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GSK2118436 GSK1120212 Other Approved Anti Cancer Agent Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest GSK2118436 GSK1120212 Other Approved Anti Cancer Agent Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.
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Colorectal carcinoma is the third most common cancer worldwide. Approximately 20% of patients with colorectal cancer will have metastatic disease at the time of initial diagnosis, and approximately 30% to 50% of patients with primary colon cancer will relapse and die of metastatic cancer. The 5-year survival rate of metastatic colorectal cancer remains disappointing at approximately 10%.Angiogenesis plays a significant role in tumor growth and metastasis in colorectal carcinoma. There are currently 4 US Foo...
Histone deacetylases (HDACs), encompassing at least eighteen members, are promising targets for anti-cancer drug discovery and development. To date, five histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) have been approved for cancer treatment, and numerous others are undergoing clinical trials. It has been well validated that an agent that can simultaneously and effectively inhibit two or more targets may offer greater therapeutic benefits over single-acting agents in preventing resistance to treatment and in potent...
B7-H3 is attractive for cancer immunotherapy with B7-H3 overexpressed tumors. To explore whether B7-H3 is an effective target for patients with bladder cancer, anti-CD3× anti-B7-H3 bispecific antibodies (B7-H3Bi-Ab) was armed with activated T cells (ATC) to kill bladder cancer cells.
Despite a growing body of evidence indicating a potential efficacy of the anti-diabetic metformin as anti-cancer agent, the exact mechanism underlying this efficacy has remained largely unknown. Here, we aimed at assessing putative mechanisms associated with the ability of metformin to reduce the proliferation and migration of breast cancer cells.
The impairment of the tumour suppressor p53 pathway is a major event in human cancer. This makes p53 activation one of the most appealing therapeutic strategies to halt cancer. Herein, we identified a new selective p53 activator, and investigated its potential as an anticancer agent.
Peptide-based drugs have shown promising results in overcoming the limitations of chemotherapeutic drugs by providing a targeted therapy approach to cancer. However, the response rate of targeted therapies is limited, in large part due to the intra- and inter-heterogeneity of tumors.
Lung cancer is a major health concern worldwide, but new immunotherapeutic treatments for lung cancer have shown great promise and the prognosis for many severe cancers including lung cancer has been improving. In May 2017, the Food and Drug Administration approved pembrolizumab, a therapeutic antibody that blocks lymphocytic programmed death-1 (PD-1), as a first-line treatment for any solid tumor with specific genetic features. Pembrolizumab is a therapeutic antibody that blocks lymphocytic PD-1, the ligan...
Defects in apoptotic cell death can promote cancer and impair responses of malignant cells to anti-cancer therapy. Pro-survival BCL-2 proteins prevent apoptosis by keeping the cell death effectors, BAX and BAK, in check. The BH3-only proteins initiate apoptosis by neutralizing the pro-survival BCL-2 proteins. Structural analysis and medicinal chemistry led to the development of small-molecule drugs that mimic the function of the BH3-only proteins to kill cancer cells. The BCL-2 inhibitor venetoclax has been...
Disulfiram (DSF), which is used to treat alcohol dependence, has been reported to have anti-cancer effects in various malignant tumors. In this study, we investigated the anti-cancer effects and mechanism of DSF in HNSCC.
Many cancer cells depend on anti-apoptotic B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) proteins for their survival. Bcl-2 antagonism through BH3 mimetics emerged as novel anti-cancer therapy. ABT-199 (Venetoclax), a recently developed BH3 mimetic inhibiting selectively Bcl-2, was introduced into the clinic for treatment of relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Early generations of Bcl-2 inhibitors evoked sustained Ca responses in pancreatic acinar cells (PACs) inducing cell death. Therefore, BH3 mimetics could potentially ...
Epithelial ovarian cancer is a common malignancy, with no clinically approved diagnostic biomarker. Engrailed-2 (EN2) is a homeodomain-containing transcription factor, essential during embryological neural development, which is dysregulated in several cancer types. We evaluated the expression of EN2 in Epithelial ovarian cancer, and reviewed its role as a biomarker.
We aimed to determine the demographic and epidemiologic variables that are associated with no treatment in lung cancer patients.
