PubMed Journals Articles About "Federal Ministry Economics Technology" RSS

23:06 EDT 21st September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Federal Ministry Economics Technology PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Federal Ministry Economics Technology articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Federal Ministry Economics Technology" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,200+

German Medical Informatics Initiative: Unlocking Data for Research and Health Care.

This article is part of the Focus Theme of Methods of Information in Medicine on the German Medical Informatics Initiative. The Medical Informatics Initiative of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research will make use of the potential of digitalization in the field of medicine in Germany. The aim is to improve the possibilities for medical research and patient care through innovative IT solutions. In an initial step, data integration centres will be set up at university hospitals to ensure the t...

The first 30 years of the SUS: an uncomfortable balance?

This article takes stock of the implementation of Brazil's public health system in the period since the promulgation of the 1988 Constitution, which enshrines the right to health. It analyzes issues affecting the organizational effectiveness of health service provision such as funding and relations between different spheres of government. It focuses on the role of local government, the centralization of legislative powers, which has been shown to weaken the member states, and the financial dependence of loc...

The Slovak Republic needs to improve health of the population.

This special issue is a result of the work of the scientific research team of the Faculty of Economics at the Technical University of Košice under the supervision of assoc. prof. Beáta Gavurová, PhD., MBA, in cooperation with the Slovak Republic health care system institutions - the Ministry of Health of the Slovak Republic, the Institute of Health Policies and the National Health Information Centre.

Pharmaceutical pricing conundrum: time to get rid of it?

Public health for paediatricians:How can behavioural economics help to make paediatric practice more effective?

Understanding the principles of behavioural economics is important for paediatricians because behavioural economics offers ideas to help improve the quality of paediatric care. It can also be used to inform health interventions/policy at a population level. This paper summarises key behavioural economic concepts such as bounded rationality, bounded willpower and social influence, explaining how they can be used to shape healthy behaviours in children and adolescents. Case studies of interventions that have ...

Use of the emergency department by refugees under the Interim Federal Health Program: A health records review.

In June 2012, the federal government made cuts to the Interim Federal Health (IFH) Program that reduced or eliminated health insurance for refugee claimants in Canada. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the cuts on emergency department (ED) use among patients claiming IFH benefits.

Communications Challenges in Crisis and Transition.

Over the last 5 y, the federal community has made significant progress in preparing for coordinated and efficient public communication efforts during a radiological response. Preparations include the development of pre-scripted messages and plume simulations in the event that there is detonation of an improvised nuclear device or a radiological release from a nuclear power plant. However, challenges remain for improving crisis communications across federal agencies.Interagency language barriers, as well as ...

Health Information Systems - from Present to Future?

This article is part of the Focus Theme of Methods of Information in Medicine on the German Medical Informatics Initiative. Funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research with about 150 million Euro in its currently starting development and networking phase this initiative has already a significant impact on the development of health information systems in Germany. In this Focus Theme two editorials introduce this initiative, one from the viewpoint of its funding institution and one from th...

Dynamic assessment of urban economy-environment-energy system using system dynamics model: A case study in Beijing.

Economic development, accompanying with environmental damage and energy depletion, becomes essential nowadays. There is a complicated and comprehensive interaction between economics, environment and energy. Understanding the operating mechanism of Energy-Environment-Economy model (3E) and its key factors is the inherent part in dealing with the issue. In this paper, we combine System Dynamics model and Geographic Information System to analyze the energy-environment-economy (3E) system both temporally and sp...

The next forum for unraveling FDA off-label marketing rules: State and federal legislatures.

In a Guest Editorial, Aaron S. Kesselheim and Michael S. Sinha show how federal and state legislation to allow promotion of drugs for non-approved uses threatens to undermine the FDA's public health mission.

Financing Medicare Into The Future: Premium Support Fails The Risk-Bearing Test.

One often-discussed option for controlling Medicare spending is to switch to a premium-support design. This would shift part of the risk of future health care cost increases from the federal treasury to Medicare beneficiaries. The economics of risk bearing suggests that this would be a mistake for three reasons. First, political decisions, not beneficiary choices, are the critical determinants of future health care costs. Second, only Congress can take into account the consequences of cost-containment decis...

The State of Health Technology Assessment in the Ethiopian Health Sector: Learning from Recent Policy Initiatives.

Health technology assessment (HTA) has previously been implemented only in a fragmented manner in the Ethiopian health sector decision-making cycle, and the sector has been hampered by limited institutional capacity and skilled human resources to inform evidence-based decision making. The country is in the midst of widescale implementation of a community-based health insurance scheme and is preparing for the launch of a social health insurance scheme. The country continues to face a limited financial resour...

Robson 10-groups classification system to access C-section in two public hospitals of the Federal District/Brazil.

The global increase in C-section rates is real. In Brazil, these indices correspond to 58.94% in the Midwest region and 52.77% in the Federal District.

The Personnel Problem in Specialized Opthalmologic Care.

