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PubMed Journals Articles About "Fusion Pseudorabies Virus Glycoproteins Enhances Protective Immunity Against" RSS

05:17 EDT 29th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Fusion pseudorabies virus glycoproteins enhances protective immunity against" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 10,000+

Genetic Evolution Analysis of Novel Recombinant Pseudorabies Virus Strain in Sichuan, China.

Pseudorabies is a disease that seriously endangers the pig industry in China. Recently, we successfully isolated a pseudorabies virus from the brain tissue of piglets at a farm in Sichuan, China, and named it the FJ62 strain. In order to understand the molecular biological characteristics of the strain, primers were designed for glycoproteins gB, gC, gD and gE, which were amplified by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced. After comparing the sequence with the Genbank 22 pseudorabies virus referen...


Herpesvirus membrane fusion - a team effort.

One of the essential steps in every viral 'life' cycle is entry into the host cell. Membrane-enveloped viruses carry dedicated proteins to catalyse the fusion of the viral and cellular membrane. Herpesviruses feature a set of essential, structurally diverse glycoproteins on the viral surface that form a multicomponent fusion machinery, necessary for the entry mechanism. For Herpes simplex virus 1, these essential glycoproteins are gD, gH, gL and gB. In this review we describe the functions of the individual...

Influenza virus-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell-mediated immunity induced by infection and vaccination.

Influenza A and B virus infections are a major cause of respiratory disease in humans and are responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide. Vaccination against influenza mainly aims at the induction of virus neutralizing serum antibodies, which are an important correlate of protection provided that the antibodies match the strains causing the outbreaks antigenically. In addition, virus-specific T cells are known to contribute to protective immunity to influenza virus infections by limiting ...


Recombinant pseudorabies virus expressing E2 of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) protects against both virulent pseudorabies virus and CSFV.

Both classical swine fever (CSF) and pseudorabies are highly contagious, economically significant diseases of swine in China. Although vaccination with the C-strain against classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is widely carried out and severe outbreaks of CSF seldom occur in China, CSF is sporadic in many pig herds and novel sub-subgenotypes of CSFV endlessly emerge. Thus, new measures are needed to eradicate CSFV from Chinese farms. The emergence of a pseudorabies virus (PRV) variant also posed a new challen...

Master of disguise: hepatitis delta virus packaging and spread facilitated by diverse viral envelope proteins.

To better understand the origins of hepatitis delta virus (HDV), Perez-Vargas et al. sought to characterize the capability of HDV in utilizing envelope glycoproteins from viruses other than hepatitis B virus (HBV) (1). To this end, the authors compared the efficiency of HDV assembly and release in the presence of HBV surface antigens (HBsAg), vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) G protein, or hepatitis C virus (HCV) E1 and E2 glycoproteins. The HDV particles generated with these respective glycoproteins were ...

Crystal structure of Mokola virus glycoprotein in its post-fusion conformation.

Mokola virus (MOKV) belongs to the lyssavirus genus. As other genus members-including rabies virus (RABV)-it causes deadly encephalitis in mammals. MOKV entry into host cells is mediated by its transmembrane glycoprotein G. First, G binds cellular receptors, triggering virion endocytosis. Then, in the acidic endosomal environment, G undergoes a conformational change from its pre- toward its post-fusion state that catalyzes the merger of the viral and endosomal membranes. Here, we have determined the crystal...

Association of persistent wild-type measles virus RNA with long-term humoral immunity in rhesus macaques.

Recovery from measles results in life-long protective immunity. To understand induction of long-term immunity, rhesus macaques were studied for six months after infection with WT measles virus (MeV). Infection caused viremia and rash with clearance of infectious virus by 14 days. MeV RNA persisted in PBMCs for 30-90 days and in lymphoid tissue for 6 months most often in B cells but was rarely detected in BM. Antibody with neutralizing activity and binding specificity for MeV nucleocapsid (N), hemagglutinin ...

Human encephalitis complicated with bilateral Acute retinal necrosis associated with Pseudorabies Virus infection: a case report.

We report a case of a patient presented viral encephalitis and pulmonary infection complicated with bilateral acute retinal necrosis (ARN) after direct contact with the diseased swine. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) of the cerebrospinal fluid and vitreous humor detected pseudorabies virus (PRV) simultaneously. Intravenous acyclovir and dexamethasone treatment improved the symptoms of encephalitis, and vitrectomy surgery with silicone oil tamponade treated retinal detachment. This case implies that pseudor...

