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PubMed Journals Articles About "Fructose Healthy" RSS

11:53 EDT 21st August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Fructose Healthy PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Fructose Healthy articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Fructose Healthy" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,400+

Dose-dependent quantitative effects of acute fructose administration on hepatic de novo lipogenesis in healthy humans.

Fructose feeding increases hepatic de novo lipogenesis (DNL) and is associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Little is known, however, about individual variation in susceptibility to fructose stimulation of DNL. In this three-period, cross-over study, seventeen healthy male subjects were enrolled to evaluate the within and between subject variability of acute fructose feeding on hepatic fractional DNL. During each assessment, [1-C]-acetate was infused to measure DNL in the fasting state and during...


The Small Intestine Converts Dietary Fructose into Glucose and Organic Acids.

Excessive consumption of sweets is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome. A major chemical feature of sweets is fructose. Despite strong ties between fructose and disease, the metabolic fate of fructose in mammals remains incompletely understood. Here we use isotope tracing and mass spectrometry to track the fate of glucose and fructose carbons in vivo, finding that dietary fructose is cleared by the small intestine. Clearance requires the fructose-phosphorylating enzyme ketohexokinase. Low doses of fructos...

ChREBP deficiency leads to diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome.

Fructose malabsorption is a common digestive disorder in which absorption of fructose in the small intestine is impaired. An abnormality of the main intestinal fructose transporter proteins has been proposed as a cause for fructose malabsorption. However the underlying molecular mechanism for this remains unclear. In this study, we investigated whether carbohydrate response element-binding protein (ChREBP) plays a role in intestinal fructose absorption through the regulation of genes involved in fructose tr...


Metabolism of fructose in B-cells: A C NMR spectroscopy based stable isotope tracer study.

Earlier studies on glucose metabolism in B-cells suggested an active TCA cycle in both naïve B cells and differentiated IgA plasma cells. Glycolysis was shown to be more active in IgA plasma cells than naïve B-cells. There have been no reports on the metabolism of fructose in B-cells. Fructose is a major sugar present in the western diet. Thus, we have investigated the metabolism of fructose in B-cells including the effect of glucose on the metabolism of fructose. In this study, using C NMR spectroscopy a...

A mathematical analysis of adaptations to the metabolic fate of fructose in essential fructosuria subjects.

Fructose is a major component of Western diets and is implicated in the pathogenesis of obesity and type 2 diabetes. In response to an oral challenge, the majority of fructose is cleared during "first-pass" liver metabolism, primarily via phosphorylation by ketohexokinase (KHK). A rare benign genetic deficiency in KHK, called essential fructosuria (EF), leads to altered fructose metabolism. The only reported symptom of EF is the appearance of fructose in the urine following either oral or intravenous fructo...

Dietary Fructose Metabolism By Splanchnic Organs: Size Matters.

The initial metabolism of fructose is thought to primarily take place in the liver. Using stable isotope labeling combined with tissue and arterio-venous sampling, Jang et al. (2018) demonstrate that in mice, the small intestine is the primary site of fructose metabolism. This raises important questions about fructose handling in humans.

Maternal fructose intake disturbs ovarian estradiol synthesis in rats.

Recent increases in fructose consumption have raised concerns regarding the potential adverse intergenerational effects, as maternal fructose intake may induce physiological dysfunction in offspring. However, no reports are available regarding the effect of excess maternal fructose on reproductive tissues such as the ovary. Notably, the maternal intrauterine environment has been demonstrated to affect ovarian development in the subsequent generation. Given the fructose is transferred to the fetus, excess fr...

GLUT5 increases fructose utilization and promotes tumor progression in glioma.

Fructose is now such an important component of human diets, and several studies have found that some cancer cells could utilize fructose to overcome low glucose micro-environment, but the study on the role of fructose in glioma is rare. To explore the role of fructose in glioma, we detected the proliferation and colony formation ability of glioma cells in fructose medium, and found that the abilities of proliferation and colony formation of glioma cells in fructose medium were similar with abilities in gluc...

Effect of infliximab and tocilizumab on fructose-induced hyperinsulinemia and hypertension in rats.

