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PubMed Journals Articles About "GALACTIC" RSS

06:22 EST 18th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

GALACTIC PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest GALACTIC articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "GALACTIC" PubMed Articles, all 18

Calorimetric Dark Matter Detection with Galactic Center Gas Clouds.

We demonstrate that dark matter heating of gas clouds, hundreds of parsecs from the Milky Way Galactic Center, provides a powerful new test of dark matter interactions. To illustrate, we set a new bound on nucleon scattering for 10-100 MeV mass dark matter. We also constrain millicharged dark matter models, including those proposed to match the recent EDGES 21 cm absorption anomaly. For Galactic Center gas clouds, the Galactic fields' magnetic deflection of electromagnetically charged dark matter is miti...


Search for Boosted Dark Matter Interacting with Electrons in Super-Kamiokande.

A search for boosted dark matter using 161.9 kt yr of Super-Kamiokande IV data is presented. We search for an excess of elastically scattered electrons above the atmospheric neutrino background, with a visible energy between 100 MeV and 1 TeV, pointing back to the Galactic center or the Sun. No such excess is observed. Limits on boosted dark matter event rates in multiple angular cones around the Galactic center and Sun are calculated. Limits are also calculated for a baseline model of boosted dark mat...

Origin of the Cosmic Ray Galactic Halo Driven by Advected Turbulence and Self-Generated Waves.

The diffusive paradigm for the transport of Galactic cosmic rays is central to our understanding of the origin of these high energy particles. However, it is worth recalling that the normalization, energy dependence, and spatial extent of the diffusion coefficient in the interstellar medium are fitted to the data and typically are not derived from more basic principles. Here, we discuss a scenario in which the diffusion properties of cosmic rays are derived from a combination of wave self-generation and adv...


Dust-Polarization Maps for Local Interstellar Turbulence.

We show that simulations of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence in the multiphase interstellar medium yield an E/B ratio for polarized emission from Galactic dust in broad agreement with recent Planck measurements. In addition, the B-mode spectra display a scale dependence that is consistent with observations over the range of scales resolved in the simulations. The simulations present an opportunity to understand the physical origin of the E/B ratio and a starting point for more refined models of Galactic emiss...

Analysis of Exposure to Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiations of Flights Representative of the European International Air Traffic.

This study analyzed the impact of galactic and solar cosmic rays on ambient dose equivalent during airline travel. A high statistic of flights are considered, which is representative of European international air traffic. Flight paths are based on the Eurocontrol Demand Data Repository and consider realistic flight plans with and without regulations or updated with radar data from the Central Flow Management Unit. Ambient dose equivalent during flights was investigated during quiet solar periods and extreme...

Black Hole Disks in Galactic Nuclei.

Gravitational torques among objects orbiting a supermassive black hole drive the rapid reorientation of orbital planes in nuclear star clusters (NSCs), a process known as vector resonant relaxation. In this Letter, we determine the statistical equilibrium of systems with a distribution of masses, semimajor axes, and eccentricities. We average the interaction over the apsidal precession time and construct a Monte Carlo Markov chain method to sample the microcanonical ensemble of the NSC. We examine the case...

EFFECTS OF FLIGHT ROUTE VARIATION AND GREAT-CIRCLE APPROXIMATION ON AVIATION DOSE ASSESSMENT FOR POPULAR FLIGHTS FROM TAIWAN.

Galactic cosmic-ray-induced secondary particles in the atmosphere constitute an important source of radiation exposure to airline crews and passengers. In this study, a systematic dose assessment was conducted for 11 popular flights from Taiwan, with an emphasis on the effects of flight route variation and assumption. The case studies covered a broad range of commercial flights departing from Taipei, from a domestic flight of

First Predictions of the Angular Power Spectrum of the Astrophysical Gravitational Wave Background.

We present the first predictions for the angular power spectrum of the astrophysical gravitational wave background constituted of the radiation emitted by all resolved and unresolved astrophysical sources. Its shape and amplitude depend on both the astrophysical properties on galactic scales and on cosmological properties. We show that the angular power spectrum behaves as C_{ℓ}∝1/ℓ on large scales and that relative fluctuations of the signal are of order 30% at 100 Hz. We also present the correlatio...

Late-Time Magnetogenesis Driven by Axionlike Particle Dark Matter and a Dark Photon.

We propose a mechanism generating primordial magnetic fields after the e^{+}e^{-} annihilations. Our mechanism involves an ultralight axionlike particle (ALP) which constitutes the dark matter and a dark U(1)_{X} gauge boson introduced to bypass the obstacle placed by the conductivity of cosmic plasma. In our scheme, a coherently oscillating ALP amplifies the dark photon field, and part of the amplified dark photon field is concurrently converted to the ordinary magnetic field through the ALP-induced magnet...