Crystal Structure and Immunogenicity of the DS-Cav1-Stabilized Fusion Glycoprotein From Respiratory Syncytial Virus Subtype B.

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) subtypes, A and B, co-circulate in annual epidemics and alternate in dominance. We have shown that a subtype A RSV fusion (F) glycoprotein, stabilized in its prefusion conformation by DS-Cav1 mutations, is a promising RSV-vaccine immunogen, capable of boosting RSV-neutralizing titers in healthy adults. In both humans and vaccine-tested animals, neutralizing titers elicited by this subtype A DS-Cav1 immunogen were ~ 2- to 3-fold higher against the homologous subtype A virus ...

Impact of age-specific immunity on the timing and burden of the next Zika virus outbreak.

The 2015-2017 epidemics of Zika virus (ZIKV) in the Americas caused widespread infection, followed by protective immunity. The timing and burden of the next Zika virus outbreak remains unclear. We used an agent-based model to simulate the dynamics of age-specific immunity to ZIKV, and predict the future age-specific risk using data from Managua, Nicaragua. We also investigated the potential impact of a ZIKV vaccine. Assuming lifelong immunity, the risk of a ZIKV outbreak will remain low until 2035 and rise ...

Immunity to influenza: Impact of obesity.

Obesity is a health concern that is recognized as a critical factor for vulnerability to influenza A/pdmH1N1 virus infection, with epidemiological and clinical impacts. In humans, obesity induces disturbances in inflammatory and immune responses to the influenza virus and in some cases, this leads to severe complications, with fatal outcomes. Obesity impairs immunity by altering the response of cytokines, resulting in a decrease in the cytotoxic cell response of immunocompetent cells which have a key anti-v...

Vaccination with single plasmid DNA encoding IL-12 and antigens of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus elicits complete protection in IFNAR knockout mice.

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging tick-borne disease caused by SFTS virus (SFTSV) infection. Despite a gradual increase of SFTS cases and high mortality in endemic regions, no specific viral therapy nor vaccine is available. Here, we developed a single recombinant plasmid DNA encoding SFTSV genes, Gn and Gc together with NP-NS fusion antigen, as a vaccine candidate. The viral antigens were fused with Fms-like tyrosine kinase-3 ligand (Flt3L) and IL-12 gene was incorporated in...

Antibodies against measles and rubella virus among different age groups in Thailand: A population-based serological survey.

Measles and rubella are highly contagious viral diseases transmitted via respiratory secretions and aerosolized droplets. Thailand has implemented universal vaccination against measles using the monovalent measles (M) or the trivalent measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine for the past 30 years. Nevertheless, incidence of measles and rubella remains in some parts of the country. We conducted a seroprevalence study to evaluate the antibodies to measles and rubella virus among Thais of all ages and to determine ...

Immunological Lessons from Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine Development.

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has eluded active vaccination efforts for more than five decades and continues to cause substantial morbidity and mortality in infants, the immunocompromised, and older adults. Although newer approaches of passive antibody-mediated protection show promise, vaccines aimed at eliciting fusion protein (F)-targeting antibodies have repeatedly failed to meet pre-established, modest-efficacy goals. Newer candidates, including protein-based vaccines, live-attenuated viruses, and g...

First report of a pseudorabies-virus-infected wolf (Canis lupus) in China.

We provide the first report of a wolf infected with pseudorabies virus (PRV) in China. We observed the clinical symptoms and also dissected tissue samples from the wolf. The samples were ground under sterile conditions and injected subcutaneously into the necks of rabbits, which subsequently developed intense pruritus symptoms and died. The PRV strain from the wolf was isolated in porcine kidney (PK)-15 cells and was specifically recognized by pig PRV antibody-positive serum, as shown by indirect immunofluo...

Intracellular distribution of pseudorabies virus UL2 and detection of its nuclear import mechanism.

Pseudorabies virus (PRV) UL2 (pUL2) is a multifunctional protein, which is homologous with herpes simplex virus 1 early protein UL2 (hUL2) and crucial for the viral propagation. Yet, how pUL2 executes its roles in the viral life cycle remain inadequately understood. In order to uncover its effect on the procedure of PRV infection, investigation was performed to examine the subcellular distribution of pUL2 and establish its trafficking mechanism. In the present study, enhanced yellow fluorescent protein or M...

Microencapsulated plasmids expressing Gn and Gc glycoproteins of Rift Valley Fever virus enhance humoral immune response in mice.

The aim of the current study was to develop biodegradable alginate (ALG)/poly-L-lysine (PLL) microcapsules (MC) with entrapped plasmids expressing Gn and Gc glycoproteins of Rift Valley Fever virus (RVFV) and to evaluate the humoral immune response in mice.

