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PubMed Journals Articles About "Federal Ministry Economics Technology" RSS

10:01 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Federal Ministry Economics Technology PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Federal Ministry Economics Technology articles that have been published worldwide.

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We have published hundreds of Federal Ministry Economics Technology news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Federal Ministry Economics Technology Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Federal Ministry Economics Technology for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Federal Ministry Economics Technology Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Federal Ministry Economics Technology Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Federal Ministry Economics Technology" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,200+

German Medical Informatics Initiative: Unlocking Data for Research and Health Care.

This article is part of the Focus Theme of Methods of Information in Medicine on the German Medical Informatics Initiative. The Medical Informatics Initiative of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research will make use of the potential of digitalization in the field of medicine in Germany. The aim is to improve the possibilities for medical research and patient care through innovative IT solutions. In an initial step, data integration centres will be set up at university hospitals to ensure the t...


A Systems Approach to Person-Centric Health Economics.

The economics of health and the economics of health care are not the same, and in fact can be competitors for resources in some cases. Using a traditional supply/demand framework can clarify the forces at work in person-centric health economics. Use of cost-effectiveness analysis, employing a broader systems perspective that incorporates sectors other than health care, and nudging individuals to better health habits are three strategies that can help to drive a shift from health care to health.

The first 30 years of the SUS: an uncomfortable balance?

This article takes stock of the implementation of Brazil's public health system in the period since the promulgation of the 1988 Constitution, which enshrines the right to health. It analyzes issues affecting the organizational effectiveness of health service provision such as funding and relations between different spheres of government. It focuses on the role of local government, the centralization of legislative powers, which has been shown to weaken the member states, and the financial dependence of loc...


Pharmaceutical pricing conundrum: time to get rid of it?

Public health for paediatricians:How can behavioural economics help to make paediatric practice more effective?

Understanding the principles of behavioural economics is important for paediatricians because behavioural economics offers ideas to help improve the quality of paediatric care. It can also be used to inform health interventions/policy at a population level. This paper summarises key behavioural economic concepts such as bounded rationality, bounded willpower and social influence, explaining how they can be used to shape healthy behaviours in children and adolescents. Case studies of interventions that have ...

Use of the emergency department by refugees under the Interim Federal Health Program: A health records review.

In June 2012, the federal government made cuts to the Interim Federal Health (IFH) Program that reduced or eliminated health insurance for refugee claimants in Canada. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the cuts on emergency department (ED) use among patients claiming IFH benefits.

Communications Challenges in Crisis and Transition.

Over the last 5 y, the federal community has made significant progress in preparing for coordinated and efficient public communication efforts during a radiological response. Preparations include the development of pre-scripted messages and plume simulations in the event that there is detonation of an improvised nuclear device or a radiological release from a nuclear power plant. However, challenges remain for improving crisis communications across federal agencies.Interagency language barriers, as well as ...

Health Information Systems - from Present to Future?

This article is part of the Focus Theme of Methods of Information in Medicine on the German Medical Informatics Initiative. Funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research with about 150 million Euro in its currently starting development and networking phase this initiative has already a significant impact on the development of health information systems in Germany. In this Focus Theme two editorials introduce this initiative, one from the viewpoint of its funding institution and one from th...

Financing Medicare Into The Future: Premium Support Fails The Risk-Bearing Test.

One often-discussed option for controlling Medicare spending is to switch to a premium-support design. This would shift part of the risk of future health care cost increases from the federal treasury to Medicare beneficiaries. The economics of risk bearing suggests that this would be a mistake for three reasons. First, political decisions, not beneficiary choices, are the critical determinants of future health care costs. Second, only Congress can take into account the consequences of cost-containment decis...

The next forum for unraveling FDA off-label marketing rules: State and federal legislatures.

In a Guest Editorial, Aaron S. Kesselheim and Michael S. Sinha show how federal and state legislation to allow promotion of drugs for non-approved uses threatens to undermine the FDA's public health mission.

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in Ethiopia: absence of common African and Mediterranean allelic variants in a nationwide study.

Building on the declining trend of malaria in Ethiopia, the Federal Ministry of Health aims to eliminate malaria by 2030. As Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are co-endemic in Ethiopia, the use of primaquine is indicated for both transmission interruption and radical cure, respectively. However, the limited knowledge of the local prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency and its associated variants has hindered the use of primaquine.

The State of Health Technology Assessment in the Ethiopian Health Sector: Learning from Recent Policy Initiatives.

Health technology assessment (HTA) has previously been implemented only in a fragmented manner in the Ethiopian health sector decision-making cycle, and the sector has been hampered by limited institutional capacity and skilled human resources to inform evidence-based decision making. The country is in the midst of widescale implementation of a community-based health insurance scheme and is preparing for the launch of a social health insurance scheme. The country continues to face a limited financial resour...

Exploring the Delivery of Healthcare in the Police Detention Center Through Remote Presence Technology.

There is overwhelming evidence to support the delivery of high-quality health service at a lower cost with the use of advanced technologies. Implementing remote presence technology to expand clinical care has been fraught with barriers that limit interprofessional collaboration and optimal client outcomes. In Canada, government ministries responsible for correctional services, policing, and health are well positioned to link federal, provincial, and regional services to enhance service delivery at the point...