Fructose administration can induce hypertension, insulin resistance and hypertriglyceridemia. Here, we investigated the possible protective effect of infliximab (IFX), a tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitor, or tocilizumab (TOC), an interleukin-6 (IL6) inhibitor, on fructose-induced increase in blood pressure, insulin resistance and hyperlipidemia in rats. The animals were fed a 60% fructose diet in the absence or presence of IFX (5 mg/kg, i.p., once weekly) or TOC (8 mg/kg, i.p., once every t...

Ketohexokinase is involved in fructose utilization and promotes tumor progression in glioma.

Many studies have pinpointed that fructose could be utilized as a carbon source in some cancers, and we also defined that glioma cells could utilize fructose to maintain themselves survival and proliferation depending on GLUT5 expression recently. However, ketohexokinase (KHK), as a key enzyme involved in fructose catabolism, drew less attention in cancers, especially in glioma. In the present study, we first analyzed the expression levels of KHK in glioma tissues and the correlations of KHK expression with...

Mechanistic Studies of the Cu(OH)+-Catalyzed Isomerization of Glucose into Fructose in Water.

The isomerization of glucose to fructose is a crucial interim step in the processing of biomass to renewable fuels and chemicals. This study investigates the copper catalyzed glucose-fructose-isomerization in water focusing on insights into the roles of dissolved copper species. Depending on the pH, the thermodynamic equilibrium is shifted towards one or a few copper species namely Cu2+, Cu(OH)+, and Cu(OH)2. According to thermodynamics, the highest concentration of Cu(OH)+ is found at pH 5.3 for which also...

High-fructose diet during adolescent development increases neuroinflammation and depressive-like behavior without exacerbating outcomes after stroke.

Diseases, disorders, and insults of aging are frequently studied in otherwise healthy animal models despite rampant co-morbidities and exposures among the human population. Stressor exposures can increase neuroinflammation and augment the inflammatory response following a challenge. The impact of dietary exposure on baseline neural function and behavior has gained attention; in particular, a diet high in fructose can increase activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and alter behavior. The curr...

Ketohexokinase C blockade ameliorates fructose-induced metabolic dysfunction in fructose-sensitive mice.

Increasing evidence suggests a role for excessive intake of fructose in the Western diet as a contributor to the current epidemics of metabolic syndrome and obesity. Hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) is a difficult and potentially lethal orphan disease associated with impaired fructose metabolism. In HFI, the deficiency of a particular aldolase, aldolase B, results in the accumulation of intracellular phosphorylated fructose thus leading to phosphate sequestration and depletion, increased ATP turnover a...

Mechanistically different effects of fat and sugar on insulin resistance, hypertension and gut microbiota in rats.

Insulin resistance (IR) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are the first manifestations of diet-induced metabolic alterations leading to type-2 diabetes, while hypertension is the deadliest risk factor of cardiovascular disease. The roles of dietary fat and fructose in the development of IR, IGT and hypertension are controversial. We tested the long-term effects of an excess of fat or sucrose (fructose/glucose) on healthy male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. Fat affects IR and IGT earlier than fructose through l...

The effects of Mucuna pruriens on the renal oxidative stress and transcription factors in high-fructose-fed rats.

In the present study, we evaluated the effects of M. pruriens administration on metabolic parameters, oxidative stress and kidney nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) and nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathways in high-fructose fed rats. Male rats (n = 28) were divided into 4 groups as control, M. pruriens, fructose, and M. pruriens plus fructose. All rats were fed a standard diet supplemented or no supplemented with M. pruriens (200 mg/...

Effects of high fructose intake on liver injury progression in high fat diet induced fatty liver disease in ovariectomized female mice.

Epidemiology shows that the morbidity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increased in postmenopausal women and chronic high fructose intake induces NAFLD progression. To analyze the effects of high fructose intake on estrogen deficiency, we evaluated liver disease progression using ovariectomized mice fed with a high fat diet (HFD) for 12 weeks. Hepatic steatosis developed in all HFD groups. Fructose intake significantly increased the liver weight and serum alanine aminotransferase, which was no...

Transcriptome signature for dietary fructose-specific changes in rat renal cortex: A quantitative approach to physiological relevance.

Fructose consumption causes metabolic diseases and renal injury primarily in the renal cortex where fructose is metabolized. Analyzing gene differential expression induced by dietary manipulation is challenging. The effects may depend on the base diet and primary changes likely induce secondary or higher order changes that are difficult to capture by conventional univariate transcriptome analyses. We hypothesized that dietary fructose induces a genetic program in the kidney cortex that favors lipogenesis an...

