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PubMed Journals Articles About "GALACTIC" RSS

06:56 EDT 19th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

GALACTIC PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest GALACTIC articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "GALACTIC" PubMed Articles, all 23

Calorimetric Dark Matter Detection with Galactic Center Gas Clouds.

We demonstrate that dark matter heating of gas clouds, hundreds of parsecs from the Milky Way Galactic Center, provides a powerful new test of dark matter interactions. To illustrate, we set a new bound on nucleon scattering for 10-100 MeV mass dark matter. We also constrain millicharged dark matter models, including those proposed to match the recent EDGES 21 cm absorption anomaly. For Galactic Center gas clouds, the Galactic fields' magnetic deflection of electromagnetically charged dark matter is miti...


Search for Boosted Dark Matter Interacting with Electrons in Super-Kamiokande.

A search for boosted dark matter using 161.9 kt yr of Super-Kamiokande IV data is presented. We search for an excess of elastically scattered electrons above the atmospheric neutrino background, with a visible energy between 100 MeV and 1 TeV, pointing back to the Galactic center or the Sun. No such excess is observed. Limits on boosted dark matter event rates in multiple angular cones around the Galactic center and Sun are calculated. Limits are also calculated for a baseline model of boosted dark mat...

Origin of the Cosmic Ray Galactic Halo Driven by Advected Turbulence and Self-Generated Waves.

The diffusive paradigm for the transport of Galactic cosmic rays is central to our understanding of the origin of these high energy particles. However, it is worth recalling that the normalization, energy dependence, and spatial extent of the diffusion coefficient in the interstellar medium are fitted to the data and typically are not derived from more basic principles. Here, we discuss a scenario in which the diffusion properties of cosmic rays are derived from a combination of wave self-generation and adv...


Dust-Polarization Maps for Local Interstellar Turbulence.

We show that simulations of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence in the multiphase interstellar medium yield an E/B ratio for polarized emission from Galactic dust in broad agreement with recent Planck measurements. In addition, the B-mode spectra display a scale dependence that is consistent with observations over the range of scales resolved in the simulations. The simulations present an opportunity to understand the physical origin of the E/B ratio and a starting point for more refined models of Galactic emiss...

Directly Detecting MeV-Scale Dark Matter Via Solar Reflection.

If dark matter (DM) particles are lighter than a few   MeV/c^{2} and can scatter off electrons, their interaction within the solar interior results in a considerable hardening of the spectrum of galactic dark matter received on Earth. For a large range of the mass versus cross section parameter space, {m_{e},σ_{e}}, the "reflected" component of the DM flux is far more energetic than the end point of the ambient galactic DM energy distribution, making it detectable with existing DM detectors sensitive t...

Analysis of Exposure to Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiations of Flights Representative of the European International Air Traffic.

This study analyzed the impact of galactic and solar cosmic rays on ambient dose equivalent during airline travel. A high statistic of flights are considered, which is representative of European international air traffic. Flight paths are based on the Eurocontrol Demand Data Repository and consider realistic flight plans with and without regulations or updated with radar data from the Central Flow Management Unit. Ambient dose equivalent during flights was investigated during quiet solar periods and extreme...

Search for γ-Ray Line Signals from Dark Matter Annihilations in the Inner Galactic Halo from 10 Years of Observations with H.E.S.S.

Spectral lines are among the most powerful signatures for dark matter (DM) annihilation searches in very-high-energy γ rays. The central region of the Milky Way halo is one of the most promising targets given its large amount of DM and proximity to Earth. We report on a search for a monoenergetic spectral line from self-annihilations of DM particles in the energy range from 300 GeV to 70 TeV using a two-dimensional maximum likelihood method taking advantage of both the spectral and spatial features of t...

Black Hole Disks in Galactic Nuclei.