Neurologic Injury Predicts Plaintiff Award in Federal Cardiac Surgery Trials.

Cardiothoracic surgery is one of the more highly litigated medical specialties. The incidence and outcomes of federal cases related to cardiac surgery have not been previously explored.

Individual results may vary: Inequality-probability bounds for some health-outcome treatment effects.

While many results from the treatment-effect and related literatures are familiar and have been applied productively in health economics evaluations, other potentially useful results from those literatures have had little influence on health economics practice. With the intent of demonstrating the value and use of some of these results in health economics applications, this paper focuses on one particular class of parameters that describe probabilities that one outcome is larger or smaller than other outcom...

Federal Employees Health Benefits Program and Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program: Expiration of Coverage of Children of Same-Sex Domestic Partners; Federal Flexible Benefits Plan: Pre-Tax Payment of Health Benefits Premiums: Conforming Amendments. Final rule.

On October 30, 2013, OPM published final regulations in the Federal Register to expand coverage for children of same-sex domestic partners under the Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) Program and the Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program (FEDVIP). The regulation allowed children of same-sex domestic partners living in states that did not allow same-sex couples to marry to be covered family members under the FEHB and the FEDVIP. Due to a subsequent Supreme Court decision legalizing same...

Financial sustainability of the Brazilian Health System and health-related tax expenditures.

Using official data from Brazil's Internal Revenue Service, this article estimates health-related federal tax expenditures between 2003 and 2015. The Ministry of Health will thus be able to assess the relevance of these subsidies within a context of gross underfunding of Brazil's public health system. The analysis was built around concepts and theories developed in the fields of political economy and public finance, focusing on policies directed at public funding of the health sector. The results show that ...

Effects of examinations on learning and the curriculum: A position from Switzerland.

The federal law for higher academic medical professions (MedBG) constitutes a program accreditation as well as a federal licensing exam in medicine; both instruments influence the curricula and their further development.Parallel to the Bologna reform in Switzerland for all university degrees the federal licensing exam in medicine has been revised. The swiss catalogue of learning objectives (SCLO, 2 edition 2008) served as mandatory content reference for the exam and initiated numerous curricular developm...

Jet fuel production in eucalyptus pulp mills: Economics and carbon footprint of ethanol vs. butanol pathway.

This work assessed the economics and carbon footprint of alcohol (ethanol vs. n-butanol)-to-jet fuel production using eucalyptus for feedstock. Considering a risk-mitigating strategy of investing first in the alcohol plant (organosolv pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation) and waiting five years until the second investment (alcohol-to-jet plant), the minimum jet fuel selling price was similar in both ethanol and butanol cases (2.10 and 2.08 US$/l for 20% Internal Rate of Return, IRR). In contra...

Socio-epidemiological characterization of human leptospirosis in the Federal District, Brazil, 2011-2015.

Human leptospirosis (HL) in the Federal District (DF), Brazil, is endemic and requires studies to characterize the socio-epidemiological profile of the vulnerable population.

The influence of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on the German jurisdiction and legalisation regarding compulsory measures.

The UN Convention for the Rights of People with Disabilities (CRPD) has influenced the jurisdiction and legislation on psychiatry in Germany. It played a role in several landmark decisions of the Federal Constitutional Court and of the Federal Supreme Court, which again initiated changes of the guardianship law and of different federal mental health laws. Furthermore, the CRPD has triggered an intensive discussion within psychiatry, which has led to a more critical and cautious use of coercive measures.Howe...

Health information technology: current use and challenges for primary healthcare services.

Health information technology is developing rapidly, due to a profusion of actors and support from public policies. It generates new uses and functions, for both patients and professional users, thereby suggesting a "digital revolution" is coming. Nevertheless, e-Health's development meets with a particularly complex healthcare system, especially when it comes to primary care services. This situation creates four types of challenges. Firstly, an organizational challenge, meaning e-Health implementation need...

Why Money Alone Can't (Always) "Nudge" Physicians: The Role of Behavioral Economics in the Design of Physician Incentives.

Behavioral economics seeks to define how humans respond to incentives, how to maximize desired behavioral change, and how to avoid perverse negative impacts on work effort. Relatively new in their application to physician behavior, behavioral economic principles have primarily been used to construct optimized financial incentives. This review introduces and evaluates the essential components of building successful financial incentive programs for physicians, adhering to the principles of behavioral economic...

Economic burden of stroke: a systematic review on post-stroke care.

Stroke is a leading cause for disability and morbidity associated with increased economic burden due to treatment and post-stroke care (PSC). The aim of our study is to provide information on resource consumption for PSC, to identify relevant cost drivers, and to discuss potential information gaps.

Assessment of Devices, Diagnostics and Digital Technologies: A Review of NICE Medical Technologies Guidance.

The Medical Technologies Evaluation Programme (MTEP) of NICE in England aims to evaluate medical devices that are deemed to be cost-saving or cost-neutral and produce Medical Technology Guidance (MTG) to encourage their adoption.


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