The article presents results of analysis of staffing with ophthalmologists in ambulatory polyclinic section in the Russian Federation and the federal okrugs in 2007-2012. The significant variations in analyzed indices are established and also increasing of moonlighting among specialists against the background of increasing of morbidity of diseases of eye and its adnexa and aging of population. The most unfavorable situation emerged in the south Federal okrug where deficiency of ophthalmologists made up to 1...

Neurologic Injury Predicts Plaintiff Award in Federal Cardiac Surgery Trials.

Cardiothoracic surgery is one of the more highly litigated medical specialties. The incidence and outcomes of federal cases related to cardiac surgery have not been previously explored.

Technology's Role in Quality Improvement and Operational Efficiency.

Technology for technology's sake is never a good idea. There must be a purpose behind it. It must help us do our jobs better. Technology allows healthcare to remain affordable and, as such, accessible. Technology must increase access to care, improve safety, make test results more reliable, and help teams communicate better for a seamless care experience.Avera Health, a health system based in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, comprises 330 facilities in 100 communities in five states. Sponsored by the Benedictine ...

Individual results may vary: Inequality-probability bounds for some health-outcome treatment effects.

While many results from the treatment-effect and related literatures are familiar and have been applied productively in health economics evaluations, other potentially useful results from those literatures have had little influence on health economics practice. With the intent of demonstrating the value and use of some of these results in health economics applications, this paper focuses on one particular class of parameters that describe probabilities that one outcome is larger or smaller than other outcom...

Public funding for medical research in relation to the burden of disease caused by cardiovascular diseases and neoplasms in Germany.

Public funding for medical research in Germany is primarily provided by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). The aim of this study was to analyze the amount of national public funding for medical research on predominant causes of death in Germany, cardiovascular diseases and neoplasms, in relation to the burden of these diseases in Germany.

Federal Employees Health Benefits Program and Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program: Expiration of Coverage of Children of Same-Sex Domestic Partners; Federal Flexible Benefits Plan: Pre-Tax Payment of Health Benefits Premiums: Conforming Amendments. Final rule.

On October 30, 2013, OPM published final regulations in the Federal Register to expand coverage for children of same-sex domestic partners under the Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) Program and the Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program (FEDVIP). The regulation allowed children of same-sex domestic partners living in states that did not allow same-sex couples to marry to be covered family members under the FEHB and the FEDVIP. Due to a subsequent Supreme Court decision legalizing same...

The cost-effectiveness of nivolumab monotherapy for the treatment of advanced melanoma patients in England.

Nivolumab was the first programmed death receptor 1 (PD-1) immune checkpoint inhibitor to demonstrate long-term survival benefit in a clinical trial setting for advanced melanoma patients.

Financial sustainability of the Brazilian Health System and health-related tax expenditures.

Using official data from Brazil's Internal Revenue Service, this article estimates health-related federal tax expenditures between 2003 and 2015. The Ministry of Health will thus be able to assess the relevance of these subsidies within a context of gross underfunding of Brazil's public health system. The analysis was built around concepts and theories developed in the fields of political economy and public finance, focusing on policies directed at public funding of the health sector. The results show that ...

Leaf turgor loss point is correlated with drought tolerance and leaf carbon economics traits.

Leaf turgor loss point (πtlp) indicates the capacity of a plant to maintain cell turgor pressure during dehydration, which has been proven to be strongly predictive of the plant response to drought. In this study, we compiled a data set of πtlp for 1752 woody plant individuals belonging to 389 species from nine major woody biomes in China, along with reduced sample size of hydraulic and leaf carbon economics data. We aimed to investigate the variation of πtlp across biomes varying in water availability. ...

Socio-epidemiological characterization of human leptospirosis in the Federal District, Brazil, 2011-2015.

Human leptospirosis (HL) in the Federal District (DF), Brazil, is endemic and requires studies to characterize the socio-epidemiological profile of the vulnerable population.

Jet fuel production in eucalyptus pulp mills: Economics and carbon footprint of ethanol vs. butanol pathway.

This work assessed the economics and carbon footprint of alcohol (ethanol vs. n-butanol)-to-jet fuel production using eucalyptus for feedstock. Considering a risk-mitigating strategy of investing first in the alcohol plant (organosolv pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation) and waiting five years until the second investment (alcohol-to-jet plant), the minimum jet fuel selling price was similar in both ethanol and butanol cases (2.10 and 2.08 US$/l for 20% Internal Rate of Return, IRR). In contra...

The influence of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on the German jurisdiction and legalisation regarding compulsory measures.

The UN Convention for the Rights of People with Disabilities (CRPD) has influenced the jurisdiction and legislation on psychiatry in Germany. It played a role in several landmark decisions of the Federal Constitutional Court and of the Federal Supreme Court, which again initiated changes of the guardianship law and of different federal mental health laws. Furthermore, the CRPD has triggered an intensive discussion within psychiatry, which has led to a more critical and cautious use of coercive measures.Howe...

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