β-Elemene, an anti-cancer drug extracted from traditional Chinese medicinal herb, showed anti-tumor effects on gastric cancer cells. Our previous studies reported gastric cancer cells are insensitive to TRAIL. However, whether β-elemene could enhance anti-cancer effects of TRAIL on gastric cancer cells is unknown. In our present study, β-elemene prevented gastric cancer cell viability in dose-dependent manner, and when combined with TRAIL, obviously inhibited proliferation and promoted apoptosis in gastr...
Currently, there is no approved therapy for cancer cachexia. According to European and American regulatory agencies, physical function improvements would be approvable co-primary endpoints of new anti-cachexia medications. As physical functioning is in part dependent on cardiac functioning, we aimed to explore the cardiac status of a group of patients meeting current criteria for inclusion in cachexia clinical trials.
Anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) agents enhance the antitumor immunoresponse. A number of reports have indicated that patients with malignancies who receive anti-PD-1 agents are at risk for tuberculosis (TB) infection. In this report, we present a patient with non-small cell lung cancer who developed pulmonary tuberculosis while receiving the anti-PD-1 agent nivolumab, and who subsequently demonstrated a paradoxical response (PR) 10 days after initiation of anti-MTB treatment. We suggest that anti-PD-1 a...
Galactosyltransferases are a family of enzymes responsible for the synthesis of glycan chains which are involved in cell proliferation, adhesion and apoptosis. A recently synthesized galactosyltransferase inhibitor, 2-naphthyl 2-butanamido-2-deoxy-1-thio-β-D-glucopyranoside (612), has been found to selectively inhibit β1,4-galactosyltransferase over β1,3-galactosyltransferase and, therefore, has potential to suppress the synthesis of cancer associated epitopes. However, the application of this inhibitory...
Cancer disease is the second cause of death in the world. Now a days, high percentage of drugs, which are involved in treatment of cancers, have natural origin. Introduction of microalgae strains as anti-cancer drugs origin is a valuable approach for cancer therapy.
Although T lymphocytes have long been appreciated for their role in the immunosurveillance of cancer, it has been the realization that cancer cells may ultimately escape a response from tumor-reactive T cells that has ignited efforts to enhance the efficacy of anti-tumor immune responses. Recent advances in our understanding of T cell immunobiology have been particularly instrumental in informing therapeutic strategies to overcome mechanisms of tumor immune escape, and immune checkpoint blockade has emerged...
The role of aberrant hepatocyte growth factor receptor (c-MET, also known as tyrosine-protein kinase MET)/hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) signaling in cancer progression and invasion has been extensively studied. c-MET inhibitors have shown promising pre-clinical and early phase clinical trial anti-tumor activity in several tumor types, although results of most phase III trials with these agents have been negative. To date, two small molecule c-MET inhibitors, cabozantinib and crizotinib, have been approved ...
-Ascorbic acid (vitamin C, AA) exhibits anti-cancer effects with high-dose treatment through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and selective damage to cancer cells. The anti-cancer effects of -ascorbic acid are determined by sodium-dependent vitamin C transporter 2 (SVCT-2), a transporter of -ascorbic acid. In this study, we demonstrate that -ascorbic acid treatment showed efficient anti-cancer activity in cell lines with high expression levels of SVCT-2 for a gradient concentration of -ascorb...
Ovarian cancer is currently the most life‑threatening type of gynecological malignancy with limited treatment options. Therefore, improved targeted therapies are required to combat ovarian cancer across the world. Sulforaphane is found in raw cruciferous vegetables. The chemotherapeutic and anti‑carcinogenic properties of sulforaphane have been demonstrated, however, the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated, particularly in ovarian cancer. In the present study, the possibility of repurpos...
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and a leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. South Africa has the largest global burden of HIV infection and the largest anti-retroviral treatment (ART) program. This study aimed to analyse the association of HIV and ART use with breast cancer clinico-pathological characteristics.
Radix Angelica Sinensis (danggui in Chinese) is widely used in traditional chinese medicine (TCM). N-butylidenephthalide (BP), a bioactive compound in danggui, is a potential antitumor agent for various cancer types. However, its clinical effect and mechanism in the treatment of gastric cancer remain undetermined.
The incidence and mortality of cancer metastasis is high worldwide. Despite of the chemotherapeutic agents, many cancer patients still take traditional Chinese herbal prescriptions as adjuvant treatments. However, most of these herbal formulae/products lack of evidence-based efficacy. Based on our previous investigations on anti-tumor, anti-angiogenic, anti-metastatic, bone protective and immunomodulating activities of various Chinese herbal medicines, four constituent herbs, namely , , , and were eventual...