fixation. Using data from the Fixation using Alternative Implants for the Treatment of Hip fractures (FAITH) trial evaluating methods of internal fixation in patients with femoral neck fractures, we investigated associations between baseline and surgical factors and the need for revision surgery to promote healing, relieve pain, treat infection or improve function over 24 months postsurgery. Additionally...

A comparative study of proximal femoral locking compress plate, proximal femoral nail antirotation and dynamic hip screw in intertrochanteric fractures.

We aimed to compare the clinical efficacy of three different internal fixation methods, i.e. proximal femoral locking compress plate (PF-LCP), proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) and dynamic hip screw (DHS) system in intertrochanteric femur fracture.

A comparison of the fascia iliaca block to the lumbar plexus block in providing analgesia following arthroscopic hip surgery: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

This randomized controlled single blinded clinical trial compared the fascia iliaca block (FIB) and the lumbar plexus block (LPB) in patients with moderate to severe pain following hip arthroscopic surgery.

Anteromedial femoral neck plate with cannulated screws for the treatment of irreducible displaced femoral neck fracture in young patients: a preliminary study.

Although most displaced femoral neck fractures of young patients can be repositioned successfully by closed reduction, there are still some can not repositioned successfully by this way and open reductions are required. This type of fracture was defined as irreducible displaced femoral neck fracture in this study. The purpose of this study was to introduce a new technique using anteromedial femoral neck plate with cannulated screws fixation by open reduction for the treatment of irreducible displaced femora...

Increased torsional stability by a novel femoral neck locking plate. The role of plate design and pin configuration in a synthetic bone block model.

In undisplaced femoral neck fractures, internal fixation remains the main treatment, with mechanical failure as a frequent complication. As torsional stable fixation promotes femoral neck fracture healing, the Hansson Pinloc® System with a plate interlocking pins, was developed from the original hook pins. Since its effect on torsional stability is undocumented, the novel implant was compared with the original configurations.

Preoperative Fascia Iliaca Block Does Not Improve Analgesia after Arthroscopic Hip Surgery, but Causes Quadriceps Muscles Weakness: A Randomized, Double-blind Trial.

WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Ambulatory hip arthroscopy is associated with postoperative pain routinely requiring opioid analgesia. The potential role of peripheral nerve blocks for pain control after hip arthroscopy is controversial. This trial investigated whether a preoperative fascia iliaca block improves postoperative analgesia.

Osteosynthesis with Parallel Implants in the Treatment of Femoral Neck Fractures: Minimal Effect of Implant Position on Risk of Reoperation.

The purpose of this study was to estimate the incidence of reoperation and the effect of implant position on the risk of reoperation within 12 months following osteosynthesis with use of parallel implants for femoral neck fractures.

Load transfer and periprosthetic fractures after total hip arthoplasty: Comparison of periprosthetic fractures of femora implanted with cementless distal-load or proximal-load femoral components and measurement of the femoral strain at the time of implantation.

Little is known about the causes and mechanisms underlying periprosthetic fractures around femoral components particularly in relation to the stem design. In an in vitro study 20 pairs of fresh cadaveric femora were loaded to fracture axially and transversally.

Preliminary report of the characteristics of the upper thigh spur area of the femoral neck in Garden I and II subcapital fractures.

The "heart" of the calcar is the internal cortical septum called "femoral thigh spur". Nevertheless, the integrity of the femoral thigh spur and its extensions in Garden I and II  femoral neck fractures has not been examined in depth, in CT scan-based studies. The aim of this retrospective study is to analyze characteristics as integrity of upper thigh spur area of the intra-capsular femoral neck using precise CT scans, as well as features of the medial cortical bone interruption of orthopedic calcar, in f...

Suboptimal outcomes after closed reduction and internal fixation of displaced femoral neck fractures in middle-aged patients: is internal fixation adequate in this age group?

There have been many studies regarding nongeriatric femoral neck fractures (FNFs), which included patients of a wide age range (between 20 and 60 years old). We aimed to determine whether internal fixation provided acceptable outcomes for middle-aged patients with displaced FNFs, and identify predictors of successful internal fixation.

The Significance of Lateral Process Fractures Associated with Talar Neck and Body Fractures.

To determine if fracture of the lateral process (LP) elevates the risk of development of radiographic subtalar arthrosis in patients with talar body and neck fractures.

Pericapsular Nerve Group (PENG) Block for Hip Fracture.

Fascia iliaca block or femoral nerve block is used frequently in hip fracture patients because of their opioid-sparing effects and reduction in opioid-related adverse effects. A recent anatomical study on hip innervation led to the identification of relevant landmarks to target the hip articular branches of femoral nerve and accessory obturator nerve. Using this information, we developed a novel ultrasound-guided approach for blockade of these articular branches to the hip, the PENG (PEricapsular Nerve Grou...

Cortical bone material strength index and bone microarchitecture in postmenopausal women with atypical femoral fractures.

Atypical femoral fractures are rare fractures that occur in the subtrochanteric or diaphyseal region of the femur with minimal or no trauma. Though the association of atypical femoral fractures and bisphosphonate (BP) use is a growing concern in the management of osteoporosis, currently there is little knowledge about which patients may be at risk for an atypical femoral fracture. Given that these fractures initiate in the femoral cortex, we aimed to determine whether cortical bone tissue properties (bone m...

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