Functional analysis of prv-miR-LLT11a encoded by pseudorabies virus.

Viral-encoded microRNAs (miRNAs) have vital roles in the regulation of virus replications and host immune responses. The results of previous studies have indicated that miRNA clusters are involved in the replication and virulence of the pseudorabies virus (PRV), which may potentially lead to immune escape or facilitation of PRV replication. This study's previous research revealed that prv-miR-LLT11a was differentially expressed during PRV infection. The present study's results have demonstrated that prv-miR...

Aspects of Langerhans cells and TNF-α in the cutaneous immunity of anogenital warts.

Anogenital warts are the leading sexually transmitted infection in patients seeking care at specialized clinics. They may display a vast array of forms, according to the interaction of the virus with the host's immunity. Cellular immunity is the epithelium's main form of defense against the virus, involving an active participation of the Langerhans cells and pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α.

Antigenicity and immunogenicity of unique prefusion-mimic F proteins presented on enveloped virus-like particles.

Pre-fusion stabilizing mutations (DS-Cav1) in soluble fusion (F) proteins of human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) were previously reported. Here we investigated the antigenic and immunogenic properties of pre-fusion like RSV F proteins on enveloped virus-like particles (VLP). Additional mutations were introduced to DS-Cav1 (F-dcmTM VLP); fusion peptide deletion and cleavage mutation site 1 (F1d-dcmTM VLP) or both sites (F12d-dcmTM VLP). F1d-dcmTM VLP and F12d-dcmTM VLP displayed higher reactivity against...

Identification and innate immunity mechanism of protective immunogens from extracellular proteins of Edwardsiella tarda.

One of the most important emerging pathogens in the aquaculture industry is Edwardsiella tarda, and it causes extensive losses in farmed fish globally. The identification of protective immunogens against E. tarda is increasingly valued. We previously investigated 20 recombinant proteins of 38 E. tarda extracellular secretory proteins and identified 10 as protective immunogens in a zebrafish model. Here, we clone 10 of the remaining 18 genes, and the resulting recombinant proteins are used for evaluation of ...

Efficacy of the Bartha-K61 vaccine and a gE/gI/TK prototype vaccine against variant porcine pseudorabies virus (vPRV) in piglets with sublethal challenge of vPRV.

Pseudorabies has caused huge economic losses in China's pig industry and recurred on many large pig farms since late 2011. The disease is caused by highly pathogenic, antigenic variant pseudorabies virus (vPRV) strains. Therefore, the prevention and control of this recurrence of pseudorabies in China has been given priority. In a previous study, we showed that a suitable dose [1 × 10 50% tissue culture infectious dose (TCID) per animal] of commercial Bartha-K61 vaccine protects growing pigs against let...

Immunity to Influenza is dependent on MHC II polymorphism: study with 2 HLA transgenic strains.

Major histocompatibility complex II (MHC II) molecules are involved in antigen presentation and the development of a functional adaptive immune response. Evolutionary selection for MHC molecules that effectively clear infectious agents provides an advantage to humans. However, certain class II molecules are associated with autoimmune diseases. In this study we infected autoimmune-susceptible DRB1*0401.AEo and non-susceptible *0402.AEo mice with H1N1 influenza and determined clearance and protective immunity...

Development of a revised ICC-qPCR method used for Pseudorabies virus inactivation validation study of biologically sourced materials.

To develop a precise and convenient method to evaluate the virus transmission risk of biologically sourced materials, an integrated cell culture-qPCR (ICC-qPCR) method for Pseudorabies virus (PRV) was established and revised for applications to this new field. The optimized post-infection period was found at 12-hr to achieve a reasonable detection limit (-0.25 LogTCID/100 μL, Logs) and a quantitative range (0.75-3.75 Logs). The results of mimic samples suggested that three 10-fold dilutions at the time o...

Porcine IFITM1 is a host restriction factor that inhibits pseudorabies virus infection.

Interferon-inducible transmembrane proteins (IFITMs) restrict infection by several viruses, such as influenza A virus, West Nile virus and dengue virus. It has not been determined whether porcine IFITM (pIFITM) inhibits infection by pseudorabies virus (PRV), an enveloped, double-stranded DNA virus, which is the etiological agent of Aujeszky's disease in pigs. Here, we report that PRV infection elicited pIFITM1 expression in PK15 porcine kidney epithelial cells and 3D4/21 alveolar macrophages. pIFITM2 and pI...


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