Gravitational torques among objects orbiting a supermassive black hole drive the rapid reorientation of orbital planes in nuclear star clusters (NSCs), a process known as vector resonant relaxation. In this Letter, we determine the statistical equilibrium of systems with a distribution of masses, semimajor axes, and eccentricities. We average the interaction over the apsidal precession time and construct a Monte Carlo Markov chain method to sample the microcanonical ensemble of the NSC. We examine the case...

Exposure of the Bone Marrow Microenvironment to Simulated Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation Induces Biological Bystander Effects on Human Hematopoiesis.

The stem cell compartment of the hematopoietic system constitutes one of the most radiosensitive tissues of the body and leukemias represent one of the most frequent radiogenic cancers with short latency periods. As such, leukemias may pose a particular threat to astronauts during prolonged space missions. Control of hematopoiesis is tightly governed by a specialized bone marrow (BM) microenvironment/niche. As such, any environmental insult that damages cells of this niche would be expected to produce prono...

Directional Sensitivity in Light-Mass Dark Matter Searches with Single-Electron-Resolution Ionization Detectors.

We propose a method using solid state detectors with directional sensitivity to dark matter interactions to detect low-mass weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) originating from galactic sources. In spite of a large body of literature for high-mass WIMP detectors with directional sensitivity, no available technique exists to cover WIMPs in the mass range

First Predictions of the Angular Power Spectrum of the Astrophysical Gravitational Wave Background.

We present the first predictions for the angular power spectrum of the astrophysical gravitational wave background constituted of the radiation emitted by all resolved and unresolved astrophysical sources. Its shape and amplitude depend on both the astrophysical properties on galactic scales and on cosmological properties. We show that the angular power spectrum behaves as C_{ℓ}∝1/ℓ on large scales and that relative fluctuations of the signal are of order 30% at 100 Hz. We also present the correlatio...

Late-Time Magnetogenesis Driven by Axionlike Particle Dark Matter and a Dark Photon.

We propose a mechanism generating primordial magnetic fields after the e^{+}e^{-} annihilations. Our mechanism involves an ultralight axionlike particle (ALP) which constitutes the dark matter and a dark U(1)_{X} gauge boson introduced to bypass the obstacle placed by the conductivity of cosmic plasma. In our scheme, a coherently oscillating ALP amplifies the dark photon field, and part of the amplified dark photon field is concurrently converted to the ordinary magnetic field through the ALP-induced magnet...

Disentangling Coalescing Neutron-Star-White-Dwarf Binaries for LISA.

The prime candidate sources for the upcoming space-borne gravitational wave (GW) observatory LISA are the numerous Galactic tight binaries of white dwarfs (WDs) and neutron stars (NSs), many of which will coalesce and undergo mass transfer, leading to simultaneous emission of x rays and GWs. Here, detailed and coherent numerical stellar models are explored for the formation and evolution of these systems, including finite-temperature effects and complete calculations of mass transfer from a WD to a NS accre...

Pulsar TeV Halos Explain the Diffuse TeV Excess Observed by Milagro.

Milagro observations have found bright, diffuse TeV emission concentrated along the galactic plane of the Milky Way. The intensity and spectrum of this emission is difficult to explain with current models of hadronic γ-ray production, and has been named the "TeV excess." We show that TeV emission from pulsars naturally explains this excess. Recent observations have detected "TeV halos" surrounding pulsars that are either nearby or particularly luminous. Extrapolating this emission to the full population o...

Search for Dark Matter Annihilation in Galaxy Groups.

We use 413 weeks of publicly available Fermi Pass 8 gamma-ray data combined with recently developed galaxy group catalogs to search for evidence of dark matter annihilation in extragalactic halos. In our study, we use luminosity-based mass estimates and mass-to-concentration relations to infer the J factors and associated uncertainties for hundreds of galaxy groups within a redshift range z≲0.03. We employ a conservative substructure boost factor model, which only enhances the sensitivity by an O(1) facto...

Peripheral T Cells as a Biomarker for Oxygen-Ion-Radiation-Induced Social Impairments.