Ketohexokinase Knockout Mice, a Model for Essential Fructosuria, Exhibit Altered Fructose Metabolism and are Protected from Diet-induced Metabolic Defects.

Fructose consumption in humans and animals has been linked to enhanced de novo lipogenesis, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. Hereditary deficiency of Ketohexokinase (KHK), the first enzymatic step in fructose metabolism, leads to essential fructosuria in humans, characterized by elevated levels of blood and urinary fructose following fructose ingestion, but is otherwise clinically benign. To address whether KHK deficiency is associated with altered glucose and lipid metabolism, a KHK knockout (KO) mouse...

Single-molecule determination of the isomers of D-glucose and D-fructose that bind to boronic acids.

Monosaccharides, such as D-glucose and D-fructose, exist in aqueous solution as an equilibrium mixture of cyclic isomers and can be detected with boronic acids by the reversible formation of boronate esters. The engineering of accurate, discriminating and continuous monitoring devices relies on knowledge of which cyclic isomer of a sugar binds to a boronic acid receptor. Here, by monitoring fluctuations in ionic current, we show that an engineered α-hemolysin (αHL) nanopore modified with a boronic acid re...

A Chromium Hydroxide/MIL-101(Cr) Composite Catalyst and its Use for Selective Glucose Isomerization to Fructose.

A metal-organic framework (MOF)-based catalyst, chromium hydroxide/MIL-101(Cr), was prepared by a one-pot synthesis method. The combination of chromium hydroxide particles on and within Lewis acidic MIL-101 accomplishes highly selective conversion of glucose to fructose in the presence of ethanol, matching the performance of optimized Sn-containing Lewis acidic zeolites. Differently from zeolites, NMR studies with isotopically labeled molecules demonstrate that isomerization of glucose to fructose on this c...

Neonatal intake of oleanolic acid attenuates the subsequent development of high fructose diet-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in rats.

Dietary manipulations during the early postnatal period are associated with the development of metabolic disorders including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or long-term protection against metabolic dysfunction. We investigated the potential hepatoprotective effects of neonatal administration of oleanolic acid (OA), a phytochemical, on the subsequent development in adulthood, of dietary fructose-induced NAFLD. Male and female suckling rats (n=112) were gavaged with; distilled water (DW), OA (60 mg...

Fructose liquid and solid formulations differently affect gut integrity, microbiota composition and related liver toxicity: a comparative in vivo study.

Despite clinical findings suggesting that the form (liquid versus solid) of the sugars may significantly affect the development of metabolic diseases, no experimental data are available on the impact of their formulations on gut microbiota, integrity and hepatic outcomes. In the present sudy, C57Bl/6j mice were fed a standard diet plus water (SD), a standard diet plus 60% fructose syrup (L-Fr) or a 60% fructose solid diet plus water (S-Fr) for 12 weeks. Gut microbiota was characterized through 16S rRNA phyl...

The role of the baroreflex and parasympathetic nervous system in fructose-induced cardiac and metabolic alterations.

It is well-established that baroreflex sensitivity is essential for blood pressure control, and also plays a key role in the modulation of disease-induced metabolic alterations. In order to investigate the role of the baroreflex in the cardiometabolic and inflammatory derangements promoted by fructose overload, Wistar rats underwent sinoaortic denervation (SAD) or sham surgery and were studied 90 days after receiving tap water (Den and Ctrl) or a 10% fructose solution (Fruc and Den-Fruc). All experimental g...

Selection of Yeast Strains for Tequila Fermentation Based on Growth Dynamics in Combined Fructose and Ethanol Media.

The high concentration of fructose in agave juice has been associated with reduced ethanol tolerance of commercial yeasts used for tequila production and low fermentation yields. The selection of autochthonous strains, which are better adapted to agave juice, could improve the process. In this study, a 2-step selection process of yeasts isolated from spontaneous fermentations for tequila production was carried out based on analysis of the growth dynamics in combined conditions of high fructose and ethanol. ...

Fructose Feeding during the Postabsorptive State Alters Body Composition and Spares Nitrogen in Protein-Energy-Restricted Old Rats.

Fructose feeding in the context of high energy intake is recognized as being responsible for metabolic dysregulation. However, its consumption in the postabsorptive state might contribute to reducing the use of amino acids (AAs) as energy substrates and thus spare nitrogen resources, which could be beneficial during catabolic states.


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