DOSE-RATE AND CELL-KILLING SENSITIVITY OF HIGH-LINEAR ENERGY TRANSFER ION BEAM.

It is believed that the dose-rate of radiation will have an influence on cell sensitivity. The dose-rate effects on cell survival can be expressed by the change of the β term in the linear quadratic model. The value at a high-dose-rate decreases below 60 Gy/h and reaches zero at 0.2 Gy/h or less for photons. However, the effect for a high-LET ion-beam is not well known. At HIMAC, cells were exposed to 70 keV/μm carbon-ion beams at different dose-rates between 0.5 and 600 Gy/h at room temperature. The β v...

Disentangling Coalescing Neutron-Star-White-Dwarf Binaries for LISA.

The prime candidate sources for the upcoming space-borne gravitational wave (GW) observatory LISA are the numerous Galactic tight binaries of white dwarfs (WDs) and neutron stars (NSs), many of which will coalesce and undergo mass transfer, leading to simultaneous emission of x rays and GWs. Here, detailed and coherent numerical stellar models are explored for the formation and evolution of these systems, including finite-temperature effects and complete calculations of mass transfer from a WD to a NS accre...

Black Holes in an Effective Field Theory Extension of General Relativity.

Effective field theory methods suggest that some rather general extensions of general relativity include, or are mimicked by, certain higher-order curvature corrections, with coupling constants expected to be small but otherwise arbitrary. Thus, the tantalizing prospect to test the fundamental nature of gravity with gravitational-wave observations, in a systematic way, emerges naturally. Here, we build black hole solutions in such a framework and study their main properties. Once rotation is included, we fi...

Tidal Deformabilities and Radii of Neutron Stars from the Observation of GW170817.

We use gravitational-wave observations of the binary neutron star merger GW170817 to explore the tidal deformabilities and radii of neutron stars. We perform a Bayesian parameter estimation with the source location and distance informed by electromagnetic observations. We also assume that the two stars have the same equation of state; we demonstrate that, for stars with masses comparable to the component masses of GW170817, this is effectively implemented by assuming that the stars' dimensionless tidal defo...

GW170817: Measurements of Neutron Star Radii and Equation of State.

On 17 August 2017, the LIGO and Virgo observatories made the first direct detection of gravitational waves from the coalescence of a neutron star binary system. The detection of this gravitational-wave signal, GW170817, offers a novel opportunity to directly probe the properties of matter at the extreme conditions found in the interior of these stars. The initial, minimal-assumption analysis of the LIGO and Virgo data placed constraints on the tidal effects of the coalescing bodies, which were then translat...

Female Mice are Protected from Space Radiation-Induced Maladaptive Responses.

Interplanetary exploration will be humankind's most ambitious expedition and the journey required to do so, is as intimidating as it is intrepid. One major obstacle for successful deep space travel is the possible negative effects of galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) exposure. Here, we investigate for the first time how combined GCR impacts long-term behavioral and cellular responses in male and female mice. We find that a single exposure to simulated GCR induces long-term cognitive and behavioral deficits on...

Effects of Gamma and Electron Radiations on the Structural Integrity of Organic Molecules and Macromolecular Biomarkers Measured by Microarray Immunoassays and Their Astrobiological Implications.

High-energy ionizing radiation in the form of solar energetic particles and galactic cosmic rays is pervasive on the surface of planetary bodies with thin atmospheres or in space facilities for humans, and it may seriously affect the chemistry and the structure of organic and biological material. We used fluorescent microarray immunoassays to assess how different doses of electron and gamma radiations affect the stability of target compounds such as biological polymers and small molecules (haptens) conjugat...

NCRP Vision for the Future and Program Area Committee Activities in 2017.

The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements' (NCRP) vision for the future is to improve radiation protection for the general public and workers. This vision is embodied within NCRP's ongoing initiatives: preparedness for nuclear terrorism, increasing the number of radiation professionals critically needed for the nation, providing new guidance for radiation protection in the United States, addressing the protection issues surrounding the ever-increasing use of ionizing radiation in medicin...

NCRP Vision for the Future and Program Area Committee Activities in 2018.

The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements' (NCRP) congressional charter aligns with our vision for the future: to improve radiation protection for the public and workers. This vision is embodied within NCRP's ongoing initiatives: preparedness for nuclear terrorism, increasing the number of radiation professionals critically needed for the nation, providing new guidance for comprehensive radiation protection in the United States, addressing the protection issues surrounding the ever-incre...


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