Exposure to galactic cosmic rays (GCR) poses an obstacle to successful deep space missions, including missions to the Moon or Mars. Previously, we and others have identified chronic cognitive impairments associated with GCR in rodent model systems. The persistent cognitive loss previously reported is indicative of global changes in different regions of the brain, including the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus. It has been shown that both of these brain regions are involved in social functions. Here we ...

Tidal Deformabilities and Radii of Neutron Stars from the Observation of GW170817.

We use gravitational-wave observations of the binary neutron star merger GW170817 to explore the tidal deformabilities and radii of neutron stars. We perform a Bayesian parameter estimation with the source location and distance informed by electromagnetic observations. We also assume that the two stars have the same equation of state; we demonstrate that, for stars with masses comparable to the component masses of GW170817, this is effectively implemented by assuming that the stars' dimensionless tidal defo...

The effect of simulated space radiation on the N-glycosylation of human immunoglobulin G1.

On a roundtrip to Mars, astronauts are expectedly exposed to an approximate amount of radiation that exceeds the lifetime limits on Earth. This elevated radiation dose is mainly due to Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR) and Solar Particle Events (SPE). Specific patterns of the N-glycosylation of human immunoglobulins have already been associated with various ailments such as autoimmune diseases, malignant transformation, chronic inflammation and ageing. The focus of our work was to investigate the effect of low-ene...

MMR Deficiency Does Not Sensitize or Compromise the Function of Hematopoietic Stem Cells to Low and High LET Radiation.

One of the major health concerns on long-duration space missions will be radiation exposure to the astronauts. Outside the earth's magnetosphere, astronauts will be exposed to galactic cosmic rays (GCR) and solar particle events that are principally composed of protons and He, Ca, O, Ne, Si, Ca, and Fe nuclei. Protons are by far the most common species, but the higher atomic number particles are thought to be more damaging to biological systems. Evaluation and amelioration of risks from GCR exposure will be...

NASA GeneLab Project: Bridging Space Radiation Omics with Ground Studies.

Accurate assessment of risks of long-term space missions is critical for human space exploration. It is essential to have a detailed understanding of the biological effects on humans living and working in deep space. Ionizing radiation from galactic cosmic rays (GCR) is a major health risk factor for astronauts on extended missions outside the protective effects of the Earth's magnetic field. Currently, there are gaps in our knowledge of the health risks associated with chronic low-dose, low-dose-rate ioniz...

Female Mice are Protected from Space Radiation-Induced Maladaptive Responses.

Interplanetary exploration will be humankind's most ambitious expedition and the journey required to do so, is as intimidating as it is intrepid. One major obstacle for successful deep space travel is the possible negative effects of galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) exposure. Here, we investigate for the first time how combined GCR impacts long-term behavioral and cellular responses in male and female mice. We find that a single exposure to simulated GCR induces long-term cognitive and behavioral deficits on...

Effects of Gamma and Electron Radiations on the Structural Integrity of Organic Molecules and Macromolecular Biomarkers Measured by Microarray Immunoassays and Their Astrobiological Implications.

High-energy ionizing radiation in the form of solar energetic particles and galactic cosmic rays is pervasive on the surface of planetary bodies with thin atmospheres or in space facilities for humans, and it may seriously affect the chemistry and the structure of organic and biological material. We used fluorescent microarray immunoassays to assess how different doses of electron and gamma radiations affect the stability of target compounds such as biological polymers and small molecules (haptens) conjugat...

NCRP Vision for the Future and Program Area Committee Activities in 2017.

The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements' (NCRP) vision for the future is to improve radiation protection for the general public and workers. This vision is embodied within NCRP's ongoing initiatives: preparedness for nuclear terrorism, increasing the number of radiation professionals critically needed for the nation, providing new guidance for radiation protection in the United States, addressing the protection issues surrounding the ever-increasing use of ionizing radiation in medicin...


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